Survey of London: Castle Baynard Ward

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THe next is Castle Baynard Warde, so named of an olde Castle there, this Ward beginneth in the East, on the Thames side, at an house called Huntington house, and runneth West by Powles Wharffe, by Baynards Castle, Puddle Wharffe, and by the South side of Blacke Frers. Then turning by the East Wall of the sayde Fryers, to the South
west ende of Creede Lane. Then on the North side of Thames stréete, ouer against Huntington house, by Saint Peters Church and lane, called Peter hill, along till ouer against Puddle Wharffe: and then North vp by the great Wardrobe, to the west ende of Carter lane. Then vp Creede lane, Auemary lane, and a péece of Pater Noster Rowe, to the signe of the Golden lyon, and backe againe, vp Warwicke lane, all the East side thereof, to the signe of the Crowne by Newgate Market: and this is the farthest North part of this Warde.
Then out of Thames stréete be lanes assending North to Knightriders stréete: the first, is Peter hill lane, all of that Ward, (two houses excepted, adioyning to Saint Peters church.) The next is Powles Wharffe hill, which thwarting Knightriders stréet, and Carter lane, goeth vp to the South Chaine of Powles church yard.

Then is Adlestréete, ouer against the West part of Baynards Castle, going vp by the West ende of Knightrydars stréete, and to Carter Lane. Thus much for Lanes out of Thames stréete. The one halfe of the West side of Lambard Hill Lane being of this Warde, at the Northwest ende thereof, on the South side, and at the West ende of Saint Mary Maudlins Church on the North
side, beginneth Knightridars stréete to be of this Warde, and run
neth West on both sides to the Parish Church of Saint Andrew by the Wardrobe.
Then at the said East end of S. Magdalens Church, goeth vp the Old Exchange, all the west side whereof, vp to the southeast gate of Powles church yard, and by S. Austins church, is of this Ward. About the midst of this Olde Exchaunge, on the West side thereof, is Carter Lane, which runneth West to the East entry of the Black Friars, and the south ende of Creede Lane, out of the which Car
ter Lane
, descendeth a Lane called Doo little Lane, and commeth into Knightrider stréete, by the Boores head Tauerne: and more West, is Sermon Lane, by an Inne called the Powle head. Then out of Carter Lane, on the North side thereof, the South Chaine of Powles church yarde, and the church yarde it selfe on that south side of Powles church, the church of Saint Gregory, the Bi
Poppes Pallace
, and the Deanes lodging, be all of this Ward: and such be the boundes thereof. The Ornaments in this Ward, be Parish churches 4. Of olde time a castle: Diuers Noblemens houses. Halles of Companies twaine. And such others, as shall be shewed.
In Thames stréete, at the Southeast end, is an auncient mes
suage, of olde time called Bewmounts Inne, as belonging to that family of Noblemen of this realme, in the 4. of Edward the 3. Ed
the 4. in the 5. of his raigne, gaue it to William Hastings, Lord Chamberlaine, Maister of his Mints. It is now called Hun
, as belonging to the Earles of Huntington. Next is Powles Wharfe, a large landing place, with a common staire vpon the Riuer of Thames, at the end of a stréete called Powles Wharfe Hill, which runneth downe from Powles chaine. Next is a great Messuage called Scrupes Inne, sometime belonging to the Scrupes, in the 31. of Henry the 6.

