Map of London, Westminster, and Southwark facing the title page.

London Survey’d: OR, AN EXPLANATION OF THE LARGE MAP OF London. Giving a Particular Account Of the Streets and Lanes, IN THE City and Liberties. WITH The Courts, Yards, and Alleys, Churches, Halls, and Houses of Note, In every Street and Lane. AND Directions to find them in the Map. With the Names and Marks of the Wards, Parishes, and Precincts, therein Described.
By { JOHN OGILBY & WILLIAM MORGAN } His Majesty’s Cosmographers.
LONDON, Printed and Sold at the Authors House In White-Fryers. 1677.


Brief Observations OF LONDON.
NOtwithstanding the ample History of this Famous City, is design’d for One Intire Volume, and a brief Account thereof hath been given in the First Part of BRITANNIA; yet considering this will be more frequently Read, being Annex’d to the MAP, We shall make a short Repetition of some Things Memorable, of this Our Great Metropolis, LONDON:
In a large Sence, the Cities of LONDON and WESTMINSTER, with the Borough of Southwark, and whole Mass of contiguous Buildings; but in a stricter Acceptation, the City and Liberties of LONDON (as Describ’d in Our MAP) which having in Antiquity admitted of various Appellations: Is at present by the Modern French call’d Londres; by other Nations, Londra and Lunden; and in Latine, Londinum.
For Antiquity, ’tis Recorded in Cæsar above 1700 Years ago; and Corn. Tacitus, more than 1600 Years since, accounts It Famous for Commerce and Frequency of Merchants: To which, add the Mention Amm. Marcel. makes of Theodosus’s coming hither; and the Insription of a Roman Coyn in Honour of Britannicus Son of Claudius, where you have, METROPOLIS ETIMINIS BASILICOS LONDINUM, not above half a Century after Christ, to prove it both a City and a Metropolis in those Days.
CommodioThis text has been supplied. Reason: Type not (sufficiently) inked. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on guesswork. (JJ)usly situated both for Pleasure and Profit, the River of Thames washing the South-side, or dividing it from Southwark; being distatn about 60 MilThis text has been supplied. Reason: Type not (sufficiently) inked. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on guesswork. (JJ)es from the Eastern and Southern Seas; whereby ’tis equally Accommodated for Importing Merchandise from Abroad, and receiving necessary Supplies of Provisions at Home:
It may be said to be Situate on the South Limits of the County of Midlesex, or at the Conjunction of that Country with Surrey, though It is really a City and County of It self; having for four Miles to the North and South a pleasant Green Valley.
The City and Liberties contain 113 Parishes, and is Divided into six and Twenty Wards, each Govern’d by an Alderman and Deputy. It contains within the Walls 380 Acres, but within the Liberties (as ’tis in the MAP) Bounded on the South by the Thames, and on the West, North and East, with a Chain, the Line of the Freedom: It is 680 Acres; all as full of good and great Buildings as conveniency can allow. The Length from Temple-Bar in the West, to White-Chapel-Bars in the East, is 9256 Foot, or one Mile, six Furlongs, and a Pole: The Breadth is seven Furlongs and two Poles, or 4653 Foot, viz. from the Bars in Bishopsgate-street to the Bridg, One of the Remarkables of EUROPE, consisting in nineteen mighty Arches, being in Length sixty four Poles, or 1056 Foot, the fifth Part of an English Mile, accounting 8 Furlongs to a Mile, 40 Poles to a Furlong, 16 Foot and a half to a Pole.
But reckoning the adjoyning Suburbs and WESTMINSTER, and then measuring from Black-Wall inclusisive, to the End of St. James’s Street beyond Petty-France, it is seven Miles and a half; and from the End of St. Leonard Shoreditch, to the End of Blackman-street in Southwark, the Breadth from North to South, is above two Miles and a half.
The Ecclesiastical Government of the City of LONDON, is by a Bishop, who hath Precedency next to the Arch-Bishop; numbring in a continual Succession of Ten Centuries and an half, Ninety two Bishops. The Cathedral hath a Dean and Chapter, a Treasurer, and thirty Prebendaries: The Diocess contains contains Midlesex, Essex, and Part of Hertfordshire, and has Five Arch-Deacons, viz. of London, Midlesex, Essex, Colchester and St. Albans.
The old Cathedral Dedicated to St. Paul, containing in Length from East to West, six hundred and ninety Foot, in
Breadth from North to South, one hundred and thirty Foot, (Built in Form of a Cross) one hundred and two Foot in Height; adorn’d with a Tower of two hundred and sixty Foot, and a Spire of two hundred and sixty Foot more, exalting it self from the Midst of the Cross: This stately Spire cover’d with Lead, with a great Part of the Church, was Ruin’d by Fire, Anno 1561. and after several Eminent Repairs by the Bounty and Piety of Queen Elizabeth, King Charles the Martyr,1 the Bishops of Canterbury, with the Clergy, & the City of LONDON, It was at last wholly destroy’d by the dreadful Fire, September the 2, 3, and 4th. Anno Domini 1666. But by his Pious Care and Encouragement of His Sacred Majesty, upon a better Foundation is already very far advanc’d a more Glorious Structure.
