Arundel House (c. 1221-1682) was located on the Thames between Milford Lane and Strand Lane. It was to the east of Somerset House, to the south of St. Clement Danes, and adjacent to the Roman Baths at Strand Lane. Walter Thornbury locates it
Between Milford Lane and Strand Lane—a narrow and rather winding thoroughfare leading to the Embankment a few yards to the east of Somerset House—the entire space, about three hundred yards in length and the same in breadth(Thornbury 63-84). The plot of land was
40 ½ ells in width,1 21 ¾ ells at one end, and at the other, sloping towards the Thames, 25 ¼ ells(A Descriptive Catalogue 194, A. 1665), making the property footprint approximately 13,000 square feet. James Howell describes its location thus in 1657:
Then was the Bishop of Baths Inne, or City-House, builded by the Lord Thomas Seamer, Admiral of England: which House, came afterwards to be possessed by the Earl of Arundel, & so it beares the name of Arundel-house: neer there adjoyning, there was once a Parish-Church, called the Nativity of our Lady, or the Innocents of the Strand, with a fair Cœmitery, or Church-yard, wherein there was a Brother-hood kept, called Saint Vrsula of the Strand.2
A number of early modern maps depict the location of Arundel House. These maps show the physical changes made to the house over the years and offer insight into its cultural significance, as it becomes more prominently featured over time. The Wyngaerde map (Part 1 and Part 2), surveyed between 1543 and 1550, features the architecture of the Strand. G.E. Mitton identifies Mitton 6) on this map, but Arundel House is not specifically locatable. During the time the Wyngaerade map was made, Thomas Seymour was just beginning to remodel the structures. Arundel House is not labeled in this image because it had not yet become a London landmark.
As the house gained notoriety, cartographers began representing it more carefully. Braun, Hogenberg, and Hoefnagel’s map 1560 and completed in the 1570s, depicts Arundel House, labeling it
Arundell P.This map outlines the sections of the gardens.
Civitas Londinumor Agas map, featured here on MoEML, shows the additional wings of Arundel House
very rudely(Kingsford 249n2).
The 1616 Visscher Panorama of London depicts Arundel House, though the gallery wing is a bit truncated.
Hollar’s c. 1660
Ogilby and Morgan’s 1677 map shows Arundel House in great detail. The house is carefully labeled. Mitton writes,
to the south are the great houses of Essex and Arundel, with their gardens; their names are preserved in the streets that flow over their sites(Mitton 19). The accuracy with which cartographers represented Arundel House improves in proportion to its notoriety in London.
Name and Etymology
Arundel House (1549-c. 1680-1682), spelled variously as
Arondell,was previously known as Bath Place or Bath Inn (1232-1539), Hampton Place (1539-1545), and Seymour Place (1545-1549).3 John Stow retells this etymological history in his Survey of London:
Then was the Bishop of Bathes Inne, lately new builded, for a great parte thereof by the Lorde Thomas Seamer Admirall, which came sithence to be possessed by the Earle of Arondell, and thereof called Arundell house(Stow 365). Philemon Holland’s 1610 English translation and emendation of William Camden’s 1607 Latin Britannia notes its tenure as Hampton Place:
Arondel house before called Hampton place(Camden 428). A 1545 Grant shows its etymological change from Bath Place to Hampton Place to Seymour Place:
Sir Thomas Seymour, the Kings servant. Grant, in fee, for 700l., of the chief mansion and chief messuage called Hampton Place alias Bathe Place in the parish of St. Clement without the bars of the New Temple, London(Grants in November, 1545 910.77). After 1549, it kept the name Arundel House until it was demolished between 1680 and 1682.
Today, Arundel Street remains in London as a reminder of the house’s former location. A new Arundel House, constructed in the Tudor Revival style in the nineteenth century, currently stands on the corner of Arundel Street and has housed the International Institute for Strategic Studies since 1997. This building is unrelated to the original medieval and early modern estate.
