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Woodcut of two crests.
❧ By the Major.1
A Proclamation for the prices of Tallow2 and Candles.
THe Lord Maior and Aldermen his Brethren, hauing taken knowledge of the excessiue prices of Tallow & Candles vttered3 and sold within the City of London: and finding vpon search and suruey made of the store of Tallow and Candles in the hand of the Tallow Chandlers, and Candlemakers, aswell English as Strangers, within this City and Liberties thereof, that diuers of them not contented with reasonable profit, in vttering and selling of Candles and Tallow, haue engrossed vnduly into their hands, great quantities both of Tallow and Candles, thereby to enhance the prices thereof: Inasmuch as the principall sale lieth in the hands of few. For remedy whereof, the Lord Maior and Court of Aldermen, haue conceiued it very expedient and needfull, to set prices according to former presidents vpon Tallow and Candles vttered within this City. And therefore do by these presents, ordaine, publish, and declare, that no Butcher or other person whatsoeuer, shall from henceforth vtter or sell, or cause to be vttered or sold within this City or Liberties, any English Tallow aboue the price of twentie sixe shillings eight pence the hundred weight. And that no Tallow Chandler, Candlemaker, or other person whatsoeuer, that do, or shall make, vtter, or sell any Candles made of Tallow, within this City or Liberties thereof, shall at any time heereafter, vtter or sell, or cause to be vttered or sold, any tallow Candles aboue the prices hereafter mentioned: that is to say, good Cotton Candles for foure pence farthing the pound, and good Weeke Candles for three pence three farthings the pound, and not at any higher price or prices. And the said Butchers, Tallow Chandlers, Candlemakers, and such other persons afore mentioned, are hereby straightly charged and commanded, to obey and keepe the saide rates and prices set vpon Tallow and Candles as aforesaide, vntill further order to the contrary be taken by the Lord Maior and Aldermen his Brethren, vpon paine and perill that will fall thereon.
Giuen at the Guild-hall of the Citty of London, this 14. day of September, in the eighteenth yeare of his Maiesties reigne of England, France, and Ireland, and of Scotland the foure and fiftieth. God saue the King.4
Printed at London by William Iaggard, Printer to the Honourable City of London, 1620.


  1. In September 1620, the lord mayor of London was William Cockayne (MASL). (TLG)
  2. A substance consisting of a somewhat hard animal fat (esp. that obtained from the parts about the kidneys of ruminating animals, now chiefly the sheep and ox), separated by melting and clarifying from the membranes, etc., naturally mixed with it; used for making candles and soap, dressing leather, and other purposes (OED tallow, n.2). (TLG)
  3. To put (goods, wares, etc.) forth or upon the market; to issue, offer, or expose for sale or barter; to dispose of by way of trade; to vend, sell (OED utter, v.1.a). (TLG)
  4. I.e., James VI and I. Normally, proclamations and comparable publications end with God save the King centered below the main text. In this case, the compositor was coming to the bottom of the form. The compositor placed God saue the King at the end of the last line, with an offsetting space. (KL)


Cite this page

MLA citation

Mayor of London. Order for Prices of Tallow. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 7.0, edited by Janelle Jenstad, U of Victoria, 05 May 2022,

Chicago citation

Mayor of London. Order for Prices of Tallow. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 7.0. Ed. Janelle Jenstad. Victoria: University of Victoria. Accessed May 05, 2022.

APA citation

Mayor of London. 2022. Order for Prices of Tallow. In J. Jenstad (Ed), The Map of Early Modern London (Edition 7.0). Victoria: University of Victoria. Retrieved from

RIS file (for RefMan, RefWorks, EndNote etc.)

Provider: University of Victoria
Database: The Map of Early Modern London
Content: text/plain; charset="utf-8"

A1  - Mayor of London
ED  - Jenstad, Janelle
T1  - Order for Prices of Tallow
T2  - The Map of Early Modern London
ET  - 7.0
PY  - 2022
DA  - 2022/05/05
CY  - Victoria
PB  - University of Victoria
LA  - English
UR  -
UR  -
ER  - 

TEI citation

<bibl type="mla"><author><name ref="#MAYO2" type="org">Mayor of London</name></author>. <title level="a">Order for Prices of Tallow</title>. <title level="m">The Map of Early Modern London</title>, Edition <edition>7.0</edition>, edited by <editor><name ref="#JENS1"><forename>Janelle</forename> <surname>Jenstad</surname></name></editor>, <publisher>U of Victoria</publisher>, <date when="2022-05-05">05 May 2022</date>, <ref target=""></ref>.</bibl>