Then is one other great Messuage sometime belonging to the Abbey of Fiscampe, beyond the Sea, and by reason of the warres, it comming to the handes of King Edward the 3. the same was giuen to Syr Symon Burley, Knight of the Garter, and there
fore called Burley House in Thames streete, betweene Baynards Castle and Powles Wharfe.
Then haue you Baynards Castle, whereof this whole Ward taketh the name. This Castle Banquethe on the Riuer Thames, and was called Bainards castle, of Baynard, a noble man that came in with William the Conquerour, of the which Castle, and of Baynard himselfe, I haue spoken in an other place. There was also a Messuage by Baynardes Castle, called Legates Inne, in the 7. of Edward the fourth, where be now diuers Wood Wharfes. Then is there a great Brewhouse, and Puddle Wharfe, a water gate into the Thames, where horses vse to be watered, and therfore being filed with their trampeling, and made puddle like, it is (as I suppose) called Puddle Wharfe. Then is there a Lane, betwéene the Blacke Friars and the Thames, called in the 26. of Ed. the 3. Castle Lane. In this Lane also, is one great Messuage, of olde time belonging to the Priorie of Okeborne in Wilshire, and was the Priors lodging when he repaired to London. This Priory being of the French order, was suppressed by H. the 5. and with other lands and Tenements pertaining to the said Priory, was by H. the 6. gi
uen to his Colledge in Cambridge, called now the kings Colledge. About this Castle Lane, was sometime a Mill, or Mils, belonging to the Templars of the New Temple, as appeareth of Record: for King Iohn in the first yeare of his raigne, graunted a place on the Fléete, neare vnto Baynards Castle, to make a Mill, and the whole course of water of the Fléete, to serue the said Mill.
A Mill or Mils by Baynards CastleMoEML is still seeking information regarding this entry. If you have information to contribute, please email the MoEML team.

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I read also that in the yeare 1274. the 2. of E. the I. Ri. Rayson and Atheline his wife, did giue to Nicholas de Musely Clark, ten shillings of yearly frée and quiet rent, out of all his Tenements, with the houses therupon built, and their appurtenances, which they had of the demise of the M. and brethren of Knights Templars in Eng
land, next to their Mill of FléeteMoEML is still seeking information regarding this entry. If you have information to contribute, please email the MoEML team.

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, ouer against the houses to Laurence de BrookeMoEML is still seeking information regarding this entry. If you have information to contribute, please email the MoEML team.

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, in the parish of S. Andrew, next to Baynard Castle:
Soke Court or Warde per
taining to Ri
chard Fitzwa
which Tenements lyeth betwéene the way, leading towards ye said

Mill on the West part. Also in the rights belonging to Robert Fitz Water and to his heires, in the Citie of London, in the time of peace, it was declared in the yeare 1303. that the saide Robert Castillon of London, and Banner bearer, had a soke (or Warde) in the Cittie, that was by the wall of Saint Paule, as men goe downe the stréete before the Brewhouse of Saint Paule vnto the Thames, and so to the side of the MillMoEML is still seeking information regarding this entry. If you have information to contribute, please email the MoEML team.

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, which is in the water that commeth downe from Fléete Bridge, and goeth so by London walles, betwixt the Fryars Preachers Church, and Ludgate, and so runneth backe by the house of the saide Fryars, vnto the saide Common wall of the Chanory of Saint Paule: that is all of the Parish of Saint Andrew, which is in the gift of his Aun
cestors by senioritie, as more I haue shewed in the Castles.
Now here is to be noted, that the walles of London at that time went straight South from Ludgate, downe to the Riuer of Thames, but for building of the Blacke-Fryars church, the saide wall in that place, was by commandement taken downe, and a new wall was then made, straight West from Ludgate to Fléete bridge, and then by the water of Fléete, to the Riuer of Tha
, &c.
In the yeare 1307. the 35. of Edward the first, in a Parliament at Carlile, Henry Lacie Earle of Lincolne, complained of Noyan
ces done to the water of the Fléete: Wherupon it was granted, that the said Mill should be remoued and destroyed.
Mill by Bay
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, destroyed.
This Warde ascen
deth vp by the East wall of the blacke-Fryars, to the South West ende of Creede Lane, where it endeth on that side. Then to begin again on ye North side of Thames stréete ouer against Huntington house by Saint Peters Church and Lane, called Peter Hill, and so to S. Benet, Hude (or Hithe) ouer against Paules Wharfe, a pro
per parish Church, which hath the Monuments of Sir W. Cheiny knight, and Margaret his wife, 1442. buried there. West from this church, by the southend of Adlestréet, almost against Pudle wharfe, there is one auncient building of stone & timber, builded by the lords of Barkley, and therfore called Barklies Inne. This house is now all in ruine, and letten out in seuerall Tenements, yet the armes of the Lord Barkley remaine in the stone worke of an arched gate, and is betwéene a Cheuron crosses, 10. thrée, thrée, and foure.

