THe next is Bishopsgate Warde, whereof a part
is without the gate, and of the suburbes from the
barres, by S. Mary Spittle, to Bishopsgate,
and a part of Hounds ditch, almost halfe thereof,
also without the wall is of the same Warde.
Then within the gate is Bishopsgate stréete, so

called of the gate, to a Pumpe where sometime was a fayre well
with two buckets by the East end of the parish church of Saint
Martine Otoswich
, and then winding by the West coThis text has been supplied. Reason: Type not (sufficiently) inked. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (SM)rner of
Leaden Hall, downe Grasse streete to the corner ouer against
Grasse Church, and this is the boundes of that ward.
Monumentes there most to bee noted, are these: the parish
Church of S. Buttolph without Bishopsgate in a faire Church
yarde, adioyning to the Towne ditch vpon the very banke there
of, but of old time inclosed with a comely wall of bricke, lately re
payred by Sir William Allen Mayor, in the yeare 1571. be
cause he was borne in that parish, where also he was buried.
Now without this Churchyard wall is a causeway leading
to a quadrant, called Petie Fraunce, of Frenchmen dwelling
there, and to other dwelling houses, lately builded on the banke of
the saide ditch by some citizens of London, that more regarded
their owne priuate gaine, then the common good of the Citie: for
by meanes of this causeway raised on the banke, and soylage of
houses, with other filthines cast into the ditch, the same is nowe
forced to a narrow channell, and almost filled vp with vnsauorie
things, to the daunger of impoysoning the whole citie.
Next vnto the parish church of S. Buttolph, is a fayre Inne
for receipt of trauellers: then an Hospitall of S. Mary of Bethe
, founded by Simon Fitz Mary one of the Sheriffes of Lon
, in the yeare 1246. he founded it to haue beene a Priorie of
Cannons with brethren and sisters, and king Edward the thirde
granted a protection, which I haue seene for the brethren, Miliciæ
beatæ Mariæ de Bethlem
, within the citie of London, the 14.
yeare of his raigne
. It was an Hospitall for distracted people: the
Mayor and communaltie purchased the patronage thereof with al
the lands and tenements thereuuto belonging, in the yeare 1546
the same yeare King Henry the eight gaue the Hospitall
thereof vnto the citie: the Church and chappell whereof were ta
ken downe in the raigne of Quéene Elizabeth, and houses builded
there, by the Gouernors of Christes Hospitall in London. In
this place people that be distraight in wits, are by the suite of their
friendes receyued and kept as afore it was vsed, but not without
charges to their bringers in. In the yere 1569. Sir Thomas Roe

Merchant Taylor Mayor, caused to bee inclosed with a wall of
bricke, about one acre of ground, being part of the said Hospitall
of Bethelem
, to wit,
Buriall for the
dead prepared
Deepe ditch
by Bethelem.
on the west, on the bancke of déepe ditch, so
called, parting the said hospitall of Bethlem from the More field:
this be did for burial, in ease of such parishes in London as wan
ted ground, conuenient within their parishes. The Ladie his wife
was there buried (by whose persuasion he inclosed it) but himselfe
borne in London was buried in the parish church of Hackney.
From this Hospitall Northward vpon the stréetes side many
houses haue beene builded with alleyes backeward, of late time too
much pestered with people (a great cause of infection) vp to the
The other side of this high street from Bishopsgate, & Hounds
: the first building is a large Inne for receipt of trauellers,
then a faire house of late builded by the Lord Iohn Powlet. Next
to that a farre more large and beautifull house with gardens of
pleasure, bowling alleyes, and such like, builded by Iasper Fisher
free of the Goldsmithes, late one of the sixe Clearkes of the
Chauncery, and a Iustice of peace. It hath since for a time beene
the Earle of Oxfords place. The Quéenes Maiestie Elizabeth
hath lodged there. It now belongeth to M. Cornewallos. This
house being so largely and sumptuously builded by a man of no
greater calling or possessions, was mockingly called Fishers Fol
, and a Rithme was made of it, and other the like in this man
ner; Kirkebies Castle, and Fishers Folly, Spinilas Pleasure,
and Megses glorie, and so of other such like buildinges about the
Citie. From Fishers Folly vp to the West end of Hogge Lane,
which commeth from the barres without Aldegate, as is afore
shewed, is a continuall building of tenements, with alleyes of cot
tages, pestered, &c. Then is there a large close, called Tasell close,
sometime for that there were Tassels planted for the vse of Cloth
workers: since letten to the Crossebow makers, wherein they
vsed to shoote for games at the Popingey: now the same being in
closed with a bricke wall, serueth to be an Artillerie yarde, where
vnto the Gunners of the Tower doe weekely repaire, namely e
uery thurseday, and there leuelling certaine Brasse peeces of great
Artillerie against a butte of earth, made for that purpose, they dis