In the Medieval period, Bath Inn (later Arundel House) was the largest of the episcopal properties on the Strand, first granted to Eustace de Fauconberg who became bishop of London in 1221. The bishops of Bath and Wells subsequently inherited the property on 23 September 1232,
Giving to the churches of Wells and Bath, and succeeding bishops, a place formerly belonging to Eustace, bishop of London, in the suburbs of London in the street of St. Clement without the Bar, with all the houses and buildings there(Calendar of the Charter Rolls 168-169). It remained an episcopal property for over three hundred years.
Henry VIII rescinded Bath Inn’s episcopal succession after his divorce trial prompted the split with Rome. In 1539, the crown gave Bath Inn to William Fitzwilliam, Earl of Southampton (Parliament 868.13). At this point, it took on the name Hampton Place.
Thomas Seymour inherited the property in 1545 and significantly remodeled the house. Historian Charles Lethbridge Kingsford summarizes the alterations, which blended old and new:
what he did was probably to erect the extensive blocks stretching from the southwest corner of the old house and down to the river, whilst preserving the ancient courtyard and hall(Kingsford 249).
When Thomas Seymour was executed for treason, Henry Fitzalan, 12th/19th Earl of Arundel, purchased the newly remodeled house and named it Arundel House. John Strype relates this change:
Then was the Bishop of Baths Inn, (called also Hampton Place) lately new builded (for a great Part thereof) by the Lord Thomas Seimour, Admiral, being parcel of his Possessions. This House of the Bishop of Bath and Wells was assured to the said Admiral Seimour in King Edward the Sixth’s Reign; and is now quite severed from that Bishoprick without Recompence. Which House came sithence to be possessed by the Earl of Arundel, and thereof called Arundel House(Strype 4.7.105).
Philip Howard, 13th/20th Earl of Arundel, was convicted of treason in 1585. His wife, Anne, was relegated to tenancy with limited movement throughout the estate.4 In 1589, an extensive survey was performed, revealing a property footprint of over 150,000 square feet. The survey highlighted the structures in need of repair, including a storehouse, lodging, barn and stables, bakehouse and coalhouse, bowling alley, kitchen court, and vaulted cellar (Hammerson 212).5 These structures were likely part of the older Bath Inn. The 1589 survey mentions only briefly the newer sections of the house added by Seymour.
When Philip Howard died in the Tower of London in 1595, the Crown took possession of the house. Philip’s son, Thomas Howard, 14th/21st Earl of Arundel, used his wife, Lady Alethea Talbot’s, money to purchase the house in 1607 (Calendar of State Papers, James I 390). By buying back the house, Thomas Howard hoped to recoup his family’s damaged reputation. During Thomas Howard’s ownership, the house achieved notoriety in respect to design and decoration, welcoming artists such as Wenceslas Hollar and Inigo Jones. Thomas Howard died in 1646 while in Italy and the house passed to the care of Parliament. During the English Civil War, Arundel House was used as a garrison and consequently fell into disrepair.
After the Restoration, the house was restored to Thomas Howard’s grandson, Henry Howard 6th Duke of Norfolk. Henry Howard hosted The Royal Society at Arundel House following the loss of their building in the great fire of 1666.
Henry Howard gained approval for extensive construction on site,
as well for the more beautifying the said buildings by bringing them to a more just symmetry and proportion all along the river, as for enlarging the gardens of the House(Calendar of State Papers, Charles II 226). None of these construction projects materialized, despite completed plans from Christopher Wren. The house was subsequently demolished between 1680 and 1682 and no new structure was erected in its place.
The site was excavated in 1972 by a team of archaeologists.
A number of significant political events are directly connected to Arundel House, including Henry VIII’s divorce from Katherine of Aragon; Princess Elizabeth’s upbringing; and Catholic plots against the monarchy.