Richard Beauchampe Earle of Warwicke, was lodged in this house, then called Barklies Inne, in the Parish of Saint Andrew, in the raigne of Henry the 6. Then turning vp towards the North, is the parish church of S. Andrew in ye Wardrobe, a proper church, but fewe Monuments hath it. Then is the kings great Wardrobe, I haue not read by whom the same was builded, neither when, or for what cause, but only that Sir Iohn Beauchampe, knight of ye Gar
ter, Constable of Douer, Warden of the Sinke Ports (son to Gwi
do de Beauchampe
, Earle of Warwicke) was lodged there: this house then bearing the name of the Kings Wardrobe, in the 5. of E. the 3. The saide Iohn Beauchampe deceased in the yeare 1359. and was buried on the South side of the middle Ile of Powles church.
In this house of late yeares, is lodged Sir Iohn Fortescue, knight, Maister of the Wardrobe, Chancellor and vnder Treasu
rer of the Exchequer, and one of her Maiesties Priuy Councel. The secret letters & writings touching the estate of the realme, were wont to be introlled in the kings Wardrobe, and not in the Chauncery, as appeareth by the Records. Claus. 18. E. 4 I. Mendo, 13. Claus. 33. E. I. Memb. 3. Et liberat. I. E. 2. Memb. 4. &c. From this Ward
roabe by the West end of Carter Lane, then vp Creede Lane, Aue Mary Lane, a péece of Pater Noster Rowe, vp Warwicke Lane, all the East side, to a Brewhouse called ye CrownMoEML is still seeking information regarding this entry. If you have information to contribute, please email the MoEML team.

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, as I said is of this ward. Touching Lanes ascending out of Thames stréet, to Knight
rydars stréete
, the first is, Peters Hill, wherein I finde no matter of note, more then certaine Almes houses,
Almes houses for 6. poore Widowes.
lately founded on the West side thereof, by Dauid Smith Imbroderer, for 6. poore widows, wher
of each to haue 20. s. by the yeare.
At the vpper ende of this Lane towards the North, the corner houses there, be called Peters Key, but the reason thereof I haue not heard. Then is Powles Wharfe Hill, on the East side where
of is Woodmongers Hall. And next adioyning, Garter House, so called of the Office there kept by Garter King of Heraults, and other Heraults. This house was sometime belonging to the Stan
, for Thomas Stanley first Earle of Darby of that name, who married the Lady Margaret, Countesse of Richmond, mother to Henry the seuenth, in his time builded it.

Gastle Baynard Warde.
Quéene Mary gaue to Gilbert Dethike, then Garter principall King of armes of English men, Thomas Hawley Clarentioules King of armes of the South parts, William Haruy Alias Norey, King of armes of the North parts, and the other Heraults and Pur
seuants of armes, and to their successors, all the same Capitall mes
suage, or house called Darby house, with the appurtenances, scituate in the Parish of Saint Benet and Saint Peter, then being in the tenure of Sir Richard Sackuile Knight, and lately parcell of the lands of Edward Earle of Darbie, &c. To the ende that the sayde Kings of Armes, Heraults and Purseuants of Armes, and their successors, might at their liking dwell togither, and at méete times, to congregate, speake, conferre, and agrée a
mong themselues, for the good gouernment of their facultie, and their records might be more safely kept, &c. Dated the eightéenth of Iuly, 1555. Philip and Mary the first and third yeare. Then higher vp, neare the South chayne of Powles church yarde, is the Powle head Tauerne, which house with the appurtenances, was of olde time called Powles Brewhouse, for that the same was so imployed, but being since left off, and letten out.
On the West side of this stréete, is one other great house buil
ded of stone, which belongeth to Powles church, and was sometime letten to the Blunts Lords Mountioy, but of later time to a Col
ledge in Cambridge, and from them to the Doctors of the Ciuill Law and Arches, who kept a commons there, and many of them be
ing there lodged, it is called the Doctors Commons. Aboue this on the same side, was one other great building, ouer against Powles Brewhouse, and this was called Powles Bakehouse, and was imploied in baking of bread, for the church of Powles. In Adle
or Lane, I finde no monuments.
In Lambart hill Lane on the West side therof, adioyning to the North side of the Blacke Smithes Hall, haue yee one plot of grounde inclosed with a bricke wall, for a Church yarde
Church yard of S. Mary Magdalen.
or burying plot for the dead, of Saint Mary Magdalens by olde Fishstréete.
Which was giuen to that vse, by Iohn Iwarbie an Officer in the receit of the Exchequer, in the twentie six yeare of Henry the sixt, as appeareth by patent. Iohn Iwarby &c. gaue a péece of land lying

