THe farthest West Warde
The Ward of
Faringdon
wi
This text has been supplied. Reason: Omitted from the original text due to a printing or typesetting error. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on guesswork. (SM)thout.
of this Citie, being
the 25. Warde of London, but without the
Walles is called Faringdon without, and was
of olde time part of the other Faringdon with
in
, vntil the 17. of Richard the second: in which
it was diuided and made twaine, by the names
of Faringdon infra, and Faringdon extra, as
is afore shewed.
The

304
The bounds of which warde, without Newgate, and Ludgate, are
these. First on the East part thereof, is the whole precinct of the late
priorie of Saint Bartholomewe, and a part of Long Lane, on the
North, towards Aldersgate stréete, and Ducke Lane, with the Hos
pitall of Saint Bartholomewe
on the West, and all Smithfield to
the Barres in S. Iohn stréete. Then out of Smithfielde, Chicken
Lane
toward Turmile brooke, and ouer that brooke by a bridge of
timber, into the field: then backe againe by the Pens (or foldes) in
Smithfield, by Smithfield pond, to Cowe-Lane, which turneth to
ward Oldboorne: and then Hosiar Lane, out of Smithfield, also to
ward Oldboorne, till it meete with a part of Cowe Lane. Then
Cocke Lane out of Smithfield, ouer against Pye corner: then also
is Giltspur stréete, out of Smithfield to Newgate, then from New
gate
West by Saint Sepulchres church to Turnagaine Lane: then
to Oldboorne conduit, on Snor hill, to Oldboorne bridge: vp Old
boorne
hill
to the Barres on both sides, on the right hand or North
side, at the bottome of Oldboorne hill, is Gold Lane, sometime a fil
thy passage into the fieldes, now both sides builded with small tene
ments. Then higher is Lither Lane, turning also to the field, and
so to the Barre. Now on the left hand or South side from Newgate,
lyeth a stréet called the Olde Baily, or court of the Chamberlaine of
this citie: this stretcheth down by the wall of the citie vnto Ludgate:
on the West side of which stréete, breaketh out one other Lane, cal
led Saint Georges Lane, till yee come to the Southende of Seacole
Lane
: and then turning towards Fléetestréete, it is called Fléete
Lane
. The next out of the high stréete from Newgate turning down
South, is called the little Baylie, and runneth downe to the East of
Saint Georges Lane. Then is Seacole lane, which turneth downe
into Fleetelane: neare vnto this Seacole lane, in the turning to
wards Oldboorne conduit, is an other lane, called in Record, winde
againe lane
, for that it turneth downe to Turmill Brooke, and from
thence backe againe, for there is no way ouer. Then beyond Old
boorne
bridge
to Shooe lane, which runneth out of Oldboorne vn
to the conduit in Fléetestréete. Then also is Fewtars lane, which
likewise stretcheth South into Fléetestréete, by the East end of Saint
Dunstons
church
, and from this lane to the Barres, bee the bounds
without Newgate.
Now

305
Now without Ludgate, this ward runneth vp from the saide
gate to Temple bar, and hath on the right hand or northside, the
south end of the Olde Bayly, then downe Ludgate hill, to the
Fleete lane, ouer Fleete bridge, and by Shooe lane, and Fewters
lane
, and so to New streete (or Chancery lane) and vp that lane
to the house of the Rolles, which house is also of this warde, and
on the other side to a lane ouer against the Roules, which ente
reth Ficquetes fielde.
Then harde by the Barre is one other lane called Shyre lane,
because it deuideth the Citie from the Shire, and this turneth in
to Ficquetes fielde.
From Ludgate againe on the left hand, or south side to Fleete
bridge
, to bride lane, which runneth south by Bridewell, then to
Water lane, which runneth downe to the Thames.
Then also by the White Fryars, and by the Temple, euen to
the Barre aforesaide, bee the boundes of this Faringdon warde
without
.
Touching Ornamentes and Antiquities in this warde, first be
twixt the said Newgate and the parish Church of S. Sepulchers
is a way towardes Smithfielde, called Guilt spurre, or Knightri
dars streete
, of the knights and other riding that way into Smith
fielde
, replenished with buildinges on both sides vp to Pie corner, a
place so called of such a signe, sometimes a fayre Inne for receipte
of Trauellers, but now deuided into Tenements, and ouer against
the saide Pie corner lyeth Cocke lane, which runneth downe to
Oldbourne Conduite.
Beyond this Pie corner lyeth west Smithfielde, compassed a
bout with buildinges, as first on the south side following, the right
hand standeth the fayre parish church, and large Hospitall of Saint
Bartilmew
, founded by Rahere the first Prior of Saint Bartil
mewes
thereto neare adioyning, in the yeare 1102.
Alfune (that had not long before builded the parish church of
S. Giles without Cripplegate
, became the first Hospitelar, or
Proctor for the poore of this house, and went himselfe dayly to the
Shambles and other marketes, where he begged the charity of
deuout people for their releefe, promising to the liberall giuers,
(and that by alledging Testimonies of the holy scripture) reward
X
at

306
at the hands of God, this Hospital, was since repayred about the
yeare 1423. of the goodes and by the Executors of Richarde
VVhitington
, sometime Maior of London, and was gouerned
by a Maister, and eight Brethren, being Priestes for the church,
and foure Sisters to see the poore serued.
Sir Iohn VVakering Priest, Maister of this house in the
yere 1463. amongst other bookes gaue to their common Libra
ry the fayrest Bible, that I haue seene written in large velame,
by a Brother of that house, named Iohn Coke at the age of 68.
yeares, when hee had been Priest 43. yeares, since the spoile of
that Library, I haue seene this booke in the custody of my wor
shipfull frend maister, VValter Cope.
Monumentes in this Church of the dead, Benefactors ther
unto be these, Elizabeth wife to Adam Hone Gentleman, Bar
tilmew Bildington
, Iane
wife to Iohn Cooke, Dame Alis
wife to Sir Richarde Isham, Alice wife to Nicholas Bayly,
Iohn Woodhouse Esquier, Robert Palmar Gentleman, Ido
na
wife to Iohn VValden lying by her husband on the North
side late newly builded, 1424. Sir Thomas Malifant Baron of
Winnow, Lord Sir George in Glamorgan, and Lord Ockene
ton
and Pile in the county of Pembroke, 1438. Dame Marga
ret
his wife, Daughter to Thomas Astley Esquier, with Ed
mond
and Henry his children, William Markeby Gentleman
1438. Richard Shepley, and Alice his wife, Thomas Sauill
Sarieant at Armes, Edwarde Beastby Gentleman, and Marga
ret
his wife, Walter Ingham and Alienar his wife, Robert War
nar
and Alice Lady Carne, Robert Galdfet, Iohan and Ag
nes
his wiues, Sir Robert Danuars, and Dame Agnes his wife,
daughter to Sir Richarde Delaber, William Brookes Esqui
er, Iohn Sirley Esquier, and Margaret his wife, hauing their
pictures of Brasse, in the habite of Pilgrimes on a fayre flat stone
with an Epitaph. 1456. Iane Lady Clinton, who gaue ten pound
to the poore there, 1458. Agnes Daughter to Sir VVilliam,
S. George, Iohn Rogebrooke Esquier, Richarde Surgeon,
Thomas Burgan Gentleman, Elizabeth wife to Henry Skinard
daughter to Chincroft Esquier, VVilliam Mackeley Gentlman
and Alice his wife, VVilliam Fitzwater Gentleman, 1466.
This