Cardinal Wolsey served as bishop of Bath and Wells and resided at Arundel House, then known as Bath Inn. He hosted the King and Queen of Denmark in 1523:
The King and Queen of Denmark have arrived in England; they have been lodged and feasted at Greenwich, and are now at Bath Place at the King’s costs(Wolsey to Sampson and Jerningham 3153). Cardinal Campeggio also stayed here throughout Katherine of Aragon’s divorce trial, writing letters from
Bath House(Campeggio 5820).
In the 1540s, Princess (later Queen) Elizabeth stayed at Arundel House, then known as Seymour Place. Seymour Place provided the site of her alleged affair with Thomas Seymour. Elizabeth’s governess, Mrs. Ashley, reported these interactions at Seymour Place:
At Seymour Place, when the queen slept there, he did use awhile to come up every morning in his nightgown and slippers; when he found my lady Elizabeth up, and at her book, then he would look in at the gallery-door, and bid her good morrow, and so go on his way(Memoirs of the Queens 400). Seymour’s flirtations with Princess Elizabeth, whether or not there was ever an actual affair, created suspicions that he was plotting to marry her — suspicions that contributed to his downfall; Seymour was eventually executed for treason (Bernard).
In the 1570s, while under the ownership of Henry Fitzalan, Arundel House was implicated in the Ridolfi plot, in which Catholic nobles conspired to take the Tower of London, securing its treasure and replacing Queen Elizabeth with Mary, Queen of Scots.6 Henry Fitzalan’s son-in-law, Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, was executed for hosting this conspiracy
in the low Galery at Arondell-Howse(Cecil 23).
The House’s association with secret Catholic affairs continued while it was under the ownership of Philip Howard, who inherited the property from his grandfather Henry Fitzalan. Although Philip was sent to the Tower in 1585, a secret Jesuit press very likely operated out of Arundel House throughout the 1580s. While Philip was imprisoned, his wife, Anne, Countess of Arundel harbored the Jesuit Robert Southwell (later made a Catholic Saint) at her properties. Historian Anne Sweeney offers a concise overview of this secret press:
It was in part under Philip’s aegis that Southwell’s works were at first printed, under the noses of the State authorities, any emergent notion of ideological censorship seemingly giving way to feudal precedence even in the 1580s. Whatever the reason for its continued existence, some sort of printing facility certainly existed, and Weston, Southwell, and the other Jesuits had access to it. There is a mention of a secret press operating from one of the Arundel houses in the 1588 ‘Marprelate’ pamphlet.John Charlewood,
a well-known publisher enjoying the monopoly of printing play-bills, who styled himself, at least until 1585: Printer to the Rt. Hon. The Earl of Arundel(Devlin 143), was the publisher responsible for this secret press. Southwell’s An Epistle of Comfort, a series of letters originally written to offer religious encouragement to Philip in the Tower of London, was printed on this secret press, despite the fact that the text claims to have been printed in Paris (Devlin 143).
Though the Earl and Countess of Arundel’s association with this press is certain, scholars do not agree where the press was located. Most contend that the press was actually in Arundel House. This is supported by an informant who claimed,
I do now remember myself of another printer that had press and letter in a place called the Charterhouse in London (in Anno 1587, near about the time of the Scottish Queenes death) intelligence was given unto your good grace of the same by some of the Stationers in London(qtd. in Ames 1466). Devlin establishes that the Charterhouse referenced here is Howard House, also known as Arundel House (Devlin 143). However, Nancy Pollard Brown argues that the press was located at the family’s other property in the Spitalfields (Brown 123). In 1588, John Gerard made reference to this secret press, but placed it at Anne’s property at Acton, not Arundel House itself:
there too that Father Southwell had his printing press, where his own admirable books were produced(qtd. in Devlin 144). Devlin argues that the press must have been moved from one property to another in order to escape censorship. Regardless of its exact location, this secret press was part of a larger movement of clandestine Catholic printing in England (Miola 412).
