Survey of London (1633): Spiritual or Ecclesiastical Government

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Spirituall Government.
GOVERNORS
OF THE CITIE
OF LONDON.
And first of Ecclesiasticall Bishops;
and other Ministers there.
HAving thus runne through
the description of these
Cities of London and West-minster,
aswell in their o
riginall foundations, as in
their increases of buildings and orna
ments, together with such incidents of
sundry sorts, as are before, both gene
rally and particularly discoursed. It re
maineth that somewhat bee noted by
mee, touching the Policie and Govern
ment, both Ecclesiasticall and Civill, of
London, as I have already done for West-minster,
the order whereof is appointed
by the late Statute, even as that of Lon
don
is maintained by the Customes
thereof, most laudably used before all
the time of memory.
And first to begin with the Ecclesia
sticall Iurisdiction.
Antiqui
ties of Gla
ste
.
I read, that the Chri
stian Faith was first preached in this I
land (then called Britaine) by Ioseph of
Arimathea
, and his brethren, Disciples
of Christ, in the time of Arviragus, then
Governor heere,
Lib. confii.
under the Romane Em
perour.
Eleutherius died in the yeere 186. when he had sitten Bi
shop 15. yeeres.
After which time, Lucius, King
of the Britaines, sent his Ambassadors,
Elvanus and Meduvanus, two men lear
ned in the Scriptures, with Letters to
Eleutherius, Bishop of Rome, desiring him
to send some devout and Learned men,
by whose instruction, hee and his peo
ple might hee taught the Faith and Re
ligion of Christ. Eleutherius baptized
those Messengers, making Elvanus a Bi¦shop,
and Meduvanus a Teacher, and
sent over with them into Britaine, two
other famous Clerks, Faganus and Deru
vianus
, by whose diligence, Lucius and
his people of Britaine, were instructed
in the Faith of Christ, and baptized, the
Temples of Idols were converted into
Cathedrall Churches, & Bishops were
placed, where Flamines before had bin:
at London, Yorke and Carleon upon Vske,
were placed Archbishops, saith some.
The said Epistle (to us sent by Eleuthe
rius
) to King Lucius,
Liber Cu
stom.
for the establishing
of the faith, yee may read in my An
nales, Summaries and Chronicles, true
ly translated and set downe, as mine Au
thor hath it, for some have curtalled and
corrupted it, and then fathered it, upon
Reverend Bede, who never wrote word
thereof, or otherwise to that effect, more
than this as followeth:
In the yeere 156. Marcus Aurelius Ve
rus
, the 14. Emperor after Augustus, go
verned the Empire, with his brother Au
relius Cōmodus
.1 In whose time, Eleuthe
rius
, a Holy man, being Pope of the Church
of Rome, Lucius King of Britaines wrote
unto him, desiring that by his commande
ment, he might bee made a Christian: which
his request was granted him; whereby the
Britaines receiving then the Faith, kept it
sound and undefiled in rest and peace, untill
Dioclesian the Emperours time.
Thus far Bede, which may suffice to
prove the Christian Faith then to bee
received here. And now of the London
Bishops, according as I find them re
gistred.
There remaineth in the Parish Church
of Saint Peter upon Cornehill
in London,
This is be
fore set downe in Cornehil VVard.

a table wherein is written that Lucius
founded

Spirituall Government.