boyde in the Parish of Saint Mary Magdalen nigh to olde Fish
, betwéene the Tenement of Iohn PhipotMoEML is still seeking information regarding this entry. If you have information to contribute, please email the MoEML team.

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on the South, and the Tenement of Bartholomewe BurwasheMoEML is still seeking information regarding this entry. If you have information to contribute, please email the MoEML team.

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on the West, and the Tenement pertayning to the Couent of Holly-wellMoEML is still seeking information regarding this entry. If you have information to contribute, please email the MoEML team.

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, on the North, and the waye vppon Lambards hill, on the East, for a Church-yarde to the Parson, Church War
dens, &c.
Ouer against the North West ende of this Lambard hill Lane in Knightriders streete, is the Parish Church of Saint Mary Magdalen, a small Church, hauing but fewe Monu
On the West side of this Church, by the Porche there
of, is placed a Conduit,
Coduit of Thames water.
or Cisterne of Leade, Castelated with stone for receit of Thames water, conueyed at the charges of the before named Barnard Randolph Esquire. By the East ende of Sant Mary Magdalens Church, runneth vp the olde Exchange Lane, by the West end of Carter Lane, to the South-east gate or chayne, or of Powles Church yarde as is before shewed. And in this part was the Exchange kept, and Bullion was receiued for Coynage, as is noted in Faringdon Warde within.
In this Parish of Saint Mary Magdalen, out of Knightriders stréet vp to Carter Lane, be two small Lanes, the one of them called Doo little Lane. The other Sermon Lane, or Sheremoniers Lane, the reason of their names so giuen, I haue not learned, but I finde Sermon Lane or Sheremoniers Lane, so called in the fouretéenth of Edward the first, and a place there, to be called the blacke loft, with foure shops adioyning. I finde also that in the thirtéenth of Ri
the second
, William de la Pole had an house there, it may bee supposed that Lane to take name of such as cutte and rounded the plats to bee coyned into Esterling pence, for the place of Coyning was in the olde Exchaunge neare vnto this.
In Knightriders stréete, is the Colledge of Phisitians, wher
in was founded in the yeare one thousand fiue hundred eightie two, a publike Lecture in Surgerye,
Lecture in Chirurgery to be read.
to bee read twice euery wéeke, &c. as is shewed elsewhere.
In the South Church yard of Powles, is the South side, and

Gastle Baynard Warde.
West ende of the saide church:
West Gates of Powles Church.
In the which West ende, be thrée stately Gates, or Entries, curiously wrought of stone, namely the middle gate, in the midst whereof, is placed a massie Pillar of brasse, wherevnto the leaues of the saide great Gate are closed and faste
ned, with lockes, bolts, and barres of yron: All which notwithstan
ding, on the 24. of December, in the yeare 1565. by a tempest of winde then rising from the West, these Gates were blowne open,
Gates of Pauls church, blown open.
the barres, boltes, and lockes, broken in sunder, or greatly bended. Also on the 5. of Ianuary, in the yeare 1589. by a like Tempest of winde then in the South West, the lesser West Gate of the saide church next to the Bishoppes Pallace was broken, both boltes, barres, and lockes, so that the same was blowne ouer.
At either corner of this West ende, is also of auncient buil
ding, a strong Tower of stone, made for bell Towers, the one of them, to wit, next to the Pallace, is at this present to the vse of the same Pallace, the other towardes the South, is called the Lowlardes Tower,
For Lowlards Tower, Reade M. Foxe.
and hath béene vsed as the Bishoppes Pri
son, for such as were detected for opinions in Religion, contrary to the faith of the church.
The last prisoner which I haue knowne committed thereto, was in the yeare 1573. one Peter Burchet, Gentleman of the middle Temple, for hauing desperately wounded, and minding to haue murthered a seruiceable Gentleman named Iohn Haw
Esquire, in the high stréete neare vnto the Strande, who béeing taken and examined, was founde to holde certaine opi
nions erronious, and therefore committed thither, and conuic
ted, but in the ende by perswasion, hée promised to obiure his heresies: and was by commaundement of the Councell, remoo
ued from thence to the Tower of London, &c. where hee com
mitted, as in an other place I haue at large reported.
Adioyning to this Lowlardes Tower, is the Parish church of Saint Gregorie, appoynted to the Pettie Cannons of Powles. Monuments of note I knowe none there.
The rest of that South side of Saint Paules Church, with the Chapter House (a bewtifull péece of woorke, builded about the raigne of Edward the third) is now defaced, by meanes of