The Civil Government of the City of LONDON, in the Romans Time was by a Præfect, the Title continuing three hundred Years: In the Saxons Time by a Portreeve; which after the Conquest was chang’d into, sometimes a Bailiff, and sometimes a Provost. Richard the First Granted them two Bailiffs, and King John chang’d them into into a Mayor and two Sheriffs: The Mayor with the Court of Aldermen and Common Councel, (like the three Estates in Parliament) Make Laws.
And to them is added, a Recorder, Chamberlain, Town-ClThis text has been supplied. Reason: Type not (sufficiently) inked. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (KL)erk, Common-Sergeant, Remembrancer, Vice-Chamberlain, &c.
The Militia of this City and Liberties, as it was Settled soon after His Majesty’s Restauration, in six Regiments of Train’d-Bands, and as many Auxiliaries, amount to twenty Thousand Foot, and the Horse eight hundred; the Tower Hamlets, with the Train’d-Bands of Southwark and Westminster eight Thousand five hundred more: But in Case of Necessity, there may be Rais’d at least eighty thousand able fighting Men, which being Officer’d by the Members of the Artillery-Company, Commanded by HiThis text has been supplied. Reason: Smudging dating from the original print process. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (KL)s Royal Highness, are a Force sufficient to Oppose any Enemy, either Forreign or Domestick.
The Mayor of LONDON is, during
his Mayoralty, Honor’d with the Title of Lord; Four of his Domestick Attendants are Esquires, viz. the Sword-Bearer, the Common-Hunt, the Common-Cryer, and the Water-Bayliff. He is usually Chosen on Michaelmas Day,2 and on the Twenty Ninth of October, with great State, Convey’d to Westminster, where taking his Oath, and returning to the Guild-Hall of the City, a most Magnificent Feast is Prepar’d; frequently Honor’d with the Presence of the King and Queen, Nobility, and Judges, &c. The Sheriffs of the City are Sheriffs of Midlesex also, who attending the Lord-Mayor, appear Abroad usually on Horseback, wearing Gold-chians, and on Festivals their Scarlet Gowns, worn likewise by all the Aldermen; but such who have been Lord-Mayors, wear also their Gold-Chains ever after. The Lord-Mayor has His Great Mace and Sword born before Him, and at Coronations claims to be Chief Butler.
The Traders of this City are divided into several Corporations or Companies, the twelve Principal, of one of which the Lord-Mayor is always Free, are the Mercers, Grocers, Drapers, Fish-Mongers, Gold-Smiths, Skinners, Merchant-Taylors, Haberdashers, Salters, Iron-Mongers, Vintoners, and Cloath-Workers; Whose Halls or Guilds resemble so many stately Pallaces; and their Government, not much unlike that or the City, is by a Master, Wardens, and Assistants: The rest of the Companies, to the Number of about Seventy, besides the first Twelve, have also their Halls, Governors, and Officers, with their Armorial Ensigns, &c. And are accounted One of the Glories of this Super-Eminent City.
To these We may add, the several Companies of Merchants Trading to Foreign Parts: As, Ruffia, Turky, East-India, East-Land, and Africa; whose great Adventures, Care and Conduct, for the Increase of Trade and Navigation, is (under Our Gracious Soveraign) the Glory, Riches, and Strength of not only this City, but the Kingdom also. These Merchants Meet, for the ready Dispatch of Business, twice
a-day upon the Royal-Exchange, first Built by Sr. Thomas Gresham, Anno 1566. But since the Fire more splendidly Re-built by the City and Company of Mercers.
This great and populous City is supply’d with all sorts of Provisions and Necessaries for Sustenance and Delights, as well from the Shops and Butchers-Shambles, as the many Markets, wherewith both the City and Suburbs are furnish’d, and they plentifully Stor’d both from Land and Water. The Thames, which, twice a-day, brings into her Bosom, Ships Fraught with the Rarities and Riches of the World, is also convey’d by Engines into the highest Parts of the City; which, with the several Springs and Conduits, receiving adjacent Fountains, and the New-River, brought thither at great Labor and Cost, from Ware, by Sir. Hugh Midleton, Anno 1613. so furnishes This, that no City in the World is more abundantly supply’d with Water. Neither is it less accommodated for Fuel, which is Convey’d to it by the River Thames, from New-Castle, Scotland, Kent, and Essex.
Thus have We given you a Cursory Account of this Celebrated Emporium which for Situation, Exton, Government, Magnificence, Plenty, Riches and Strength, may Challenge any European City what soever.