founded the same Church to bee an
Archbishops See, and Metropolitane
& chiefe Church of his Kingdome, and
that it so endured the space of foure
hundred yeeres, untill the comming of
Augustine the Monke, and others from
Rome, in the reigne of the Saxons.
The Archbishops names I find only
to bee set downe by Ioceline of Furnes, in
his booke of Brittish Bishops, and not
else where. Theanus (saith hee) was the
first Archbishop of London in the time
of Lucius, who builded the said Church
of Saint Peter
, in a place called Cornehill
in London, by the ayd of Ciran, chiefe
Butler to King Lucius.
2 Elvanus was the second, & hee buil
ded a Library to the same Church ad
joyning, and converted many of the
Druides (learned men in the Pagan
law) to the Christian Faith.
3 Cadar was the third: then followed,
15 Vodimus, slaine by the Saxons.
16 Theonw, the sixteenth, fled with the
Brittaines into Wales,
1. Tome. com.
about the yeere of
Christ, 587. Thus much out of Ioceline
of the Archbishops: the credit whereof
I leave to the judgement of the learned.
For, I reade of a Bishop of London (heere
also named) in the yeere of Christ 326.
to be present at the second Councell,
holden at Arles, in the time of Constan
tine
the great
, who subscribed thereunto
in these words:
Ex Provincia Britanniae Civitate Londi
nensi
Restitutus Episcopus
, as plainely ap
peareth in the first Tome of the Coun
cels. Hee writeth not himselfe Archbi
shop, and therfore maketh the matter of
Archbishops doubtfull, or rather over
throweth that opinion.
The Saxons being Pagans, having
chased the Britaines with the Christian
Preachers into the Mountaines of Wales
and Cornewall, and having divided this
Kingdome of the Britaines amongst thē
selves; at the length, to wit, in the yeere
596. Pope Gregory, moved of a godly
instinction (saith Bede) in the 147. yeere,
after the Angles or Saxons in Britaine
,2
sent Augustine, Melitus, Iustus and Iohn,
with other Monkes, to preach the Gos
pell to the said Nation of the Angles.
These landed in the Ile of Thanet, and
were first received by Ethelbert, King of
Kent, whom they converted to the faith
of Christ, with divers other of his
people, in the 34. yeere of his reigne,3
which Ethelbert gave unto Augustine the
City of Canturbury.
The Metropolitane See being esta
blished at Canturbury, these that fol
low, were successively Bishops of Lon
don
, to this present time.
This Augustine in the yeere of Christ
604. consecrated Melitus and Iustus Bi
shops, appointing Melitus to preach un
to the East Saxons, whose chiefe Citie
was London: and their King Sebert,
Nephew to Ethelbert, by preaching of
Melitus, received the Word of Life.
And then Ethelbert, King of Kent, buil
ded in the Citie of London Saint Pauls
Church
,
S. Pauls Church in London first founded.
wherein Melitus began to be
Bishop, in the yeere 619. and sate five
yeeres. Ethelbert by his Charter gave
Lands to this Church of Saint Paul:
1. Melitus first Bishop of London, 619.
so
did other Kings after him.
King Sebert, through the good life,
and like preaching of Melitus, having
received Baptisme, to shew himselfe a
Christian, builded a Church to the ho
nor of God and S. Peter, on the West
side of London, which Church is called
Westminster: but the successors of Sebert,
being Pagans, expelled Melitus out of
their Kingdomes.
Iustus the second,
2. Iustus, 624.
Bishop for a time,
and then Melitus againe: after whose
decease, the seate was void for a time.
At length Sigebert, Sonne to Sigebert,4
brother to Sebert, ruled in Essex: hee be
came a Christian, and tooke to him a
holy man, named Cedda, or Chadda, who
wan many by preaching and good life,
to the Christian Religion.
Ceadda,
3. Cedda, B. of London, 658.
or Chadda, was (by Finan) con
secrated Bishop of the East Saxons, and
he ordred Priests and Deacons in all the
parts of Essex,
Ithancaster, and Tilbe
rie.
but especially at Ithanca
ster
, and Tilberie.
This

Spirituall Government.