charge them for their exercise.
Then haue ye the late dissolued Priorie and hospital of our bles
sed Ladie commonly called S. Mary Spittle, founded for Canons
regular, by a citizen of London named VValter Brune, & Rosya
his wife, in the yere 1235. This Hospital was at the suppression
valued so dispend 478. pound, &c. Where besides the ornamentes
of the Church, and goods pertayning to the Hospitall, there was
found standing one hundreth and fourescore beddes, well furnished
for receipt of the poore of charitie: for it was an Hospitall
of greate reliefe. There lyeth buried Sir Henry Plesington
Knight, 1452.
In place of this Hospital, and neere adioyning, are now many
faire houses builded, for receipt and lodging of worshipfull
and honorable persons. Apart of the large churchyard pertaining
to this Hospitall, and seuered from the rest with a
Pulpit Crosse
at the Spittle.
bricke wall,
yet remayneth, (as of old time) with a pulpet crosse therein, some
what like to that in Paules churchyard: and against the said pulpit
on the south side, before the chernell and chappell of S. Edmonde
the Bishop: and Mary Magdalen
remaineth also one fayre buil
ded house of two stories in height for the Mayor and other hono
rable persons, with the Aldermen and Sheriffes to sit in, there to
heare the Sermons preached vpon Easter holy dayes. In the loft
ouer them, the Ladies and Aldermens wiues doe stand at a fayre
window or sit at their pleasure. And here it is to be noted, that
time out of minde, it hath bin a laudable custome that on good fri
day in the after noone some especial learned man by appoyntmēt of
The special character yͤ (LATIN SMALL LETTER Y WITH LATIN SMALL LETTER E ABOVE) does not display on all browsers and has been replaced by its simplified prelats doth preach a sermon at Paules crosse, treating of Christs
passion. And vpon the three next Easter holidayes, Monday,
Tuesday, and Wednesday, the like learned men by the like ap
pointment doe vse to preach on the fore noon at the said Spittle,
to perswad the articles of Christs resurrection, and then on low Sō
day before noon one other learned man at Paules crosse is to
make rehersall of those fowre former sermons, either commen
ding or reprouing them, as to him by iudgment of the lerned di
uines is thought conuenient: And that done he is to make a ser
mon of himselfe, which in all were fiue Sermons in one. At these
Sermons so seuerally preached, the Maior with his Brethren, the

Aldermen are accustomed to be present in their Uiolets at Paules,
on Good Friday, and in their Scarlets, both they and their wiues,
at the Spittle in the Holy daies (except Wednesday in Uiolet)
and the Maior with his Brethren, on Low Sunday in Scarlet,
at Paules Crosse. Touching the antiquitie of this custome, I
finde none other, then that in the yeare, 1398. the 22. of Richard
the second
: that the king hauing procured from Rome, confirma
tion of such statutes, and ordinances, as were made in the Parli
ament, (begunne at Westminster, and ended at Shreusbery, he
caused the same confirmation to be read and pronounced at Pauls
, and at S. Marie Spittle in the Sermons before all the
people: Philip Malpas one of the Sheriffes in the yere 1439.
the 18. of Henry the sixt, gaue twentie shillinges by yeare to the
three Preachers at the Spittle. Stephen Forstar Maior, in the
yeare 1454. gaue fortie pound to the Preachers at Paules Crosse
and Spittle. I finde also that the aforesaide house, wherein the
Maior and Aldermen
House in S.
Marie Spittle

