Survey of London (1633): Bridge Without Ward

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The 26. in number, consisting of the Borough of
, in the County of Surrey.
HAving treated of Wards
in London, on the North
side the Thames (in num
ber five and twenty) I
am now to crosse over
the said River, into the
Borough of Southwarke, which is also
a Ward of London without the walls,
on the South side thereof, as is Portsoken
on the East, and Faringdon extra on the
But before I come to the particular
description of this Ward, it will not be
impertinent to declare, when, and by
what meanes the Borough of Southwark
now called Bridge Ward without, was
made one of the six and twenty Wards,
belonging to the City of London; which
was in this manner:
After the dissolution of the Monaste
How the Borough of South
came at the first to be one of the 26. Wards of London.
Abbeys, Priories, and other religi
ous Houses, in this Realme of England:
The Maior, Communalty, and Citi
zens of this City of London taking into
their considerations, how commodious
and convenient it would be unto the Ci
ty, to have the Borough of Southwarke
annexed thereunto, and that the same
Borough was in the Kings hands whol
ly; they became humble suiters unto
King Henry eighth, and to the Lords of
his Highnesse Privie Councell, for the
obtaining of the same. Which suit not
being granted unto them; after the de
cease of King Henry the eighth, they re
newed their suit unto his Sonne and
next successor, King Edward the sixth,
and to the Lords of his Privie Councell
for the obtaining of the same Borough.
At the length, after long suit, and
much labour, it pleased King Edward
the sixth
, by his Letters Patents, sealed
with the great Seale of England, bearing
date at Westminster the three and twen
tieth day April
, in the fourth yeere of
his reigne
, as well in consideration of
the summe of sixe hundred forty seven
pounds, two shillings, and a penny, of
lawfull money of England, paid to his
Highnesse use, by the Maior, Commu
nalty, and Citizens of London, as for di
vers other considerations him thereun
to moving; To give and grant unto the
said Maior and Communalty, and Ci
tizens of London, divers Messuages, lands
& Tenements, lying in or neere the said
Borough of Southwark, in the said Letters
Patents particularly expressed, which
were sometimes the Lands of Charles,
then late Duke of Suffolke, and of whom
King Henry the eighth did buy and pur
chase the same.
But there was excepted out of the
said Grant,
The Mint of Coy
nage in Southwarke.
and reserved unto the said
King Edward the sixth, his Heires and
successors, all that his Capitall Messu
age, or Mansion House, called South
warke Place
, late of the said Duke of Suf
, and all Gardens and Land to the
same adjoyning: And all that his Parke
in Southwarke: And all that his Messu
age, and all Edifices and ground, cal
led the Antilope there.
And the said King Edward the sixth
did by his said Letters Patents give and
grant to the said Maior, Communalty,
and Citizens, and their successors, all
that his Lordship and Mannor of South
, with all and singular the Rights,
Members, and appurtenances thereof,
in the said County of Surrey, then late
belonging to the late Monastery of Ber

mondsey in the same County: And al
so all that his Mannor and Borough of
, with all and singular the
Rights, Members, and appurtenances
thereof, in the said County of Surrey,
then late parcell of the Possessions of the
Archbishop and Archbishoprickes of
Canturbury, Together with divers yeer
ly rents, issuing out of divers Messuages
or Tenements, in the said Letters Pa
tents particularly expressed.
And also the said King Edward the
, by his said Letters Patents, as
well for the above-mentioned conside
rations, as also for the summe of five
hundred Markes, paid to his use, by the
said Maior, Communalty, and Citizens
of the said City of London, did give and
grant to the said Maior, Communalty,
and Citizens of the said City, and to
their successors, in and through the
whole Borough and Towne of South
, and in and through the whole
Parish of Saint Saviors, Saint Olaves,
and Saint George in Southwarke, and in
and through the whole Parish, then late
called Saint Thomas Hospitall, and then
called the Kings Hospitall in Southwark,
and elsewhere whersoever, in the Town
and Borough of Southwarke
, and in Ken
tish street
and Blackman street, in the Pa
rish of Newington
, All Wayffes, Estrays,
Treasure-trove, Goods and Chattels of
Traytors, Felons, Fugitives, Out-lawes,
Condemned persons, Convict persons,
and Felons defamed, and of such as bee
put in Exigent of Outlawry, Felons of
themselves, and Deodands, and of such
as refuse the Lawes of the Land: And
all Goods disclaimed, found, or being
within the said Borough, Towne, Pari
shes and Precincts: And all mannor of
Escheats and Forfeitures.
And that the said Maior, Commu
The pow
er of the Maior, Commu
nalty, and Citizens of London in South
and Citizens, by themselves, or
their Deputy, or Officer or Officers,
should have in the Towne, Borough,
Parishes, and Precincts aforesaid, the
Taste and Assize of Bread, Wine, Ale,
and Beere, and of all other Victuals, and
things whatsoever, sold in the same
Towne. And whatsoever should or
might appertaine to the Office of the
Clarke of the Market of his Majesties
House-hold. And the correction and
punishment of all persons there selling
Bread, Wine, Beere, and Ale, and o
ther Victuals; and of others there inha
biting, or using any Arts whatsoever.
And all Forfeitures, Fines, and Amerci
aments, to be forfeited to the King, or
his Heires or Successors. And that they
should have the execution of the Kings
Writs, and of all other Writs, Com
mandements, Precepts, Extracts, and
Warrants, with the returnes thereof, by
such their Minister or Deputy as they
should chuse.
And that they should have,
The Faire to be kept in South
and hold there, every yeere, yeerely,
one Faire, to endure for three dayes,
viz. the seventh, eighth, and ninth daies
of September. And that during the
said three dayes, they should hold there
by their Minister or Deputy, from day
to day, from houre to houre, and from
time to time, all Actions, Plaints, and
Pleas of the Court of Pipowder, with al
Summons, Attachments, Arrests, Issues,
Fines, Redemptions, Commodities,
and other Rights whatsoever, to the
Court of Pipowder by any meanes be
longing. And also, that they should
have throughout the whole Precinct a
foresaid, View of Franke-pledge, with
all Sommons, Attachments, Arrests,
Issues, Amerciaments, Fines, Redemp
tions, Profits, Commodities, and other
things, which thereof to the King, his
Heires, or Successors, should apper
And also, that the said Maior, Com
munalty, and Citizens, and their suc
cessors, by themselves, or by their Offi
cers or Deputies, may take and arrest in
the Borough, Towne, Parish, and Pre
cincts aforesaid,
Felons in Southwarke commit
ted to Newgate in London.
all Theeves, Felons,
and other Malefactors, and may carry
them to the Gaole of Newgate. And
that the said Maior, Communalty, and
Citizens, and their successors, should
for ever have in the said Borough, Town
parishes, and Precincts, all such Liber
ties, priviledges, Franchises, Dischar
ges, and Customes, which the King or
his Heires should have had, if the said
Borough had remained in the Kings
And also he granted to the said Ma
ior, Communalty, and Citizens of
London, and to their successors, that they
should for ever hold and keepe, all

manner of Pleas,
Pleas, Actions, Plaints, and perso
nall Suits.
Actions, Plaints, and
personall Suites, and all manner of cau
ses, Matters, Contracts, and Demands
whatsoever, happening in the Precincts
aforesaid, before the Maior and Alder
men of London, and before the Sheriffes
of London, for the time being, or any of
them, in the Guild hall and Hustings of
the said City: and the like Actions,
Bills, Plaints, Proces, Arrests, Iudge
ments, Executions, and other things
whatsoever, and the same dayes and
times, and in such like maner, as the like
Pleas happening in the said City, before
the Maior, Aldermen and Sheriffes, or
any of them, in the said Courts, or any
of them, time out of minde, have been
taken, holden, prosecuted, or executed.
And that the Serjeants at Mace, and o
ther Officers of London, using to serve
Proces, might from thenceforth, for e
ver, serve and execute all manner of Pro
ces in the said Borough, Towne, Pari
shes and Precincts, concerning such
Pleas and executions of the same, as
time out of mind hath been used in the
City of London.
And that the Inhabitants of the same
tants of the Bo
rough to implead, and be im
pleaded in London.
Parishes, and Precincts, for
Causes and Matters there growing, may
implead or bee impleaded in the said
City, in forme aforesaid, and in the said
Courts. And that if the Iuries impa
nelled, and so moved to try such Issues,
shall not appeare before the said Maior
and Aldermen, or Sheriffes, in the said
Courts in London, they shall bee amer
ced in like manner, and forfeit such Is
sues, as Iuries in London, making default
of appearance, have used to forfeit. And
that the Issues so forfeited, shall bee to
the use of the Maior, Communalty, and
Citizens of London, and their successors
for ever. And also, that the said Maior
and Communalty, and Citizens, and
their successors for ever, should have
the Cognizance of all manner of Pleas,
Plaints, and personall Actions, out of
all the Kings Courts, before the King,
or before any of his Iustices, for any
thing happening in the said Borough,
or Precincts,
Issues ta
ken upon Suits try
ed before the Maior and Alder
before the said Maior and
Aldermen, and Sheriffs, or any of them,
in the Courts of the said City. And
that the Issues taken upon the said suits,
shall be tryed in the said Courts, before
the Maior and Aldermen and Sheriffes,
by men of the said Borough, as Issues in
London are tryed.
And that the said Maior,
Two Co
roners for the Bo
nalty, and Citizens, and their successors,
should for ever chuse, according to the
Law, every yeere, or as often as they
should thinke meet, two Coroners in
the said Borough: And that the said
Coroners, and either of them so chosen,
should in the Precincts aforesaid, have
and use like authority, as any Coroners
in England ought to have and execute:
and that no other of the Kings Coroners
should in any wise presume to execute
any thing belonging to the Office of a
The Ma
ior of Lon
cheator in Southwarke and Clark of the Market there also.
in the Precincts aforesaid.
And that the Maior of London, for the
time being, should be Escheator in the
Precincts aforesaid, and have power to
direct Precepts to the Sheriffe of the
County of Surrey for the time being,
and to do all other things, which to the
Office of Escheator in any of the Coun
ties of England appertaineth: and that
no other Escheator shall enter there, or
intermeddle with any thing belonging
to the Office of Escheator: and that the
Maior of London, for the time being,
shall be the Kings Clarke of the Market
within the Precincts aforesaid, and may
doe all things there appertaining to the
Office of Clarke of the Market, and that
the Clarke of the Market of the Kings
Household shall not there intermeddle
with any thing.
And that the said Maior, Commu
nalty, and Citizens, and their succes
sors for ever, should have, hold, use, and
enjoy, in the Precincts aforesaid, as well
all the Liberties and Franchises afore
said, as the Toll, Tallage, Picage, and
all other the said Kings Iurisdictions,
Toll, Tal
lage, Pi
cage, &c.