This City of Ithancaster (saith Ralph
Cogshall
) stood on the banke of the Ri
ver Pante, that runneth by Maldun in the
hundred of Danesey; but now is drow
ned in Pante, so that nothing remaineth,
but the ruine of the Citie in the River.
Tilberie (both the West and East) stan
deth on the Thames side, nigh over a
gainst Gravesend.
Wina,
4 Wina, 666.
expelled from the Church of
Winchester by Cenewalche the King, was
adopted to be the fourth Bishop of Lon
don
, in the reigne of Wolferus, King of
Mercia, and sate nine yeeres.
Erkenwald,
5. Erken
wald
, 680.
borne in the Castell or
Towne of Stallingborough in Lindsey, first
Abbot of Crotesey,
Crotese, or Charlesey.
was by Theodore,
Archbishop of Canturbury, appointed to
be Bishop of the East Saxons, in the Ci
tie of London. This Erkenwald in the yeer
of Christ, 677. before he was made Bi
shop, had builded two Monasteries, one
for himselfe, being a Monke in the Isle
of Crote in Surrey, by the River of Thames
and another for his Sister Edilburga, be
ing a Nun, in a certaine place called Ber
ching
in Essex: he deceased at Berching, in
the yeere, 697. and was then buried in
Pauls Church, and translated into the
new Church of S. Paul, in the yeere, one
thousand, one hundred forty eight
.
Waldhere,
6 Waldhere, 697.
or Walthere, was Bishop of
London:
King Sebba became a Monke in Pauls Church.
Sebba, King of the east Saxons,
at his hands received the habite of
Monke: for at that time there were
Monks in Pauls Church, as writeth Ra
dulphus Dedicato
, and others. To this Bi
shop he brought a great summe of mo
ney, to be bestowed and given to the
poore, reserving nothing to himselfe;
but rather desired to remaine poore in
goods, as in Spirit, for the Kingdome of
Heaven. When he had reigned thirty
yeeres, hee deceased at Pauls, and was
there buried, and lieth now in a Coffin
of Stone, on the North side of the Isle
next the Quire.
Ingwaldus,
7. Ingwal
dus
, 716.
Bishop of London, was at
the consecration of Tatwine, Archbishop
of Canturbury; hee confirmed the foun
dation of Crowland, in the yeere, seven
hundred and sixteene
, (saith Ingulfus)
and deceased in the yeere 744. as saith
Hoveden.
746 Engulfe, called also Egwolfe, or Eg
naldus
, Bishop of London.
754 Wighead, or Wigherus, Bishop of
London.
761 Eadbrightus, or Edbrithe, Bishop of
London.
768 Eadgar, or Eadgarus, Bishop of
London.
773 Kenewalth, Bishop of London.
784 Eadbaldus, Bishop of London.
795 Hedbert, or Hethobert, Bishop of
London, deceased 802. saith Hoveden.
813 Osmund, or Oswin, Bishop of Lon
don
, hee was witnesse to a Charter
made to Crowland, in the yeere 833.
saith Engulfus.
835 Ethelmothe, Bishop of London.
838 Ceolbert, or Celbertus, B. of London.
841 Renulfe, or Ceorulfe, Bishop of Lon
don
.
850 Swithulfus, Bishop of London, he
likewise was witnesse to a Charter of
Crowland, 851.
860 Edstanus, Bishop of London, wit
nesse to a Charter of Crowland, 860.
870 Wulfius, or Wolfius, Bishop of London.
878 Ethelwardus, Bishop of London.
886 Elstanus, Bishop of London, died in
the yeere 900. saith Asser, & all these,
saith the Author of Flores Historia
rum
, were buried in the old Church
of S. Paul
, but there remaineth now
no memorie of them.
900 Theodricus, Bishop of London: this
man confirmed King Edreds Char
ter, made to Winchester, in the yeere,
947. whereby it seemeth, that he was
Bishop of London of a later time than
he is heere placed.
922 Wulstanus, Bishop of London.
941 Brithelme, Bishop of London.
958 Dunstanus, Abbot of Glastenburie:
then Bishop of Worchester, and in time
Bishop of London, he was afterward
translated to Canturbury, 960.
960 Ealfstanus, Bishop of London: the
28. in number.
981 Edgare, Bishop of London, he con
firmed the grants made to Winche
ster
, and to Crowland, 966. and againe
to Crowland, 970. the Charter of E
theldred
, concerning Vlfrunhampton,
996
.
1004 Elphinus, Bishop of London.
1010 Alwinus, Bishop of London.
1012 Alfhune, Bishop of London: he
was sent into Normandy in the yeere
1013. saith Asser.
Zz
1044 Ro

