THe next is Castle Baynard Warde, so named
of an olde Castle there, this Ward beginneth
in the East, on the Thames side, at an house
called Huntington house, and runneth West
by Powles Wharffe, by Baynards Castle,
Puddle Wharffe, and by the South side of
Blacke Frers. Then turning by the East
Wall of the sayde Fryers, to the South
west ende of Creede Lane. Then on the North side of Thames
, ouer against Huntington house, by Saint Peters Church
and lane, called Peter hill, along till ouer against Puddle Wharffe:
and then North vp by the great Wardrobe, to the west ende of
Carter lane. Then vp Creede lane, Auemary lane, and a péece
of Pater Noster Rowe, to the signe of the Golden lyon, and backe
againe, vp Warwicke lane, all the East side thereof, to the signe
of the Crowne
by Newgate Market: and this is the farthest North
part of this Warde.
Then out of Thames stréete be lanes assending North to
Knightriders stréete: the first, is Peter hill lane, all of that Ward,
(two houses excepted, adioyning to Saint Peters church.) The
next is Powles Wharffe hill, which thwarting Knightriders stréet,
and Carter lane, goeth vp to the South Chaine of Powles church

Then is Adlestréete, ouer against the West part of Baynards
, going vp by the West ende of Knightrydars stréete, and to
Carter Lane. Thus much for Lanes out of Thames stréete. The
one halfe of the West side of Lambard Hill Lane being of this
Warde, at the Northwest ende thereof, on the South side, and
at the West ende of Saint Mary Maudlins Church on the North
side, beginneth Knightridars stréete to be of this Warde, and run
neth West on both sides to the Parish Church of Saint Andrew
by the Wardrobe
Then at the said East end of S. Magdalens Church, goeth vp
the Old Exchange, all the west side whereof, vp to the southeast gate
of Powles church yard
, and by S. Austins church, is of this Ward.
About the midst of this Olde Exchaunge, on the West side thereof,
is Carter Lane, which runneth West to the East entry of the Black
, and the south ende of Creede Lane, out of the which Car
ter Lane
, descendeth a Lane called Doo little Lane, and commeth
into Knightrider stréete, by the Boores head Tauerne: and more
West, is Sermon Lane, by an Inne called the Powle head. Then
out of Carter Lane, on the North side thereof, the South Chaine
of Powles church yarde
, and the church yarde it selfe on that south
side of Powles church, the church of Saint Gregory, the Bi
Poppes Pallace
, and the Deanes lodging, be all of this Ward:
and such be the boundes thereof. The Ornaments in this Ward,
be Parish churches 4. Of olde time a castle: Diuers Noblemens
houses. Halles of Companies twaine. And such others, as shall be
In Thames stréete, at the Southeast end, is an auncient mes
suage, of olde time called Bewmounts Inne, as belonging to that
family of Noblemen of this realme, in the 4. of Edward the 3. Ed
the 4
. in the 5. of his raigne, gaue it to William Hastings,
Lord Chamberlaine, Maister of his Mints. It is now called Hun
, as belonging to the Earles of Huntington. Next
is Powles Wharfe, a large landing place, with a common staire
vpon the Riuer of Thames, at the end of a stréete called Powles
Wharfe Hill
, which runneth downe from Powles chaine. Next
is a great Messuage called Scrupes Inne, sometime belonging to
the Scrupes, in the 31. of Henry the 6.