builded for the
Maior and
Pulpit Crosse
in Spittle
church yarde

new builded.
A house in
Spittle church
for the gouer
ners and chil
dren of christs
Buriall of the
Romaines in
Spittle fielde.
Olde monu
mentes of the
do sit at the Spittle, was builded for that
purpose, of the goodes, and by the Executors of Richard Rawson
Alderman and Isabell his wife, in the yere 1488. In the yere
1594. this Pulpit being old, was taken downe, and a new set vp:
and the Preachers face turned towardes the south, which
was before towardes the west, also a large house on the east side
of the saide Pulpit, was then builded for the gouernors and chil
dren of Christes Hospitall to sit in: and this was done of the
goodes of William Elkens Alderman, late deceased, but within
the first yere, the same house decaying, and like to haue fallen, was
againe with great cost repayred at the Cities charge. On the
east side of this Churchyarde lieth a large fielde of old time called
Lolesworth, now Spittle fielde: which aboute the yeare 1576.
was broken vp for clay to make bricke, in the digging whereof
many earthen pottes called Vrnæ, were found full of ashes, and of
brent bones of men, to wit of the Romaines that inhabited here:
for it was the custome of the Romaines to bren their dead, to put
their ashes in an vrna, and then to bury the same, with certaine
ceremonies in some field appointed for that purpose, neare vnto
their Citie: euery of these pots had in them with the ashes of the
dead, one peece of Copper money, with the inscription of the Em

perour, then raigning: some of them were of Claudius, some of
Vespasian, some of Nero, of Anthonius Pius, of Troianus: and
others besides those vrnas, many other pots were there founde,
made of a white earth with long nockes, and handles, like to our
stone Iugges: these were emptie, but seemed to bee buried full of
some liquid matter long since consumed and soaked through: for
there were found diuers vials and other fashioned glasses, some
most cunningly wrought, such as I haue not seene the like, and
some of Christall, all which had water in them, nothing differing
in clearenes, tast, or sauour from common spring water: some of
these glasses had oyle in them very thicke, and earthie in sauour,
some were supposed to haue balm in them, but had lost the vertue:
many of those pots and glasses were broken in cutting of the clay:
so that few were taken vp whole: there were also found diuers di
shes and cups of a fine red colored earth, which shewed outwardly
such a shining smothnesse, as if they had beene of curral, those had
in the bottomes Romaine letters printed, there were also lampes
of white earth artificially wrought with diuers antiques aboute
them, some three or foure Images, made of white earth, aboute a
span long, each of them: one I remember was of Pallas, the rest I
haue forgotten, I my selfe haue reserued amongst diuers of those
antiquities there found, one pot of white earth very small, not ex
ceeding the quantitie of a quarter of a wine pint, made in shape
of a Hare, squatted vpon her legs, and betweene her eares is the
mouth of the pot: there hath also beene found in the same fielde
Troughes of
stone found
in the Spittle
diuers coffins of stone, contayning the bones of men: these I sup
pose to be the burials of some especiall persons, in time of the Bri
, or Saxons, after that the Romaines had left to gouern here:
moreouer there were also found the sculs and bones of men with
out coffins, or rather whose coffines (being of great timber)
were consumed: diuers great nailes of iron were
Great nailes
of iron found
in the field &
fond opinions
of men.
there found, such
as are vsed in the wheeles of shod cartes, being each of them as
bigge as a mans finger, and a quarter of a yeard long, the heades
two inches ouer, those nayles were more wondred at then the
rest of thinges there found, and many opinions of men were vtte
red of them, namely that the men there buried were murdered by
driuing those nayles into their heads, a thing vnlikelie, for a smaler