Franchises, and Priviledges, which any
Archbishop of Canturbury, Charles D.
of Suffolke
, or any the M. Brother and
Sisters of the then late Hospitall of St.
Thomas in Southwarke
, or any Abbot of
the then late Monastery of S. Saviors
of Bermondsey, neere Southwarke; or any
Prior or Covent of the then late Priory
of Saint Mary Overy
, or any of them e
ver had, then had, or ought to have had
in the premises, in any of the places a
foresaid; or which the said King Ed
the sixth
then lately held and en

joyed or ought to have had & enjoy, &
in as ample manner as King Henry the 8.
had and enjoyed, or ought to have had,
and enjoy the same: So that none of the
Kings Sheriffes, or any other of his Of
ficers should intermeddle in any thing
in the said Borough and Precincts a
And the said King Edward the sixt
did by his said Letters Patents further
The inha
bitants to be within the gover
nance and correcti
on of the Maior, &c.
that all the Inhabitants of the
said Precincts should be within the or
dinance, governance and correction of
the Maior and Officers of London and
their Deputies, as the Citizens and In
habitants of London ought to be; by rea
son of any Charter formerly granted by
any of the said Kings Progenitors, to the
Maior, Communalty and Citizens of
London. And that the said Maior, Com
munalty and Citizens, and their Succes
sors for ever should haue, enjoy, and use
such Lawes, Iurisdictions, Liberties,
Franchises and Priviledges whatsoever
in the Borough, and Precincts aforesaid,
as fully and freely as they then used, or
ought to have used and enjoyed the
same in London, by vertue of any grant
to them made by any of the said Kings
And that the Maior of London for the
time being, and the Recorder of London
for the time being, after they have borne
the Office of Maioraltie of London,
should be Iustices of the Kings Peace in
Southwarke, and the Precincts aforesaid,
so long as they should stand Aldermen
of the said Citty,
Iustices of London in the like Office in Southwark.
and should in the said
Borough and Precincts aforesaid doe
and execute all things which other Iu
stices of the Peace might doe in the
County of Surrey, according to the
Lawes and Statutes of England.
And also, that the said Maior, Com
munaltie & Citizens, & their Successors
should have every weeke, on Munday,
Wednesday, Friday and Satterday in
the said Borough and Towne of South
3. Market & Markets in South
one Market or Markets there to
bee kept, and all things to Markets ap
pertaining: All which Mannor, Lands,
Tenements, Rents, Liberties, Priviled
ges, Franchises, and other the premises
granted by the said Letters Patents, did
extend to the cleere yeerely value of 35.
li. 14. s. 4. d. And were granted to bee
holden to the said Maior, Commu
nalty and Citizens of London, and
their Successors for ever, of the said
King, his Heires and Successors, as
of his Mannor of East Greenwitch, in
the County of Kent, by Fealty onely
in Free Socage (and not in Capite) for
all manner of services and demands
But there was excepted and reserved
out of the said Grant,
ons and reservati
ons to the King.
to the said
King Edward the sixt, his Heires and Succes
sors, all his Rights, Iurisdictions, Li
berties & Franchises whatsoever, with
in the Walke, Circuit, and Precinct
of his Capitall Messuage, Gardens, and
Parke in Southwarke,1 and in all Gar
dens, Curtilages, and Lands, to the
said Mansion House,2 Gardens, and
Parke belonging.
Also, there was excepted and reser
ved out of the said Graunt, the House,
Messuage, or Lodging there, called the
Kings Bench, and the Gardens to the
same belonging, so long as it should be
used as a Prison for Prisoners, as it was
then used.
Also, there was excepted and reser
ved out of the said Graunt, the House,
Messuage, or Lodging there, called
the Marshalsey, and the Gardens to
the same belonging, so long as it should
be used as a Prison for Prisoners, as it
was then used.
Also it was provided, that the said
Letters Patents should not be prejudi
ciall to the Offices of the Great Master
or Steward of the Kings Household,
within the Borough and Precincts a
foresaid, to be executed while the same
Borough and Precincts should be with
in the Verge: Nor to Ioh. Gates, Knight,
one of the Gentlemen of the Kings Pri
vie Chamber
, concerning any Lands,
Tenements, Offices, Profits, Franchises,
or Liberties to him granted during his
life, by the said King Edward the
, or by his Father King Henry the
About the space of a moneth after
the said Borough of Southwarke was so
granted by King Edward the sixt to
the Maior, Communaltie, and Citizens
of London, and that they by force of the
said Letters Patents stood charged with
the Ordering, Survev, and Government

of the same Borough, and of al the Kings
subjects inhabiting therein,
The orde
ring sur
uey, and gouern
ment of the Bo
rough, &c.
and repay
ring thither: At a Court holden before
Sir Rowland Hill, Knight, then Lord
Maior of London, and the Aldermen of
the same Citie, in the Guild-Hall of
, on Tuesday the eight and twen
tieth of May
, in the said fourth yeere of
the raigne of King Edward the sixth
, the
said Towne or Borough was named and
called the Ward of Bridge Ward with
The Ward of Bridge Ward without; and Sir Iohn Ayliffe first Alder
man thereof.
And Sir Iohn Ayliffe, Knight, Ci
tizen and Barber-Surgeon of London,
was then also named, elected, and cho
sen by the same Court, to be Alder
man of the same Ward, albeit that be
fore that time there neyther was any
such Ward nor Alderman.
And it was then also ordered, That
the said Sir Iohn Ayliffe, by that name
of Alderman of Bridge Ward without,
and all other that from thenceforth
should be Alderman of the same Ward,
should have the Rule, Survey, and Go
vernment, not onely of the Inhabitants
of the said Towne & Borough of South
, and other the Kings people re
payring to the same, but also of all the
Liberties, Franchises, and Priviledges
within the said Towne and Borough,
then formerly granted by the King and
his Progenitors to the said Maior,
Communaltie, and Citizens of Lon
Sir Iohn Ayliffe sworne & admitted in the Ma
ioralitie of Sir Row
land Hill
And for the due execution of
which Office, the said Sir Iohn Ayliffe
was then presently sworne and admit
Not long after, videlicet, at a Court
of Common Councell
, holden in the
Guild-Hall of London, on the last day of
, in the said fourth yeere of the
raigne of King Edward the sixth
, and in
the time of the Maioraltie of the said
Sir Rowland Hill, it was enacted, That
besides the then ancient accustomed
number of five and twentie Aldermen,
there should be one Alderman more
elected, to have the Rule, Charge, and
Governance of the said Borough and
Towne. And that foure discreet persons,
or more, being Freemen of London, and
dwelling within the said Cittie, or the
Borough of Southwarke, or in other the
Liberties of the said Citie, sould from
thenceforth, as often as the case should
require, be from time to time nomi
nated, appointed, and chosen by the In
habitants of the said Borough for the
time being, before the Lord Maior of
London for the time being, sitting in the
said Borough for that purpose, in such
sort and order, as the Aldermen of Lon
were in those dayes commonly ele
And that the said Lord Maior for the
time being should (at the next Court of
to be holden at the Guild-Hall
of the said Citie, next after such
election) present the names and sur
names of all such persons as so should
be named before him, and put in the
said election.
Election of an Alderman by Scrutiaie.
And that the said Lord
Maior & Aldermen for the time being,
should of those foure persons, or mo, so
presented, elect and chuse one, by way
of Scrutinie, to be an Alderman of the
said Citie, and to have the peculiar Or
dering, Rule and Governance of the said
Borough and Towne of Southwarke, and
of the Inhabitants thereof, and of all o
ther the Kings liege people, repayring
to the same.
And that the said Alderman so espe
cially elect and chosen, and from time
to time, as the cause sould require
thenceforth, to be elect and chosen for
the Survey and Government of the said
Borough, and the Inhabitants and other
remayning in and to the same, should
alwayes be named and called the Alder
man of Bridge Ward without,
The Alder
man of Bridge Ward without.
and by none
other Name, for or concerning that
Office, or Roome, and should have the
Cure and Charge of the good Ordering
and Government of the said Borough
and Towne of Southwarke
, and of the
Inhabitants and People of and in the
same, and of none other Place within
the said Citie, by reason or colour of the
said Roome, as long as he should re
maine and stand Alderman of the said
Ward, but as the residue of the said Al
dermen of the said Citie be commonly
charged: And therein to doe and use
himselfe, as other Aldermen within the
Liberties of the said Citie were accu
stomed and used to doe, in as much as
the Lawes and Statutes of this Realme
would permit and suffer.
Yet neverthelesse it was prouided, &
by the said Cōmon Councell further or
dained and enacted, That the said Sir