Then is one other great Messuage sometime belonging to the
Abbey of Fiscampe, beyond the Sea, and by reason of the warres,
it comming to the handes of King Edward the 3. the same was
giuen to Syr Symon Burley, Knight of the Garter, and there
fore called Burley House in Thames streete, betweene Baynards
and Powles Wharfe.
Then haue you Baynards Castle, whereof this whole Ward
taketh the name. This Castle Banquethe on the Riuer Thames,
and was called Bainards castle, of Baynard, a noble man that came
in with William the Conquerour, of the which Castle, and of
Baynard himselfe, I haue spoken in an other place. There was
also a Messuage by Baynardes Castle, called Legates Inne, in
the 7. of Edward the fourth, where be now diuers Wood Wharfes.
Then is there a great Brewhouse, and Puddle Wharfe, a water
gate into the Thames, where horses vse to be watered, and therfore
being filed with their trampeling, and made puddle like, it is (as I
suppose) called Puddle Wharfe. Then is there a Lane, betwéene
the Blacke Friars and the Thames, called in the 26. of Ed. the 3.
Castle Lane. In this Lane also, is one great Messuage, of olde time
belonging to the Priorie of Okeborne in Wilshire, and was the
Priors lodging when he repaired to London. This Priory being of
the French order, was suppressed by H. the 5. and with other lands
and Tenements pertaining to the said Priory, was by H. the 6. gi
uen to his Colledge in Cambridge, called now the kings Colledge.
About this Castle Lane, was sometime a Mill, or Mils,
A Mill or Mils
by Baynards
to the Templars of the New Temple, as appeareth of Record: for
King Iohn in the first yeare of his raigne, graunted a place on the
Fléete, neare vnto Baynards Castle, to make a Mill, and the whole
course of water of the Fléete, to serue the said Mill.
I read also that in the yeare 1274. the 2. of E. the I. Ri. Rayson
and Atheline his wife, did giue to Nicholas de Musely Clark, ten
shillings of yearly frée and quiet rent, out of all his Tenements, with
the houses therupon built, and their appurtenances, which they had
of the demise of the M. and
Soke Court or
Warde per
taining to Ri
chard Fitzwa
brethren of Knights Templars in Eng
, next to their Mill of Fléete, ouer against the houses to Laurence
de Brooke
, in the parish of S. Andrew, next to Baynard Castle:
which Tenements lyeth betwéene the way, leading towards The special character yͤ (LATIN SMALL LETTER Y WITH LATIN SMALL LETTER E ABOVE) does not display on all browsers and has been replaced by its simplified said

Mill on the West part. Also in the rights belonging to Robert Fitz
and to his heires, in the Citie of London, in the time of
peace, it was declared in the yeare 1303. that the saide Robert
Castillon of London, and Banner bearer, had a soke (or Warde)
in the Cittie, that was by the wall of Saint Paule, as men goe
downe the stréete before the Brewhouse of Saint Paule vnto the
Thames, and so to the side of the Mill, which is in the water that
commeth downe from Fléete Bridge, and goeth so by London
walles, betwixt the Fryars Preachers Church, and Ludgate,
and so runneth backe by the house of the saide Fryars, vnto the
saide Common wall of the Chanory of Saint Paule: that is all
of the Parish of Saint Andrew, which is in the gift of his Aun
cestors by senioritie, as more I haue shewed in the Castles.
Now here is to be noted, that the walles of London at that
time went straight South from Ludgate, downe to the Riuer of
, but for building of the Blacke-Fryars church, the saide
wall in that place, was by commandement taken downe, and a
new wall was then made, straight West from Ludgate to Fléete
, and then by the water of Fléete, to the Riuer of Tha
, &c.
In the yeare 1307. the 35. of Edward the first, in a Parliament
at Carlile, Henry Lacie Earle of Lincolne, complained of Noyan
ces done to the water of the Fléete: Wherupon it was granted, that
the said Mill should be remoued and destroyed.
Mill by Bay
nards Castle
This Warde ascen
deth vp by the East wall of the blacke-Fryars, to the South West
ende of Creede Lane, where it endeth on that side. Then to begin
again on The special character yͤ (LATIN SMALL LETTER Y WITH LATIN SMALL LETTER E ABOVE) does not display on all browsers and has been replaced by its simplified North side of Thames stréete ouer against Huntington
by Saint Peters Church and Lane, called Peter Hill, and so
to S. Benet, Hude (or Hithe) ouer against Paules Wharfe, a pro
per parish Church, which hath the Monuments of Sir W. Cheiny
knight, and Margaret his wife, 1442. buried there. West from this
church, by the southend of Adlestréet, almost against Pudle wharfe,
there is one auncient building of stone & timber, builded by the lords
of Barkley, and therfore called Barklies Inne. This house is now all
in ruine, and letten out in seuerall Tenements, yet the armes of the
Lord Barkley remaine in the stone worke of an arched gate, and is
betwéene a Cheuron crosses, 10. thrée, thrée, and foure.