EXPLANATION OF THE MAP and TABLES.
We Proceed to the Explanation of the MAP, containing 25 Wards,3 122 Parishes4 and Liberties,5 and therein 189 Streets,6 153 Lanes, 522 Alleys, 458 Courts,7 and 210 Yards bearing Name.
The Broad Black Line is the City Wall. The Line of the Freedom is a Chain. The Division of the Wards, thus o o o o The Parishes, Liberties, and Precincts by a Prick-line . . . . . Each Ward and Parish is known by the Letters and Figures Distributed within their Bounds, which are plac’d in the Tables before their Names, Page 45. &c. The Wards by Capitals without Figures. The Parishes, &c. by Numbers without Letters. The Great Letters with Numbers refer to Halls, Great Buildings, and Inns. The Small Letters to Courts, Yards and Alleys, every Letter being repeated 99 times, and sprinkled in the Space of 5 Inches, running through the MAP, from the Left Hand to the Right, &c. Churches and Eminent Buildings are double Hatch’d, Streets, Lanes, Alleys, Courts, and Yards, are left White. Gardens, &c. faintly Prick’d. Where the Space admits the Name of the Place is in Words at length, but where there is not room, a Letter and Figure refers you to the Table, in which the Streets are Alphabetically dispos’d, and in every Street the Churches and Halls, Places of Note and Inns, with the Courts, Yards and Alleys, are named; then the Lanes in that Street, and the Churches, &c. as aforesaid, in each Lane.
Directions fo the ready finding of any Place.
The Figures between the Black Lines on the Left Hand of every Page, are the same that are above, below, and on the Sides of the MAP: The first Numbers are those on the Sides, and the Other those above and below; their Life is to shew in what
Part of the MAP the Street or Lane, &c. may be found: For Example, The Table begins with Addle Street, and against it you have 6-10. find 6 either on the Right or Left Side of the MAP, and guide your Eye till you come over or under 10, and in a Square of 5 Inches which those Figures Govern, you have Addle Street, and in that Square you will find B6. Plaisterers Hall, and B7. Brewers Hall, both in Addle Street; the next is 5-10 Phillip Lane, in Addle-street, yet not altogether in the same Square, but against 5 and under 10, therefore, where either the Lane or Court, &c. falls under other Numbers than those that directs to the Street, the Number is set against it; as, Aldersgate Street is in 3-8. but Black Horse Court in Aldersgate Street, is in 4-8. and Maidenhead Court in 5-9. Many Streets running through several Squares, either from East to West or North to South.
If there be no Figures nor Letters against any Name, then the Figures next above directs to the Square, and the Name is Engraven in the MAP; as, St. Botolph Aldersgate Church is in the Square made by 5-9 Again, any Letter and Figure you have in the MAP, and would know the Name of the Place, observe what Street it’s Passage is into, and that Street you readily find, being plac’d Alphabetically in the Table, and under that Street you have the Letter and Number in the MAP, and the Name of the Place; as in the Square made by 3 on the Side and 9 above, you find A18. the Street is Barbican, find Barbican in the Table, and under that Title you have 3-9 A18 The Earl of Bridgwater’s House. Not far from it, is b68 Plow Yard. And so of the Rest.