307
This Hospitall was valued at the suppression in the yeare,
1539. the 31. of Henry the eight to 35. pounde, six shil
linges, 7. pence, yearely. The church remaineth a parish church
to the Tenantes dwelling in the precinct of the Hospitall, but in
the yeare 1546. on the 13. of Ianuarie, the Bishop of Roche
ster
, preaching at Paules Crosse, declared the gift of the said king,
to the Citizens for releeuing of the poore, which conteyned the
Church of the Gray Fryars, the church of S. Bartilmew with the
Hospitall
, with all the Messuages and appurtenances in Gilt
spurre
, alias Knightridars streete, Breton streete, Petar Kay, in
the parish of S. Mary Magdalen, in olde Fishstreete, and in the
parish of S. Benet Huda, Lymehurst, or Lymehost, in the Pa
rish of Stebunheth
, &c. Then also were orders deuised for releefe
of the poore, the inhabitants were al called to their parish churches
whereby Sir Richarde Dobbes then Maior their seuerall Alder
men, or other graue Citizens, they were by eloquent orations
perswaded how great and how many commodities woulde ensew
vnto them and their Citie, if the poore of diuers sorts which they
named were taken from out their streets, lanes, and allies, & were
bestowed and prouided for in Hospitalles abroade &c. therefore
was euery man moued liberally to grant, what they woulde
impart, towardes the preparing, and furnishing of such Hospitals
& also what they would contribute weekely towardes their main
tenance for a time (which they saide should not be past one yeare
or twaine) vntill that they were better furnished of endowment:
to make short euery man granted liberally, according to his habi
lity, and bookes were drawne of the releefe in euery warde of the
City, towardes the new Hospitalles, and were deliuered by the
Maior, to the kinges Commissioners, on the 17. of February,
and order was taken therein, so as the 26. of Iuly, in the yeare
1552
. the repayring of the Gray Fryars house, for poore father
lesse children, was taken in hand, and also in the latter ende of the
same moneth, began the repayring of this Hospitall of S. Bartil
mew
, and was of new endowed, and furnished at the charges of
the Citizens.
On the east side of this Hospitall, lieth Duke lane, which run
neth out of Smithfielde south, to the northend of little Bretaine
X2
streete

308
streete. On the east side of this Ducke lane, and also of Smithfield
lyeth the late dissolued Priorie at S. Bartilmew founded also by
Rahere, a pleasant witted Gentleman, and therefore in his time
called the kinges Minstrell, aboute the yeare of ChriThis text has been supplied. Reason: Type not (sufficiently) inked. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on guesswork. (SM)st 1102. hee
founded it in a part of The special character yͤ (LATIN SMALL LETTER Y WITH LATIN SMALL LETTER E ABOVE) does not display on all browsers and has been replaced by its simplified form.ye oft befor named morish ground, which was
therefore a common Lay stall of all filth, that was to bee voyded
out of the City, hee placed Canons there, and himselfe became
their first Prior, and so continued till his dying day, and was there
buried in a fayre monument, of late renued by Bolton.
Amongst other memorable matters touching this Priorie,
one is of an Archbishops visitation, which Mathew Paris hath
thus. Boniface (sayth hee) Archbishoppe of Canterbury,
Archbishop of
Canterburie
visiteth Saint
Bartilmewes
Priorie
wiThis text is the corrected text. The original is i (KL)th
stripes.
in his
Uisitation, came to this Priorie, where being receiued with Pro
cession, in the most solemne wise, hee saide that he passed not vpon
the honor, but came to visite them, to whome the Canons an
wered that they hauing a learned Bishop, ought not in contempt
of him, to be visited by any other: which answere so much offen
ded the Archbishop, that hee forthwith fell on the Supprior and
smote him
Words of the
Archbishop to
the Prior and
Canons.
on the face, saying, indeede, indeede doth it become you
English Traitors so to answere mee, thus raging with othes not
to bee recited, hee rent in peeces the rich Cope of the Supprior,
Suppriors cope
rent and trodē
vnder foote &
himselfe al
most slaine.
and trode it vnder his feete, and thrust him against a Pillar of the
Chancell, with such spirituall violence, that hee had almost killed
him: But the Chanons seeing their Supprior thus almost slaine,
came and plucked off the Archbishop
The Archbi
shop armed &
ouerthrowne.
with such force that they o
uerthrew him backwards, whereby they might see that hee was
armed and prepared to fight, the Archbishops men seeing their
maister down (being all strangers and their maisters countrimen,
borne in Prouence)
The Canons
beaten and
trod vnder
foote.
fell vpon the Chanons, beate them, tare them
and trod them vnder feete, at length the Canons getting away as
well as they could, ran bloody and myry, rent and torne, to the
Bishop
The Canons
complayned
but could not
be heard.
of London, to complaine, who bad them goe to the king
at Westminster, and tell him thereof, whereupon foure of them
went thether, the rest were not able, they were so sore hurt, but
when they came to Westminster, the king would neither heare
nor see them, so they returned without redresse, in the meane season
the whole Citie was in an vprore and ready to haue rung the com
mon

309
mon bell, and to haue hewed the Archbishop into small peeces,
who was secretly crept to Lambhith, where they sought him and
not knowing him by sight,
The whole ci
tie in an vp
rore against
the Arch
bishop.
saide to themselues, where is this Ruf
fian, that cruell smiter, hee is no winner of soules, but an exactor
of money, whome neither God, nor any lawfull or free election,
did bring to this Promotion, but the king did vnlawfully intrude
him, being vtterlie vnlearned, a stranger borne and hauing a wife
&c. but hee conueyed himselfe ouer, and went to the king with
a great complaint, against the Chanons, whereas himselfe was
guilty.
Bolton
Bolton last
PrThis text is the corrected text. The original is l (KL) i or of S.
Bartlmew
a
great builder
there.
was the last Prior of this house, a greate builder
there: for he repayred the Priorse church with the parish church
adioyning, the offices and lodginges to the saide Priorie belong
ing, and neare adioyning, hee builded of new the Mannor of Cha
nonbery
Canonberie.
at Islington which belonged to the Canons of this
house, and is situate in a low ground, somewhat north from the
parish Church there, but hee builded no house at Harrow on
the hill, as Edwarde Hall hath written, following a fable then
on foote. The people (sayeth hee) being feared by Prognosticati
ons, which declared that in the yeare of Christ 1524. there should
be such Eclipses in watry signes & such coniunctions, that by wa
ters and floudes manye people shoulde perish, people victu
led themselues and went to high groundes for feare of drowning
and especiallie one Bolton, which was Prior of S. Bartilmewes
in Smithfielde
builded him a house vpon Harrow on the hill, one
ly for feare of this floude, thether hee went and made proui
sion of all thinges necessary within him for the space of two mo
nethes &c. but this was not so indeede as I haue beene credibly
enformed: true it is that this Bolton, was also Parson of HThis text has been supplied. Reason: Omitted from the original text due to a printing or typesetting error. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on guesswork. (SM)arrow,
and therefore bestowed some small reparations on the Personage
house, and builded nothing there more then a Douehouse, to serue
him when he had forgon his Priorie.
To this Priorie king Henry the second granted the Priuiledge
of a fayre to bee kept yearely at Bartilmewtide
Bartilmewfair
for three dayes,
to wit, The special character yͤ (LATIN SMALL LETTER Y WITH LATIN SMALL LETTER E ABOVE) does not display on all browsers and has been replaced by its simplified form.ye Eue, the day, & next morrow, to the which the Clothi
ars
of all England, and Drapers of London repayred, and had
their Boothes and standinges within the Churchyarde of this
X3
Priorie