Richard Beauchampe Earle of Warwicke, was lodged in this
house, then called Barklies Inne, in the Parish of Saint Andrew,
in the raigne of Henry the 6. Then turning vp towards the North,
is the parish church of S. Andrew in The special character yͤ (LATIN SMALL LETTER Y WITH LATIN SMALL LETTER E ABOVE) does not display on all browsers and has been replaced by its simplified Wardrobe, a proper church,
but fewe Monuments hath it. Then is the kings great Wardrobe,
I haue not read by whom the same was builded, neither when, or for
what cause, but only that Sir Iohn Beauchampe, knight of The special character yͤ (LATIN SMALL LETTER Y WITH LATIN SMALL LETTER E ABOVE) does not display on all browsers and has been replaced by its simplified Gar
ter, Constable of Douer, Warden of the Sinke Ports (son to Gwi
do de Beauchampe
, Earle of Warwicke) was lodged there: this
house then bearing the name of the Kings Wardrobe, in the 5. of E.
the 3
. The saide Iohn Beauchampe deceased in the yeare 1359.
and was buried on the South side of the middle Ile of Powles
In this house of late yeares, is lodged Sir Iohn Fortescue,
knight, Maister of the Wardrobe, Chancellor and vnder Treasu
rer of the Exchequer, and one of her Maiesties Priuy Councel. The
secret letters & writings touching the estate of the realme, were wont
to be introlled in the kings Wardrobe, and not in the Chauncery, as
appeareth by the Records. Claus. 18. E. 4 I. Mendo, 13. Claus. 33.
E. I. Memb. 3. Et liberat. I. E. 2. Memb. 4. &c. From this Ward
by the West end of Carter Lane, then vp Creede Lane, Aue
, a péece of Pater Noster Rowe, vp Warwicke Lane,
all the East side, to a Brewhouse called The special character yͤ (LATIN SMALL LETTER Y WITH LATIN SMALL LETTER E ABOVE) does not display on all browsers and has been replaced by its simplified Crown, as I said is of this
ward. Touching Lanes ascending out of Thames stréet, to Knight
rydars stréete
, the first is, Peters Hill, wherein I finde no matter of
note, more then certaine Almes houses,
Almes houses
for 6. poore
lately founded on the West
side thereof, by Dauid Smith Imbroderer, for 6. poore widows, wher
of each to haue 20.s. by the yeare.
At the vpper ende of this Lane towards the North, the corner
houses there, be called Peters Key, but the reason thereof I haue
not heard. Then is Powles Wharfe Hill, on the East side where
of is Woodmongers Hall. And next adioyning, Garter House,
so called of the Office there kept by Garter King of Heraults, and
other Heraults. This house was sometime belonging to the Stan
, for Thomas Stanley first Earle of Darby of that name, who
married the Lady Margaret, Countesse of Richmond, mother to
Henry the seuenth, in his time builded it.

This text is the corrected text. The original is G (KL)Castle Baynard Warde.
Quéene Mary gaue to Gilbert Dethike, then Garter principall
King of armes of English men, Thomas Hawley Clarentioules
King of armes of the South parts, William Haruy Alias Norey,
King of armes of the North parts, and the other Heraults and Pur
seuants of armes, and to their successors, all the same Capitall mes
suage, or house called Darby house, with the appurtenances, scituate
in the Parish of Saint Benet and Saint Peter, then being in the
tenure of Sir Richard Sackuile Knight, and lately parcell of the
lands of Edward Earle of Darbie, &c. To the ende that the
sayde Kings of Armes, Heraults and Purseuants of Armes,
and their successors, might at their liking dwell togither, and at
méete times, to congregate, speake, conferre, and agrée a
mong themselues, for the good gouernment of their facultie, and their
records might be more safely kept, &c. Dated the eightéenth of Iuly,
. Philip and Mary the first and third yeare. Then higher vp,
neare the South chayne of Powles church yarde, is the Powle head
, which house with the appurtenances, was of olde time
called Powles Brewhouse, for that the same was so imployed, but
being since left off, and letten out.
On the West side of this stréete, is one other great house buil
ded of stone, which belongeth to Powles church, and was sometime
letten to the Blunts Lords Mountioy, but of later time to a Col
ledge in Cambridge, and from them to the Doctors of the Ciuill
Law and Arches, who kept a commons there, and many of them be
ing there lodged, it is called the Doctors Commons. Aboue this on
the same side, was one other great building, ouer against Powles
, and this was called Powles Bakehouse, and
was imploied in baking of bread, for the church of Powles. In Adle
or Lane, I finde no monuments.
In Lambart hill Lane on the West side therof, adioyning to
the North side of the Blacke Smithes Hall, haue yee one plot of
grounde inclosed with a bricke wall, for a Church yarde
Church yard
of S. Mary
or burying
plot for the dead, of Saint Mary Magdalens by olde Fishstréete.
Which was giuen to that vse, by Iohn Iwarbie an Officer in the
receit of the Exchequer, in the twentie six yeare of Henry the sixt, as
appeareth by patent. Iohn Iwarby &c. gaue a péece of land lying