and Bridge Ward without.
Iohn Ayliffe, Knight, should then be Al
derman of the said Ward: And that as
well the same Sir Iohn Ayliffe, as also all
and every person and persons, that
thenceforth should fortune to be Alder
man of the same Ward, should have
and enjoy like prerogative, liberty, and
benefit, to change and remove from the
same Ward,
The Al
derman to change from that Ward, as occasion served.
and to accept and take at
his and their free will and pleasure any
such other Ward or Wards within the
said City, as it should fortune him, or
them, or any of them, to be thenceforth
duely elect and chosen unto by the In
habitants of the same other VVard, or
VVards, or any of them in like manner
and forme, as the other Aldermen of
the said City lawfully might, and com
monly use to doe: Any thing in the said
recited Act to the contrary in any wise
Neverthelesse, at a Court of Alder
holden on Tuesday, the second of
, in the said fourth yeere of
the reigne of king Edward the sixth
, and
in the time of the Maioralty of the said
Sir Rowland Hill, it was ordered, That
the Aldermen of Bridge Ward without,
for the time being,
The Al
derman of Bridge Ward with
to con
tinue so for the space of 3 yeeres, without removing.
should stand and re
maine Alderman of the same VVard
three whole yeeres next after his electi
on, before hee should bee permitted to
bee removed to the governance of any
other VVard: Notwithstanding any
former Law, Vsage, or Custome.
But afterwards it seemeth, upon bet
ter advice, that another order should be
taken in the election of the Alderman
of the same Ward: For at a Common
holden in the Guild-Hall in
, on the 16. day of Iune, in the
fourth and fifth yeeres of King Philip
and Queene Mary,and in the time of
the Maioralty of Sir Thomas Curtis,
Knight, the said former Act, made on
the last day of Iuly, in the fourth yeere
of King Edward the sixth
, for so much
thereof as did concerne the forme and
order of the election of the Alderman
of the said VVard of Bridge Ward with
4. Another order for electing the Alder
man of Bridge Ward with
, in the time of K. Philip & Queen Mary.
was utterly repealed. And then it
was enacted, That from thenceforth
the Alderman of the same Ward should
alwaies, at the time of vacation, or lack
of an Alderman thereof, be elected and
chosen by the Lord Maior and Alder
men of London, for the time being, at a
full Court of Aldermen, by them to be
holden in the Inner Chamber of the
Guild-Hall of the same City in this
manner, viz. That the Lord Maior and
Aldermen should at their said full
Court, amongst themselves, nominate
foure discreet and meet Citizens, being
Freemen of London, either resiant with
in the said Borough, or in London, or the
Liberties thereof, to be put in election
of Alderman of that Ward. And of the
said foure persons so nominated, the
said Lord Maior and Aldermen should
by Scrutiny, according to their accusto
med manner, elect one to bee Alder
man of the same VVard: VVhich Al
derman, so by them elected and sworne,
should use and behave himselfe in all
things, as by the residue of the former
Act of Common Councell, made the
last day of Iuly, in the fourth yeere of
King Edward the sixth
was ordained
and appointed.
Thus having declared, by what means
and at what time the said Borough of
was made and named one
of the sixe and twenty VVards, now
belonging to the City of London; I in
tend to proceed to the description of
the severall particular places of the
same VVard, and likewise of such Mo
numents of Antiquity, as are to bee
found therein.
This Borough being in the County
of Surrey, consisteth of divers streetes,
waies, and winding lanes, all full of
buildings inhabited: and first, to begin
at the West part thereof, over-against
the West Suburbe of the City.
On the banke of the River Thames,
there is now a continuall building of
Thenements, about halfe a mile in length
to the Bridge.
Then South a continuall street called
Long Southwarke, builded on both sides
with divers Lanes and Allies up to St.
Georges Church
, and beyond it thorow
Blackman street, towards Newtowne (or
Newington) the liberties of which Bo
rough extend almost to the Parish
Church of Newtowne
aforesaid, distant
one mile from London bridge, and also
Southwest a continuall building, almost
to Lambith, more than one mile from
the said Bridge.

Then from the Bridge along by the
Thames Eastward, is S. Olaves street, ha
ving continuall building on both the
sides, with lanes and Alleyes up to Bat
tle bridge
, to Horse-downe, and towards
Rother-hith: also some good halfe mile
in length from London bridge.
So that I account the whole continu
all buildings on the Banke of the said
River, from the West towards the East,
to be more than a large mile in length.
Then have yee from the entring to
wards the said Horsedowne, one other
continuall street, called Barmondes eye
, which stretcheth South, likewise
furnished with buildings on both sides,
almost halfe a mile in length, up to the
late dissolved Monastery of S. Saviour,
called Bermondsey.
And from thence is one long lane (so
called of the length) turning West to
Saint Georges Church afore-named.
Out of the which lane mentioned Long
, breaketh one other street towards
the South and by East, and this is called
Kentish street, for that it is the way lea
ding into that Country: and so have
you the bounds of this Borough.
The Antiquities most notable in this
Borough are these: first, for Ecclesiasti
call, there was Bermondsey, an Abbey of
blacke Monkes, Saint Mary Overies, a
Priory of Canons Regular, Saint Thomas
a Colledge or Hospitall for the poore,
and the Loke, a Lazar-house in Kent
. Parish Churches there have been
sixe, whereof five doe remaine, (viz.)
Saint Mary Magdalen, in the Priory of
Saint Mary Overy
: now the same Saint
Mary Overy
is the Parish Church for
the said Mary Magdalen, and for Saint
Margaret on the Hill
, and is called St.
Saint Margaret on the Hill being put
downe, is now a Court for Iustice. S.
Thomas in the Hospitall
serveth for a
Parish Church, as afore, Saint George
a Parish Church, as before it did:
So doth Saint Olave, and Saint Ma
ry Magdalen
, by the Abby of Bermond
There be also these five Prisons, or Gaoles.
And the White Lion; all in Long South
Houses most notable, be these.
The Abbot of Hyde his House.
The Abbot of Battaile his House.
The Stewes on the Banke of Thames.
And the Beare-Gardens there.
Now to returne to the West Banke:
there were two Beare-Gardens, the Old
and New, Places wherein were kept
Beares, Buls, and other Beasts, to be bay
ted: As also Mastives, in severall kenels,
nourished to baite them. These Beares,
and other Beasts are there baited in
plots of ground, scaffolded about, for
the beholders to stand safe.
Next, on this Banke,
Liber Ma
was sometime
the Bordello or Stewes, a place so called,
of certaine Stew-houses priviledged
The Stewes on the Bank-side.
for the repaire of incontinent
men to the like women; of the which
Priviledge I have read thus:
In a Parliament holden at Westmin
, the eighth of Henry the second, it
was ordained by the Commons, and confir
med by the King and Lords, That di
vers Constitutions for ever should be kept
within that Lordship, or Franchise, accor
ding to the old Customes, that had beene
there used time time of minde: Amongst
the which, these following were some: vi
That no Stew-holder, or his wife, should
let or stay any single woman to goe and
come freely at all times, when they li
No Stew-holder to keepe any woman to
boord, but she to boord abroad at her plea
To take no more for the womans chamber
in the Weeke, than foureteene pence.