Spirituall Government.
1044. Robert, a Monke of Gemerisius in
Normandy, Bishop of London. 7. yeers.
afterward translated from London to
Canturbury.
1050 Specgasius elected, but rejected by
the King.
1051 William, a Norman, Chaplain to
Edward the Confessor, was made Bi
shop of London, 1051. fare 17. yeeres,
and deceased 1070. He obtained of
William the Conqueror, the Charter
of Liberties for the City of London,
as I have set downe in my Summary,
and appeareth by his Epitaph in
Pauls Church.
1070 Hugh de Orwell, or Orivall, Bishop
of London: he died of a Leprosie, when
he had sitten fifteene yeeres.
1085 Mauricius, Bishop of London, in
whose time, to wit, in the yeere 1089.
the Church of S. Paul was burnt, with
the most part of this Citie, and there
fore he laid the foundation of a new
large Church, and having sitten 22.
yeeres, hee deceased, 1107. saith Ma
thew Paris
.
1108 Richard Beame, or Beamor, called
by some Richard Bearvis, Bishop of
London, did wonderfully increase the
worke of this Church begun, purcha
sing the streets and lanes (adjoining)
of his owne money: and he founded
the Monastery of S. Osyth in Essex,
he sate Bishop 19. yeeres, and decea
sed 1127.
1127 Gilbertus Vniversalis, a Canon of
Lyons, elected by Henry the first, he
deceased 1141. when he had sitten
fourteene yeeres.
1142 Robertus de Sigillo, a Monke of Rea
ding
, whom Maud the Empresse
made Bishop of London, where he
sate eleven yeeres. Geffrey de Magna
vile
tooke him prisoner at Fulham,
and he deceased 1152.
1153 Richard Beames, Archdeacon of
Essex, Bishop of London ten yeeres,
who deceased 1162.
1163 Gilbert Foliot, Bishop of Hereford,
from whence translated to London,
sate three and twenty yeeres, and de
ceased, 1186.
1189 Richard Fitz Neale, the Kings
Treasurer, Archdeacon of Essex, ele
cted of London, at Pipwell, 1189. Hee
sate nine yeeres and deceased, 1198.
This man also tooke great paines a
bout the building of Pauls Church,
and raised many other goodly buil
dings in his Diocesse.
1199 William S. Mary Church, common
ly called, William de Sancta Maria, a
Norman, Bishop of London, who was
one of the three Bishops, that by the
Popes commandement executed his
interdiction or curse upon the whole
Realme of England; but hee was for
ced (with the other Bishops) to flie
the Realme in 1208. & his Castell at
Stratford in Essex was by commande
ment of K. Iohn overthrowne, 1210.
This William, in cōpany of the Arch
bishop of Canturbury, and of the Bi
shop of Ely, went to Rome, and there
complained against the King, 1212.
and returned, so as in the yeere 1215.
King Iohn in the Church of S. Paul, at
the hands of this William, tooke upon
him the Crosse for the Holy Land.
He resigned his Bishopricke of his
owne voluntary, in the yeere 1221.
saith Cogshall.
1221 Eustachius de Faulconbridge, Trea
surer of the Exchequer (saith Mathew
Paris)
Chancelor of the Exchequer
(saith Textor, and Cogshall) Bishop of
London, 1223. Whilst at Chelmesford
he was giving holy Orders, a great
tempest of wind and raine annoyed
so many as came thither, whereof it
was gathered, how highly God was
displeased with such as came to re
ceive Orders, to the end, they might
live a more easie life, of the Stipend
appointed to the Church-men, gi
ving themselves to banketting, and so
with uncleane and filthy bodies, (but
more uncleane soules) persume to mi
nister unto God, the Author of pu
rity and cleanesse. Falcatius de Brent
was delivered to his custody in the
yeere, 1224. This Eustachius deceased
in the yeere 1228. and was buried in
Pauls Church, in the South side,
without or above the Quire.
1229 Rogerus Niger, Archdeacon of Col
chester
, made Bishop of London. In the
yeere 1230. (saith Mathew Paris) upon
the feast day of the Conversion of S.
Paul
, whē he was at Masse in the Ca
thedrall Church of S. Paul
, a great
multitude of people being there pre
sent

Spirituall Government.

sent, suddenly the weather waxed dark,
so as one could scantly see another, and
an horrible thunderclap lighted on the
church, which so shook it, that it was like
to have fallen. And there withall out of
a dark cloud proceeded a flash of light
ning, that all the Church seemed to bee
on fire; whereupon such a strench ensu
ed, that all men though they should
have dyed: thousands of men and wo
men ran out of the Church, and being
astonied, fell upon the ground, voyd of
all sense and understanding.
None of all the multitude traied in
the Church, save the Bishop and one
Deacon, which stood still before the
high Altar, awaiting the will of God:
when the Aire was cleansed, the mul
titude returned into the Church, and
the Bishop ended the Service.
This Reger Niger is commended to
have been a man of worthy life, excel
lently well learned, a notable Preacher,
pleasant in talke, midle of countenance,
& liberall at his Table. He admonished
the Vsurers of his time, to leave such e
normities, as they rendred the salvation
of their soules, and to doe penance for
that they had committed: but when he
saw they laughed him to scorne, and also
threatned him, the Bishop generally
excommunicated and accursed all such,
& commanded strictly that such Vsurers
should depart further from the Citie of
London, which hitherto had beene igno
rant of such mischiefe and wickednesse,
lest his Dioces should be infected there
withall. He fell sicke, and dyed at his
Mannor of Bishops Hall, in the Lordship
and Parish of Stebunheth, in the yeere
1241. and was buried in Pauls Church,
on the North side of the Presbytery, in
a faire Tombe coped, of gray Marble.
1241 Fulco Bosset, Deane of Yorke, by
the death of Gilbert Basset, possessed
his lands, & was then made B. of Lon
don
, deceased on the 21. day of May,
in the yeere 1259
. as saith Iohn Tex
tor
, and was buried in Pauls Church.
1259 Henry de Wingham, Chancelor of
England, made Bishop of London, de
ceased in the yeere 1262. saith Tex
tor
, and was buried in Pauls Church,
on the South side without, or above
the Quire, in a Marble Monument,
close at the head of Faulconbridge.
1262 Richard Taloot, Bishop of Lon
don
, straightwayes after his conse
cration deceased, saith Eversden.
1262 Henry Sandwich, Bishop of Lon
don
, deceased in the yeere 1273. as
the same Author affirmeth.
1273 Iohn de Chishull, Deane of Pauls,
Treasurer of the Exchequer, & Kee
per of the great Seale, was Bishop of
London, and deceased in the yeere
1279. saith Eversden.
1280 Fulco Lovel, Archdeacon of Col
choster
, elected Bishop of London, but
refused the place.
1280 Richard de Gravesend, Archdea
con of Northampton, Bishop of Lon
don
. It appeareth by the Charter
warren granted to this Bishop, that
(in his time) there were two Woods
in the Parish of Stebunheth, pertaining
to the said Bishop: I have (since I
kept house for my selfe) knowne the
one of them by Bishops Hall, but now
they are both made plaine of wood,
and not to be discerned from other
grounds. Some have fabuled, that
this Richard Gravesend,
Fable of Richard Gravesend reproved.
Bishop of
London, in the yeere 1392. the 16. of
Richard the second
, purchased the
Charter of liberties to this City;
which thing hath no possibility of
truth, as I have proved, for he decea
sed in the yeere 2303. almost ninety
yeeres before that time.
1307 Ralph de Baldocke, Deane of Pauls,
Bishop of London, consecrated at Ly
ons
by Peter, Bishop of Alba, in the
yeere 1307. He was a great furtherer
of the new worke of Pauls, to wit, the
East end, called our Lady Chappell,
and other adjoyning: this Ralph de
ceased in the yeere 1313. and was
buried in the said Lady Chappell,
under a flat stone.
1313 Gilbert Segrave was consecrated
Bishop of London, & sate three yeers.
1317 Richard Newport, Bishop of Lon
don
, sate two yeeres, and was buried
in Pauls Church.
1318 Stephen Gravesend, Bishop of Lon
don
, sate twentie yeeres.
1338 Richard Bintworth, or Wentworth,
Bishop of London, and Chancelor of
England, deceased the yeere 1339.
1339 Ralph Stratford, Bishop of Lon
don
: he purchased the piece of ground
Zz2
called