310
Priorie closed in with walles and gates locked euery night, and
watched for safety of mens goodes, and wares, a court of Pie
powdThis text has been supplied. Reason: Type not (sufficiently) inked. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (CH)ers
was dayly during the Fayre holdē for debts & contracts.
But now in place of Bothes within this Church yarde (onely
letten out in the fayre time) be many large houses builded, and the
North wall towardes Long lane being taken down, a number of
Tenementes are there erected.
The monuments of the dead in this Priorie, are these of Ra
here
the first founder, Roger VValden Bishoppe of London,
1406. Iohn Warton Gentleman, and Elizabeth his wife,
daughter to William Scot Esquier, Iohn Louth Gentleman,
Robert Shikeld Gentleman, Sir Bacon knight, Iohn
Ludlow
, and Alice his wife, VV. Thirlewall Esquier, Rich
arde Lancaster
Herralde at Armes, Thomas Torald. Iohn
Roiston
, Iohn Watforde, Iohn Carleton, Robert
sonne to Sir
Robert Willowbie
, Gilbert Halstocke, Elianor wife to Sir
Hugh Fen
, mother to Margaret Lady Burgaueny, VVilliam
Essex
Esquier Richarde Vancke Baron of the Exchequer, and
Margaret his wife, daughter to VVilliam de la Riuar, Iohn
Winderhall
, Iohn Duram
Esquier, and Elizabeth his wife,
Iohn Malwaine, Alice wife to Balstred daughter to Kniffe,
VVilliam Scarlet
Esquier, Iohn Golding, Hugh VValter
Gentleman, and the late wise and worthy Sir VValter Mild
way
knight, Chancelor of the Exchequer &c.
This Priorie at the late surrender thereof made the 30. of
Henry the eight
was valued at 653. £. 15. SMALL LATIN LETTER S WITH TILDE ABOVE; ABBREVIATION FOR SHILLINGs. by yeare.
The Church and Bell Tower (hauing six Bels in a Tune)
were solde to the parish of S. Sepulchers, and then the church be
ing pulled downe to the Quire, the Quire was by the kinges or
der annexed for the enlarging of the olde Parish church thereto
adioyning, and so was vsed till the raigne of Queene Mary, who
gaue it to the Fryars Preachers or Blacke Fryars, and was v
sed as their conuentuall Church, vntill the first of our Soue
raigne Lady Queene Elizabeth
, those Fryars were once more
put out, and then all the saide church was wholie as it stoode in the
last yere of Edwarde the sixt giuen by Parliament to remaine for
euer a parish Church for the inhabitantes within the Close called
greate

311
greate S. Bartilmewes. Since the which time, that olde Church
is pulled down, except the Steeple of rotten timber ready to fall
of it selfe, I haue oft heard it reported that a new steeple should be
builded with the stone of the olde Parish Church, but no such
thing is performed, for it is more easie to pul downe then to set vp
and builde. On the North side of this Priory, is the lane, truelie
called Long, which reacheth from Smithfield towards Aldersgate
streete
, the rest of Smithfield, from long lane ende to the Bars is
inclosed with Innes, Brewhouses, and large tenements on the
west side is Chicken lane downe to Cowbridge.
Then be the Pens or Foldes so called of Sheepe there parted,
and penned vp to be solde, on the market dayes.
Then is Smithfielde Pond,
Smithfielde
pond
some
time a Poole.
which of olde time in recordes
was called Horse Poole, for that men watered horses there, and
was a great water. In the 6. of Henry the fift, a new building
was made in this west part of Smithfielde betwixt the said Poole
and the Riuer of the Wels, or Turnemill Brooke, in a place
(then called the Elmes, for that there grew many Elme trees)
and this had beene the place of execution for Offendors: since
The Elmes in
Smithfielde a
place wherein
Trespassers.
were eThis text has been supplied. Reason: Type not (sufficiently) inked. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). ()xecuted
the
which time the building there hath beene so increased, that now
remaineth not one tree growing.
Amongst these new buildinges is Cowbridge streete, or Cow
lane
, which turneth toward Oldbourne, in which lane, the Prior
of Semperingham had his Inne or London lodging.1
The rest of that west side of Smithfielde, hath diuers fayre
Innes and other comely buildinges vp to Hosiar lane, which also
turneth downe to Oldbourne, till it meete with Cowbridge
street
. From this lane to Cocke lane, ouer against Pie corner.
And thus much for incrochmentes and inclosure of this Smith
fielde
, whereby remaineth but a small portion, for the olde vses, to
wit, for marketes of horses and cattle, neither for Militarie exer
cises, and Iustinges,
Iustinges in
Smithfielde.
Turninges, and great triumphes which haue
been there performed before the Princes and Nobilitie both of this
Realme, and Forraigne countries.
But now to returne through Giltspurre streete by Newgate
where I first beganne, there standeth the faire parish church called
S. Sepulchre in the Bayly, or by Chamberlaine gate in a fayre
X4
church

312
church yarde, though not so large as of olde time, for the same
is letten out for buildinges &c. This church was newly reedified
or builded about the raigne of Henry the sixt, or of Edwarde the
fourth
, one of the Pophames was a great builder there, name
ly of one fayre chappell, on the south side of the Quire, as ap
peareth by his Armes, and other monumentes in the glasse win
dowes thereof, and also
Pophames
builders of S.
Sepulchers
Church
.
of the fayre Portch of the same church
towardes the South, his Image fayre grauen in stone, was fix
ed ouer the saide Portch, but defaced and beaten downe, his title
by offices was this, Chancellor of Normandy, Captain of Ver
noile, Pearch, Susan
, and Bayon, and Treasurer of the kinges
houshold, hee dyed rich, leauing great Treasure of strange coynes
and was buried in the Charterhouse church, by west Smithfield:
the first nobilitating of these Pophames was by Mathild the Em
presse, daughter to Henry the first, and by Henry her sonne, one
Pophame gentleman of very fayre landes in Southampton shire
dyed without issue male, about Henry the sixt, and leauing foure
daughters they were maried to Fostar, Barentine, Wodham, &
Hamdē, Popham Dean (distant 3. miles from Clarendon, & 3.
miles from Motisham) was sometime the cheefe Lordshippe or
Mannor house of these Pophames.
There lye buried in this Church, William Andrew Esquier,
Stephen Clamparde Esquier, Lawrence Warcam Esquier, Iohn
Dagworth
, William Porter, Esquier, Robert Scarlet Esqui
er &c.
There lyeth a streete from Newgate west, to the end of Turn
againe lane
, and winding north to Oldbourne Conduite. This
Conduite by Oldbourne Crosse was first builded 1498. Thoma
sin
Widow to Iohn Perciuall, Maior, gaue to the second ma
king thereof twentie markes, Richarde Shore ten pound, Tho
mas Kensworth
and others also did giue towardes it.
But of late a new Conduite was there builded in place of the
olde, namely in the yeare one thouſand fiue hundrd ſeauentie ſea
uen
, by William Lambe sometime a gentleman of the Chap
pell to king Henry the eight, and afterwarde a Cittizen and
Clothworker of London, the water thereof hee caused to bee
conueyed in Leade, from diuers springes to one heade and from
thence

This text is the corrected text. The original is 323 (KL) 313
thence to the said Conduit, and wast of one Cocke at Oldborne
bridge
, more then 2000. yards in length, all which was by him
performed at his owne onely charges (amounting to the summe
1500. pound) and by him finished.
From the west side of this Conduit is the high way there called
Snor hill, stretcheth out by Oldborne bridge ouer the ost named
water of Turmill brooke, and so vp to Oldeborne hill, all repleni
shed with faire building.
Without Oldborne bridge on the right hand is Gold lane, as
is afore shewed: vp higher on the hill be certaine Innes, and other
faire buildings, amongst the which of olde time was a Messuage
called Scrops Inne, about the 37. of Henry the sixt.
Then is the Bishop of Elies Inne, commonly called Ely place,
for that it pertaineth vnto the Bishops of Ely, the which Iohn de
Hotham
Bishoppe of Elie did giue
Pattent.
by the name of his Mannor
and sixe tenements in Oldeborne to the Church and couent of Ely,
as appeareth by pattent of Record, the 9. of Edwarde the thirde.
This man was 20. yeares Bishop of Elie, and deceased 1336.
Thomas Arundell Bishoppe of Elie beautifully builded of
newe his Pallace at Elie, and likewise his Mannors in diuers
places, especially this in Oldeborne, which he did not onely repaire
but rather new builded, and augmented it with a large Port gate
house, or front towards the stréet or high way: his armes are yet
to be discerned in the stone worke thereof: he also sate Bishop of
Ely 14. yeares, and was translated to Yorke.
In this house for the large and commodious roomes thereof, di
uers great and solemne feastes haue béene kept, especially by the
Sergeantes at the law, whereof twaine are to be noted for poste
ritie. The first in the yeare 1464. the
Sergeants
feast in Elie
house
.
fourth of Edward the fourth
in Michelmas tearme, the Sergeants at Law helde their feast in
this house, to the which amongst other estates, Mathew Phillip
Mayor of London, with the Aldermen, Sheriffes, and commons
of diuers crafts being inuited did repaire: but when the Mayor loo
ked to kéepe the state in the hall as it had béene vsed in all places
within the Citie and liberties (out of the Kings presence) the Lord
Gray of Ruthen
, then Lord Treasurer of England, vnwitting
the Sergeantes and against their willes (as they said) was first
X5
placed