Not to keepe open his doores upon the Ho
Not to keepe any single woman in his
house on the Holy-dayes, but the Bay
liffe to see them voyded out of the Lord
No single woman to bee kept against her
will, that would leave her sinne.
No Stew-holder receive any woman of
Religion, or any mans wife.
No single woman to take mony to lye with
any man, except she lye with him all night,
till the morrow.
No man to be drawne or enticed into any
The Constables, Bayliffe, and others, e
very weeke to search every Stew-house.
No Stew-holder to keepe any woman, that
hath the perillous infirmity of Burning; nor
to sell Bread, Ale, Flesh, Fish, Wood, Coale,
or any Victuals, &c.
These and many more Orders were
to bee observed, upon great paine and
I have also seene divers Patents of
Li. S. Mary Eborum.
namely, one dated 1345.
the ninetenth of Edward the third.
English people disdayned to bee Bawds.
I finde, that in the fourth of Richard the
, these Stew-houses belonging to
William Walworth, then Maior of London,
were farmed by Froes of Flaunders,
Froes of Flaunders were wo
men for that pur
spoyled by Walter Tylar, and other Re
bels of Kent: notwithstanding, I finde
that ordinances for the same place, and
houses, were againe confirmed in the
reigne of Henry the sixth, and to be con
tinued as before. Also Robert Fabian
writeth, that in the yeere 1506. the one
and twentieth of Henry the seventh
Stew hou
ses put downe by Henry the 7. for a time.
said Stew-houses in Southwarke were
(for a season) inhabited, and the doores
closed up: but it was not long (saith he)
ere the houses there were set open a
gaine, so many as were permitted, for
(as it was said) whereas before were
eighteen houses, from thenceforth were
appointed to be used but twelve onely.
These allowed Stew-houses had signes
on their fronts, towards the Thames,
not hanged out, but painted on the wals
as a Boares head,
Signes on the Stew-houses.
the Crosse keyes, the
Gunne, the Castle, the Crane, the Car
dinals Hat
, the Bell, the Swanne, &c.
I have heard ancient men of good cre
dit report, that these single women
were forbidden the rights of the
Single women forbidden rights of the Church.
so long as they continued that
sinnefull life, and were excluded from
Christian buriall, if they were not re
conciled before their death. And ther
fore there was a plot of ground, called
the Single womens Churchyard, appointed
for them, far from the Parish Church.
In the yeere of Christ, a thousand five
hundred forty sixe
ses put downe.
the seven and thir
tieth of Henry the eighth
, this row
of Stewes in Southwarke was put downe
by the Kings commandement, which
was proclaimed by sound of Trumpet
no more to be priviledged, and used as
a common Brothel; but the inhabitants
of the same to keepe good and honest
rule, as in other places of this Realm, &c.
Then next is the Clinke, a Gaole or
Prison for the Trespassers in those parts;
namely, in old time for such as should
brabble, fray, or breake the peace on
the said Banke, or in the Brothell hou
ses, they were by the inhabitants there
about apprehended and committed to
this Gaole, where they were straightly
Next is the Bishop of Winchesters
, or lodging when he commeth to
this City: which house was first buil
ded by William Gifford, Bishop of Win
, about the yeere one thousand
one hundred and seven
, the seventh of
Henry the first
, upon a plot of ground
pertaining to the Prior of Bermondsey,
as appeareth by a Writ directed unto
the Barons of the Exchequer, in the
yeere 1366. the one and fortieth of Ed
the third
(the Bishops Sea being
void) for 8. pounds due to the Monkes
of Bermondsey, for the Bishop of Winche
lodging in Southwarke
. This is a
very faire house wel repayred, and hath
a large Wharfe, and a landing place cal
led the Bishop of Winchesters staires.
Adjoyning to this on the South side
thereof, is the Bishop of Rochesters Inne
or lodging, by whom first erected I doe
not now remember me to have read, but
well I wot, the same of long time
hath not beene frequented by any Bi
shop, and lyeth ruinous for lacke of re
parations. The Abbot of Naverley had
a house there.
East from the Bishop of Winchesters
, directly over-against it standeth
a faire

a faire Church, called S. Mary over the
Saint Ma
ry Overies
a Priory, and now a Parish Church.
or Overy, that is, over the water.
This Church, or some other in place
thereof, was (of old time long before the
Conquest) an house of Sisters, founded
by a Maiden, named Mary, unto the
which house and Sisters she left (as was
left to her by her Parents) the over-sight
and profits of a Crosse Ferrie, or traverse
Ferry over the Thames, there kept be
fore that any Bridge was builded. This
house of Sisters was after by Swithen a
noble Lady, converted unto a Colledge
of Priests, who in place of the Ferrie,
builded a Bridge of Timber, and from
time to time kept the same in good re
parations; but lastly the same Bridge
was builded of Stone, and then in the
yeere 1106. was this Church againe
founded for Canons Regular, by William
Pont de le Arch
, and William Dauncy,
Knights Normans.
William Gifford, Bishop of Winchester,
was a good Benefactor also,
Lib. Rufen.
for hee (as
some have noted) builded the body of
that Church,
Liber Ber
in the yeere one thou
sand, one hundred and sixe
, the seventh
of Henry the first
The Canons first entred the said
Church, then Algodus was the first Prior.
King Stephen confirmeth the gift of
King Henry, and also gave the Stone
House, which was William de Ponte le
, by Downgate.
This Priory was burned about the
yeere 1207. wherefore the Canons did
found an Hospitall neere unto their Pri
ory, where they celebrated untill the
Priory was repayred: which Hospi
tall was after (by consent of Peter de la
, Bishop of Winchester) removed into
the land of Anicins, Archdeacon of Sur
, in the yeere 1228. a place where
the water was more plentifull, and the
ayre more wholsome, and was dedica
ted to S. Thomas.
This Peter de Rupibus, or de la Roch,
founded a large Chappell of Saint Ma
ry Magdalen
, in the said Church of St.
Mary Overy
, which chappell was after
ward appointed to be the Parish Church
for the inhabitants neere adjoyning.
This Church was again newly builded
in the reigne of Richard the second and
King Henry the fourth.
Iohn Gower, Esquire, a famous Poet,
was then an especialll Benefactor to that
Iohn Gower was no Knight, neither had he a
ny Gar
land of lvie and Roses, but a Chaplet of foure Roses on
and was there buried on the
North side of the said Church, in the
Chappell of Saint Iohn, where he foun
ded a Chantry, hee lyeth under a
Tombe of Stone, with his Image also
of Stone over him. The haire of his
head aburne, long to his shoulders, but
curling up, and a small forked beard;
on his head a Chaplet, like a coronet
of foure Roses, an habite of Purple, da
masked downe to his seet, a Collar of
Esses of gold about his necke, under his
feet the likenesse of three Bookes,
which hee compiled. The first, named
Speculum Meditantis, written in French:
The second, Vox Clamantis, penned in
Latine: The third, Confessio Amantis,
written in English, and this last is prin
ted. Vox Clamantis, with his Cronica
, and other both in Latine and
French, never printed, I have and doe
poffesse, but Speculum Meditantis, I ne
ver saw, though heard thereof to bee
in Kent; Beside on the wall where he ly
eth, there was painted 3. Virgins crow
ned, one of the which was named Cha
, holding this divice:
En toy qui es Fitz de Dieu le Pere,
Savue soit, qui gist sours cest Pierre.
The second writing Mercy, with this
O bone lesu fait ta mercy,
Al’ame, dont le corps gift icy.
The third writing Pitty, with this de
Pour ta pite Iesu regar’de,
Et met cest a me en savue garde.
His Armes, in a Field Argent, on a
Cheveron Azure, three Leopards heads
Gold, their tongues Gules, two Angels
Supporters; on the Crest a Talbot.
His Epitaph,
Armigeri Scutum nihil
a modo fert sibi tutum,
Reddidit immolutum morti
generale tributum,
Spiritus exutum
se gaudeat esse solutum,

Est ubi virtutum
Regnum siue labe statutum.
The roofe of the middle waste Ile sell
downe in the yeere 1469. This Priory
was surrendered to Henry the eighth,
the one and thirtieth of his reigne, the
seven and twentieth of October, the
yeere of Christ 1539
. valued at sixe
hundred, twenty foure pounds, six shil
lings, sixe pence, by the yeere.
About Christmas next following,
the Church of the said Priory was pur
chased of the King by the inhabitants
of the Borough.
Priory of S. Mary Overy made a Parish Church.
Doctor Stephen Gar
, Bishop of Winchester, putting to
his helping hand, they made thereof a
Parish Church for the Parish Church
of S. Mary Magdalen
, on the South side
of the said Quire, out of Saint Marga
on the hill
, which were made one
Parish of S. Saviour.
There be Monuments in this Church
of Robert Liliard, or Hilliard, Esquire.
Margaret, Daughter to the Lady
, wife to Sir Thomas Audley.
William Grevill, Esquire, and Marga
his wife, one of the heires of William
, Esquire.
Dame Katharine, wife to Iohn Stoke,
Robert Merfin, Esquire.
William Vndall, Esquire.
Iohn Bowden Esquire.
Iohn Duncell, Merchant-Taylor, 1516.
Iohn Sturton, Esquire.
Thomas Tong, first Norroy, and after
Clarenciaulx, King of Armes.
William Wickham, translated from the
Sea of Lincolne, to the Bishopricke of
Winchester, in the moneth of March,
. deceased the 11. day of Iune
next following and was buried here.
Thomas Cure, Esquire, Sadler to King
Edward the sixth
, Queene Mary and
Queene Elizabeth, deceased the 24. day
of May, 1598
Hic jacet Ioannes Gower,
A very faire Tombe in the North Ile of the Church.
Armiger, An
glorum Poeta celeberrimus, ac huic sa
cro Aedificio benefactor insignis, vixit
temporibus Ed. 3. & Rich. 3.
Noviter constructum impensis
Parochiae, An. Dom. 1615.
Epicædion Thomae Cure, Southwarchien
sis Armigeri.
Elizabetha tibi Princeps
servivit Equorum
A sellis Curus,
A faire Tombe in the North wall of the Quire.
quem lapis iste regit.
Servivit Edvardo Regi,
Mariaeque Sorori,
Principibus magna
est laus placuisse tribus.
Convixit cunctis charus
Respublica Curae
Semper erat Curo,
commoda plebis erant:
Dum vixit tribui
senibus curavit alendis,
Nummorum in sumptus
annua dona domos.
Obiit 24. die Maii, An. Dom. 1588.
An Epitaph upon John Trehearne, Gen
tleman Porter to King James
the first
Had Kings a power
to lend their Subjects breath,
A very Monumẽt close by the other.
Trehearne, thou shouldst
not be cast downe by death:
Thy Royall Master still
would keepe thee then;
But length of dayes
are beyond reach of men.
Nor wealth, nor strength,
nor great mens love can ease
The wound Deaths Arrowes make,
for thou hast these.
In thy Kings Court
good place to thee is given:
Whence thou shalt goe
to the Kings Court of Heaven.

