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Woodcut of the crest of the Mayor of London with an I on the left, M above, and W on the right.
By the Mayor.1
To the Alderman of the Ward of2
FOrasmuch as the Lords day, commonly called Sunday, is of late much broken and prophaned, by a disorderly sort of people, in frequenting Tavernes, Alehouses, and the like, and in carrying and putting to sale Victuall,3 and other things, and exercising unlawfull Games and pastimes, to the great dishonour of God, and reproach of Religion. These are therefore to will and require you, in his Maiesties4 name, forthwith upon sight hereof, to give strict charge and command unto all and every the Churchwardens and Constables within your Ward, that from henceforth they doe not permit or suffer any person or persons, in the time of divine Service, or at any time upon the Lords day, to be tipling5 in any Taverne, Inne, Tobaccoshop, Alehouse, or other Victualling house whatsoever,6 nor suffer any Fruiterers, or Herb-women, to stand with Fruite, Herbes, or other Victuall or Wares, in any Streetes, Lanes, or Allies, within your Ward, or any other wayes, to put those or any other things to sale on that day, at any time of the day, or in the evening thereof, or any Milkewomen to cry milke on that day, in any the Streetes, or places aforesaid, nor to permit or suffer any person or persons to use or exercise upon that day their labour in unlading any vessels of Fruite, or other Goods, and carrying Goods on shore, or in the streetes, or to doe any unlawfull exercises and pastimes, within your Ward, and that expresse charge be given to every keeper of any Taverne, Inne, Cookes-shop, Tobacco house, Alehouse, or any other Tipler or Victualler whatsoever within your Ward, that hereafter they receive not or suffer to remaine any person or persons whatsoever as their guests or Customers, to Tipple, Eate, Drinke, or take Tobacco in their Houses upon the Lords day, other then that Inholders may receive their Ordinary Guests, or Travellers7 and such like, who come to remaine for a time in their Inne, for dispatch of their necessary businesse. And if any person or persons, shall bee found offending in the premises, that then they bee brought before me the Lord Mayor, or some other of his Maiesties Iustices of the peace, to the end they may receive such punishment as to Iustice shall appertaine. And hereof not to faile, as you will answer the contrary at your perill. This second of November, 1643.
Printed by Richard Cotes, Printer to the Honourable City of LONDON.


  1. In November 1643, the lord mayor of London was John Wollaston (MASL). (SKC)
  2. A blank appears here; presumably the name of each ward would be written in by hand after the document was distributed. For a list of wards in early modern London, see Wards in the Placeography. (SKC)
  3. Whatever is normally required, or may naturally be used, for consumption in order to support life; food or provisions of any kind (OED victual, n.1.a). (TLG)
  4. I.e., Charles I. (KL)
  5. Depending on use, tipling can mean either [t]o sell (ale or other strong drink) by retail (OED tipple, v.1.a) or [t]o drink of intoxicating liquor: in earlier use, to drink freely or hard; to booze (OED tipple, v.2.a). Specific use here is uncertain. (TLG)
  6. For a list of victualling houses in early modern London, see Victualling Houses in the Placeography. (TLG)
  7. See Tourists for more information. (JT)
  8. An abbreviation for Michaelmas term, which ran from 29 September to 24 December. (SKC)


Cite this page

MLA citation

Mayor of London. Sabbath Orders. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 7.0, edited by Janelle Jenstad, U of Victoria, 05 May 2022,

Chicago citation

Mayor of London. Sabbath Orders. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 7.0. Ed. Janelle Jenstad. Victoria: University of Victoria. Accessed May 05, 2022.

APA citation

Mayor of London. 2022. Sabbath Orders. In J. Jenstad (Ed), The Map of Early Modern London (Edition 7.0). Victoria: University of Victoria. Retrieved from

RIS file (for RefMan, RefWorks, EndNote etc.)

Provider: University of Victoria
Database: The Map of Early Modern London
Content: text/plain; charset="utf-8"

A1  - Mayor of London
ED  - Jenstad, Janelle
T1  - Sabbath Orders
T2  - The Map of Early Modern London
ET  - 7.0
PY  - 2022
DA  - 2022/05/05
CY  - Victoria
PB  - University of Victoria
LA  - English
UR  -
UR  -
ER  - 

TEI citation

<bibl type="mla"><author><name ref="#MAYO2" type="org">Mayor of London</name></author>. <title level="a">Sabbath Orders</title>. <title level="m">The Map of Early Modern London</title>, Edition <edition>7.0</edition>, edited by <editor><name ref="#JENS1"><forename>Janelle</forename> <surname>Jenstad</surname></name></editor>, <publisher>U of Victoria</publisher>, <date when="2022-05-05">05 May 2022</date>, <ref target=""></ref>.</bibl>