naile would more aptly serue to so bad a purpose, and a more se
crete place would lightly be imployed for their buriall. But to set
downe what I haue obserued, concerning this matter, I there be
helde the bones of a man lying as I noted, the heade North, the
feete South, and round about him, as thwart his head along both
his sides, & thwart his feete, such nayles were found, wherefore I
coniectured them to bee the nayles of his Coffin, which had béene
a trough cut out of some great tree, and the same couered with a
planke, of a greate thicknesse, fastened with such nayles: and
therefore I caused some of the nayles to be reached vp to me, and
found vnder the broade heads of them, the old wood, skant turned
into dust or earth, but still retayning both the grane, and the pro
per colour, of these nayles with the wood vnder the head thereof,
I reserued one as also the nether iaw bone of the man, the teeth
being very greate, sound and fast fixed, which (amongst other ma
ny monumentes there found) I haue yet to shew: but the nayle ly
ing drie is now by skaling greatly wasted. And thus much for
this part of Bishopsgate warde without the gate: for I haue in
another place spoken of the gate, & therefore I am now to speake
of that other part of this warde, which lyeth within the gate.
And first to begin on the left hand of Bishopsgate streete, from
the gate yee haue certaine Tenementes of olde time pertayning to
a Brotherhood of S. Nicholas, granted to the parish Clarkes of
London, for two Chaplens to be kept in the Chapple of S. Ma
ry Magdalen
neare vnto the Guilde hall of London, in the 27.
of Henry the sixt
, the first of these houses towardes the North &
against the wall of the Citie, was sometime a large Inne or court
called the Wrastlers (of such a signe) and the last in the high stréet
towardes the South, was sometime also a fayre Inne called the
Angell of such a signe: amongst these saide Tenementes was on
the same streete side a fayre Entry or Court to the common hall
of the saide parish Clarkes,
Clarkes hall
This text has been supplied. Reason: The original page has been cut or cropped with the loss of some text. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (JZ)and their
Almes houses
This text has been supplied. Reason: The original page has been cut or cropped with the loss of some text. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (JZ)in Bishopsgate
This text has been supplied. Reason: The original page has been cut or cropped with the loss of some text. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (JZ)streete
with proper Almeshouses seauen in
number, adioyning for poore parish Clarkes, and their wiues,
their widdowes, such as were in greate yeares not able to labour.
One of these by the saide Brotherhoode of parish Clarkes was al
lowed sixeteene pence the weeke, the other six had each of them
nine pence the weeke, according to the pattent thereof graunted.

This Brotherhoode amongst other being suppressed. In the
raigne of Edward the sixt, the saide Hall with the other buildinges
there, was giuen to Sir Robert Chester a knight of Cambridge
, against whome the parish Clarkes commencing suite, in
the raigne of Queene Marie, and being like to haue preuailed, the
saide Sir Robert Chester pulled downe the hall, sold the Timber,
stone, and lead, and thereupon the suite was ended. The Almes
houses remaine in the Queenes handes, and people are there pla
ced, such as can make best frendes: some of them taking the pen
sion appointed, haue let foorth their houses for great rent, giuing
occasion to the Parson of the parish to challenge tithes of the
poore, &c. Next vnto this is the small parish church of S. Ethol
burge virgin
, and from thence some small distance is a large court
called litle S. Hellens: because it pertayned to the Nuns, of S.
priory of S.
, and
and was their house, there are seauen Almes roomes or
houses for the poore, belonging to the company of Lethersellers.
Then somewhat more West is an other Court with a winding
lane, through which men come out against the west ende of S.
Andrewes vndershaft Church
. In this court standeth the
church of S. Hellens, sometime a Priorie of blacke Nuns and in
the same a parish church of S. Hellen, this Priorie long since was
founded, before the raigne of Henry the thirde, as I haue
found in Recordes. William Basing Deane of Paules, was
the first founder, and was there buried, and William Basing one
of the Sheriffes of London, in the second yere of Edward the se
was holden also to be a founder, or rather an helper there: this
priorie being valued at 314. pound two shillinges six pence was
surrendred the 25. of Nouember, the thirtie of Henry the eight,
the whole church (the partition betwixt the Nuns church, and pa
rish church being taken downe) remaineth now to the parish: and
is a fayre parish church, but wanteth such a steeple as Sir Tho
mas Gresham
promised to haue builded, in recompence of ground
in their church filled vp, with his monument. The Nuns hall &
other howsing thereunto appertayning, was since purchased by
the Company of the Lethersellers, and is their common Hall:
which Company was incorporate in the 21. yeare of Richarde
the second