In the seventeenth century, Arundel House became a significant artistic centre in London. According to Haynes,
at its greatest extent the sculpture collection is said to have comprised no less than thirty-seven statues, one hundred and twenty-eight busts and two hundred and fifty inscriptions, as well as a large number of sarcophagi, altars and fragments(Haynes 10). The inscriptions were ancient Greek and Latin texts carved into pieces of stone and marble. In a portrait of Thomas Howard by Mytens, one can see the Arundel Eros and the Arundel Homerus now at the Ashmolean.8 Howard’s marbles are depicted in another portrait by an anonymous painter, dated to approximately 1627.9 In this portrait, two rows of life-sized marbles can be seen through the window over Howard’s shoulder, lining the neatly landscaped gardens and showing how the collection had spilled out of doors.
Inigo Jones designed a number of updates for Arundel House.10 Jones’s design for an Italian style gate, later copied at Arundel House by John Smythson, was featured in the garden. Jones also traveled to Europe with Howard to help build the burgeoning art collection, even acting as his art broker (Peacock). These trips influenced seventeenth-century London architecture, like Jones’ Banqueting House at Whitehall, the portico at St. Paul’s Cathedral, and Covent Garden Square.
Arundel House inspired many of Jones’s masque designs. A design for Albion’s Triumph (1631) features a colonnade of marble statues inspired by the collection at Arundel House. Some of Howard’s specific statues are even reproduced in Jones’s designs, including his Marius or Cicero acquired with Jones in 1613 (Howarth 108-109), featured in Jones’s design, A Roman Atrium.
Howard brought Bohemian artist Wenceslaus Hollar into his service in 1636.11 Hollar’s pair of 1646 images Courtyard of Arundel House Facing North and Courtyard of Arundel House Facing South show an older Tudor timber structure. This is not what we would expect from portraits of Thomas and Alethea Howard by Daniel Mytens, which depict the house in Palladian style. Haynes claims that by the early 1620s,
Arundel House was rapidly assuming the appearance of an Italian palace(Haynes 4). However, Howarth sees Mytens’s artistic representations as entirely fictitious
imaginary views(Howarth and Dethloff). Alice Friedman calls this disconnect between Hollar’s depictions and the impression we get from paintings and visitors’ records
we expect arches and pediments and columns, not rambling half-timber structures(Friedman 158). These contradictory reports reveal the way material realities and conceptual impressions (the Italian ideal vs. the pastoral ideal) did not always align.
Arundel House was a cultural centre for elite guests, including British royalty and foreign ambassadors. King Charles I visited the art collections in December of 1628 and again in 1634 (Hervey 264, 399). Sir Francis Bacon visited in 1626 and expressed shock at the nude statues (Haynes 7). In 1629, the Dutch delegate Abram Booth visited a number of homes in London, keeping a diary with his travels and impressions, and was especially enamored with the gardens and marbles at Arundel House (Louw 507).
Tours of Arundel House began during Thomas Howard’s residency and remained popular after he died. For instance, Samuel Pepys visited Arundel House on 30 May 1661, touring the gardens, gallery, and wine cellar:
Back to the Wardrobe with my Lord, and then with Mr. Moore to the Temple, and thence to Greatorex, who took me to Arundell-House, and there showed me some fine flowers in his garden, and all the fine statues in the gallery, which I formerly had seen, and is a brave sight, and thence to a blind dark cellar, where we had two bottles of good ale, and so after giving him direction for my silver side-table, I took boat at Arundell stairs, and put in at Milford.Pepys also mentions the Arundel Stairs that led directly to the Thames, making the house easily accessible from the main waterway.