Spirituall Government.

called No mans land, beside, Smithfield,
and dedicated it to the use of buriall,
as before hath appeared: hee was
borne at Stratford upon Avon, and
therefore builded a Chappell to S.
Thomas
there: he sate 14. yeeres, and
deceased at Stebunhith.
1354 Michael Northbroke, Bishop of
London, deceased in the yeere 1361.
saith Merimouth, sate 7. yeeres.
1362 Simon Sudbery, Bishop of London,
sate 13. yeeres, translated to be Arch
bishop of Canturbury, in the yeere
1375.
1375 William Conrtney, translated from
Hereford to the Bishopricke of Lon
don
, and after translated from thence
to the Archbishopricke of Canturbu
ry
, in the yeere, 1381.
1381 Robert Breybrooke, Canon of Lich
field
, bishop of London, made Chan
cellour in the 6. of Richard the second
sate Bishop 20. yeeres, and deceased
in the yeere 1404. he was buried in
the said Lady Chappell at Pauls.
1405 Roger Walden, Treasurer of the
Exchequer, Archbishop of Cantur
bury
, was deposed, and after made
bishop of London: he deceased in the
yeere 1406. and was buried in Pauls
Church
, by Alhallowes Altar.
1406 Nicholas Bubwith, bishop of Lon
don
, Treasurer of the Exchequer,
translated to Salisbury, & from thence
to Bathe, and lyeth buried at Wells.
1407 Richard Clifford, removed from
Worcester to London, deceased 1422. as
saith Thomas Walsingham, and was bu
ried in Pauls.
1422 Iohn Kempe, Fellow of Martin
Colledge in Oxford, was made bi
shop of Rochester, from whence remo
ved to Chichester, and thence to Lon
don
: hee was made the Kings Chan
cellor in the yeere 1425. the fourth of
Henry the sixth
, & was removed from
London to Yorke, in the yeere 1426. He
sate Archbishop there 25. yeeres, and
was translated to Canturbury; he was
afterwards made Cardinall in the
yeere 1452. In the bishop of Lon
don
s
house at Fulham he received the
Crosse, and the next day the Pall, at
the hands of Thomas Kempe bishop of
London: he deceased in the yere 1454.
1426 William Gray, Deane of Yorke, con
secrated Bishop of London, who
founded a Colledge at Thele in Hart
fordshire
, for a Master and foure
Canons, and made it a Cell to Elsing
Spittle
in London. It had of old time
been a Colledge decayed, and there
fore newly founded: hee was transla
ted to Lincolne 1431.
1432 Robery Fitz-Hugh, Archdeacon of
Northampton, consecrated Bishop of
London, sate 5. yeeres; he deceased in
the yeere 1435. and was buried on
the South side of the Quire of Pauls.
1435 Robert Gilbert, Doctor of Divi
nity, Deane of Yorke, consecrated Bi
shop of London, sate twelve yeeres,
deceased 1448.
1449 Thomas Kempe, Archdeacon of
Richmond, consecrated Bishop of
London, at Yorke house, (now White
Hall
) by the hands of his Vncle, Iohn
Kempe
, Archbishop of Yorke, the
eighth of February, 1449. Hee foun
ded a Chappell of the Trinity in the
body of Saint Pauls Church on the
North side; he sate Bishop of London
39
. yeeres, and 48. dayes, and then
deceasing in the yere 1489. was there
buried.
1489 Iohn Marshall Bishop of London,
deceased in the yeere 1493.
1493 Richard Hill, Bishop of London,
deceased 1495. and was buried in the
body of S. Pauls Church.
1496 Thomas Savage, first Bishop of Ro
chester
, then Bishop of London 5. yeeres,
was translated to Yorke 1510. where
he sate Archbishop 7. yeeres, and was
there buried in the yeere, 1507.
1502 William Warkham, Bishop of Lon
don
, made Keeper of the great Seale,
sate two yeeres, was translated to
Canturbury.
1504 William Barnes, Bishop of London,
sate 10. Moneths and 11. dayes, de
ceased in the yeere 1505.
2505 Richard Fitz-Iames, Fellow of
Martin Colledge in Oxford, in the
reigne of Henry the 6. was made Bi
shop of Rochester, after Bishop of Chi
chester
, and then Bishop of London:
he deceased 1521. and lyeth buryed
hard beneath the North west pillar of
the Steeple in Pauls, under a faire
Tombe of Marble, over the which
was builded a faire Chappell of Tim
ber,