In the Church of S. Hellen, haue yee these monumentes of
the dead: Thomas Langton Chaplen buried in the Quire, 1350.
Nicholas Marshall, Ironmonger Alderman, 1474. Sir Wil
liam Sanctlo
, and Sir William Sanctlo father and sonne, Sir
William Pickering
, and Sir VVilliam Pickering father and
sonne, Thomas VVilliams Gentleman, 1495. Iohn Lang
Esquier, 1510. Ioan Coken wise to Iohn Coken Es
quier, 1509. Mary Orrell wife to Sir Lewys Orrell Knight.
Henry Somer, Katheren his wife, Ioan daughter to Henry
, wife to Richarde, sonne and heire to Robert Lord Poy
, died a virgin 1420. VValter Huntington, Esquier, Eli
zabeth Venner
wife to William Venner Grocer, Alderman, one
of the Sheriffes, 1401. Robert Rochester Esquier Sargeant of
the Pantrie, to Henry the eight. Iohn Swinflet, 1420. Iohn
Steward of S. Helens, 1512. Iohn Faukconbridge
Esquier, 1545. Hacket Gentleman of the kinges Chappell, Eli
2 daughter to Sir Thomas Butler, Lord Sudley, Iohn
, Adam Frances
Maior Nicholas Harpsfielde, Es
quier, Thomas Saunderforde or Somerforde Alderman,
Alexander Cheyney, Sir Iohn Crosbie Alderman, and
Anne his wife, George Fastolph, sonne to Hugh Fastolph,
Robert Lynd
, Sir Andrew Iud Maior, Sir Thomas Gre
Mercer &c.
Then haue yee one greate house called Crosbie place, be
cause the same was builded by Sir Iohn Crosbie Grocer, and
Wolman, in place of certaine Tenements, with their appurte
nances letten to him by Alice Ashfed Prioresse of S. Hellens,
and the Couent for ninety nine yeares, from the yeare 1466. vn
to the yere 1565. for the annuall rent of eleuen pound six shillings
eight pence: this house he builded of stone and timber, very large
and beutifull, and the highest at that time in London: he was one
of the Sheriffes, and an Alderman in the yeare 1470. knighted
by Edwarde the fourth, in the yeare 1471. and deceased in the
yeare 1475. so short a time enioyed hee that his large and
sumptuous building, hee was buried in S. Hellens, the parish
church, a fayre monument of him and his Lady, is raysed there:
hee gaue towardes the reforming of that church fiue hundred

markes, which was bestowed with the better, as appeareth by
his Armes, both in the stone worke, roose of Timber, and glasing.
I holde it a fable saide of him, to be named Crosby, of being
found by a crosse, for I haue read of other to haue that name of
Crosby, before him, namely in the yeare 1406. the seuenth of
Henry the fourth
, the saide king gaue to his seruant Iohn Crosby
the wardship of Ioan daughter, and sole heire to Iohn Iordaine
Fishmonger, &c. This Crosbie might be the Father or Grand
father to Sir Iohn Crosbie.
Richarde Duke of Glocester, and Lorde Protector, after
warde king by the name of Richarde the thirde, was lodged in
this house: since the which time among other, Anthonie Bonuice
a rich marchant of Italy, dwelled there, after him Ierome Se
, then William Bond Alderman, increased this house with
building of a Turret on the top thereof: he deceased in the yeare,
1567. and was buried in S. Helens church: diuers Ambassa
dors haue beene lodged there: namely in the yeare 1586. Henry
Chancelor of Germany, Ambassador vnto the Queens
Maiestie of Englande from Fredericke the second of Denmark:
an Ambassador of France, &c. Sir Iohn Spencer Alderman lately
purchased this house, made great reparations, kept his Maioralty
there, and since builded a most large ware-house neare thereunto.
From this Crosbie place vp to Leaden hall corner, and so
downe Grassestreete, amongst other Tenementes, are diuers
fayre and large builded houses for Marchantes and such like. Now
for the other side of this warde, namely the right hand, hard by
within the gate is one fayre water Conduite, which Thomas
Maior, in the yeare 1505. founded, hee gaue 60.l.
the rest was furnished at the common charges of the citie: this
conduite hath since beene taken downe, and new builded. Da
uid Wodrooffe
Alderman gaue twenty poundes towardes the
conuayance of more water thereunto. From this conduite haue ye
amongst many fayre Tenementes, diuers fayre Innes, large for
receipt of trauellers and some houses for men of worship, namely
one most spatious of all other there aboute, builded of bricke and
timber, by Sir Thomas Gresham,
Sir Thomas
house builded.
knight, who deceased in the
yeare 1579. and was buried in S. Hellens church, vnder a fayre

