The Survey of London (1633): Bread Street Ward

This document is currently in draft. When it has been reviewed and proofed, it will be published on the site.

View the draft document.

Please note that it is not of publishable quality yet.


BReadstreet ward beginneth
in the high street of West
Cheape
, to wit, on the
South side, from the Stan-
dard
to the great Crosse.
Then is also a part of Watheling street of
this Ward, to wit, from over against
the Red Lion, on the North side, up al-
most to Pauls gate; for it lacketh but one
house of Saint Augustines Church. And
on the South side, from the Red Lion
Gate
to the Old Exchange; and downe
the same Exchange, on the East side,
by the West end of Maiden Lane, or
Distar lane, to Knight-Riders street, or,
as they call that part thereof, Old
Fish-street
. And all the North side of
the said Old Fish-street, to the South
end of Breadstreet, and by that, still in
Knight-Riders street, till over against
the Trinitie Church, and Trinitie
Lane
.
Then is Breadstreet it selfe, so called,
of Bread in old time there sold: for it
appeareth by Records, that in the yeere
1302. which was the 30. of Edward the
first
, the Bakers of London were bounden
to sell no bread in their shops or houses,
but in the Market; and that they
should have foure Hall-motes in the
yeere, at foure severall termes, to deter-
mine of enormities belonging to the said
Company.
This street, giving the name to the
whole Ward, beginneth inWest Cheape,
almost by the Standard, and runneth
downe South, through or thwart Wathe-
ling street
, to Knight-Riders street afore-
said, where it endeth. This Breadstreet
is wholly on both sides of this Ward.
Out of the which street, on the East side,
is Basing lane, a piece whereof, to wit, to
and over against the backe gate of the
Red Lion
in Watheling street, is of this
Breadstreet Ward.
Then is Friday street, beginning also
in West Cheape, and runneth downe
South through Watheling street, to Knight
Riders street
, or Old Fish-street. This
Friday street is of Breadstreet Ward, on
the East side, from over against the
North-east corner of Saint Matthewes
Church
, and on the West side, from
the South corner of the said Church,
downe as aforesaid.
In this Friday street, on the West
side thereof, is a Lane, commonly cal-
led Mayden Lane, or Distaffe Lane, cor-
ruptly for Distar Lane, which runneth
West into the Old Exchange: and in
this Lane is also one other lane, on the
South side thereof, likewise called Di-
star Lane
, which runneth downe to
Knight-Riders street, or Old Fish-street:
And so beThis text has been supplied. Reason: Smudging dating from the original print process. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (MR)e1 the bounds of this whole
Ward.
Monuments to be noted here: first
at Breadstreet corner, the North-east end
1595. of Thomas Tomlinson, causing in
the high street of Cheape a Vault to bee
digged and made, there was found at
fifteene foot deepe,
A faire pa-
ved way
found, 15.
foot deep,
in Cheape
street
.
a faire pavement,
like unto that above ground; and at the
further end, at the Chanell, was found
a Tree, sawed into five steppes, which
was to steppe over some Brooke, run-
ning out of the West, towards Wal-
brooke
: and upon the edge of the said
Brooke, as it seemeth, there were found
lying along, the bodies of two great
Trees, the ends whereof were then saw-
ed off, and firme Timber, as at the first
when they fell; part of the said Trees
remaine yet in the ground undigged. It
was all forced ground, untill they went
past the Trees aforesaid, which was
about seventeene foot deepe, or better;
thus much hath the ground of this
Citie (in that place) beene raised from
the maine.
Next


