Survey of London (1633): Temporal Government

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Temporall Government.
Discoursed in briefe manner.
THIS City of Lon
being under the
government of the
Britaines, Romans,
and Saxons, the most
ancient and famous
City of the whole
Realme, was at length destroyed by the
Danes, and left desolate, as may appeare
by our Histories. But Aelfred King of
the West Saxons, having brought this
whole Realme (from many parts) into
one Monarchie, honorably repaired this
City, and made it againe habitable, and
then committed the custody thereof to
his Sonne in law Adhered, Earle of Mer
. After whose decease, the Citie, with
all other possessions pertaining to the
said Earle, returned to King Edward,
sirnamed the Elder
, &c. And so remai
ned in the Kings hands, being governed
under him by Portgraves (or Portreves)
which name is compounded of the two
Saxon words,
Porte and Gerefe or Reve-Porte
betokeneth a Towne, and Gerefe
signifieth a Gardian, Ruler or Keeper of
the Towne.
These Governors of old time (saith Ro
bert Fabian
) with the lawes and customes
then used within this Citie,
Lib. 8. Al
were registred
in a Booke, called the Doomes-day Booke,
written in the Saxon Tongue: but of later
dayes, when the lawes and customes were
changed, and for that also the said Booke
was of a small hand, sore defaced, and hard
to be read or understood; it was lesse set by,
so that it was imbezeled and lost. Thus farre
Notwithstanding, I have found by
search of divers old Registers and other
Records abroad; namely, in a Booke
sometime appertaining to the Monaste
ry of Saint Albans
, of the Portgraves,
and other Governours of this City, as
First, that in the reigne of King Ed
the last,
Citizens of London called Burgesses.
before the conquest,1 Wolfe
was Portgrave, as may appeare by
the Charter of the same King, in these
Edward, King, greeteth Alfward Bishop,
and Wolfgar my Portgrave, and all the Bur
gesses of London
. And afterward, that in
another Charter, King Edward greeteth
William, Bishop, and Swetman my Port
grave. And after that, in another Char
ter to the Abbey of Chertsey: To William,
Bishop, and Leofstane and Alffy Port
In the reigne of William Conqueror,
William, Bishop of London, procured of
the said Conqueror his Charter of Li
berties, to the same William, Bishop, &
Godfrey, Portgrave, in the Saxon tongue,
and turned into English, thus:
Charter of William Conqueror.
King, greeteth William, Bi
shop, and Godfrey, Portgrave, and all the
Burgesses within London, French, and
English: And I grant that they be all their
law worth, that they were in Edward dayes
the King. And I will that each child bee his
Fathers heire. And I will not suffer that a
ny man doe you wrong: and God you
And then in the reigne of the said
, and of William Rufus, God
frey de Magnavile
was Portgrave, (or
Sheriffe) as may appeare by their Char
and Richard de Par was Provost.
In the reigne of King Henry the first,
Hugh Buche was Portgrave, and Leofsta
, Goldsmith, Provost, buried at Ber
After them, Aubery de Vere was Port

Temporall Government.