314
placed: wherevpon the Mayor, Aldermen, and commons depar
ted home, and the Mayor made the Aldermen to dine with him:
howbeit he and all the Citizens were wonderfully displeased, that
he was so dealt with, and the newe Sergeantes and others were
right sorie therefore, and had rather then much good (as they said)
it had not so happened.
One other feast was likewise there kept, in the yere 1531. the
23. of king Henry the 8. the Sergeants then made were in num
ber 11. namely, Thomas Audeley, Walter Luke, I. Bawdwine,
I. Hinde, Christopher Iennie, I. Dowsell, Edward Meruine,
Edmond Knightley, Roger Chomley, Edward Montague
,
and Roger Yorke.
These also held their feast in this Elie house for fiue daies, to wit,
Fryday the 10. of Nouember, Saterday, Sunday, Munday,
and Tuieſday. On Munday (which was their principall day)
King Henry
King Henry
the 8
. and Q.
Katherine
di
ned at the Ser
geants feastes.
and Quéene Katherine dined there (but in two
chambers) and the forreine Ambassadors in a third chamber. In
the Hall at the high table, sate Sir Nicholas Lambard Mayor of
London, the Iudges, the Barons of the Exchequer, with certain
Aldermen of the Citie: At the boord on the south side, sate the mai
ster of the Rowles, the maisters of the Chauncerie, and worship
full Citizens: On the North side of the Hall certayne Aldermen
began the boorde, and then followed Merchantes of the Citie: in
the Cloistrie, Chappell and gallorie, Knights, Esquires and Gen
tlemen were placed: in the halles, the Craftes of London: the
Sergeants of Law and their wiues kept in their owne chambers.
It were tedious to set downe the preparation of fish, flesh, and
other victuailes spent in this feast, and would séeme almost incredi
ble & (as to me it séemeth) wanted little of a feast at a coronation:
neuerthelesse a little I will touch, for declaration of the change of
prices. There were brought to the slaughter house 24. great
Béefes, at 26. shillings, viij. pence the péece from the shambles,
one carkasse of an Oxe at 24. SMALL LATIN LETTER S WITH TILDE ABOVE; ABBREVIATION FOR SHILLINGs. one hundred fat Muttons, ij. SMALL LATIN LETTER S WITH TILDE ABOVE; ABBREVIATION FOR SHILLINGs x. ď.
the péece, 51. great Ueales at iiij. SMALL LATIN LETTER S WITH TILDE ABOVE; ABBREVIATION FOR SHILLINGs. viij. ď. the péece: 34. Porkes
iij. SMALL LATIN LETTER S WITH TILDE ABOVE; ABBREVIATION FOR SHILLINGs. viij. ď. the péece, 91. Pigs vj. ď. the péece, Capons of Grece
of one Poulter, (for they had thrée) 10. dozens at xxij. pence the
peece, Capons of Kent 9. dozens, and sixe at xij. ď. the peece, Ca
pons course 19. dozen at vj. ď. the peece, Cockes of grose 7. dozen
and

315
and nine at viij. ď. the peece, Cockes course 14. dozen and 8. at iij.
ď. the peece, Pullets the best ij ď. ob. other Pullets ij. ď. Pigeous,
37. dozen at x. ď. the dozen, Swannes 14. dozen, Larkes, 340.
dozen at v. ď. the dozen &c. Edward Neuill was Seneshal or steThis text has been supplied. Reason: The text is not clear for some reason not covered by other values of @reason. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (SM)w
ard, Thomas Ratcliffe Controwler Thomas Wildon, Clearke
of the kitchin.
Next beyond this Mannor of Ely house, is Lither lane, turning
into the field. Then is Furniualles Inne,
Furniuals
Inne
an Inne
of Chauncery.
now an Inne of chaun
cerie, but sometime belonging to Sir William Furniuall knight,
and Thomasin his wife, who had in Oldborne two Messuages,
and 13. shops as appeareth by Record of Richarde the 2. in the
sixt of his raigne
. Then is the Earle of Bathes Inne, now cal
led Bath place, of late for the most part new builded, and so to the
Barres. Now againe from Newgate on the left hand or South
side lyeth the Olde Bayly, which runneth downe by the wall vp
on the ditch of the Citie called Hounds ditch to Ludgate: I haue
not read how this streete tooke that name, but is like to haue ri
sen of some Court of old time there kept: and I find that in the 34.
of Edward the third
the tenement and ground vpon Hounds ditch
betweene Ludgate on the South, and Newgate on the North
was appointed to Iohn Cambridge Fishmonger, Chamberlane
of London: whereby it seemeth that the Chamberlaines of Lon
don
haue there kept their courts, as now they do by the Guildhal
and till this day the Mayor and Iustices of this Cittie kept their
sessions in a part thereof, now called the sessions hall, both for the
cittie of London and shire of Middlesex. Ouer against the
which house on the right hand tuThis text is the corrected text. The original is x (CH) r neth downe S. Georges lane,
S. Georges
lane
an Inne
of Chauncery
there.
to
wards Fléet lane. In this S. Georges lane on the North side ther
of, remaineth yet an old wall of stone inclosing a peece of grounde
vp Seacoale lane, wherein by report sometime stoode an Inne of
Chauncery
: which house being greatly decayed, and standing re
mote from other houses of that profession, the company remo
ued to common hosterie, called of the signe, our Lady Inne, not
far from Clements Inne, which they procured from Sir Iohn Fi
neox
, Lord chiefe Iustice of the Kings bench, and since haue
Originall of
new Inne,
an Inne of
Chauncery.
helde
it of the owners by the name of New Inne, paying therefore vi.£.
rent by the yeare as tenants at their owne will: for more (as it is
said)

316
said) cannot be gotten of them, and much lesse wil they be put from
it. Beneath this S. Georges lane, the lane called Fleet lane win
deth south by the prison of the Fleet into Fleetstreete, by Fleete
bridge
. Lower downe into the Olde Bayly, is at this present a
standard of
A standard of
spring water
in the olde
Bayly
,
timber with a cocke or cockes, deliuering fayre spring
water to the inhabitants, and is the wast of the water, seruing the
prisoners in Ludgate.
Next out of the high street turneth downe a lane, called the lit
tle Baylie
, which runneth downe to the East ende of S. Georges
lane
. The next is Seacoale lane, I thinke called Limeburners
lane
,
Seacoale lane,
or Limebur
ners lane
,
sometime so
called.
of burning their lime there with Seacole. For I reade in
recorde of such a lane to haue beene in the parish of S. Sepulcher,
and there yet remaineth in this lane an Alley, called Limeburners
Alley
. Neere vnto this Seacoale lane in the turning towardes
Oldborne Conduit is Turne-againe lane, or rather as in a record
of the fift of Edward the third, Windagaine lane, for that it go
eth downe West to Fleete dike, from whence men must turne a
gaine the same way that they came, for there it is stopped. Then
the high stréete turneth downe Snor hill, to Oldborne Conduit,
and from thence to Oldborne bridge, beyond the which bridge on
the left hand is Shooe lane, by the which men passe from Oldborn
to Fleetestreete, by the Conduite there. In this Shooe lane
on the left hande is one olde house called Oldborne hall, it is now
letten out into diuers tenementes. On the other side at the ve
ry corner standeth the parish Church of S. Andrew, in the which
church or neare therevnto was sometime kept a Grammer schoole
as appeareth in an other place by a Pattent, made as I haue
shewed for the erection of schooles. There bee Monumentes in
this Church of an Earle of Southampton buried there Raph
Rokeby
, of Lincolnes Inne Esquire, Mayster of S. Katherines,
and one of the Maysters of Requestes to the Quéenes Maiestie,
who deceased the 14. of Iune 1596. He gaue by his testament to
Christs Hospital in Londō 100. £. to the Colledge of the poore of
Queene Elizabeth in East Greenwich
100. pound, to the poore
schollers in Cambridge 100. pound, to the poore schollers in Ox
ford
100. pound, to the prisoners in the two Compters in Lon
don
200. pound, to the prisoners in the Fleet 100. pound, to the
prisoners

