Oxford House

The first mayor of London, Henry Fitzalwine, lived at London Stone, and the site of his house has been associated with the temporal governance of the city and the livery until the twentieth century. Kingsford traces the history of the site back to Henry Fitzalwine (Kingsford 2.315–16; Stow 2:149–152). In the possession of the Prior of Tortington for a time, Fitzalwine’s house passed to the Earls of Oxford at the dissolution of the religious houses in the sixteenth century. The fifteenth and sixteenth Earls of Oxford (both named John de Vere) made their London home here. Stow tells us in Of Customs and Orders that the latter rode to this house with a great retinue of 80. Gentlemen in a liuery of Reading Tawny Gap in transcription. Reason: Editorial omission for reasons of length or relevance. Use only in quotations in born-digital documents.[…] and 100. tall yeomen in the like liuery (Stow 1:89). The earl’s homecoming must have been quite the spectacle, sure to have made an impact on the denizens of Candlewick Street.
Known to Stow’s contemporaries as Oxford House or Oxford place by London Stone (Stow 1:224), the house was then home to two other mayors. Stow tells us: In this Oxford place sir Ambrose Nicholas kept his Maioralitie, and since him the said sir Iohn Hart (Stow 1:224; see Stow 2:184 for dates of office). Sir John Hart’s daughter married Humphrey Smith, Alderman of Walbrook Ward (Kingsford 2.316), and they continued to live at the London Stone address.
The house was purchased by the Salters’ Company in 1641 and became the site of their company hall until 1941 (Kingsford 2.316; see also the Salters’ Company’s online history of their hall).


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MLA citation

Jenstad, Janelle, Chris Horne, Jamie Zabel, and Kate LeBere. Oxford House. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 7.0, edited by Janelle Jenstad, U of Victoria, 05 May 2022, mapoflondon.uvic.ca/edition/7.0/OXFO7.htm. INP.

Chicago citation

Jenstad, Janelle, Chris Horne, Jamie Zabel, and Kate LeBere. Oxford House. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 7.0. Ed. Janelle Jenstad. Victoria: University of Victoria. Accessed May 05, 2022. mapoflondon.uvic.ca/edition/7.0/OXFO7.htm. INP.

APA citation

Jenstad, J., Horne, C., Zabel, J., & LeBere, K. 2022. Oxford House. In J. Jenstad (Ed), The Map of Early Modern London (Edition 7.0). Victoria: University of Victoria. Retrieved from https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/editions/7.0/OXFO7.htm. INP.

RIS file (for RefMan, RefWorks, EndNote etc.)

Provider: University of Victoria
Database: The Map of Early Modern London
Content: text/plain; charset="utf-8"

A1  - Jenstad, Janelle
A1  - Horne, Chris
A1  - Zabel, Jamie
A1  - LeBere, Kate
ED  - Jenstad, Janelle
T1  - Oxford House
T2  - The Map of Early Modern London
ET  - 7.0
PY  - 2022
DA  - 2022/05/05
CY  - Victoria
PB  - University of Victoria
LA  - English
UR  - https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/edition/7.0/OXFO7.htm
UR  - https://mapoflondon.uvic.ca/edition/7.0/xml/standalone/OXFO7.xml
ER  - 

TEI citation

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