Spirituall Government.

with stayres mounting thereun
to: this Chappell was burned with
fire from the Steeple 1561. and the
Tombe was taken downe.
1521 Cuthbert Tunstall, Doctor of Law,
Master of the Rowies, Lord Privy
Seale, and Bishop of London, was
thence translated to the Bishopricke
of Durham, in the yeere 1529.
1529 Iohn Stokesley, Bishop of London,
sate 13. yeeres, deceased in the yeere
1539. and was buried in the Lady
Chappell
in Pauls.
1539 Edmund Bonner, Doctor of the
Civill Law, Archdeacon of Leicester,
then Bishop of Hereford, was elected
to London, in the yeere 1539. whilest
he was beyond the Seas, Ambassador
for King Henry the eighth.
On the first of September 1549. hee
preached at Pauls Crosse, for the
which Sermon, hee was charged be
fore the Councell of King Edward the
sixth
by William Latimer, Parson of S.
Lawrence Poultney
, and Iohn Hooper,
sometime a white Monke: and being
convented before certaine Commis
sioners at Lambith, was for his diso
bedience to the Kings order, on the
20. day of the same Moneth, sent to
the Marshalsey, and deprived from
his Bishopricke.
1550 Nicholas Ridley, Bishop of Roche
ster
, elected Bishop of London, was
installed in Pauls Church on the
twelfth of April.
This man by his deed dated the 12. day
after Christmas
, in the 4. yeere of
Edward the sixth
, gave to the King
the Mannors of Branketry and South
minster
, and the Patronage of the
Church of Cogshall in Essex, the Man
nors of Stebunheth
, and Hackney, in the
County of Middlesex, and the Marsh
of Stebunheth, with all the singular
Messuages, Lands and Tenements to
the said Mannors belonging, and also
the Advowson of the Vicarage of
the Parish Church of Cogshall in Es
sex
aforesaid: which grant was confir
med by the Deane and Chapter of
Pauls, Stebunheth and Hackney, as on
ly pertained to them.
The said King Edward by his Letters
Patents, dated the sixteenth of April,
in the said fourth yeere of his reigne
granted to Sir Tho. Wentworth, Lord
Wentworth, Lord Chamberlaine of the
Kings houshold, for and in considera
tion of his good and faithfull service
before done, a part of the late recei
ved gift, to wit, the Lordships of Ste
bunheth
and Hackney, with all the
members and appurtenances thereto
belonging in Stebunheth, Hackney way,
Shorditch, Holiwell street, White Chap
pell
, Stratford at Bowe, Poplar, North-street,
Limehouse, Ratcliffe, Cleve street,
Brocke street, Mile end, Bleten Hall
greene
, Old Foord, Westheth, Kingsland,
Shakelwel, Newington street
, alias Hack¦ney
street
, Clopton, Church street, Well
street
, Humbarton, Grove street, Gun
ston street
, alias, More streete, in the
County of Middlesex, together with
the Marsh of Stebunheth, &c.
The Mannor of Hackney was valued at
41. l. 9. s. 4. d. by yeere: and the
Mannor of Stebunheth at 140. l. 8. s.
11. d. ob. by yeere, to bee holden in
chiefe, by the service of the twentith
part of a Kinghts fee.
This Bishop, Nicholas Ridley, for prea
ching a Sermon at Pauls Crosse, on
the 16. of Iuly in the yeere 1553. was
committed to the Tower of London,
where hee remained prisoner till the
10. of April, in the yeere 1554. and
was thence sent to Oxford, there to
dispute with the Divines and learned
men of the contrary opinion, and on
the 16. of October 1555. he was bur
ned at Oxford, for opinion against the
Romish order of Sacraments, &c.
1553 Edmund Bonner aforesaid, being
released out of the Marshalsey, was re
stored to the Bishopricke of London,
by Queene Mary, on the fifth of Au
gust, in the yeere 1553
. and againe
deposed by Queene Elizabeth, in the
Moneth of Iuly, Anno 1559. and was
eftsoones, committed to the Marshal
sey
, where hee dyed on the 5. of Sep
tembr 1569
. and was at midnight
buried amongst other prisoners in St.
Georges Church-yard
.
1559 Edmund Grindull, Bishop of Lon
don
, being consecrated the 21. of De
cember 1559
. was translated to York,
in the yeere 1570. and from thence
removed to Canterbury, in the yeere
1575. he dyed blind 1583. on the 6.
Zz3
of