(Pepys 30 May 1661)
Though undeniably an elite estate, so much of the statuary was placed outside on the bank of the Thames that the general public knew the collection. The bankside display may seem to violate the division between public and private spaces, but was not unusual for the period. Other elite private residences, like Whitehall Palace, also served as cultural centres for the public. In 1651, author Christopher Arnold commented on the way Arundel House blurred these boundaries when he wrote of
certain gardens on the Thames, where there are rare Greek and Roman inscriptions, stones, marbles; the reading of which is actually like viewing Greece and Italy at once within the bounds of Great Britain(qtd. in Chambers 138n.16).12 Though many of the marbles featured carved Latin and Greek inscriptions that could be literally read, the concept of literacy can be applied more broadly to the way Arundel House became a living text for the city of London, connecting London to classical and continental history and culture.
After the Restoration, Henry Howard helped Arundel House become a centre for intellectual life in London. After the Great Fire of 1666, the Royal Society met at Arundel House:
Since by the firing of London, the first place of their meeting has been restor’d to its original use, and made an Exchange, he has afforded them a retreat in his own house, where they assemble at this present: By which favour he has added a new honour to the antient Nobility of his Race: one of his Ancestors had before adorn’d that place with many of the best Monuments of Antiquity: And now by entertaining these new discoveries under his Roof, his Family deserves the double praise of having cherish’d both the old, and new Learning; so that now methinks in Arundel house, there is a perfect representation, what the Real Philosophy ought to be: As there we behold new Inventions to flourish amongst the Marbles, and Images of the Dead: so the present Arts, that are now rising, should not aim at the destruction of those that are past, but be content to thrive in their company.Samuel Pepys also mentions the Royal Society’s new home:
Mr. Henry Howard, of Norfolke, hath given our Royal Society all his grandfather’s library: which noble gift they value at 1000l.; and gives them accommodation to meet in at his house, Arundell House, they being now disturbed at Gresham College(Pepys 7 January 1666/7). Pepys attended a number of Royal Society experiments at Arundel House. He saw an experiment with gunpowder, microscopes, and an ear trumpet that allowed him to
plainly hear the dashing of the oares of the boats in the Thames to Arundell gallery window,and an experiment on a dog’s spine (Pepys 9 January 1666/7, 30 May 1667, 2 April 1668, 16 July 1668).
Even after Arundel House was demolished in 1680 to 1682, it was remembered in descriptions of London. John Strype recorded a brief history of Arundel House in his 1720 update to Stow’s A Survey of London, terminating in the house’s demolition:
Formerly the Bishop of Bath’s Inn: Which in Process of Time came to the Family of the Howards, Dukes of Norfolk, the late Duke dwelling there. It then was a very large and old built House; with a spacious Yard for Stablings, towards the Strand, and with a Gate to enclose it, where there was the Porters Lodge; and as large a Garden towards the Thames. This said House and Grounds was some Years since converted into Streets and Buildings.In his 1716 poem
Trivia, or, The Art of Walking the Streets of London,John Gay remembers the legacy of Arundel House as he walks through London:
Even though the house had been demolished, it was still able to influence London culture and the experience of moving through and remembering the city.(Gay 482-485)Behold that narrow street which steep descends,Whose building to the slimy shore extends,Here Arundel’s fam’d structure rear’d its frame,The street alone retains an empty name.
A 1972 archaeological excavation of the site found
very extensive destruction(Hammerson 214) where Arundel House once stood. The majority of remains discovered in the 1970s dated from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The team found no remains from the medieval Bath Inn house (Hammerson 214). The team was able to map the foundations of the early modern house and excavated the original cellar in which Pepys drank ale in 1661 (Hammerson 218). They discovered a collection of stoneware, pottery, dishes, tinware, cooking vessels, and tiles dating from the early modern period. The team also discovered seven classical marbles from Thomas Howard’s collection that had been lost (Hammerson 247). The architectural skeleton of early modern London continues to be valuable to archaeologists and historians today.
Evelyn, John. The Diary of John Evelyn Vol. 2. Ed. Austin Dobson. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1906. Print.