Peter Humble,
A very faire Tombe in the chan
Gentleman, dedicates this
Monument to the pious memory of Ri
chard Humble
, Alderman of London,
and Margaret his first wife, daughter
to Iohn Pierson of Nathing, in the
County of Essex, Gentleman. By whom
he had issue two sonnes, Iohn, who died
young, and the above-named Peter, now
living. Also foure daughter, Katha
, Weltham, Margaret, and Eliza
, who survived the other three, and
was interred the same day with her Fa
ther, being the 30. of April 1616. Ri
left Isabel his second wife, wi
dow, who was the daughter of Robert
, of Hemsley, in the Coun
ty of Yorke, Gentleman, bequeathing to
the poore of this Parish five pounds, foure
shillings yeerly for ever, out of a Tene
ment adjoyning to the Southside of the
three Crownes gate in Southwarke.
A very faire stone by the Commu
nion ta
Gulielmus Wickham, translat. à sede
Lincoln. & Mense Martii, 1595. ex
isten Episcopus Winton. Obiit 11.
, prox. sequent. Reliquit uxorem
laudatiff. quae sepelit in Awkenbery,
Com. Hunt.
Doctrina Antistes praestans
& moribus aequis,
Eloquio & pietate gravis,
mensaque manuque.
Non parcus, justi neglectus
honore sepulchri,
Hic jacet. O seculum
insipiens, verum aequior illi,
Dum moritur, Deus Aligeros
dat cernere, missos,
Qui migrantem animam
Coeli ad sublimina ferrent.
F. M. posuit 10. Iunii, Anno
Domini 1600.
The Monument of Bishop Andrewes
is in a Chappell at the East end of the
Church, and his body lyeth within the
Si Christianus es, siste:
Morae pretium erit,
Non nescire te, qui vir hîc situs sit:
Ejusdem tecum Catholicae Ecclesiae membru,
Sub eadem felicis Resurrectionis spe,
Eandem D. Iesu praestolans Epiphaniam,
Sacratiss. Antistes Lancelotus Andrews,
Londini oriundus, educatus Cantabrigiae,
Aulae Pembroch. Alumnor. Socior. Praefector.
Vnus, & nemini secundus:
Linguarum, Artium, Scientiarum,
Humanorum, Divinorum, Omnium
Infinitus Thesaurus, Stupendum Oraculū:
Orthodoxae Christi Ecclesiae,
Dictis, scriptis, precibus, Exemplo
Incomparabile propugnaculum:
Reginae Elizabethae à sacris,
D. Pauli London. Residentiarius,
D. Petri Westmonast. Decanus:
Episcopus Cicestrensis, Eliensis, Wintoniensis,
Regique Iacobo tum ab Eleemosynis,
Tum ab utriusque Regni Consiliis,
Decanus denique Secelli Regii:
Idem ex
Indefessa opera in studiis,
Summa sapientia in rebus,
Assidua pietate in Deum,
Profusa largitate in Egenos,
Rara amoenitate in suos,
Spectata probitate in omnes,
Aeternum admirandus.
Annorum pariter & publicae famae satur,
Sed bonorū passim omnium cum luctu denatus,
Coelebs hinc migravit ad aureolam coelestem,
Regis Caroli 11o. Aetatis S. LXXIo.
Christi MDCXXVIo.
Tantum est (Lector) quod te moerentes posteri
Nunc volebant, atque vt voto tuo valeas, dicto
Sit Deo gloria.
There is a Monument of Iohn Bin
, Esquire, Sadler to Queene Eliza
and King Iames. Who was a wor
thy benefactor to the Parish, and to the
Free-Schoole there: who departed this
life in the yeere of our Lord, 1625.
There is a Monument for VVilliam
This Mo
nument standeth in the South Ile.
who departed this life the 27.
of Iune, An. Dom. 1575
. in the yeere of
his age 92.
Arvum hoc Sepulchrale.
Exuviarum opt. matris Iocosae dominae
Clerke. Sui ipsius lectissimaeque uxoris
consitioni destinatum, Gulielmus Augu
stinus Armiger vivus sacravit.

Conjux charissima primo. inseritur.
Quae post decimū partum (An MDCXXIII.
Ian. XXI. Marito, ac liberis quinque su
perstitibus) Tricenaria valedicens:
In restorescendi dic & spem; Hac terra tegitur.
Sequimur caeteri: Sati corruptibiles,
Suscitandi incorruptibiles.
The Monument with this inscripti
on standeth on the South side of the
Monumentum viri justi.
In memory of Iohn Symons, Citizen and
White-Baker of London; who departed
this life the 10. of August, in the yeere
of our Lord 1625
. and was a good Bene
factor unto this Parish: who gave unto
the poore the summe of eight pounds Per
for ever, to be distributed on the
Feast day of St. Thomas before Christ
mas. And unto Saint Georges Parish
in Southwarke
the summe of ten pounds
per Annum, for ever. And unto the
Parish of Saint Mary Newington in
, the summe of five pounds per
, for ever. These summes to
come unto the said Parish, after the de
cease of his father Samuel Symons,
who yet liveth, in the yeere 1631.
The Monument standeth in the South
side of the Church, with this Epitaph:
His flesh interr’d here
once contain’d a spirit,
Who (by Gods mercy
and his Saviours merit)
Departed in that constant
hope of trust,
To reigne eternally
amongst the just:
To live and dye well
was his whole endeavor,
And in (assurance) dyed
to live for ever.
In the South side of the Church by
the Quire there standeth the Monu
ment of William Austin, Esquire, very
faire and beautifull; the invention thus:
Over the head of the Angell is a
Sunne, and in it written Sol Iustitiae.
There standeth an Angell upon a
Rocke, with a Sickle in the left hand,
and the right hand erected towards
heaven, with these words written on
the Rocke: Petra erat Christus; and un
der the Rocke is a field of ripe wheate,
and in it written: Si non moriatur, non
. And under that these words:
Nos sevit, fovit, lavit, cogit, renovabit.
Vpon the right hand of this Angell
are written these words: Vos estis Dei.
And on the left this: Agricultura.
On each side of this Angell sitteth
two other Angels, leaning on their
armes; the one with a Forke, and un
der written Messores. The other with a
Rack, and under written: Congregabunt.
Vnder all this is the forme of a win
nowing Fanne, and words written in it.
The Lady Clarke, mother to Master
William Austin
, gave a very faire Com
munion Table railed about, where 60.
may kneele to receive the Sacrament,
with a faire Carpet for it, and the railes
hung about with the same embroide
Master William Austin gave a faire
Silver Chalice, and a Dish for the
Bread, to the value of almost forty
pounds. And his wife that now is, who
was the Relict of Iohn Bingham, Esquire,
gave two very faire Silver Flagons of
the like value.
Ex Registro Curiae Praerogativae
Cant. extracto.
16. Septem. 1619.