A TABLE
Directing to the Folio where each Street is to be found, Alphabetically set down.
A
Folio
ADdle Street 1
Addle Hill 1
Aldermanbury 1
Aldersgate Street 1
AThis text has been supplied. Reason: Type not (sufficiently) inked. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (KL)nsloe Street 2
AThis text has been supplied. Reason: Type not (sufficiently) inked. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (KL)ngel Street 2
B
Buckside S. Clements 2
Baldwyn’s Gardens 2
Barbican 2
Bassishaw Street 3
Beavis Marks 3
BThis text has been supplied. Reason: Type not (sufficiently) inked. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (KL)ethlehem 3
Bishopsgate Street without8 3
Bishopsgate Street within9 4
Black Fryers 4
Blow Bladder Street 5
Bread Street 5
Bread-street Hill 5
Broad Street 5
Little Brittain 6
Bucklers Bury 6
Budg Row 6
Bull and Mouth Street 6
Butcher Row 6
Back Street 6
Berry Street 6
Bristol Street 6
C
Cammomile Street 6
Cannon Street 7
Catteaton Street 7
Cheapside 8
Chiswel Street 9
Clerkenwel Close 9
Clerkenwel Green 9
Coleman Street 9
College Hill 9
Cornhil 9
Cow-Cross 10
Crutchet Fryers 10
Castle Street 11
Charles Street 11
Folio
Cloath Fair 11
Colchester Street 11
The Curtain 11
D
Dowgate Hill 11
DukThis text has been supplied. Reason: Type not (sufficiently) inked. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (KL)e’s Place 11
St. Dunstans Hill 11
Dean Street 11
Dean & flower Street 11
Dorset Street 11
E
Great Eastcheap10 11
Little Eastcheap11 12
East Smithfield 12
Eagle Street 12
Black Eagle Street 12
F
New Fashion Street 12
Fashion Street 12
Fell Street 13
Fenchurch Street 13
Finsbury 13
Old Fish Street 13
Old Fish Street Hill 14
New Fish Street 14
Fleet Street 14
Fore Street 16
Fryer Street 17
Friday Street 17
G
Garlick Hill 17
George Street 17, 18
Giltspur Street 18
Goldsmith Street 18
Goswel Street 18
Gracechurch Street 18
Grub Street 18
H
Hatton Wall Street 19
Hatton Street 19
East-Harding Street 19
West-Harding Street 19
Hart Sreet 19
Great St. Hellens 19
Little St. Hellens 19
Hockley in the Hole 19

Folio
Holborn 19
Holliwel Street 21
Hounsditch 21
I
Jewin Street 21
St. John Street 22
St. John’s Court 22
K
St. Katherines 23
New King Street 23
King Edward Street 23
King Tudor Street 23
Kirby Street 23
Knight Rider Street 23
L
Lambeth Hill 23
S. LaurencThis text has been supplied. Reason: Type not (sufficiently) inked. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (KL)e Poul. Hill 23
Leaden-Hall Street 23
Lime Street 24
Lincolns-Inn Fields 24
Liquorpond Street 24
Loathbury 24
London WThis text has been supplied. Reason: Type not (sufficiently) inked. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (KL)all 24
Ludgate Hill 25
Ludgate Street 25
Lumbard Hill 25
M
St. Martins le grand 25
St. Mary Axe 26
Milk Street 26
Minories 26
Little Minories 27
Montague Street 27
Moor Fields 27
Little Moor Fields 27
Mugwel Street 27
Middle Street 27
Monmouth Street 28
N
New Canal 28
Newgate Street 28
Noble Street 28
Norton Folgate 29
Newcastle Street 29
New Street 29
O
St. Olave Hart Street 29
Old Baily 29, 30
Old Change 30
Old Jewry 30
Old Street 30
P
Pater Noster Row 31
S. Pauls Church Yard 31
Pauls Chain 31
Great Pearl Street 32
Folio
The Postern 32
The Poultrey 32
Puddle Dock Hill 32
Pye-Corner 32
Little Pearl Street 32
St. Peters Hill 32
Petty France 32
Q
New Queen Street 32
Queen Hith 32
R
Red Cross Street 32
River Street 33
S
Saffron Hill 33
Shordeditch 33
Silver Street 33
Snow Hill 33
Southhampt. Buildings 34
The Strand 34
Sutton Street 35
Stone Cutters Street 35
Strangeway Street 35
T
Midle12 & Iner Temple 35
Thames Street 35
St. Thomas Apostles 38
Backside ST. Apostles 38
Threadneedle Street 38
Throgmorton Street 38
Tower Street 39
Great Tower Hill 39
Little Tower Hill 39
Tower Ditch 39
Tower Royal Street 40
Turn-mill Street 40
Throll Street 40
Timber Street 40
V
Vine Street 40
W
Walbrook 40
Watling Street 40
Wentford Street 40
WThis text has been supplied. Reason: Type not (sufficiently) inked. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (KL)estbury Street 41
West Smithfield 41
Wheelers Street 42
White Cross Street 42
White Chapel 43
White Fryers 44
Wich Street 44
Wood Street 44
Wormwood Street 45
Water Street 45
Winchester Street 45
Wards 45
Parishes 46, 47, 48