Holinshed, Raphael. The firste volume of the chronicles of England, Scotlande, and Irelande. London: John Hunne, 1577. Web. Open.
- An ell is a unit of measurement, originally a cubit (although later it referred to longer units), that is, the approximate length of a man’s forearm from his elbow, about 18 inches. (SM)
- This church was torn down in 1549 in order to build Somerset House. (SM)
- This Bath Place or Bath Inn is different from another location called Bath Inn, also known as Brooke House, Holborn, which was named for William Bourchier, Earl of Bath. (SM)
- MS Lansdowne 45. f. 197. No. 82. After her husband’s death, Countess Anne Howard was contractually relegated to a set of prescribed rooms, including specific passages and stairways leading to those rooms. Many of these allowable rooms were part of the old house, referred to as
the great old decayed house called the storehouse.She was given a key
in her own custodyin order to use the gardens. (EKA)
- The survey is reprinted in its entirety in Kingsford. The original survey can be found in manuscripts, Lansdowne MS 45 nos 82, 83 and 85. (EKA)
- For more on the way various private spaces and homes were used in the Ridolfi plot, see Orlin 247-61. (EKA)
- The Popish Plot conspiracy was a completely fabricated plot alledging that the Jesuits were planning to assassinate Charles II. The conspiracy was invented by Titus Oates, but was widely believed and created widespread anti-Catholic mania, leading tot he executions of thirty-five people. Oates was eventually discredited and convicted of perjury (BAE). (SM)
- Before Howard acquired the Homerus piece, Rubens used it as a study for Le Gouvernement de la Reine (1622-1625). For more on this piece, see Vickers 66-67. (EKA)
- Anonymous. Portrait of the Earl of Arundel. c. 1627. Private Collection, Welbeck Estate. (EKA)
- Kingsford argues that renovations must have accompanied the growing collection:
one may suppose that some changes were necessary to provide an adequate setting for these splendid collections, and Arundel’s letters in 1618-1619 contain some mention of works in progress(Kingsford 254). (EKA)
- For more on Hollar’s work in England, see Howarth. (EKA)
- Arnold is further discussed in Hunt. Hunt calls these gardens
a kind of memory theatre(120). (EKA)
- Ames, Joseph. Typographical Antiquities: or an historical account of the origin and progress of printing in Great Britain and Ireland. Vol. 3. London, 1785-1790. Gale CW3301914411.
Seymour, Thomas, Baron Seymour of Sudeley (b. in or before 1509, d. 1549).Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H.C.G. Matthew, Brian Harrison, Lawrence Goldman, and David Cannadine. Oxford UP. Subscription.
Brown, Nancy Pollard.
Paperchase: The Dissemination of Catholic Texts in Elizabethan England.English Manuscript Studies 1st ed. Peter Beal. Oxford: Blackwells, 1989.
- Calendar of State Papers, James I. Vol 28. 1603-10. 23 December 1607. Ed. Mary Anne Everett Green, F.H.B. Daniell, F. Bickley. London, H.M. Stationery Office, 1857. British History Online.
- Calendar of State Papers Domestic Series, of the reign of Charles II. Vol. 7. 1676-7. Ed. Mary Anne Everett Green, F.H.B. Daniell, and F. Bickley. London, H.M. Stationery Office, 1860-1939.
- Calendar of the Charter Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office. Vol. 1. London: Mackie and Co. Ld., 1903. Web. Open. Google Books.
- Camden, William. Britain, or A chorographicall description of the most flourishing kingdomes, England, Scotland, and Ireland, and the ilands adjoyning, out of the depth of antiquitie beautified vvith mappes of the severall shires of England: vvritten first in Latine by William Camden Clarenceux K. of A. Translated newly into English by Philémon Holland Doctour in Physick: finally, revised, amended, and enlarged with sundry additions by the said author. London, 1637. EEBO. Reprint. Subscription. STC 4510.8.
Campeggio. August 1529. 5820.