Master Sampsons Will.
Item, I give and bequeath these An
nuities ensuing to be issuing out of cer
taine Tenements of mine, viz. twenty
shillings yeerly for ever to the Master
and Society of Peter house in Cam
, towards the maintenance of the
Library there: and twenty shillings
yeerly for ever to the Church-wardens
of Saint Olaves in Southwarke, for the
use of the poore of the Parish. And ten
shilligs yeerly for ever to the Church-wardens
of the Parish of St. Saviours,
for the poore in the precinct of old Pa
rish Garden
Master Smith hath given unto
the said Parish of S. Saviours the summe

of twenty eight pounds per Annum, for
ever unto the poore of this Parish.
Master Randall Carter, Citizen and
Tallow Chandler of London, hath given
seven pounds per Annum, for ever unto
a poore Scholar that shall bee elected
out of the Free Schoole to either of the
Vniversities; and this seven pounds he
is to enjoy for sixe yeeres, and his time
expired to another: and so forward.
Master Edward Hulit, Gentleman,
hath given forty pounds per Annum, to
the poore of the same Parish for ever,
to bee received out of certaine Tene
ments, situate in the Borough of South
Hugh Brooker, Esquire, hath given
unto the Free Schoole the summe of
five pounds per Annum, for ever. And
likewise unto the poore of the same Pa
rish five pounds per Annum, for ever:
and lyeth buried in Saint Saviours
in the North Ile by the Quire.
Thomas Marshall gave an hundred
pounds for ever to the Parish, for to
clothe sixe poore boyes every Christ
masse, who dyed in the yeere 1625.
Now passing through Saint Mary
(in possession of the Lord
Mountacute3) and Pepper Alley, into
Long Southwarke, on the right hand
thereof, the Market hill, where the
Leather is fold, there stood the late na
med Parish Church of Saint Margaret,
S. Margaret on the hill made a Court of Iustice.

given to Saint Mary Overies by Henry
the first
, put downe and joyned with
the Parish Church of Saint Mary Mag
, and united to the late dissolved
Priory Church of S. Mary Overy.
A part of this Parish Church of St.
is now a Court, wherein the
Assises and Sessions bee kept, and the
Court of Admiralty is also there kept.
One other part of the same Church is
now a Prison, called the Compter in
, &c.
Farther up on that side, almost di
rectly over-against St. Georges Church,
was sometime a large and most sump
tuous house, builded by Charles Bran
, late Duke of Suffolke, in the reigne
of Henry the eighth
, which was called
Suffolke house; but comming afterwards
into the Kings hands, the same was
called Southwarke Place, and a Mint of
Coynage was there kept for the King.
To this place came King Edward the
, in the second of his reigne, from
Hampton Court, and dined in it. He at
that time made Iohn Yorke, one of the
Sheriffes of London, Knight, and then
rode through the City to Westminster.
Queene Mary gave this house to Ni
cholas Heth
, Archbishop of Yorke, and
to his successors for ever, to bee their
Inne or lodging for their repaire to Lon
, in recompence of York house, neere
to Westminster, which King Henry her
father had taken from Cardinall Wool
, and from the Sea of Yorke.
Archbishop Heth sold the same house
to a Merchant, or to Merchants, that
pulled it downe, sold the Lead, Stone,
Iron, &c. and in place thereof builded
many small Cottages of great rents, to
the increasing of beggars in that Bo
rough. The Archbishop bought Nor
wich House
, or Suffolke Place, neere unto
Charing-Crosse, because it was neere un
to the Court, and left it to his succs
sors. Now on the South side, to returne
backe again towards the Bridge. Over-against
this Suffolke Place, is the Parish
Church of Saint George
, sometime per
taining to the Priory of Bermondsey, by
the gift of Thomas Arderne, and Thomas
his son, in the yeere 1122.
There lye buried in this Church Wil
liam Kirton
, Esquire, and his wives,
A faire Monumēt in the South wal of the Chancell.
Master William Evans he
whose body lieth here,
Bequeathed hath by his last will,
for ever by the yeere
Ten pounds, eight shillings to the poore,
which is a blessed stay,
And must be given them in bread,
on every Sabbath day.
One halfe to Crekederus poore,
his native soile so deare:
The other moity to the poore
of this our Parish here.
See now all ye that love the poore,
how God did guide his wayes,
Ten score and eight are serv’d with bread
in two and fifty daies,

More than many would have done,
to yeelded any share.
Praise God, ye poore, who gave to him
so provident a care.
He was free of the right Worship
full Company of the Merchant-Taylors
and deceased the nine
and twentieth of Iuly 1590
. in
the two and thirtieth yeer of the
most prosperous reigne of our
Soveraigne Lady Queene Eliza
. Aetatis 67.
A faire grave
stone un
der the Commu
nion ta
Iames Savage graciously
hath done a godly deed
To the poore of this Parish,
for to relieve their need,
Five pounds a yeere for evermore,
by will he hath bequeath’d,
Which must out of the Angell rents,
quarterly be receiv’d,
By the Church-wardens of this Church,
whom he hath put in trust,
As Fathers in the poores behalfe,
to be upright and just.
Which men I doubt not but our God,
who seeth all things, shall finde
True in dispersing of the same,
according to his minde.
Ye poore, thanke Christ for Savage still,
extoil Gods name with praise,
That he to follow his good art,
in time may many raise.
Anno Domini 1588.
Then is the White Lion,
White Lion a Goale for Surrey.
a Gaole so
called, for that the same was a common
Hostery for the receit of Travellers by
that signe. This house was first used as
a Gaole within this threescore yeeres
last, since the which time the Prisoners
were once removed thence to an house
in Newtowne, where they remained for a
short time, and were returned backe a
gaine to the aforesaid White Lion, there
to remaine, as the appointed Gaole for
the County of Surrey.
Next, is the Gaole or Prison of the
Kings Bench
, but of what antiquity the
same is, I know not. For I have read,
that the Courts of the Kings Bench and
Chancery, have oft times been removed
from London to other places, and so hath
likewise the other Gaoles that serve
those Courts, as in the yeere 1304. Ed
the first
commanded the Courts
of the Kings Bench
and the Exchequer,
which had remained seven yeeres at
Yorke, to be removed to their old places
at London. And in the yeere 1387. the
eleventh of Richard the second, Robert
chiefe Iustice, came to the Ci
tie of Coventry, and there sate by the
space of a moneth, as Iustice of the Kings
, and caused to be indited in that
Court, about the number of 2000. per
sons of that Country, &c.
It seemeth therefore, that for that
time, the Prison or Gaole of that Court
was not far off. Also, in the yeere 1392.
the sixteenth of the same Richard, the
Archbishop of Yorke being Lord Chan
cellor, for good will that he bare to his
City, caused the Kings Bench and Chan
cery to bee removed from London to
Yorke, but ere long they were returned
to London.
Then is the Marshalsey another Gaole
or Prison, so called, as pertaining to the
Marshals of England. Of what continu
ance kept in Southwarke, I have not lear
ned: but like it is, that the same hath
been removeable, at the pleasure of the
Marshals. For I finde, that in the yeere
1376. the 50. of Edward the third, Hen
ry Percy
(being Marshall) kept his pri
soners in the City of London, where ha
ving committed one Iohn Prendargest,
of Norwich, contrary to the liberties of
the City of London, the Citizens, by per
swasion of the Lord Fitzwalter,4 their
Standard-bearer, tooke armour, and
ranne with great rage to the Marshals
, brake up the gates, brought out
the prisoner, and conveighed him a
way, minding to have burnt the stockes
in the middest of their City; but they
first sought for Sir Henry Percy, to have
punished him, as I have noted in my
More, about the Feast of Easter next
following, Iohn Duke of Lancaster, ha
ving caused all the whole Navie of Eng
to be gathered together at London,
it chanced a certaine Esquire to kill one
of the Mariners, which act the other
Mariners taking in ill part, they brought
their suit into the Kings Court of the
, which then as chanced (saith
mine Author) was kept in Southwarke:
but when they perceived that Court to

be so favourable to the murderer; and
further, that the Kings Warrant was
also gotten for his pardon; they in great
fury ranne to the house, wherein the
murderer was imprisoned,
Saylers brake up the Mar
brake into
it, and brought forth the prisoner with
his Gives on his legges, they thrust a
knife to his heart, and sticked him, as if
hee had beene a Hogge: after this they
tyed a rope to his Gives, and drew him
to the Gallowes, where when they had
hanged him, as though they had done
a great act, they caused the Trumpets
to bee sounded before them to their
ships, and there in great triumph they
spent the rest of the day.
Also the Rebels of Kent,
Rebels of Kent brake up the Marshalsey.
in the yeere
1381. brake downe the houses of the
Marshalsey and Kings Bench in South
, tooke from thence the prisoners,
brake downe the house of Sir Iohn Im
,5 then Marshall of the Marshalsey,
and Kings Bench, &c. After this, in the
yeere 1387. the eleventh of Richard the
, the morrow after Bartholomew
, the King kept a great Councell in
the Castle of Nottingham, and the Mar
of the King was then kept at
Lughborow, by the space of sixe daies or
more. In the yeere 1443. Sir Walter
, was Marshall of the Marshalsey,
the two and twentieth of Henry the
. William Brandon, Esquire, was
Marshall in the eighth of Edward the
. In the yeere 1504. the priso
ners of the Marshalsey then in Southwark
brake out, and many of them being ta
ken were executed, especially such as
had beene committed for Felony or
From thence towards London bridge,
on the same side, bee many faire Innes,
for receit of travellers, by these signes,
the Spurre, Christopher, Bull, Queens
The Ta
in Southwark.
Tabard, George, Hart, Kings
, &c. Amongst the which, the
most ancient is the Tabard, so called of
the signe, which as wee now terme it,
is of a lacket or sleevelesse coate, whole
before, open on both sides, with a square
collar, winged at the shoulders: a state
ly garment, of old time commonly
worne of Noblemen and others, both at
home and abroad in the wars; but then
(to wit, in the warres) their Armes em
broidered, or otherwise depict upon
them, that every man by his Coate of
Armes might bee knowne from others:
But now these Tabards are onely worne
by the Heralds, and bee called their
Coates of Armes in Service. For the
Inne of the Tabard, Geffrey Chaucer,
Esquire, the most famous Poet of Eng
, in commendation thereof, writeth
It befell in that season, on a day,
In Southwarke, at the Tabert, as I lay,
Ready to wend on my Pilgrimage
To Canturbury, with full devout courage;
That night was comen into the Hostery
Well nine and twenty in a company,
Of sundry folke, by adventure yfall,
In fellowship and Pilgrims were they all,
That toward Canturbury woulden ride:
The Stables and Chambers werenwide,
And well we were eased at the best, &c.
Within this Inne was also the Lodg
ing of the Abbot of Hide (by the City
of Winchester) a faire house for him and
his Traine,
The Ab
bot of Hide his Lodging.
when hee came to the City
to Parliament, &c.
And then Theeves lane, by St. Thomas
. The Hospitall of St. Thomas
first founded by Richard, Prior of Ber
, in the Sellerers ground, against
the wall of the Monastery, in the yeere
1213. Hee named it the Almery, or
House of Almes, for Converts and
poore Children; for the which ground
the Prior ordained, that the AThis text has been supplied. Reason: The text is not clear for some reason not covered by other values of @reason. Evidence: The text has been supplied based on evidence internal to this text (context, etc.). (CH)lmoner
should pay ten shillings foure pence
yeerly to the Sellerer at Michaelmas.
But Peter de Rupibus,
Li. S. Mary Overy. S. Thomas Hospitall the second time founded.
Bishop of Win
, in the yeere 1215. founded the
same againe more fully for Canons Re
gular, in place of the first Hospitall: He
increased the rent thereof to three hun
dred forty foure pounds by the yeere.
Thus was this Hospitall holden of the
Prior and Abbot of Bermondsey, till the
yeere 1428. at which time a compositi
on was made between Thomas Thetford,
Abbot of Bermondsey, & Nicholas Buck
, Master of the said Hospitall of
Saint Thomas
, for all the Lands and Te
nements, which were holden of the said
Abbot and Covent in Southwarke, or
elsewhere, for the old rent to bee paid
unto the said Abbot.
There bee the Monuments in this

