Langbourn Ward


Langbourn Ward is west of Aldgate Ward. According to Stow, the ward is named after a long borne of ſweete water which once broke out of the ground in Fenchurch Street, a street running through the middle of Langbourn Ward (Stow 1603). The long borne of ſweete water no longer existed at the time of Stow’s writing (Stow 1603).
1720: Blome’s Map of Langbourn Ward and Candlewick Street Ward. Image courtesy of British Library Crace Collection. 
                        © British Library Board; Maps Crace Port. 8.29
1720: Blome’s Map of Langbourn Ward and Candlewick Street Ward. Image courtesy of British Library Crace Collection. © British Library Board; Maps Crace Port. 8.29

Links to Chapters in the Survey of London

1603 Description of Ward Boundaries

The following diplomatic transcription of the opening paragraph(s) of the 1603 chapter on this ward will eventually be subsumed into the MoEML edition of the 1603 Survey.1 Each ward chapter opens with a narrative circumnavigation of the ward—a verbal beating of the bounds that MoEML first transcribed in 2004 and later used to facilitate the drawing of approximate ward boundaries on our edition of the Agas map. Source: John Stow, A Survey of London (London, 1603; STC #23343).
LAngborne warde, ſo called of a long borne of ſweete water, which of olde time breaking out into Fenchurch ſtréete, ranne downe the ſame ſtreete, and Lombard ſtreet, to the Weſt end of S. Mary Woolnothes Church, where turning ſouth, and breaking into ſmal ſhares, rils or ſtreams, it left the name of Share borne lane, or South borne lane (as I haue read) becauſe it ran ſouth to the Riuer of Thames. This Warde beginneth at the Weſt ende of Aldgate Warde, in Fenne church ſtreete, by the Ironmongers hall, which is on the North ſide of that ſtréete, at a place called Culuer alley, where ſometime was a lane, through the which men went into Limeſtreete, but that being long ſince ſtopped vp for ſuſpition of theeues, that lurked there by night, as is ſhewed in Limeſtreete warde, there is now this ſaid alley a tennis court, &c.
Fenne-church ſtreete tooke that name of a Fennie or Mooriſh ground, ſo made by means of this borne which paſſed through it, and therfore vntill this day in the Guildhall of this citie, that ward is called by the name of Langborne, and fennie about and not otherwiſe: yet others be of opinion that it tooke that name of Fænum, that is hey ſolde there, as Graſſe ſtréet tooke the name of Graſſe or hearbes there ſolde.
In the midſt of this ſtréete ſtandeth a ſmall pariſh church called S. Gabriel Fenchurch, corruptly Fan church.
Helming Legget Eſquire by licenſe of Edward the third, in the 49. of his raigne, gaue one tenement, with a curtelarge thereto belonging, and a Garden with an entrie thereto leading vnto ſir Iohn Hariot parſon of Fenchurch and to his ſucceſſors for euer, the houſe to be a Parſonage houſe, the garden to be a churchyard, or burying place for the pariſh.
Then haue ye Lombardſtréete, ſo called of the Longobards, and other Marchants, ſtrangers of diuerſe nations aſſembling there twiſe euery day, of what originall, or continuance, I haue not read of record, more then that Edward the ſecond, in the 12. of his raigne, confirmed a meſſuage, ſometime belonging to Robert Turke, abutting on Lombard ſtreete toward the South, and toward Cornehill, on the North for the Marchants of Florence, which proueth that ſtréet to haue had the name of Lombard ſtréet before the raigne of Edward the ſecond. The méeting of which Marchants and others, there continued untill the 22 of December, in the yeare, 1568. on the which day, the ſaid Marchants began to make their meetings at the Burſſe, a place then new builded for that purpoſe in the warde of Cornehill, and was ſince by her Maieſtie, Queene Elizabeth, named the Royall Exchange.
On the North ſide of this Warde, is Limeſtreete, one halfe whereof on both the ſides is of this Langborne Warde, and therein on the Weſt ſide, is the Pewterers Hall, which companie were admitted to bee a brotherhoode, in the 13. of Edward the fourth.

Note on Ward boundaries on Agas Map

Ward boundaries drawn on the Agas map are approximate. The Agas map does not lend itself well to georeferencing or georectification, which means that we have not been able to import the raster-based or vector-based shapes that have been generously offered to us by other projects. We have therefore used our drawing tools to draw polygons on the map surface that follow the lines traced verbally in the opening paragraph(s) of each ward chapter in the Survey. Read more about the cartographic genres of the Agas map.


  1. The 1603 Survey is widely available in reprints of C.L. Kingsford’s two-volume 1908 edition (Kingsford) and also in the British History Online transcription of the Kingsford edition (BHO). MoEML is completing its editions of all four texts in the following order: 1598, 1633, 1618, and 1603. (JJ)


Cite this page

MLA citation

Zabel, Jamie. Langbourn Ward. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 7.0, edited by Janelle Jenstad, U of Victoria, 05 May 2022,

Chicago citation

Zabel, Jamie. Langbourn Ward. The Map of Early Modern London, Edition 7.0. Ed. Janelle Jenstad. Victoria: University of Victoria. Accessed May 05, 2022.

APA citation

Zabel, J. 2022. Langbourn Ward. In J. Jenstad (Ed), The Map of Early Modern London (Edition 7.0). Victoria: University of Victoria. Retrieved from

RIS file (for RefMan, RefWorks, EndNote etc.)

Provider: University of Victoria
Database: The Map of Early Modern London
Content: text/plain; charset="utf-8"

A1  - Zabel, Jamie
ED  - Jenstad, Janelle
T1  - Langbourn Ward
T2  - The Map of Early Modern London
ET  - 7.0
PY  - 2022
DA  - 2022/05/05
CY  - Victoria
PB  - University of Victoria
LA  - English
UR  -
UR  -
ER  - 

TEI citation

<bibl type="mla"><author><name ref="#ZABE1"><surname>Zabel</surname>, <forename>Jamie</forename></name></author>. <title level="a">Langbourn Ward</title>. <title level="m">The Map of Early Modern London</title>, Edition <edition>7.0</edition>, edited by <editor><name ref="#JENS1"><forename>Janelle</forename> <surname>Jenstad</surname></name></editor>, <publisher>U of Victoria</publisher>, <date when="2022-05-05">05 May 2022</date>, <ref target=""></ref>.</bibl>



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