Henry VIII: August 1529, 1-10.Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII. Vol. 4. Ed. J.S. Brewer. London, 1867. British History Online. Open..
- Cecil, William. A Collection of State Papers Relating to Affairs in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, from the year 1571 to 1596. Transcribed from Original Papers and other Authentic Memorials never before published. Ed. William Murdin. London: William Bowyer in White-fryars, 1759.
John Evelyn and English Architecture.John Evelyn’s
Elysium Britannicumand European Gardening. Volume 17. Ed. Therese O’Malley and Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 1998.
- A Complete Collection of State Trials and Proceedings for High Treason and Other Crimes and Misdemeanors from the Earliest Period to the Year 1783. Vol. 7. Ed. T. B. Howell. London: T.C. Hansard, Peterborough-Court, Fleet-Street, 1816.
- A Descriptive Catalogue of Ancient Deeds in the Public Record Office: prepared under the superintendence of the deputy keeper of the records. Vol. I. London, 1890. Internet Archive. Open.
- Devlin, Christopher. The Life of Robert Southwell: Poet and Martyr. London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1956.
- Evelyn, John. The Diary of John Evelyn. Vol. 2. Ed. Austin Dobson. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1906.
Friedman, Alice T.
John Evelyn and English Architecture.John Evelyn’s
Elysium Brutannicumand European Gardening. Volume 17. Edsever. Therese O’Malley and Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 1998.
- Gay, John. Trivia: Or, the Art of Walking the Streets of London. London, 1730. Internet Archive. Open.
Grants in November, 1545. 910.77.
Henry VIII: November 1545, 26-30.Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII. Vol. 20, Part 2. Ed. James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie. London, 1907. British History Online. Open.
Hammerson, Michael J.
Excavations on the Site of Arundel House in the Strand, W.C.2., in 1972.Transactions of the London & Middlesex Archaeological Society 26 (1976): 209-251.
- Haynes, D.E.L. The Arundel Marbles. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1975.
- Hervey, Mary F.S. The Life Correspondence, Collections of Thomas Howard Earl of Arundel. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1921.
- Holinshed, Raphael, William Harrison, and others. The first and second volumes of Chronicles comprising 1 The description and historie of England, 2 The description and historie of Ireland, 3 The description and historie of Scotland: first collected and published by Raphaell Holinshed, William Harrison, and others: now newlie augmented and continued (with manifold matters of singular note and worthie memorie) to the yeare 1586. by Iohn Hooker aliàs Vowell Gent and others. With conuenient tables at the end of these volumes. London, 1587. EEBO. Reprint. Subscription. STC 13569.
The Arundel Collection: Collecting and Patronage in England in the Reigns of Philip III and Philip IV.The Sale of the Century: artistic relations between Spain and Great Britain, 1604-1655. Ed. Jonathan Brown and John Huxtable Elliott. New Haven: Yale UP, 2002.
Howarth, David and Diana Dethloff.
Thomas Howard, 2nd Earl of Arundel.Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Subscription.
- Howell, James. Londinopolis, an historicall discourse or perlustration of the city of London, the imperial chamber, and chief emporium of Great Britain whereunto is added another of the city of Westminster, with the courts of justice, antiquities, and new buildings thereunto belonging. London, 1657. Wing H3090. Reprint. EEBO.
- Hunt, John Dixon. Garden and Grove: The Italian Renaissance Garden in the English Imagination. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1986.
Design for the new1610s. RIBA 12957. Open.
Italyangate, Arundel House, Strand, London.
- Kingsford, Charles Lethbridge, ed. A Survey of London by John Stow. Reprinted from the Text of 1603. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1908. A searchable transcription of this text is available at BHO.
Kingsford, Charles Lethbridge.
Bath Inn or Arundel House.Archaeologia, or Miscellaneous Tracts relating to Antiquity 72. London: Society of Antiquaries of London, 1922. 243-277.