317
prisoners in Ludgate 100. pound, to the prisoners in the Kinges
bench
100. pounde, to the prisoners in the Marshalsey an hun
dred pounde, to the prisoners in the White Lion 20. pounde,
to the poore of S. Katherines, 20. pounde, and to euery brother
and sister there 40.SMALL LATIN LETTER S WITH TILDE ABOVE; ABBREVIATION FOR SHILLINGs. There was also of olde time (as I haue
read in the third of Henry the fift) an Hospital for the poore, which
was a cell to the house of Cluny in Fraunce, and was therefore
suppressed among the Priories Aliens.
From this Church of S. Andrew vp Oldborne hill be diuers
fayre builded houses, amongst this which on the left hande there
standeth three Innes of Chauncery, whereof the first adioyning
vnto Crookhorne Alley is called Thaues Inne & standeth opposite
or ouer against the said Elie house. Then is Fewter lane which
stretcheth south into Fleetstreet by the East end of S. Dunstones
church
, and is so called of Fewterers (or idle people) lying there
as in a way leading to gardens: but the same is nowe of later
yeares on both sides builded with many faire houses.
Beyond the Fewters lane is Barnardes Inne, alias Mot
worth Inne
, which is the second Inne of Chauncerie, belonging
to the Deane and Chapter of Lincolne, as saith the Recorde of
Henry the sixt, the 32. of his raigne. Then is Staple Inne the
thirde Inne of Chauncery, but whereof so named I am ignorant:
the same of late is, for a great part thereof fayre builded, and not a
little augmented: and then at the barre endeth this Ward without
Newgate.
But now without Ludgate, on the right hande or North side
from the said gate lyeth the Old Bayly, as I saide: then the high
streete called Ludgate hill downe to Fleete lane, in which lane
standeth the Fleete, a prison house, so called of the fleet or water
running by it.
I reade that Richard the first in the first of his raigne
The Fleet or
Gaole
in the
raigne of Ri
chard the first
.
confir
med to Osbert (brother to William Longshampe Chauncelor of
England and elect of Elie) and to his heires for euer the custodie of
his house or palace at Westminster, with the keeping of his gaole
at London, also King Iohn by his pattent dated by thirde of his
raigne
, gaue to S. Archdeacon of Welles, the custodie of the saide
Kinges house at Westminster, and of his Gaole of the Fleete, to-
Leaue-

318
gether with the Wardship of the daughter and heyre of Robert
Leueland
&c. Then the next is Fléete bridge, pitched ouer the
said water.
Then also against the South end of Shooe lane standeth a faire
water Conduite, whereof William Eastfield sometime Mayor,
was founder: for the Mayor and communaltie of London being
possessed of a Conduit head, with diuers springs of water gathered
thereinto in the parish of Padington, and the water conueighed
from thence by pypes of lead towardes London vnto Teyborne:
where it had layne by the space of sixe yeares and more: The
executors of Sir William Eastfield obtained licence of the
Mayor and communaltie, for them in the yeare 1453. with the
goodes of Sir William to conueigh the said waters: first in pipes
of lead into a pipe begun to be laid besides the great Conduit heade
at Maribone
, which stretcheth from thence vnto a seperal late be
fore made against the chappell of Rounseuall by Charing crosse,
and no further, and then from thence to conuay the said water into
the cittie, and there to make receipt or receiptes for the same vnto
the common weale of the comminaltie, which water was by
them brought thus into Fléetstréete to a standarde, which they
had made and finished 1471. neere vnto Shooe lane.
The inhabitants of Fleetestréete in the yeare 1478. obtained
licence of the Mayor, Aldermen and communaltie to make at their
owne charges two cesternes, the one to be set at the said standard,
the other at Fleet bridge for the receipt of the wast water: this ce
sterne at the standard they builded, and on the same a fayre tower
of stone garnished with images of S. Christopher on the top, &
Angels with sweetsounding belles before them, wherevpon by an
Engine placed in the tower) they diuers houres of the day, and
night, with hammers chymed such an hymne as was appointed.
This conduit or standard was againe new builded with a lar
ger cesterne, at the charges of the cittie in the yeare 1582.
From this Conduit vp to Fewters lane and further is the pa
rish church of S. Dunstan, called in the West
, (for difference
from S. Dunstone in the east) where lyeth buried T. Duke Skin
ner in S. Katherines chappell by him builded 1421. Raph Bane
Bishop of Couentrie and Lichfield 1559. and other.
Next

319
Next beyond this church is Cliffords Inne, sometime belong
ing to Robert Clifforde, after whose death Isabell his wife let
the same to students of the law, as by the records following may
appeare: Isabell quæ fuit vxor Roberti Clifford, Messuagiū
vni partium, quod Robertus Clifford habuit in parochia
sci. Dunstoni West. in suburbiThis text has been supplied. Reason: Type apparently malformed or fractured. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on guesswork. (CH)o Londini, &c. tenuit &
illud dimisit post mortem dict. Roberti, apprenticijs de ban
pro x. l. anuatium &c. Anno 18. Eduardi tertij, inquisitis
post mortem Roberti Clifford
.
This house hath since fallen into the Kings hands, (as I haue
heard) and is now letten to the said studentes for foure pounde by
the yeare.
Somewhat beyond this Cliffords Inne is the South ende of
Newe streete (or Chancelar lane) on the the right hand where
of is Sergeantes Inne called in Chauncery lane. And then next
was sometime the house of the conuerted Iewes, founded by king
Henry the third
, in the yeare 1233. and the 17. of his raigne, who
builded there for them a faire church, now vsed & called the chappel
for the custodie of Rolles and records of Chauncerie
. It standeth
not farre from the olde temple, but in the midway, betwéene the old
Temple and the new, in the which house all such Iewes and infi
dels as were conuerted to the Christian faith, were ordayned
and appointed (vnder an honest rule of life) sufficient main
tneaunce, whereby it came to passe, that in short time there
were gathered a great number of conuerts, which were baptized,
instucted in the doctrine of Christ, and there liued, vnder a learned
Christian appointed to gouerne them: since the which time, to
wit, in the yeare 1290. all the Iewes in England, were banished
out of the realme, whereby the number of conuerts in this place
was almost decayed: and therefore in the yeare 1377. this house
was annexed by Pattent to William Burstall Clearke Custos
Rotulorum
or kéeper of the Rolles of the Chauncerie by Edward
the third
in the one and fiftieth yeare of his raigne
: and this first
Maister of the Rolles was sworne in Westminster hall, at the
table of marble stone: since the which time, that house hath beene
commonly called the Rolles in Chauncerie lane.
Notwith-