Next to be noted, the most beautifull
Frame of faire houses and shops, that
be within the Wals of London, or else-
where in England, commonly called
Goldsmiths Rowe, betwixt Breadstreete
end and the Crosse in Cheape, but is
within this Breadstreete Ward; the same
was builded by Thomas Wood, Gold-
smith, one of the Sheriffes of London,
in the yeere 1491. It containeth in
number ten faire dwelling houses, and
foureteene shops, all in one Frame, uni-
formely builded foure stories high,
beautified towards the streete with the
Goldsmiths Armes, and the likenesse
of Wood-men, in memory of his name,
riding on monstrous Beasts; all which
is cast in Lead, richly painted over, and
gilt: these hee gave to the Goldsmiths,
with stockes of money to bee lent to
young men, having those shops, &c.
This said Front was againe new pain-
ted and gilt over in the yeere 1594.
Sir Richard Martin being then Maior,
and keeping his Maioralty in one of
them; serving out the time of Cutbert
Buckle
, from the ſecond of Iuly, till the
28. of October
.
Then for Watheling streete, which Ley-
land
calleth Atheling or Noble street: but
since hee sheweth no reason why, I ra-
ther take it to be so named, of the great
high-way of the same calling. True it
is, that at this present the inhabitants
thereof are wealthy Drapers, retaylers
of Woollen Clothes, both Broad and
Narrow, of all sorts, more than in any
one street of this City.
Of the Old Exchange, I have noted in
Faringdon Ward: VVherefore I passe
downe to Knight-Riders street, whereof
I have also spoken in Cordwainer streete
Ward
. But in this part of the said Knight-
Riders street
, is a Fish-Market kept, and
therefore called Old Fishstreet, for a dif-
ference from New Fishstreet.
In this Old Fishstreet is one Rowe of
small houses,
Fish-Mar-
ket, called
Old Fish-
street
.
placed along in the mid-
dest of Knight-Riders street, which Rowe
is also of Breadstreet Ward. These hou-
ses, now possessed by Fishmongers,
were at the first but moveable Boords
(or Stals) set out on Market daies, to
shew their Fish, there to bee sold: but
procuring licence to set up Sheds, they
grew to Shops, and by little and little,
to tall Houses, of three or foure stories
in height, and now is called Fishstreete.
Walcer Turke, Fishmonger, Maior,
1349. had two Shops in Old Fishstreet,
over-against Saint Nicholas Church, the
one rented five shillings the yeere, the
other foure shillings.
Breadstreet, so called of Bread sold
there (as I said) is now wholly inhabi-
ted by rich Merchants, and divers faire
Innes be there, for good receit of Car-
riers, and other Travellers to the City.
On the East side of this street, at the
corner of Watheling street, is the proper
Church of Alhallowes in Breadstreete,
wherein are the Monuments of Iames
Thame
, Goldsmith.
Iohn Walpole, Goldsmith, 1349.
Thomas Beaumont, Alderman, one of
the Sheriffes, 1442.
Robert Basset, Salter, Maior, 1476.
Sir Richard Chaury, Salter, Maior,
1509.
Sir Thomas Pargitar, Salter, Maior,
1530.
Henry Sucley, Merchant-Taylor, one
of the Sheriffes, 1541.
Richard Reade, Alderman, that served
and was taken prisoner in Scotland,
1542
.
Robert House, one of the Sheriffes,
1589.
William Albany, Richard May, and Ro-
ger Abdy
, Merchant-Taylors.
Hic jacent Thomas Beaumond,
An anciét
gray Mar-
ble tomb,
as in a
Chappell
by it selfe.
Civis, Sal-
ter, & quondam Vicecomes Civitatis
London, Alicia, & Alicia uxores ejus.
Qui quidem Thomas obiit 14. die men-
ſis Auguſti, Anno Domini, 1457
. Quo-
rum animabus propetietur Deus. Es te-
stis Christe, &c.
Corporis ut Christi
festum possit venerari,
Hic magis instituit
Salter iter Beaumond.
Cui Deus uxoribus
binis Cœleste solamen,
Detque suis pueris:
Sit benedićtus. Amen.
All these
have faire
plated
stones by
the Com-
munion
table, and
lie not far
each from
other.
Here lieth buried the body of William Al-
bany
, Esquire, Citizen, and Merchant-Taylor
of London, with his two wives,
Thomasine, by whom hee had issue five
sonnes