boyde in the Parish of Saint Mary Magdalen nigh to olde Fish
, betwéene the Tenement of Iohn Phipot on the South,
and the Tenement of Bartholomewe Burwashe on the West,
and the Tenement pertayning to the Couent of Holly-well,
on the North, and the waye vppon Lambards hill, on the
East, for a Church-yarde to the Parson, Church War
dens, &c.
Ouer against the North West ende of this Lambard hill
in Knightriders streete, is the Parish Church of Saint
Mary Magdalen
, a small Church, hauing but fewe Monu
On the West side of this Church, by the Porche there
of, is placed a Conduit, or Cisterne of Leade, Castelated with
stone for receit of Thames water, conueyed at the charges of
the before named Barnard Randolph Esquire. By the East
ende of Sant Mary Magdalens Church, runneth vp the olde
Exchange Lane
, by the West end of Carter Lane, to the South-east
gate or chayne, or of Powles Church yarde as is before shewed.
And in this part was the Exchange kept, and Bullion was receiued
for Coynage, as is noted in Faringdon Warde within.
In this Parish of Saint Mary Magdalen, out of Knightriders
vp to Carter Lane, be two small Lanes, the one of them called
Doo little Lane. The other Sermon Lane, or Sheremoniers Lane,
the reason of their names so giuen, I haue not learned, but I finde
Sermon Lane or Sheremoniers Lane, so called in the fouretéenth of
Edward the first
, and a place there, to be called the blacke loft, with
foure shops adioyning. I finde also that in the thirtéenth of Ri
the second
, William de la Pole had an house there, it
may bee supposed that Lane to take name of such as cutte and
rounded the plats to bee coyned into Esterling pence, for
the place of Coyning was in the olde Exchaunge neare vnto
In Knightriders stréete, is the Colledge of Phisitians, wher
in was founded in the yeare one thouſand fiue hundred eightie two,
Lecture in
to be read.

a publike Lecture in Surgerye, to bee read twice euery wéeke, &c.
as is shewed elsewhere.
In the South Church yard of Powles, is the South side, and

This text is the corrected text. The original is G (KL)Castle Baynard Warde.
West ende of the saide church:
West Gates
of Powles
In the which West ende, be thrée
stately Gates, or Entries, curiously wrought of stone, namely the
middle gate, in the midst whereof, is placed a massie Pillar of brasse,
wherevnto the leaues of the saide great Gate are closed and
Gates of Pauls
, blown
ned, with lockes, bolts, and barres of yron: All which notwithstan
ding, on the 24. of December, in the yeare 1565. by a tempest of
winde then rising from the West, these Gates were blowne open,
the barres, boltes, and lockes, broken in sunder, or greatly bended.
Also on the 5. of Ianuary, in the yeare 1589. by a like Tempest
of winde then in the South West, the lesser West Gate of the
saide church next to the Bishoppes Pallace was broken, both
boltes, barres, and lockes, so that the same was blowne ouer.
At either corner of this West ende, is also of auncient buil
ding, a strong Tower of stone, made for bell Towers, the one
of them, to wit, next to the Pallace, is at this present to the vse of
the same Pallace, the other towardes the South, is called the
Lowlardes Tower,
For Lowlards
, Reade
M. Foxe.
and hath béene vsed as the Bishoppes Pri
son, for such as were detected for opinions in Religion, contrary
to the faith of the church.
The last prisoner which I haue knowne committed thereto,
was in the yeare 1573. one Peter Burchet, Gentleman of the
middle Temple, for hauing desperately wounded, and minding
to haue murthered a seruiceable Gentleman named Iohn Haw
Esquire, in the high stréete neare vnto the Strande, who
béeing taken and examined, was founde to holde certaine opi
nions erronious, and therefore committed thither, and conuic
ted, but in the ende by perswasion, hée promised to obiure his
heresies: and was by commaundement of the Councell, remoo
ued from thence to the Tower of London, &c. where hee com
mitted, as in an other place I haue at large reported.
Adioyning to this Lowlardes Tower, is the Parish church
of Saint Gregorie
, appoynted to the Pettie Cannons of Powles.
Monuments of note I knowe none there.
The rest of that South side of Saint Paules Church, with
the Chapter House (a bewtifull péece of woorke, builded about
the raigne of Edward the third) is now defaced, by meanes of