Advertisement.
THIS Large Map of LONDON, truly Describing all the Streets, Passages and Buildings, at an hundred Foot in an Inch; Is Sold by William Morgan, at Mr. Ogilby’s House in White-Fryers, Mr. Pask at the Stationers Arms under the Royal Exchange in Thread-Needle Street, and Mr. Green at the Rose and Crown in Budg-Row: The Price 50 s. Cloath’d, Colour’d, &c.
This is also to give Notice, that Mr. Ogilby’s English Atlas is Carry’d-on and will be finished by his Kinsman, William Morgan, His Majesty’s CoThis text has been supplied. Reason: Type not (sufficiently) inked. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (KL)smographer, at Mr. Ogilby’s House aforesaid; and all Adventurers are desir’d to send in their Names, and take out those Volumes that they want, because for the Finisbing the Survey of England, &c. there will be in Easter Term next, a general Disposal of all Mr. Ogilby’s Books, at a greater Advantage to the Adventurers than hath been formerly propos’d or ever will be again.
And because several counterfeit Books and Maps, notoriously False especially of London, have been and others are Preparing to be Publish’d, You are Desir’d to Receive no Book or Map for Part of the Atlas or Survey, that hath not the Names of John Ogilby or William Morgan or both.

Notes

  1. After his execution on 30 January 1649, Charles I was given the epithet the Martyr by high church Anglicans who praised him for refusing to give up episcopacy. (KL)
  2. Celebrated 29 September. (KL)
  3. For a list of wards in early modern London, see Wards in MoEML’s Placeography. (KL)
  4. For a list of parishes in early modern London, see Parishes in MoEML’s Placeography. (KL)
  5. For a list of liberties in early modern London, see Liberties in MoEML’s Placeography. (KL)
  6. For a list of streets in early modern London, see Streets in MoEML’s Placeography. (KL)
  7. For a list of inns of court in early modern London, see Inns of Court in MoEML’s Placeography. (KL)
  8. Refers to the section of Bishopsgate Street that is outside the Wall. (KL)
  9. Refers to the section of Bishopsgate Street that is inside the Wall. (KL)
  10. Refers to the section of Eastcheap that is west of New Fish Street and Gracechurch Street. (KL)
  11. Refers to the section of Eastcheap that is east of New Fish Street and Gracechurch Street. (KL)
  12. I.e., Middle Temple. (KL)

Cite this page

MLA citation

Ogilby, John, and William Morgan. Excerpt from London Survey’d. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 6.6, edited by Janelle Jenstad, U of Victoria, 30 Jun. 2021, mapoflondon.uvic.ca/edition/6.6/OGIL5.htm.

Chicago citation

Ogilby, John, and William Morgan. Excerpt from London Survey’d. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 6.6. Ed. Janelle Jenstad. Victoria: University of Victoria. Accessed June 30, 2021. mapoflondon.uvic.ca/edition/6.6/OGIL5.htm.

APA citation

Ogilby, J., & Morgan, W. 2021. Excerpt from London Survey’d. In J. Jenstad (Ed), The Map of Early Modern London (Edition 6.6). Victoria: University of Victoria. Retrieved from https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/editions/6.6/OGIL5.htm.

RIS file (for RefMan, RefWorks, EndNote etc.)

Provider: University of Victoria
Database: The Map of Early Modern London
Content: text/plain; charset="utf-8"

TY  - ELEC
A1  - Ogilby, John
A1  - Morgan, William
ED  - Jenstad, Janelle
T1  - Excerpt from London Survey’d
T2  - The Map of Early Modern London
ET  - 6.6
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/06/30
CY  - Victoria
PB  - University of Victoria
LA  - English
UR  - https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/edition/6.6/OGIL5.htm
UR  - https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/edition/6.6/xml/standalone/OGIL5.xml
ER  - 

TEI citation

<bibl type="mla"><author><name ref="#OGIL6"><surname>Ogilby</surname>, <forename>John</forename></name></author>, and <author><name ref="#MORG2"><forename>William</forename> <surname>Morgan</surname></name></author>. <title level="a">Excerpt from <title level="m">London Survey’d</title></title>. <title level="m">The Map of Early Modern London</title>, Edition <edition>6.6</edition>, edited by <editor><name ref="#JENS1"><forename>Janelle</forename> <surname>Jenstad</surname></name></editor>, <publisher>U of Victoria</publisher>, <date when="2021-06-30">30 Jun. 2021</date>, <ref target="https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/edition/6.6/OGIL5.htm">mapoflondon.uvic.ca/edition/6.6/OGIL5.htm</ref>.</bibl>

Documents relating to Ogilby and Morgan

MoEML has split our edition of Ogilby and Morgan into two files: OGIL5 is the diplomatic transcription of all textual elements; OGIL5_toponyms is the a born-digital harvesting of the toponyms from the source that does not attempt to retain any styling or other bibliographical features of the original.

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