sonnes, and foure daughters, who decea-
sed the 15. of December, 1565. And
Ioane, who dyed without issue, the 7. of
Iuly, 1579
. And the said William
yeelded his soule to the Almighty the 18.
day of February, 1589
. being of the
age of 82. yeeres: so rest they all here
in the assured hope of a blessed resurre-
ction.
Respice & prospice finem.
Here lieth Henry Suckley, late Sheriffe,
Citizen, and Merchant-Taylor of Lon-
don
, which Henry deceased the one and
twentieth day of Iuly, Anno Domini,
1564
. And his foure wives, Anne
Boughton
, Elizabeth English, Alice
Fletcher
, and Agnes Cachemaide,
&c.
Here lieth Robert Mellishe, Citizen and
Merchant-Taylor of London, which de-
ceased the thirtieth day of March, Anno
Domini 1562
. &c.
Robert Hulson lyeth here,
A white
stone by it
self, neere
to the
Tombe.
In his time well knowne to all;
He lived well, and died so,
When God from hence did him call.
In the three and twentieth of Henry
the eighth
, the ſeventeenth of Auguſt
,
two Priests of this Church fell at vari-
ance, that the one drew bloud of the o-
ther: Wherefore the same Church was
suspended,
Church
suspended.
and no Service sung or said
therein for the space of one moneth af-
ter; the Priests were committed to pri-
son, and the fifteenth of October, being
injoyned penance, went before a gene-
rall Procession, bare-headed, bare-foo-
ted, and bare-legged, before the Chil-
dren, with Beades and Bookes in their
hands, from Pauls, through Cheap, Corn-
hill
, &c.
More to bee noted of this Church,
which had sometime a faire spired
Spire of
AlhallowesThis text has been supplied. Reason: The text is not clear for some reason not covered by other values of @reason. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on guesswork. (MR),2
steeple
smitten
by Tem-
pest.

Steeple of stone. In the yeere 1559.
the fifth of September
, about mid-day,
fell a great Tempest of Lightning, with
a terrible clap of Thunder, which struck
the said spire about 9. or 10. foot beneath
the top; out of the which place fell a
stone, that slew a Dogge, and over-
threw a man that was playing with
the Dogge. The same Spire, being but
little damnified thereby, was shortly
after taken downe, for sparing the char-
ges of reparation.
On the same side is Salters Hall, with
sixe Almes-houses in number, builded
for poore decayed Brethren of that
Company. This Hall was burned in the
yeere 1539. and againe re-edified.
Lower downe,on the same side, is
the Parish Church of St. Mildred the
Virgin
.
The Monuments in this Church be,
of the Lord Trenchaunt, of Saint Albans,
Knight, who was supposed to be either
the new builder of this Church, or best
Benefactor to the Workes thereof, a-
bout the yeere 1300. and certaine Cor-
nish
Gentlemen, 1312.
William Palmer, Blader, a great Bene-
factor also, 1356.
Iohn Chadworth, Maior, 1401. who
gave the Parsonage house, a Revestry,
and Church-yard to that Parish, in the
yeere 1428. notwithstanding, his Mo-
nument is pulled downe.
Stephen Budge, Gentleman; his
Armes be three Water-Budges, 1419.
Henry Budge founded a Chauntry
there, 1419.
Roger Forde, Vintner, 1440.
Thomas Barnwell, Fishmonger, one of
the Sheriffes, 1424.
Sir Iohn Hawlen, Clarke, Parson of
that Church,
Parson of
S.Mildred
& his man burned.
who built the Parsonage
house newly, after the same had beene
burned to the ground, together with
the Parson and his man also, burned in
that fire, 1485.
Iohn Parnell, 1510.
William Hurstwaight, Pewterer to the
King, 1526.
Ralph Simonds, Fishmonger, one of
the Sheriffes, in the yeere 1527.
Thomas Langham gave to the Poore
of that Parish 4. Tenements, 1575.
Thomas Hall, Salter, 1582.
Thomas Collins, Salter, Alderman.
Sir Ambrose Nicholas, Salter, Maior,
1575. was buried in sir Iohn Chadworths
Vault.
An

An Obite consecrated to the happy
Memoriall of Sir John Chadworth,
A very
ancient
Tombe in
the North
side of the
Chancell.