Spirituall Government.

of Iuly, and was buried at Crodowne
in Surrey.
1570 Edwine Sandys, being translated
from Worcester to the Bishopricke of
London, in the yeere, 1570. was thence
translated to Yorke, in the yeere 1576.
and dyed in the yeere 1588.
1576 Iohn Elmere, Bishop of London, de
ceased in the yeere 1594. on the 3. of
Iune
at Fulham, and was buried in
Pauls Church, before Saint Thomas
Chappell
.
1594 Richard Fletcher, Bishop of Worce
ster
, was on the 30. of December in
Pauls Church elected Bishop of Lon
don
, and deceased on the 15. of Iune
1596
. he was buried in Pauls Church
without any solemne funerall.
1597 Richard Bancroft, Doctor of Di
vinity, brought up first in Christs
Colledge
, and afterward in Iesus Col
ledge
in Cambridge, was consecrated
Bishop of London, at Lambith, on Sun
day, being the 8. day of May, 1597.
and translated to Canterbury in De
cember 1604
.
1604 Richard Vaughan, Doctor of Di
vinity, & Bishop first of Bangor, next
of Chester, was translated to London
in Ianuary 1604. and dyed in March
1607
.
1607 Thomas Ravis, Doctor of Divini
ty, and Deane of Christs Church in
Oxford, was first Bishop of Glocester,
and then removed to London, the 19.
of May, 1607
. and dyed the 14. of
December 1609
.
1609 George Abbot, Doctor of Divini
ty, having beene little above one
moneth Bishop of Coventry and Lich
field
, was called to London, towards
the latter end of Ianuary 1609. and re
moved to Canterbury in Anno 1611.
1611 Iohn King, Doctor of Divinity,
and Deane of Christs Church in Ox
ford
, where he was brought up, and
Archdeaeon of Nottingham, was con
secrated Bishop of London, the eighth
day of September, 1611
. and wor
thily remained long in the same dig
nity. His Grandfather was Brother
unto Robert King, sometime Bishop
of Oxford.
George Mountaine, Doctor of Divinity,
Lecturer in Greshams Colledge, after
ward Master of the Savoy, & Deane of
Westminster, then Bishop of Lincolne,
and thence removed to bee Lord Bi
shop of London, and Almoner to his
Majesty, last of all removed againe,
to be Lord Archbishop of Yorke.
William Laud, Doctor in Divinity, Presi
dent of St. Iohn Baptists Colledge in
Oxford, Deane of Glocester, next Bi
shop of St. Davids, next Bishop of
Bath and Welles, next Bishop of Lon
don
, and Deane of his Majesties Chap
pell Royall, and now Archbishop of
Canterbury, and one of his Highnesse
most Honourable Privy Councell.
William Iuxon, Doctor in Divinity, Pre
sident of St. Iohn Baptists Colledge in
Oxford, Deane of Worcester, next
Clarke of the Closset to his Majesty,
next Bishop elect of Hereford, next
Deane of his Majesties Chappell Roy
all, and Bishop of London.
Thus much for the succession of the
Bishops of London, whose Dioces con
taineth the City of London, the whole
Shires of Middlesex and Essex, and a part
of Hartfordshire.
These Bishops have for Assistants in
the Cathedrall Church of Saint Paul, a
Deane, a Chaunter, a Chancelor, a Trea
surer, five Archdeacons, to wit, London,
Middlesex, Essex, Colchester
, and S. Al
bans
, and 30. Prebendaries.
There appertaineth also to the said
Church for furniture of the Quire in
Divine Service, and administration of
the Sacraments, a Colledge of 12. Pety
Canons, sixe Vicars, Chorall, and Que
risters, &c.
This Dioces is divided into Parishes,
every Parish having his Parson, or Vi
car at the least, learned men for the most
part, and sufficient Preachers to instruct
the people.
There were in this City, and within
the Suburbs thereof in the reigne of
Henry the second
(as writeth Fitz-Stephens)
thirteene great Conventuall
Churches, besides the lesser sort, called
Parish Churches, to the number of 126.
all which Conventuall Churches, and
some others since that time founded, are
now suppressed and gone, except the
Cathedrall Church of Saint Paul in Lon
don
, and the Colledge of Saint Peter at
Westminster
.
THE