320
Notwithstanding such of the Iewes or other Infidels as haue in
this realme beene conuerted to christianity and baptized, haue béen
relieued there: for I find in Recorde, that one William Piers a
Iew that became a Christian, was baptized in the fift of Richard
the second
, and had two pence the day allowed him during his life
by the saide king. On the West side sometime was an house
pertayning to the Prior of Necton Parke
Prior in Nec
ton parke
his
Inne or house
of the sixe
Clearkes.
(a house of Chanons
in Lincolne shire) this was commonly called Hereflete Inne, and
was a Brewhouse, but now faire builded for the sixe Clearkes of
the Chauncerie, and standeth ouer against the saide house, called
the Rolles, and neare vnto the lane which now entreth Fickets
croft
, or Fickets field. Then is Shire lane opening also into Fic
kets
field
, hard by the barres. On this North side of Fléetstréet,
in the yeare of Christ 1595. I obserued, that when the laborers
had broken vp the pauement, from against Chauncerie lanes end,
vp towards S. Dunstones church, and had digged foure foot déepe,
they found one other pauement of hard stone, more sufficient then
the first, and therefore harder to be broken, vnder the which they
found in the made ground, piles of timber, driuen very thicke and
almost close together the same being as blacke as pitch or coale,
and many of them rotten as earth, which prooueth that the ground
there (as sundry other places of the Cittie) haue beene a marish
or full of springes.
Now on the South side from Ludgate be faire builded houses
to Fléete bridge, on the which bridge a Cesterne for receite of
spring water was made by the men of Fléetestréete, but the wa
tercourse is decaied and not restored.
Next is Bridelane, and
Bridewell the
kings house.
therein Bridewell, of olde time the
Kinges house: for the Kinges of this Realme haue beene there
lodged, and their Courtes of lawe haue béene there kept of olde
time, to wit till the ninth of Henry the thirde, the Courtes were
kept in the kings house whersoeuer he was lodged, as may appeare
by auncient records, whereof I haue seene many, but as for exam
ple I haue already set forth one, in the Chapter of Towers and
Castels before.
Liber Burton
snper Trenthā
fol. 46
.
King Henry the eight builded there a stately and beautifull
house of new, for receit of the Emperor Charles the 5. who in the
yeare

321
yeare of Christ 1522. was lodged himselfe at the Blacke Fryars,
but his Nobles in this new builded Bridewell, a Gallery being
made out of the house ouer the water, and through the wall of the
Cittie into the Emperors lodging, at the Blacke Fryars, king
Henry
himselfe oftentimes lodged there also, as namely in the yere
1525. a Parliament being then holden in the Blacke Fryars,
he created States
States created
at Bridewell.
of Nobilitie there, to wit, Henry Fitz Roy,
a childe (which he had by Elizabeth Blunt) to bee Earle of Not
tingham
, Duke of Richmont, and of Somerset, Leiuetenante
Generall, from Trent Northwarde, Warden of the East, mid
dle, and West Marches for Anenst Scotland.
Henry Courtney, Earle of Deuonshire, Cosen German
to the king to bee Marques of Excester, Henry Brandon a childe
of two yeares olde, sonne to the Earle of Suffolke, to bee Earle of
Lincolne: Sir Thomas Mannars, Lorde Rose, to bee Earle
of Rutland, Sir Henry Glifforde to bee Earle of Comberlaud,
Sir Robert Ratliffe to bée Uicont, Fizwater, and Sir Thomas
Boloine
Treasurer of the kinges Householde, to bee Uicont
Rochforde.
In the yeare 1528. Cardinall Campeius was brought to the
kinges presence being then at Bridewell, whether hee had called
all his Nobility, Iudges and Councellors &c. And there the eight
of Nouember
in his great Chamber he made vnto them an orati
on touching his marriage with Queene Katheren, as yee may
read in Edward Hall.
In the yeare 1529. the same king Henry and Queene Ka
therine
were lodged there, whilest the question of their marriage
was argued in the Blacke Fryars &c.
But now you shall heare how this house became a house of
correction. In the yeare 1553. the seauenth of king Edwarde
the sixt
, the tenth of Aprill, Sir George Baron (being
Bridewell giuē
to the Citie of
London, to be
a workehouse
for the poore.
Maior of
this Citie) was sent for to the Court at White hall, and there at
that time the king gaue vnto him, for the Comminaltie and Citi
zens to bee a Workehouse for the poore and idle persons of the
Citie, his house of Bridewell, and 700. markes land late of the
possessions of the house of the Sauoy, and all the bedding and other
furniture of the saide Hospitall of the Sauoy towardes the main-
Y
tenance

322
nance of the saide Workehouse of Bridewell, and the Hospitall
of S. Thomas in Southwarke
This gift king Edwarde confirmed by his Charter, da
ted the 26. of Iune next following, and in the yeare 1555. in the
moneth of Februarie
Sir William Gerrarde Maior and the Al
dermen entred Bridewell, and tooke possession thereof according
to the gift of the saide king Edwarde, the same was also confir
med by Queene Mary.
The Bishop of S. Dauides had his Inne ouer against the north
side of this Bridewell (as I haue heard.)
Then is the parish church of S. Bridget or S. Bride, (as they
terme it) now a fayre church, the which William Venor Esqui
er, Warden of the Fleete aboute the yeare 1480 increased with
a large body, and side Isles from the Quire (which of olde time
was the whole Church) downe to the west end, all through this
Church builded of his charges is wrought in the stone worke,
round about both within and without, the figure or likenes of a
vine with Clusters of Grapes amongst the leaues &c.
The next is Salisbery court a place so called, for that it belonged
to the Bishops of Salisbery, and was their Inne, or London house
at such time as they were summond to come to the Parliament, or
came for other busines, it hath of late time beene the dwelling,
first of Sir Richarde Sakeuile, and now of Sir Thomas Sake
uile
, his sonne Baron of Buckhurst, one of her Maiesties most
honorable Counsaile.
Then is Water lane running downe by the west side of a
house called the hanging sworde to the Thames.
Then was the white Fryars church called Fratres beatæ
Mariæ de monte Carmeli
, first founded (saieth Iohn Bale) by
Richarde Gray Auncestor to the Lorde Grey Codnor, in the
yeare 1241. King Edwarde the first gaue to the Prior and
Brethren of that house a plot of grounde, in Fleetestreete,
whereupon to builde their house, which was since reedified or new
builded, by Hugh Courtney, Earle of Deuonshire, about the yere
1350. the 24. of Edwarde the thirde, Iohn Lufken Maior of
London, and the Comminalty of the Citie granted a lane called
Crockars lane, reaching from Fleetestreete to the Thames to
builde

323
builde in the west end of that Church, Sir Robert Knoles knight
was a great builder there also in the raigne of Richarde the se
cond
and of Henry the fourth, hee deceased at his Mannor of
Scone Thorp in Norfolke, in the yeare 1407. and was brought
to London, and honorably buried by the Lady Constance his
wife, in the body of the said White Fryars church, which hee had
newly builded.
Robert Marshall Bishop of Hereforde, builded the Quire,
Presbetery steeple, and many other partes, and was there buried
about the yeare 1420. there lyeth buried also in the new Quire
Sir Iohn Mowbery Earle of Nottingham, Sir Edward Court
ney
. Sir Hugh Mongomery, and Sir Iohn his Brother, Iohn
VVolle
, sonne to Sir Iohn Wolle, Thomas Bayholt Esquier,
Elizabeth Countis of Athole, Dame Iohan wife to Sir Tho
mas Say
of Alden, Sir Pence Castle Baron, Iohn Lord Gray
son to Regnalde L. Gray of Wilton, 1418. Sir Iohn Ludlow
knight, Sir Richarde Derois knight, Richarde Gray knight,
Iohn Ashley knight, Robert Bristow Esquier, Thomas Per
ry
Esquier, Robert Tempest Esquier, William Call, William
Neddow
.
In the olde Quier, lye Dame Margaret &c. Elienor Grist
les
, Sir Iohn Brown knight, and Iohn his sonne and heire, Sir
Symon de Berforde
knight, Peter Wigus Esquier, Robert
Mathew
Esquier, Sir Iohn Skargel knight, Sir Iohn Norice
knight, Sir Geffrey Roose knight, Mathew Hadocke Esquier,
Williā Clarel Esquier, Iohn Aprichard Esquier, William Went
worth
Esquier,. Thom. Wicham Esquier, Sir Terwhit knight,
Sir Stephen Pophā knight, Bastard de Scales, Henry Blunt
Esquier, Elizabeth Blunt, Iohn Swan Esquier, Alice Fostar one
of The special character yͤ (LATIN SMALL LETTER Y WITH LATIN SMALL LETTER E ABOVE) does not display on all browsers and has been replaced by its simplified form.ye heires of Sir Stephē Popham, Sir Robert Brocker, knight,
Iohn Drayton Esquier, Iohn son to Robert Chanlowes, and his
daughter Katherine, Iohn Saluin Esquier, William Hampton
Esquier, Iohn Bampton, Esquier, Iohn Wintar Esquier, Ed
mond Oldhall
, VVilliam Appleyarde Esquier, Thomas
Dabby
Esquier, Sir Hugh Courtney knight, Iohn Drury son to
Robert Drury, Elizabeth Gemersey Gentlewoman, Sir Tho
mas Townesend
knight, Sir Richarde Greene knight, Wil-
Y2