or Shadworth, Knight, sometime Mer-
cer, and Lord Maior of this City of Lon-
don
; who gave a Vestry to this Church,
an house for the Pastor to dwell in, and a
Church-yard to the Parishioners, where-
in to bury their dead. He deceased the 7.
day of May, An. Dom. 1401
.
Here lieth a man,
A faire in-
scription
on the
wall.
that
Faith and Works did even
(Like fiery Chariots)
mount him up to Heaven:
He did adorne this Church.
When words were weake,
And men forget, the
living Stones will speake,
He left us Land: This
little Earth him keepes,
These blacke words Mourners,
and the Marble weepes.
Here lieth the body of Thomas Copyn-
ger
,
A plated
stone be-
fore the
Commu-
nion table
the which deceased the 14. day of
November, in the yeere of our Lord God,
1513
. On whose soule, &c.
Here lieth buried Thomas Clivelod,
The like
stone by
the other.
of
Warmoster, in the County of VVilt-
shire
, Clothier; who deceased the 24.
day of Iune, An. Dom. 1558
.
Here lieth Sir Cuthbert Barne,
One faire
stone pla-
ted, for
both these, by
the Com-
munion
table.
Knight,
who deceased the 16. day of October, in
the yeere of our Lord God, 1521
. On
whose, &c.
Here lieth Roger Forde, Vintner of Lon-
don
, with Ioane and Margaret his
wives. The which Joane deceased the
eighth day of Auguſt, Anno Domini,
1467
. And Margaret deceased the
eleventh day of Iune, Anno Domini.
1492
. And the foresaid Roger decea-
sed, &c.
Here lye buried the bodies of Iohn Ire-
land
,
A faire
plated
stone in the South
Quire.
Citizen and Salter of London,
and Elizabeth his wife, who were mar-
ried together about nine and forty or fif-
tie yeeres: And hee had issue by her sixe
sonnes and sixe daughters, and hee lived
in this Parish sixty yeeres. He was De-
putie of this VVard fifteene yeeres, and
was the first Master of the Company of
Salters
. She deceased the ſecond day of
April, 1613
. being of the age of seventy
and five yeeres. And hee deceased the
five and twentieth day of Iune, being a-
ged 83. yeeres.
So rest they both here in the
bed of death, in hope of a
joyfull resurrection.
Respice & prospice finem.
Out of this Breadstreet,
Basing lane
called the
Bakehouse.
on the same
side, is Basing lane, a part whereof (as is
afore shewed) is of this VVard, but
how it tooke the name of Basing I have
not read. In the twentieth yeere of Ri-
chard
the second
, the same was called
the Bakehouse, whether meant for the
Kings Bakehouse, or of Bakers dwel-
ling there, and baking Bread to serve
the Market in Breadstreet, where the
Bread was sold, I know not: but sure I
am, I have not read of Basing, or of Ger-
rard
the Gyant
, to have any thing there
to doe.
On the South side of this Lane is one
great house, of old time builded upon
arched Vaults, and with arched Gates
of stone brought from Cane in Norman-
die
. The same is now a common Ostrey
for receit of Travellers, commonly and
corruptly called Gerards Hall, of a Gy-
ant said to have dwelled there. In the
high rooffed Hall of this house some-
time stood a large Firre-Pole,
A Pole of
40. foot
long and
15. inches
about, fa-
buled to
be the ju-
sting staffe
of Gerard
a Gyant
.
which
reached to the roofe thereof, and was
said to be one of the staves that Gerard
the Gyant
used in the warres to runne
withall. There stood also a Ladder of
the same length, which (as they said)
served to ascend to the top of the staffe.
Of later yeers this Hall is altred in buil-
ding, and divers roomes are made in it.
Notwithstanding, the Pole is removed
to one corner of the Hall, and the Lad-
der hanged broken, upon a wall in the
yard. The Hosteler of that house said
to mee, the Pole lacked halfe a foote of
forty in length. I measured the com-
passe thereof, and found it fifteene in-
ches. Reason of the Pole could the Ma-
ster of the Hostery give me none, but
bade mee reade the great Chronicles;
for there he heard of it. Which answer
seemed


seemed to me insufficient: for he meant
the description of Britaine, for the most
part drawne out of Iohn Leyland his
Commentaries, (borrowed of my selfe)
and placed before Reyne Wolfes Chroni-
cle, as the labours of another (who was
forced to confesse, that he never travel-
led further than from London to the
Vniversity of Oxford) hee writing a
Chapter of Gyants or monstrous men,
hath set down more matter than troth,
as partly (against my will) I am enfor-
ced here to touch. R. G.3 in his briefe
Collection of Histories (as he termeth
it) hath these words:
I the writer hereof, did see the tenth day
of March, in the yeere of our Lord, 1504
.
and had the same in my hand, the tooth of a
man, which weighed ten ounces of Troy
weight: and the scull of the same man is ex-
tant and to bee seene, which will hold five
peckes of wheate; and the shin-bone of the
same man, is sixe foote in length, and of a
marvellous greatnesse: this saw R. G.4
The errour thereof is thus: he affir-
meth a stone to be the tooth of a man,
R. G.5 saw a
stone, and
said the
same to be
a tooth,
but being
by my self
proved a
stone,
there fai-
led both
scull and
shank-
bone, and
followed a
cluster of
lies toge-
ther, yet
since in-
creased by
other.