Lysences graunted to Cutlers, Budget makers, and other, first
to builde lowe sheddes, but now higher Houses, which do hide
that beautifull side of the Church, saue only the toppe and South
On the North West side of this Church yarde, is the Bi
shoppes Pallace
, a large thing for receipte, wherein diuers
Kinges haue beene lodged, and greate housholde hath beene
kepte, as appeareth by the greate Hall, whiche of late yeares
since the rebatement of Bishoppes liuinges, hath not beene fur
nished with housholde meynie and Guestes, as was meant by
the builders thereof, and was of olde time vsed.
The Deanes lodging on the other side, directly agaynst
the Pallace, is a faire olde House, and also diuers large hou
ses, are on the same side builded, whiche yet remaine, and of
olde time were the Lodgings of Prebendaries and Residenciars,
whiche kept great housholdes, and liberall hospitalitie, but now
either decayed, or otherwise conuerted.
Then is the Stacioners Hall
The StaThis text has been supplied. Reason: The text is not clear for some reason not covered by other values of @reason. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (SM)c2io
nars Hall
on the same side, lately buil
ded for them. And let this bee an ende of Baynardes Castle
, whiche hath an Alderman, his Deputie. Common
Councell 9. Constables 10. Scauingers 7. Wardmote In
quest, 14. and a Beadle. And to the Fiftéencis taxed at 12.


  1. Stow here means Robert Fitzwalter. (JZ)
  2. Unclear; context obvious. (SM)

Cite this page

MLA citation

Stow, John, and William fitz-Stephen. Survey of London (1598): Castle Baynard Ward. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 6.6, edited by Janelle Jenstad, U of Victoria, 30 Jun. 2021,

Chicago citation

Stow, John, and William fitz-Stephen. Survey of London (1598): Castle Baynard Ward. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 6.6. Ed. Janelle Jenstad. Victoria: University of Victoria. Accessed June 30, 2021.

APA citation

Stow, J., & fitz-Stephen, W. 2021. Survey of London (1598): Castle Baynard Ward. In J. Jenstad (Ed), The Map of Early Modern London (Edition 6.6). Victoria: University of Victoria. Retrieved from

RIS file (for RefMan, RefWorks, EndNote etc.)

Provider: University of Victoria
Database: The Map of Early Modern London
Content: text/plain; charset="utf-8"

A1  - Stow, John
A1  - fitz-Stephen, William
ED  - Jenstad, Janelle
T1  - Survey of London (1598): Castle Baynard Ward
T2  - The Map of Early Modern London
ET  - 6.6
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/06/30
CY  - Victoria
PB  - University of Victoria
LA  - English
UR  -
UR  -
ER  - 

TEI citation

<bibl type="mla"><author><name ref="#STOW6"><surname>Stow</surname>, <forename>John</forename></name></author>, and <author><name ref="#FITZ1"><forename>William</forename> <surname>fitz-Stephen</surname></name></author>. <title level="a">Survey of London (1598): Castle Baynard Ward</title>. <title level="m">The Map of Early Modern London</title>, Edition <edition>6.6</edition>, edited by <editor><name ref="#JENS1"><forename>Janelle</forename> <surname>Jenstad</surname></name></editor>, <publisher>U of Victoria</publisher>, <date when="2021-06-30">30 Jun. 2021</date>, <ref target=""></ref>.</bibl>