324
liam Scot Esquier, Thomas Federinghey, I. Fulforde Esquier,
Edwarde Eldsmere Gentleman, W. Hart Gentleman, Dame
Mary Senelare
, daughter to Sir Thomas Talbot knight, An
cher
Esquier, Sir William Moris knight, & Dame Christian his
wife, Sir Peter, de Mota knight, Richard Hewton Esquier, Sir
I. Heron
knight, Richarde Eaton Esquier, Hugh Stapleton
Gentleman, VVilliam Copley Gentleman, Sir Ralph Saint
wen
knight, Sir Hugh Bromeflete, knight, Lord Vessey prin
cipall founder of that order, the sixt of Edward the fourth, &c.
This house was valued at 62. £. 7. SMALL LATIN LETTER S WITH TILDE ABOVE; ABBREVIATION FOR SHILLINGs. 3. ď. & was surrendred
the tenth of Nouember, the 30. of Henry the eight.
In place of this Fryars church bee now many fayre houses
builded, lodginges for noble men and others. Then is the Sar
ieantes Inne
, so called for that diuers Iudges and Sarieantes at
the Law, keepe a Commons, and are lodged there in Terme
times. Next is the New Temple, so called because the Tem
plars
before the building of this house, had their Temple in Old
borne
. This house was founded by the knightes Templars in
England, in the raigne of Henry the second, and the same was de
dicated to God and our blessed Lady, by Heraclius, Patriarke of
the Church, called the holy resurrection in Iherusalem, in the
yeare of Christ, 1185.
These knightes Templars tooke their beginning about the
yeare 1118. in manner following. Certaine noble men, horse
men, religiously bent, bound by vow themselues in the handes of
the Patriarke of Iherusalem, to serue Christ after the manner of
Regular Chanons in chastitie & obedience, and to renounce their
own proper wils for euer: she first of which order were Hugh
Paganus
, and Geffery de S. Andomare. And whereas at the first
they had no certaine habitation, Baldwin king of Ierusalem,
granted vnto them a dwelling place in his Pallace, by the Tem
ple, and the Chanons of the same Temple, gaue them the streete
thereby to build there in their houses of office, and the Patriarke,
the king, the Nobles, and Prelates: gaue vnto them certaine re
uenewes out of their Lordshippes.
Their first profession
Profession of
the Templars.
was for safegarde of the Pilgrimes
comming to visite the Sepulchre and to keepe the high waies a-
gainst

325
gainst the lying in waite of Theeues, &c. About ten yeares af
ter they had a rule appointed vnto them, and a white Habite by
Honorius then Pope, and whereas they had been but nine in num
ber, they beganne to increase greatly. Afterwarde in Pope Euge
nius
time, they bare crosses of red cloth on their vppermost gar
mentes, to be knowne by from others: and in short time because
they had their first mansion hard by the Temple of our Lord in
Ierusalem, they were called knightes of the Temple.
Many noble men in all parts of Christendome, became Breth
ren of this order, and builded for themselues Temples in euery ci
tie or great Towne. In England this was their cheife house,
which they builded after the forme of the Temple, neare to the
sepulchre of our Lord at Ierusalem, they had also an other Temple
in Cambridge, one other in Bristow, in Canterbury, Douer,
Warwicke, & others in other places. This Temple in London,
was often made a storehouse of mens Treasure, I meane such as
feared the spoile there of in other places.
Mathew Paris noteth that in the yeare 1232. Huberte de
Burgh
Earle of Kent, being Prisoner in the Tower of London,
the king was enformed that hee had much Treasure layde vp in
his new Temple, vnder the custody of the Templars, whereupon
he sent for the maister of the Temple, and examined him straight
lie, who confessed that money being deliuered vnto him and his
Brethren to be kept, he knew not how much there was of it, the
king demanded to haue the same deliuered, but it was answered
that the money being committed vnto their trust, could not be de
liuered without the licence of him that committed it, to Ecclesi
asticall protection, whereupon the king sent his Treasurer and
Iusticiar of the Exchequer vnto Hubert to require him to resigne
the money wholy into his handes, who answered that he would
gladly submit himselfe, and all his vnto the kinges pleasure, and
thereupon desired the knightes of the Temple in his behalfe to
present all the keyes vnto the king to doe his pleasure, with the
goodes which he had committed vnto them. Then the king com
manded the money to be faithfully tolde and laide vp in his Trea
sure, by Inuentorie, wherein was found (besides readie money)
vessels of gold, and siluer vnpraiseable, and many pretious stones
Y3
which

326
which would make al men wonder, if they knew the worth of thē.
This Temple was againe dedicated 1240. belike also new
lie reedified then.
These Templars at this time were in so great glorie, that
they entertayned the Nobilitie, forraine Ambassadors, and the
Prince himselfe, very often, insomuch that Mathew Paris crieth
out on them for their Pride, who being at the first so poore, as they
had but one horse to serue two of them, (in tokē whereof they gaue
in their Seale,
Seale of the
Templars.
two men riding vpon one horse,) yet suddainely they
waxed so insolent, that they disdayned other orders, and sorted
themselues with Noble men.
King Edwarde the first in the yeare 1163. taking with him
Robert Waleran, and other came to the Temple, where calling
for the Keeper of the Treasure house, as if hee ment to see his mo
thers Iewels, that were laide vp there, to bee safely kept hee en
tred into the house, breaking the Coffers of certaine persons that
had likewise brought their money thether, and hee tooke away
from thence to the valew of a thousand pound.
Many Parliamentes
Parliament
at the New
Temple
.
and great Counsailes haue been there
kept as may appeare by our histories. In the yeare 1308. all
the Templars in England as also in other parts of Christendome
were apprehended and committed to diuers prisons, In 1310.
a prouinciall Counsaile was holden at London against the
Templars, in England, vpon heresie, and other Articles where
of they were accused, but denied all except one or two of them,
notwithstanding they all did confesse that they coulde not purge
themselues fully, as faultles, and so they were condemned to per
petuall pennance, in seuerall monasteries, where they behaued
themselues modestly.
Phillip king of France procured their ouerthrow, throughout
the whole world, and caused them to be condemned
The order of
Templars
condemned.
by a generall
Counsaile to his aduantage, as he thought, for he beleeued to haue
had
Templars bur
ned.
all their landes in France, and therefore seazed the same into
his handes, (as I haue read) caused the Templars to the number
of foure and fifty, (or after Fabian threescore) to bee burned at
Paris.
Edward 2. in the yere 1313. gaue vnto Aimor de Valence,
Earle