which stone (so proved) having no
shape of a tooth, had neither scull nor
shin-bone. Notwithstanding, it is ad-
ded in the said description, that by con-
jecturall symetry of those parts, the
body to be twenty and eight foote long
or more. From this he goeth to another
like matter, of a man with a mouth six-
teene foote wide, and so to Gerard the
Gyant
, and his staffe. But to leave these
fables, and returne where I left, I will
note what my selfe hath observed con-
cerning that house.
I reade, that Iohn Gisors, Maior of
London,
Gerards
Hall
re-
stored to
his old
name.
in the yeere 1245. was owner
thereof, and that Sir Iohn Gisors, Knight,
Maior of London, and Constable of the
Tower 1311. and divers others of that
name and family, since that time owed
it. William Gisors was one of the She-
riffes, 1329. More, Iohn Gisors had is-
sue, Henry and Iohn: which Iohn had is-
sue, Thomas: Which Thomas deceasing
in the yeere 1350. left unto his sonne
Thomas his messuage,
Gerards
Hall
over-
throwne
with Ge-
rard
the
Gyant
,&
his great
Speare.
called Gisors Hall,
in the Parish of Saint Mildred in Bread-
street
: Iohn Gisors6 made a Feoffment
thereof 1386. &c. So it appeareth, that
this Gisors Hall of late time (by corrup-
tion, hath been called Gerards Hall, for
Gisors Hall, as Bosomes Inne, for Blossoms
Inne
, Bevis Markes
, for Buries Markes,
Marke lane
, for Mart lane, Billiter lane,
for Belzetters lane, Gutter lane, for Gu-
thuruns lane
, Cry Church
, for Christs
Church
, Saint Michael in the Querne,
for Saint Mihel at Corne, and such o-
thers. Out of this Gisors Hall, at the first
building thereof, were made divers ar-
ched doores yet to be seen, which seem
not sufficient for any great Monster, or
other than men of common stature to
passe thorow. The Pole in the Hall
might bee used of old time (as then the
custome was in every Parish) to bee set
up in the Summer a May-Pole, before
the principall house in the Parish or
Streete,
Every
mans
house of
old time
was dec-
ked with
Holly and
Ivie in the
Winter, e-
specially
at Christ-
mas.
and to stand in the Hall before
the Scrine, decked with Holme and
Ivie, at the Feast of Christmas. The
Ladder served for the decking of the
May-Pole, and Roofe of the Hall. Thus
much for Gisors Hall, and for that side
of Breadstreet may suffice.
Now on the West side of Breadstreet,
amongst divers faire and large houses
for Merchants, and faire Innes for pas-
sengers, had yee one Prison-house, per-
taining to the Sheriffes of London, cal-
led the Compter in Breadstreet: but in
the yeere 1555. the Prisoners were re-
moved from thence, to one other new
Compter in Woodstreet, provided by the
Cities purchase, and builded for that
purpose: the cause of which remove
was this: Richard Husband, Pastelar,
keeper of this Compter in Breadstreete,
Prisoners
removed
from the
Compter
in Bread-
street
to a
new Cóp-
ter in
Woodstreet

Keeper
of the
Compter
sent to
Newgate.

being a wilfull and head-strong man,
dealt (for his owne advantage) hard
with the prisoners under his charge, ha-
ving also servants, such as himselfe li-
ked best for their bad usage, and would
not for any complaint bee reformed:
whereupon, in the yeere 1550. Sir Row-
land Hill
being Maior, by the assent of a
Court of Aldermen, he was sent to the
Goale of Newgate, for the cruell hand-
ling of his prisoners: and it was com-
manded to the Keeper, to set those I-
rons on his legges, which are called the
Widowes almes. These he ware from
Thursday, till Sunday in the afternoon,
and being by a Court of Aldermen re-
leased on the Tuesday, was bound in an
hundred Markes, to observe from
thenceforth an Act made by the Com-
mon