Lysences graunted to Cutlers, Budget makers, and other, first to builde lowe sheddes, but now higher Houses, which do hide that beautifull side of the Church, saue only the toppe and South Gate.
On the North West side of this Church yarde, is the Bi
shoppes Pallace
, a large thing for receipte, wherein diuers Kinges haue beene lodged, and greate housholde hath beene kepte, as appeareth by the greate Hall, whiche of late yeares since the rebatement of Bishoppes liuinges, hath not beene fur
nished with housholde meynie and Guestes, as was meant by the builders thereof, and was of olde time vsed.
The Deanes lodging on the other side, directly agaynst the Pallace, is a faire olde House, and also diuers large hou
ses, are on the same side builded, whiche yet remaine, and of olde time were the Lodgings of Prebendaries and Residenciars, whiche kept great housholdes, and liberall hospitalitie, but now either decayed, or otherwise conuerted.
Then is the Stacioners Hall on the same side, lately buil
ded for them. And let this bee an ende of Baynardes Castle Warde, whiche hath an Alderman, his Deputie. Common Councell 9. Constables 10. Scauingers 7. Wardmote In
quest, 14. and a Beadle. And to the Fiftéencis taxed at 12. pound.


  1. Unclear; context obvious. (SM)

Cite this page

MLA citation

Stow, John, and William fitz Stephen. Survey of London: Castle Baynard Ward. The Map of Early Modern London, edited by Janelle Jenstad, U of Victoria, 20 Jun. 2018,

Chicago citation

Stow, John, and William fitz Stephen. Survey of London: Castle Baynard Ward. The Map of Early Modern London. Ed. Janelle Jenstad. Victoria: University of Victoria. Accessed June 20, 2018.

APA citation

Stow, J., & fitz Stephen, W. 2018. Survey of London: Castle Baynard Ward. In J. Jenstad (Ed), The Map of Early Modern London. Victoria: University of Victoria. Retrieved from

RIS file (for RefMan, EndNote etc.)

Provider: University of Victoria
Database: The Map of Early Modern London
Content: text/plain; charset="utf-8"

A1  - Stow, John
A1  - fitz Stephen, William
ED  - Jenstad, Janelle
T1  - Survey of London: Castle Baynard Ward
T2  - The Map of Early Modern London
PY  - 2018
DA  - 2018/06/20
CY  - Victoria
PB  - University of Victoria
LA  - English
UR  -
UR  -
ER  - 


RT Web Page
SR Electronic(1)
A1 Stow, John
A1 fitz Stephen, William
A6 Jenstad, Janelle
T1 Survey of London: Castle Baynard Ward
T2 The Map of Early Modern London
WP 2018
FD 2018/06/20
RD 2018/06/20
PP Victoria
PB University of Victoria
LA English
OL English

TEI citation

<bibl type="mla"><author><name ref="#STOW6"><surname>Stow</surname>, <forename>John</forename></name></author>, and <author><name ref="#FITZ1"><forename>William</forename> <surname><nameLink>fitz</nameLink> Stephen</surname></name></author>. <title level="a">Survey of London: Castle Baynard Ward</title>. <title level="m">The Map of Early Modern London</title>, edited by <editor><name ref="#JENS1"><forename>Janelle</forename> <surname>Jenstad</surname></name></editor>, <publisher>U of Victoria</publisher>, <date when="2018-06-20">20 Jun. 2018</date>, <ref target=""></ref>.</bibl>





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