and Bridge Ward without.

Hospitall Church, of Sir Robert Cham
, Knight,
Lord Say6
Agnes, wife to Sir Walter Dennis,
Knight, Daughter and one of the heires
of Sir Robert Danver, Iohn Evarey, Gen
tlemen, &c.
This Hospitall was by the Visitors,
in the yeere 1538. valued at 266. l. 17.
s. 6. d. and was surrendred to Henry the
. in the 30. of his raigne.
In the yeere 1552. the Citizens of
The third foundati
on of S. Thomas Hospitall by the Ci
tizens of London.
having purchased the voyd
suppressed Hospitall of Saint Thomas
in Southwarke
, in the Month of Iuly, be
began the reparations therof, for poore,
impotent, lame, and diseased people,
so that in the Moneth of November
next following
, the sicke and poore
people were taken in. And in the yeere
1553. on the 10. of April
, King Ed
the sixt
in the seventh of his
, gave to the Maior, Com
munaltie, and Citizens of Lon
, to bee a workehouse for the
poore and idle persons of the Citie, his
house of Bridewell, and seven hundred
Marks Lands of the Savoy Rents, which
Hospitall he had suppressed, with all
the beds, bedding, and other furniture
belonging to the same, towards the
maintenance of the said workehouse of
, and of this Hospitall of Saint
Thomas in Southwarke
. This gift, the
King confirmed by his Charter, dated
the 26. of June next following, and wil
led it to be called the Kings Hospitall in
The Church of this Hospitall, which
of old time served for the Tenements
neere adjoyning and pertaining to the
said Hospitall, remaineth as a Parish
But now to come to S. Olaves street:
on the banke of the river of Thames is
the Parish Church of Saint Olave,
S. Olaves street and Parish Church.
faire and meetely large Church, but a
far larger Parish, especially of Aliens or
strangers, and poore people; in which
Church, there lyeth intombed Sir Iohn
, Knight, 1466.
Here th’earthly pare
of William Benson lyes,
A small Monumēt in the North wall of the Chancell.
had by Mary Lyle,
The Heavenly mounted is
above the Skies
With wings of Faith,
dissolv’d but for a while:
The Linnen which he sold
was nere so white,
As is the Robe
wherein the Soule is dight:
Yes Thomas mourns in blacke,
his onely Sonne,
And Richard (of whole blood)
his eldest Brother:
But Londons reverend Bishop
this hath done,
Which was by Ravis
borne of the same Mother:
first cousin to them all,
Long live his Verse,
penn’d this Memoriall.
He departed in the 56.
yeere of his age.
An. Dom. 1603.
Februar. 1579.
To you that live possest,
A graven Plate in the end of the Quire.
great troubles do befall,
Where we that sleep by death,
do feele no harme at all:
An honest life doth bring,
a joyfull death at last,
And life againe begins,
when death is over-past.
Death is the path to life,
and way to endlesse wealth,
The doore whereby we passe
to everlasting health.
These threescore yeere and six
have passed here my life,
And thirty seven yeeres thereof,
thou Helen wert my wife,
A Citizen also,
and of the Cutlers free,
And Warden of the same,
so worthy thought to be.
My loving wife farewell,
God guide thee with his grace.
Prepare thy selfe to come,
and I will give thee place:

Acquaintance all farewell,
and be assur’d of this,
You shall be brought to dust,
Hic jacet corpus Ioannis Thomas,
A plated Stone by the Com
munion Table.
nuper Ci
vis & Groceri Civitatis London. Qui
obiit die Mercurii, vid. 23. Augusti,
Anno Domini 1564
. Hic tres uxores
habuit, vid. Christianam, Matildam,
& Ioannam. Ex Christiana suscepit hos
liberos, Rogerum, Ioannem, seu williel
mum, Ioannem inter Richardum, Lam
bertum, Henricum, Beatricem, & Pe
trum. Ex Matilda, Aliciam, Agne
tem, & Susannam. Ex Ioanna, Thomam,
Martham, Margaretam, Annam, Ri
chardum & Saram.
Hic jacet corpus Richardi Philip,
Another like Stone by it.
Civis &
Groceri London. Qui obiit 10. die
Mensis Aprilis, Anno Domini 1412.
& Isabella uxor ejus: Quae obiit, &c.
Quorum, &c.
Here resteth,
The like Stone on the other side of the Table.
in the mercie of God, the
body of Iohn Eston, Esquire, late Iu
stice of the Peace, and of Southwarke
Steward, leaving behind him Mar
his wife. Which Iohn died the
eight day of May, Anno Domini 1565.
How rich be they certaine,
That Heavenly Kingdome gaine?
No tongue can well expresse
Their joyes, that be endlesse.
Hic jacent Robertus Faireford,
An anci
ent Mar
ble Tombe in the Chancell.
dam Serviens excellentiss. Principis
Henrici Reg. Angliae Quarti, ac nu
per Coronator Curiae Marescalciae
Hospitii Metuendissimorum Prin
cip. Henrici Regis Angliae Quinti,
& Henrici Sexti. Qui obiit 21. die
Augusti, Anno Domini, 1456. &c.
Et Agnet. ux.—Quae obiit—
Over-against this Parish Church, on
the South side the street, was sometime
one great House, builded of Stone, with
arched Gates, which pertained to the
Prior of Lewis in Sussex, and was his
Lodging when hee came to London: It
is now a common Hostery for Travel
lers, and hath to Signe, the Walnut
Then East from the said Parish
Church of Saint Olave
, is a Key. In the
yeere 1330. by the licence of Simon
, Maior of London, it was buil
ded by Isabell, widow to Hamond Good
. And next thereunto was then a
great house of stone and timber, belon
ging to the Abbot of S. Augustin, with
out the wals of Canturbury, which was an
ancient piece of work, & seemeth to be
one of the first builded houses on that
side the River, over-against the City:
It was called the Abbots Inne of Saint
Augustine in Southwarke
, and was some
time holden of the Earles of Warren and
Surrey, as appeareth by a deede, made
1281. which I have read, and may bee
Englished thus:
To all to whom this present writing shall
come, Iohn, Earle Warren, sendeth gree
ting. Know ye, that we have altogether re
mised and quite claimed for us and our
heires for ever, to Nicholas, Abbot of
Saint Augustines of Canturbury, and the
Covent of the same, and their successors,
suit to our Court of Southwarke, which
they owe unto us, for all that Messuage and
houses thereon builded, and all their appur
tenances, which they have of our fee in
Southwarke, situate upon the Thames,
betweene the Bridgehouse, and Church of
Saint Olave
. And the said Messuage with
the buildings thereon builded, and all their
appurtenances to them and their successors,
we have granted in perpetuall Almes to
hold of us, and our heires for the same: sa
ving the service due to any other persons, if
any such be, then to us. And for this remit
and grant, the said Abbot and Covent have
given unto us five shillings of rent yeerely
in Southwarke, and have received us
and our heires in all Benefices, which shall
be in their Church for ever.
This sute of Court one William Cras
was bound to doe to the said Earle,
for the said Messuage: and heretofore
to acquit in all things, the Church of
Saint Augustine, against the said
This house of late time belonged to
Sir Anthony Sentleger, then to Warham
, &c. And now is called Sent
leger house
, but divided into sundry
Next is the Bridgehouse, so called, as
being a store-house, for Stone, Timber,