mon Councell, for the ordering of pri-
soners in the Compters: all which not-
withstanding, hee continued as afore,
whereof my selfe am partly a witnesse:
For being on a Iurie,
Quest of
inquiry
indight
the Kee-
pers of
the Goals
for dea-
ling hard-
ly with
their pri-
soners.
They in-
dighted
the Bow-
ling-Al-
lies, &c.
to enquire against
a Sessions of Goale delivery, in the
yeere 1552. wee found the prisoners
hardly dealt withall for their achates
and otherwise, as also that Theeves and
Strumpets were there lodged for foure
pence the night, whereby they might
be safe from searches that were made
abroad:for the which enormities, and
other not needfull to be recited, hee was
indighted at that Session, but did rubbe
it out, and could not bee reformed, till
this remove of the prisoners: for the
house in Breadstreete was his owne by
lease, or otherwise, so that he could not
be put from it. Note that Iaylors, buy-
ing their offices, will deale hardly with
pitifull prisoners.
Now in Friday street, so called of Fish-
mongers dwelling there, and serving
Fridayes Market, on the East side is a
small Parish Church,
Parish
Church of
S. Iohn E-
vangelist
, sometime
of S. Wer-
bridge
7.
commonly called
Saint Iohn Evangelist. The Monuments
therein, be of Iohn Dogget, Merchant-Taylor,
one of the Sheriffes in the yeere
1509.
Sir Christopher Askew, Draper, Mai-
or, 1533.
William de Avinger, Farrier, was bu-
ried there in the 34. of Edward the se-
cond
.
Then lower downe is one other Pa-
rish Church of S. Margaret Moyses
, so
called (as seemeth) of one Moyses, that
was founder or new builder thereof.
The Monuments there, be of Sir Ri-
chard Dobbes
, Skinner, Maior, 1551.
William Dane, Ironmonger, one of the
Sheriffes, 1569.
Sir Iohn Allot, Fishmonger, Maior,
1591.
There was of elder time buried, Ni-
cholas Stanes
, and Nicholas Bray, they
founded Chauntries there.
Beati mortui qui in Domino moriuntur.
APOC. 14.
To William Dane that sometime was
A Monu-
ment in
the South
wall of the
Chancell.
An Ironmonger; where, each Degree
He worthily (with praise) did passe.
By wisedome, truth, and heed, was he
Advanc’d an Alderman to be:
Then, Sheriffe; that, he with justice prest,
And cost, performed with the best.
In Almes franke, of Conscience cleare;
In grace with Prince, to People glad:
His vertuous wife, his faithfull Phèere,
Margaret, this Monument hath made:
Meaning (through God) that as shee had
With him (in house) long lived well;
Even so in Tombes blisse to dwell.
Obierunt in Christo.
Ille, Sabat. 5. Septemb. 1573. Æ-
tatis 56.
Hæc vero 18. Novemb. An. 1579.
April. 5. An. Domini,
1593
.
The Monument of the Right Honourable
Sir Iohn Allot,
A faire
Monumét
in the
North wal
of the
Chancell.
Knight, late Lord
Maior of this City of London, and
Maior of the Staple of England; who
deceased the ſeventeenth day of Septem-
ber, Anno 1591
. in the time of his
Maioralty. Ætatis suae 66.
Here lieth the body of Alice Daniel,
A faire
plated
stone un-
der the
Commu-
nion table
the
wife of Iohn Daniel, Esquire, and mo-
ther of Gerard Daniel, Fishmonger.
Which Alice deceased the thirteenth day
of October, Anno Domini 1481
. OThis text has been supplied. Reason: Smudging dating from the original print process. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (MR)n8
whose, &c.
Ever doe well.
On the West side of this Friday street
is Mayden lane, so named of such a
Signe, or Distaffe lane, for Distar lane,
as I reade in Record of a Brew-house,
called the Lambe in Distar lane, the six-
teenth of Henry the sixth
.
In this Distar lane, on the North side
thereof, is the Cordwayners or Shoo-
makers Hall
; which Company were
made a Brotherhood or Fraternity, in
the eleventh of Henry the fourth.
Of these Cordwayners I reade, that
since the fifth of Richard the second,
(when he tooke to wife Anne, daughter
to Wenceslaus, King of Bohemia)9 by her
example the English people had used
piked Shooes,
Long pi-
ked shoos,
tied to
the knees.
tyed to their knees with
Silken Laces, or Chaines of Silver and
Gilt: Wherfore in the fourth of Edward
the fourth
it was ordained and proclai-
med,
Piked
shooes
forbidden.
that Beakes of Shin and Bootes
should not passe the length of two in-
ches,