monument, by him, prepared in his life hée appointed by his Te
stament, this house to be made a Colledge, as before is saide of
Somewhat west from this house is one other very fayre house,
wherein Sir William Hollies, kept his Maioralty, and was bu
ried in the parish church of S. Helen: Sir Andrew Iud,
S. Andrew
his almes
kept his Maioralty there, and was buried at S. Hellens: hee buil
ded Almsehouses for six poore Almespeople neare to the saide par
rish church, and gaue lands to the Skinners, out of the which they
are to giue 4. shillinges euery weeke to the six poore Almespeople
eight pence the peece, and fiue and twentie shillinges foure pence,
the yeare in coales amongst them for euer.
Then in the very west corner ouer against the East end of S.
Martins Otswitch
, church (from whence the streete windeth to
wardes the South) you had of olde time a fayre well with two
buckets so fastened, that the drawing vp of the one, let downe
the other, but now of late that weil is turned into a Pumpe.
From this to the corner ouer against the Leaden hall, and
so downe Grasse streete, are many fayre houses for marchantes,
and artificers, and many fayre Innes for Trauellers euen to the
corner where that ward endeth, ouer against Grasse church: and
thus much for this Bishopsgate warde shall suffice, which hath an
Alderman, two Deputies, one without the gate another within,
common Counsellors six, Constables seauen, Scauengers sea
uen, for Wardmote inquest thirteene, and a Beadle: it is tax
ed to the fifeteene at xxij.£.in London, and in the Exchequer


  1. Lolesworth is now called Spitalfield. (NAP)
  2. Sir Thomas Butler had no known children (Ashdown-Hill 65). The Elienor to which Stow refers here is likely Butler’s wife, Eleanor Butler (née Talbot). (TLG)


Cite this page

MLA citation

Stow, John, and William fitz-Stephen. Survey of London (1598): Bishopsgate Ward. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 6.6, edited by Janelle Jenstad, U of Victoria, 30 Jun. 2021,

Chicago citation

Stow, John, and William fitz-Stephen. Survey of London (1598): Bishopsgate Ward. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 6.6. Ed. Janelle Jenstad. Victoria: University of Victoria. Accessed June 30, 2021.

APA citation

Stow, J., & fitz-Stephen, W. 2021. Survey of London (1598): Bishopsgate Ward. In J. Jenstad (Ed), The Map of Early Modern London (Edition 6.6). Victoria: University of Victoria. Retrieved from

RIS file (for RefMan, RefWorks, EndNote etc.)

Provider: University of Victoria
Database: The Map of Early Modern London
Content: text/plain; charset="utf-8"

A1  - Stow, John
A1  - fitz-Stephen, William
ED  - Jenstad, Janelle
T1  - Survey of London (1598): Bishopsgate Ward
T2  - The Map of Early Modern London
ET  - 6.6
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/06/30
CY  - Victoria
PB  - University of Victoria
LA  - English
UR  -
UR  -
ER  - 

TEI citation

<bibl type="mla"><author><name ref="#STOW6"><surname>Stow</surname>, <forename>John</forename></name></author>, and <author><name ref="#FITZ1"><forename>William</forename> <surname>fitz-Stephen</surname></name></author>. <title level="a">Survey of London (1598): Bishopsgate Ward</title>. <title level="m">The Map of Early Modern London</title>, Edition <edition>6.6</edition>, edited by <editor><name ref="#JENS1"><forename>Janelle</forename> <surname>Jenstad</surname></name></editor>, <publisher>U of Victoria</publisher>, <date when="2021-06-30">30 Jun. 2021</date>, <ref target=""></ref>.</bibl>