or whatsouer pertaining to the buil
ding or repairing of London bridge.
This house seemeth to have taken
beginning, with the first founding of
the Bridge; either of stone or timber:
it is a large plot of ground on the banke
of the river Thames, containing divers
large buildings, for stowage of things
necessary, towards reparation of the
said Bridge.
There are also divers Garners,
Garners for Come in the Bridge-house.
laying up of Wheate, and other Gray
ners for service of the City, as need re
quireth. Moreover, there bee certaine
Ovens builded,
Ovens in the Bridge-house.
in number ten: of which
sixe bee very large, the other foure be
ing but halfe so bigge. These were
purposely made to bake out the bread
corne of the said Grayners, to the best
advantage, for reliefe of the poore Citi
zens, when neede should require. Sir I.
, Knight, sometime an Im
broderer, then Goldsmith, one of the
Sheriffes, 1516. gave (by his Testa
ment) towards the making of these
Ovens two hundred pounds, which
thing was performed by his Executors:
Sir Iohn Munday, Goldsmith, then be
ing Maior.
A Brew-house buil¦ded in the Bridge-house.
There was of late, for the
enlarging of the said Bridge-house, taken
in an old Brew-house, called Goldings,
which was given to the Citie by George
, sometime Maior, and in place
thereof, is now a faire brew-house
builded, for service of the Citie with
Abbot of Battaile his Inne.
was the Abbot of Battailes
, betwixt the Bridge-house and Bat
taile bridge
, likewise on the banke of the
river of Thames; the walkes and gar
dens thereunto appertaining, on the o
ther side of the way, before the gate of
the said house, was called the Maze:
there is now an Inne, called the Flower
de luce
, for that the signe is three Flower
de luces
. Much other buildings of smal
tenements are thereon builded reple
nished with strangers and other, for the
most part poore people.
Then is Battaile bridge, so called of
Battaile Abbey, for that it standeth on
the ground, and over a water-course
(flowing out of Thames) pertaining to
that Abbey, & was therfore both buil
ded and repaired by the Abbots of that
house as being hard adjoyning to the
Abbots lodging.
Beyond this Bridge is Bermondsey
, turning South, in the South end
whereof was sometime a Priory or Ab
bey, of S. Sauioyr, called Bermonds eye
in Southwarke
, founded by Ailewin
, a Citizen of London, in the yeere
Peter, Richard, Obstert, and Vmbalde,
Monkes de Charitate, came to Bermond
, the yeere 1089. and Peter was
made first Prior there, by appointment
of the Prior of the house, called Charitie
in France: by which meanes this Priory
of Bermondsey
(being a Cell to that
in France) was accounted a Priory of A
In the yeere 1094. deceased Ailewin
, founder of this house. Then Wil
liam Rufus
gave to the Monks, his Man
nor of Bermondsey
, with the appurtenan
ces, and builded for them there a new
great Church.
Robert Blewit, Bishop of Lincolne
(King Williams Chancelor) gave them
the Mannor of Charleton, with the ap
purtenances. Also Geffrey Martell, by
the grant of Geffrey Magnaville, gave
them the Land of Halingbury, and the
tithe of Alferton, &c.
More in the yeere Thomas of Arderne
1122. and Thomas his Son, gave to the
Monkes of Bermonds Eye, the Church
of Saint George in Southwarke
In the yeere 1165. King Henry the
confirmed to them the Hide or
territorie of Southwarke
Hide of Southwark to the Monkes of Ber
and Laygham,
, with the land of Coleman, &c.
In the yeere one thousand, three hun
dred, seventy one
, the Priories of A
(throughout England) being seized
into the Kings hands, Richard Denten
an Englishman, was made Prior of
Bermondsey: to whom was committed
the custody of the said Priory, by the
letters patents of King Edward the
, saving to the King the advow
sons of Churches.
In the yeare 1380. the fourth of Ri
the second
, this Priory was made
a Denizen (or free English) for the fine
of 200. Markes, payd to the Kings Ha
naper in the Chancery. In the yeare
1399. Attelborough, Prior of Bermond
, was made the first Abbot of that
house, by Pope Boniface the ninth, at the
suit of King Richard the second.

In the yeere 1417. Thomas Thetford,
Abbot of Bermond
held a Plea a
gainst the King, and prevailed.

Abbot of Bermondsey, held a Plea in
Chauncery against the King, for the
Mannors of Preston, Bermondsey, and
Stone, in the County of Summerset, in
the which sute the Abbot prevailed,
and recovered against the King.
In the yeere 1539. this Abbey was
valued to dispend by the yeere 474. l.
14. s. 4. d. ob. and was surrendred to
Henry the eighth, the 31. of his reigne:
the Abbey Church was then pulled
downe by Sir Thomas Pope, Knight, and
in place thereof, a goodly house builded
of stone and timber, since pertaining to
the Earles of Sussex.
There are buried in that Church
Loufstone Provost,
Iohns Ba
Shrive or Domes
man of London, 1115.
Sir William Bowes, Knight, and Dame
his wife.
Iohn Winkefield; Esquire.
Holgrave, Baron of the Exchequer,
Next unto this Abbey Church stan
deth a proper Church of Saint Mary
, builded by the Priors of Ber
, serving for resort of the inha
bitants (tenants to the Prior or Abbots
neere adjoyning) there to have their di
vine Service: this Church remaineth
and serveth as afore, and is called a Pa
rish Church.
Then in Kentstreet is a Lazar house
for Leprous people,
The Loke a Lazar-house in Kent street.
called the Loke in
: the foundation whereof I
finde not. Now having touched divers
principall parts of this Borough, I am
to speak somewhat of government, and
so to end.
This Borough at a Subsidy to the
King, yeeldeth about 1000. Markes, or
800. l. which is more than any one Ci
ty in England payeth, except the City of
Muster of men in Southwark.
And also the Muster of men in
this Borough doth like wise in number
surpasse all other Cities, except London.
And thus much for the Borough of
, one of the 26. Wards of
London, which hath an Alderman, De
puties three, and a Bayliffe. Common
Councell none. Constables 16. Scaven
gers 6. Wardmote Inquest 20. And is
taxed to the Fifteene, at 17. pounds, 17.
shillings, 8. pence.


  1. I.e., the Antelope. (MR)
  2. I.e., Suffolk House. (MR)
  3. I.e., Anthony Browne, first Viscount Montagu. (MR)
  4. Likely Walter Fitzwalter, third Baron Fitzwalter based on the years he lived. (JB)
  5. Kingston corrects the name to Sir Richard Imworth in Kingston 1908. (JB)
  6. Possibly referring to Geoffery de Say, second Lord de Say. (MR)
  7. I.e., Thomas Ravis. (MR)

Cite this page

MLA citation

Stow, John, Anthony Munday, Anthony Munday, and Humphrey Dyson. Survey of London (1633): Bridge Without Ward. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 6.6, edited by Janelle Jenstad, U of Victoria, 30 Jun. 2021, Draft.

Chicago citation

Stow, John, Anthony Munday, Anthony Munday, and Humphrey Dyson. Survey of London (1633): Bridge Without Ward. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 6.6. Ed. Janelle Jenstad. Victoria: University of Victoria. Accessed June 30, 2021. Draft.

APA citation

Stow, J., Munday, A., Munday, A., & Dyson, H. 2021. Survey of London (1633): Bridge Without Ward. In J. Jenstad (Ed), The Map of Early Modern London (Edition 6.6). Victoria: University of Victoria. Retrieved from Draft.

RIS file (for RefMan, RefWorks, EndNote etc.)

Provider: University of Victoria
Database: The Map of Early Modern London
Content: text/plain; charset="utf-8"

A1  - Stow, John
A1  - Munday, Anthony
A1  - Munday, Anthony
A1  - Dyson, Humphrey
ED  - Jenstad, Janelle
T1  - Survey of London (1633): Bridge Without Ward
T2  - The Map of Early Modern London
ET  - 6.6
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/06/30
CY  - Victoria
PB  - University of Victoria
LA  - English
UR  -
UR  -
ER  - 

TEI citation

<bibl type="mla"><author><name ref="#STOW6"><surname>Stow</surname>, <forename>John</forename></name></author>, <author><name ref="#MUND1"><forename>Anthony</forename> <surname>Munday</surname></name></author>, <author><name ref="#MUND1"><forename>Anthony</forename> <surname>Munday</surname></name></author>, and <author><name ref="#DYSO1"><forename>Humphrey</forename> <surname>Dyson</surname></name></author>. <title level="a">Survey of London (1633): Bridge Without Ward</title>. <title level="m">The Map of Early Modern London</title>, Edition <edition>6.6</edition>, edited by <editor><name ref="#JENS1"><forename>Janelle</forename> <surname>Jenstad</surname></name></editor>, <publisher>U of Victoria</publisher>, <date when="2021-06-30">30 Jun. 2021</date>, <ref target=""></ref>. Draft.</bibl>