- Louw, H.J.
Some Royal and Other Great Houses in England: Extracts from the Journal of Abram Booth.Architectural History 27 (1984): 503-509.
- Marprelate, Martin. An Epistle to the Terrible Priests Printed oversea, in Europe [i.e. East Molesey, Surrey: By Robert Waldegrave], 1588. STC (2nd ed.) 17453.
- Memoirs of the Queens of Henry VIII, and of his Mother, Elizabeth of York. Ed. Agnes Strickland. Philadelphia: Blanchard and Lea, 1853.
The Jacobean Long Gallery.The Treasure Houses of Britain. London: National Gallery of Art, 1985.
Miola, Robert S.
Publishing the Word; Robert Southwell’s Sacred Poetry.The Review of English Studies 64.265 (2012): 410-432.
- Mitton, G.E. Maps of Old London. London: Adam and Charles Black, 1908. Project Gutenberg. Web. Open.
- Orlin, Lena Cowen. Locating Privacy in Tudor London. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2007.
Parliament. April 1539. 868.13.
Letters and Papers: April 1539, 26-30.Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII. Vol. 14, Part 1. Eds. James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie. London, 1894. British History Online. Web. Open.
Inigo Jones and the Arundel Marbles.Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies 16 (1986): 75-90.
- Pepys, Samuel. Diary. 1659-1669. Ed. Henry B. Wheatley. London: George Bell and Sons, York St. Covent Carden, 1893. Project Gutenberg. Open.
Arundel House, Strand, London: survey elevation of a rusticatedc. 1618. RIBA 29204. Web. Open.
Italyangarden gate and part of the house’s front façade.
- Southwell, Robert, Saint. An epistle of comfort to the reverend priests, & to the honorable, worshipful, & other of the laye sort restrained in durance for the Catholicke fayth. Imprinted at Paris [i.e. London: By John Charlewood? In Arundel House, 1587?] STC (2nd ed.) 22946.
- Sprat, Thomas. The History of the Royal-Society of London, for the improving of Natural Knowledge. London: T.R. for I. Martyn at the Bell without Temple-bar, and I. Allestry at the Rose and Crown in Duck-lane, 1667. Wing S5032.
- Stow, John. A SVRVAY OF LONDON. Contayning the Originall, Antiquity, Increase, Moderne estate, and description of that Citie, written in the yeare 1598. by Iohn Stow Citizen of London. Also an Apologie (or defence) against the opinion of some men, concerning that Citie, the greatnesse thereof. With an Appendix, containing in Latine, Libellum de situ &nobilitate Londini: written by William Fitzstephen, in the raigne of Henry the second. London: John Windet for John Wolfe, 1598. STC 23341. Huntington Library copy. Reprint. EEBO. Web.
- Strype, John. A SURVEY of the CITIES of London and Westminster: CONTAINING the Original, Antiquity, Increase, Modern Estate and Government of those CITIES. London, 1720. An Electronic Edition of John Strype’s A Survey of London and Westminster. Ed. Julia Merritt. hriOnline. Open.
- The Survey of Arundel House. Lansdowne MS 45 nos 82, 83 and 85. British Library.
- Sweeney, Anne. Robert Southwell: Snow in Arcadia: Redrawing the English Lyric Landscape, 1568-95. Manchester: Manchester UP, 2006.
- Thornbury, Walter. Old and New London. 6 vols. London, 1878. Reprint. British History Online. Web.
- Vickers, Michael. The Arundel and Pomfret Marbles. Oxford: The University of Oxford Ashmolean Museum, 2006.
Wolsey to Sampson and Jerningham. 3 July 1523. 3153.
Henry VIII: July 1523, 1-15.Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII. Vol. 3. Ed. J.S. Brewer. London, 1867. British History Online. Web. Open.
Last modification: 2016-05-27 14:37:29 -0700 (Fri, 27 May 2016) (tlandels)