Notes

  1. Commodus was Marcus Aurelius’ son, not his brother. (ML)
  2. According to Bede, the Angles arrived in Britain in 449. 147 years after 449 is 596. (KL)
  3. The length of Æthelberht’s reign is debated. According to Bede, Æthelberht became king in 560 or 561 and reigned for 56 years. In contrast, Gregory of Tours describes Æthelberht at the time of his marriage as the son of the King of Kent, suggesting that he was not yet king between approximately 575-581. Different manuscript versions of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle are also inconsistent—one claims that Æthelberht became king in 565 and reigned for 53 years. When sources are put together, it appears that Æthelberht’s reign was either from 560-616 or 565-618; however, these dates are still up for debate. (KL)
  4. Sigeberht’s family ties are debated. (ML)

Cite this page

MLA citation

Stow, John, Anthony Munday, Anthony Munday, and Humphrey Dyson. Survey of London (1633): Spiritual or Ecclesiastical Government. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 6.6, edited by Janelle Jenstad, U of Victoria, 30 Jun. 2021, mapoflondon.uvic.ca/edition/6.6/stow_1633_spiritual_government.htm. Draft.

Chicago citation

Stow, John, Anthony Munday, Anthony Munday, and Humphrey Dyson. Survey of London (1633): Spiritual or Ecclesiastical Government. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 6.6. Ed. Janelle Jenstad. Victoria: University of Victoria. Accessed June 30, 2021. mapoflondon.uvic.ca/edition/6.6/stow_1633_spiritual_government.htm. Draft.

APA citation

Stow, J., Munday, A., Munday, A., & Dyson, H. 2021. Survey of London (1633): Spiritual or Ecclesiastical Government. In J. Jenstad (Ed), The Map of Early Modern London (Edition 6.6). Victoria: University of Victoria. Retrieved from https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/editions/6.6/stow_1633_spiritual_government.htm. Draft.

RIS file (for RefMan, RefWorks, EndNote etc.)

Provider: University of Victoria
Database: The Map of Early Modern London
Content: text/plain; charset="utf-8"

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A1  - Stow, John
A1  - Munday, Anthony
A1  - Munday, Anthony
A1  - Dyson, Humphrey
ED  - Jenstad, Janelle
T1  - Survey of London (1633): Spiritual or Ecclesiastical Government
T2  - The Map of Early Modern London
ET  - 6.6
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/06/30
CY  - Victoria
PB  - University of Victoria
LA  - English
UR  - https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/edition/6.6/stow_1633_spiritual_government.htm
UR  - https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/edition/6.6/xml/standalone/stow_1633_spiritual_government.xml
TY  - UNP
ER  - 

TEI citation

<bibl type="mla"><author><name ref="#STOW6"><surname>Stow</surname>, <forename>John</forename></name></author>, <author><name ref="#MUND1"><forename>Anthony</forename> <surname>Munday</surname></name></author>, <author><name ref="#MUND1"><forename>Anthony</forename> <surname>Munday</surname></name></author>, and <author><name ref="#DYSO1"><forename>Humphrey</forename> <surname>Dyson</surname></name></author>. <title level="a">Survey of London (1633): Spiritual or Ecclesiastical Government</title>. <title level="m">The Map of Early Modern London</title>, Edition <edition>6.6</edition>, edited by <editor><name ref="#JENS1"><forename>Janelle</forename> <surname>Jenstad</surname></name></editor>, <publisher>U of Victoria</publisher>, <date when="2021-06-30">30 Jun. 2021</date>, <ref target="https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/edition/6.6/stow_1633_spiritual_government.htm">mapoflondon.uvic.ca/edition/6.6/stow_1633_spiritual_government.htm</ref>. Draft.</bibl>

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