327
Earle of Penbrooke, the whole place and houses called the New
Temple
at London, with the ground called Ficquetes Croft,
Paeant.
and all the Tenementes and Rentes with the Appurtenances
that belonged to the Templars in the Citie of London, and Sub
urbes thereof.
After Aimer de Valence
The Temple
giuē to Aimer
de Valynce
.
(sayeth Some) Hugh Spencer, v
surping the same held it during his life, by whose death it came a
gaine to the handes of Edwarde the thirde, but in the meane time
to wit, 1324. by a Counsaile holden at Vienna, all the landes
of the Templars (least the same should be put to prophane vses)
were giuen to the knightes Hospitelars of the order of S. Iohn
Baptist
, called S. Iohn of Iherusalem, which knightes had put
the Turke out of the
Temple giuen
to the Hospita
lers of
S. Iohn
of Ierusalem
.
Isle of Rhodes, and after wan vpon the said
Turke dayly for a long time.
The saide Edward the thirde therefore granted the same to the
saide knightes,
Patent 2. E 3.
who possessed it,
Clase, 18. E. 3.
and in the eighteenth yeare of the
saide kinges raigne
, were forced to repayre the Bridge of the saide
Temple. These knightes had their head house for England by
West Smithfielde, and they in the raigne of the same Edward the
third
granted (for a certaine rent of x. pound by the yeare) the said
Temple,
The Temple
granted to thThis text has been supplied. Reason: The original page has been cut or cropped with the loss of some text. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). ()e
Studentes of
the Law and
made an InnThis text has been supplied. Reason: The original page has been cut or cropped with the loss of some text. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). ()e
of Court
.
with the appertenants therevnto adioyning, to the stu
dents of the common Lawes of England: in whose possession the
same hath euer sithence remained, and is now diuided into 2. hou
ses of seuerall students, by the name of Innes of Court, to witte,
the Inner Temple and the Middle Temple, who
Monuments
in the TempThis text has been supplied. Reason: The original page has been cut or cropped with the loss of some text. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). ()le
Images of
knightes burThis text has been supplied. Reason: The original page has been cut or cropped with the loss of some text. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). ()i
ed crosse leg
ged the cauThis text has been supplied. Reason: The original page has been cut or cropped with the loss of some text. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). ()se why.
keep two seue
ral Hals, but they resort al to The special character yͤ (LATIN SMALL LETTER Y WITH LATIN SMALL LETTER E ABOVE) does not display on all browsers and has been replaced by its simplified form.ye said Temple Church, in the round
walke whereof (which is the West part without the Quire) there
remaineth monuments of Noble men there buried, to the number
of xi. eight of them are Images of armed Knights, v. lying crosse
legged, as men vowed to the holy land, against the infidels and vn
beleeueing Iewes: the other three straight legged: the rest are coa
ped stones all of gray Marble: the first of the crosse legged was
William Marshall the elder Earle of Pembroke, who died
1219. William Marshall, his sonne Earle of Penbroke was
the second, he died 1231. and Gilbert Marshall his Brother,
Earle of Penbroke, slaine in a Turnement of Hertford, besides
Ware, twentie miles from London, was the thirde he died in the
Y4
yeare

328
yeare 1241.
After this Robert Rose, otherwise called Fursan, being made
a Templar in the yeare 1245. dyed and was buried there, and
these are al that I can remember to haue read of. Sir Nicholas
Hare
, Maister of the Roles was buried there in the yere, 1557.
In the yeare 1581. the Rebelles of Essex, and of Kent,
destroyed and plucked downe the houses and lodginges of this
Temple, took out of the Church the bookes & Records
Recordes of
the Temple
destroyed and
burnt.
that were
there in Hutches, of the Apprentizes of the Law, carried them in
to the streetes, and there brent them, the house they spoiled and
brent for wrath, that they bare Sir Robert Halles Lord Prior
of S. Iohns in Smithfielde, but it was since againe at diuers
times repayred, namely the gate house of the Middle Temple in
the raigne of Henry the eight by Sir Amias Paulet knight, v
pon occasion as in my Annales I haue shewed. The greate hall
of the Middle Temple, was new builded in the yeare 1572. in the
raigne of our Queene Elizabeth.
This
Order for di
uine seruice
This text has been supplied. Reason: The original page has been cut or cropped with the loss of some text. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). ()in the Temple
Temple Church hath a Maister, and foure Stipendarie,
Priestes, with a Clarke, these for the ministration of diuine ser
uice there, haue stipendes allowed vnto them, out of the possessi
ons and reuenewes of the late Hospitall and house of S. Iohns of
Ierusalem
in England, as it had beene in the raigne of Edward
the sixt
, and thus much for the saide New Temple the farthest
west part of this warde, and also of this Citie for the Liberties
thereof, which warde hath an Alderman, and his Deputies three:
In Sepulchers parish common Counsaile six, Constables foure,
Scauengers foure, Wardmote inquest twelue: S. Bridgetes
parish
, common Councellors eight, Constables eight, Scauen
gers eight, Wardmote inquest, twentie: in S. Androwes common Councell two, Constables two, Scauen
gers three, Wardmote inquest twelue. It is taxed to the fifteen in London, at 35. £. and in the Exchequer at 34. £. 20. SMALL LATIN LETTER S WITH TILDE ABOVE; ABBREVIATION FOR SHILLINGs.
Bridgewarde

Notes

  1. I.e., Sempringham Court. (KL)

References

Cite this page

MLA citation

Stow, John, and William fitz-Stephen. Survey of London: Farringdon Ward Without. The Map of Early Modern London, edited by Janelle Jenstad, U of Victoria, 15 Sep. 2020, mapoflondon.uvic.ca/stow_1598_FARR2.htm.

Chicago citation

Stow, John, and William fitz-Stephen. Survey of London: Farringdon Ward Without. The Map of Early Modern London. Ed. Janelle Jenstad. Victoria: University of Victoria. Accessed September 15, 2020. https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/stow_1598_FARR2.htm.

APA citation

Stow, J., & fitz-Stephen, W. 2020. Survey of London: Farringdon Ward Without. In J. Jenstad (Ed), The Map of Early Modern London. Victoria: University of Victoria. Retrieved from https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/stow_1598_FARR2.htm.

RIS file (for RefMan, EndNote etc.)

Provider: University of Victoria
Database: The Map of Early Modern London
Content: text/plain; charset="utf-8"

TY  - ELEC
A1  - Stow, John
A1  - fitz-Stephen, William
ED  - Jenstad, Janelle
T1  - Survey of London: Farringdon Ward Without
T2  - The Map of Early Modern London
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/09/15
CY  - Victoria
PB  - University of Victoria
LA  - English
UR  - https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/stow_1598_FARR2.htm
UR  - https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/xml/standalone/stow_1598_FARR2.xml
ER  - 

RefWorks

RT Web Page
SR Electronic(1)
A1 Stow, John
A1 fitz-Stephen, William
A6 Jenstad, Janelle
T1 Survey of London: Farringdon Ward Without
T2 The Map of Early Modern London
WP 2020
FD 2020/09/15
RD 2020/09/15
PP Victoria
PB University of Victoria
LA English
OL English
LK https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/stow_1598_FARR2.htm

TEI citation

<bibl type="mla"><author><name ref="#STOW6"><surname>Stow</surname>, <forename>John</forename></name></author>, and <author><name ref="#FITZ1"><forename>William</forename> <surname>fitz-Stephen</surname></name></author>. <title level="a">Survey of London: Farringdon Ward Without</title>. <title level="m">The Map of Early Modern London</title>, edited by <editor><name ref="#JENS1"><forename>Janelle</forename> <surname>Jenstad</surname></name></editor>, <publisher>U of Victoria</publisher>, <date when="2020-09-15">15 Sep. 2020</date>, <ref target="https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/stow_1598_FARR2.htm">mapoflondon.uvic.ca/stow_1598_FARR2.htm</ref>.</bibl>

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