upon paine of cursing by the Cler-
gie, and by Parliament to pay 20. s. for
every paire. And every Cordwayner
that shod any man or woman on the
Sunday, to pay 30. s.
On the South side of this Distar lane,
is also one other Lane, called Distar lane;
which runneth downe to Knight-Riders
street
, or Old Fishstreet.
And this is the end of Breadstreete
Ward
: Which hath and Alderman, his
Deputy, Common Councell ten, Con-
stables ten, Scavengers eight, Ward-
mote Inquest thirteene, and a Beadle. It
standeth taxed to the Fifteene in Lon-
don
, at seven and thirty pounds, and in
the Exchequer, at sixe & thirty pounds,
eighteene shillings, two pence.
Queene

Notes

  1. Smudged ink: smudged letter obvious from context. (MR)
  2. Mark is unclear and could be a comma or a period. (MR)
  3. I.e., Richard Grafton (MR)
  4. I.e., Richard Grafton (MR)
  5. I.e., Richard Grafton (MR)
  6. John Gisors died in 1351. See Kingsford (1908) 349, l. 36 for a note about this transaction. (JB)
  7. I.e., Church of S. Werbridge. (MR)
  8. Smudged ink: smudged letter obvious from context. (MR)
  9. Wenceslaus was Anne’s brother. Anne’s father was Charles IV. (MR)

References

Cite this page

MLA citation

Stow, John, Anthony Munday, Anthony Munday, and Humphrey Dyson. The Survey of London (1633): Bread Street Ward. The Map of Early Modern London, edited by Janelle Jenstad, U of Victoria, 26 Jun. 2020, mapoflondon.uvic.ca/stow_1633_BREA3.htm.

Chicago citation

Stow, John, Anthony Munday, Anthony Munday, and Humphrey Dyson. The Survey of London (1633): Bread Street Ward. The Map of Early Modern London. Ed. Janelle Jenstad. Victoria: University of Victoria. Accessed June 26, 2020. https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/stow_1633_BREA3.htm.

APA citation

Stow, J., Munday, A., Munday, A., & Dyson, H. 2020. The Survey of London (1633): Bread Street Ward. In J. Jenstad (Ed), The Map of Early Modern London. Victoria: University of Victoria. Retrieved from https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/stow_1633_BREA3.htm.

RIS file (for RefMan, EndNote etc.)

Provider: University of Victoria
Database: The Map of Early Modern London
Content: text/plain; charset="utf-8"

TY  - ELEC
A1  - Stow, John
A1  - Munday, Anthony
A1  - Munday, Anthony
A1  - Dyson, Humphrey
ED  - Jenstad, Janelle
T1  - The Survey of London (1633): Bread Street Ward
T2  - The Map of Early Modern London
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/06/26
CY  - Victoria
PB  - University of Victoria
LA  - English
UR  - https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/stow_1633_BREA3.htm
UR  - https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/xml/standalone/stow_1633_BREA3.xml
ER  - 

RefWorks

RT Web Page
SR Electronic(1)
A1 Stow, John
A1 Munday, Anthony
A1 Munday, Anthony
A1 Dyson, Humphrey
A6 Jenstad, Janelle
T1 The Survey of London (1633): Bread Street Ward
T2 The Map of Early Modern London
WP 2020
FD 2020/06/26
RD 2020/06/26
PP Victoria
PB University of Victoria
LA English
OL English
LK https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/stow_1633_BREA3.htm

TEI citation

<bibl type="mla"><author><name ref="#STOW6"><surname>Stow</surname>, <forename>John</forename></name></author>, <author><name ref="#MUND1"><forename>Anthony</forename> <surname>Munday</surname></name></author>, <author><name ref="#MUND1"><forename>Anthony</forename> <surname>Munday</surname></name></author>, and <author><name ref="#DYSO1"><forename>Humphrey</forename> <surname>Dyson</surname></name></author>. <title level="a">The Survey of London (1633): Bread Street Ward</title>. <title level="m">The Map of Early Modern London</title>, edited by <editor><name ref="#JENS1"><forename>Janelle</forename> <surname>Jenstad</surname></name></editor>, <publisher>U of Victoria</publisher>, <date when="2020-06-26">26 Jun. 2020</date>, <ref target="https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/stow_1633_BREA3.htm">mapoflondon.uvic.ca/stow_1633_BREA3.htm</ref>.</bibl>

Personography

Locations