and Robert Bar Querel, Provost.
This Aubery de Vere was slaine in the
reigne of King Stephen.
I. Leyland.
It is to bee no
ted also, that King Henry the first gran
ted to the Citizens of London, the Shi
rifwicke thereof, and of Middlesex, as in
another place is shewed.
In the reigne of King Stephen,
was Portgrave, and Andrew Bu
, Provost.
After him, Godfrey Magnavile, the
Sonne of VVilliam, the Sonne of God
frey Magnavile
, by the gift of Maud the
, was Portgrave or Sheriffe of
London and Middlesex, for the yeerely
farme of three hundred pound, as ap
peareth by the Charter.
In the time of King Henry the se
, Peter Fitz Walter was Portgrave;
after him Iohn Fitz Nigel was Port
grave, after him, Ernulfus Buchel became
Portgrave; and after him VVilliam Fitz
These Portgraves are also in divers
Records called,
graves, since cal
led She
riffes, and Iudges of the Kings Court, & have ther
fore Vn
riffes, men lear
ned in the law, to sit in their Courts. Doomes
, or Iudges of the Kings Court.
Vicecomites, Vicounties,
or Sheriffes, as being under an Earle;
for that they then, as since, used that of
fice as the Sheriffes of London doe till
this day. Some Authors do call them
Doomes-men, Eldermen, or Iudges of the
Kings Court.
VVilliam Fitz Stephen, noting the e
state of this City, & Government there
of in his time, under the reigne of King
, and of Henry the second, hath
these words:
This Citie (faith he) even as Rome, is
divided into VVards, it hath yeerely She
riffes in stead of Consuls, it hath the dignity
of Senators and Aldermen, it hath Vnder-officers,
and according to the qualitie of
Lawes, it hath severall Courts, and generall
Assemblies upon appointed dayes.
Thus much for the antiquity of She
riffes, and also of Aldermen in severall
Wards of this Citie may suffice: and
now for the name of Bayliffes, and after
that, of Maiors as followeth.
In the first yeere of King Richard the
Bailiffes of London.
the Citizens of London obtained to
bee governed by two Bailiffes, which
Bailiffes are in divers ancient dceds cal
led Sheriffes, according to the speech of
the Law, which called the Shire Balliva,
for that they (like as the Portgraves)
used the same office of Shrivewicke, for
the which the City paid to fee-farme,
300. l. yeerely as before, since the
reigne of Henry the first, which also is
yet paid by the City into the Exchequer
untill this day.
They also obtained to have a Maior,
to bee their principall Governour and
Lieutenant of the City, as of the Kings
1189 The names of the first Bailiffes
or Officers, entring into their office
at the Feast of S. Michael2 the Arch
angell, in the yeere of Christ 1189.
were named Henry Cornehill, and Ri
chard Reynere
, Bailiffes or Sheriffes.
Their first Maior was Henry Fitz-Alwin,
Draper, appointed by the said
King, and continued Maior from the
first of Richard the first, untill the 15. of
King Iohn
, which was 24. yeeres and
somewhat more.
1190 The second of Richard the first,
Maior, Henry Fitz-Alwin.
First Ma
ior of London.
1191 The third Sheriffes,
1192 The fourth,
1193 The fifth,
1194 The sixth,

Temporall Government.
VVilliam Fitz-Arnold:—
An. Dom. 1195 The seventh
Ioke de Iosue:—
An. Dom. 1196 The eighth
Robert Durant:—
An. Dom. 1197 The ninth
An. Dom. 1198 The tenth
King Iohn began his reigne the sixth of
April 1199
An. Dom. 1199 The first of King Iohn,
King Iohn granted the Sheriffe
wicke of London, and Middlesex, to the
Citizens thereof, as King Henry the first
before had done, for the summe of 300. l. yeerely. Also he gave them authori
ty to chuse and deprive their Sheriffs at
their pleasure.
An. Dom. 1200 The second
Iames Bartholemew:—
An. Dom. 1201 The third
Maior, Henry Alwin.
An. Dom. 1202 The fourth
Iohn de Ely:—
An. Dom. 1203 The fifth
VV. Chamberlaine:—
VValter Brune, and Rosia his wife,
founded the Hospitall of Saint Mary
without Bishopsgate, commonly cal
led, Saint Mary Spittle.
An. Dom. 1204 The sixth
Hamond Brond:—
An. Dom. 1205 The seventh
An. Dom. 1206 The eighth
Edmund Fitz-Gerard:—

Temporall Government.
An. Dom. 1207 The ninth
Edmund Hard Le:—
An. Dom. 1208 The tenth
Thomas Neale:—
The King by his Letters Patents
granted to the Citizens of London liber
ty and authority, yeerely to chuse them
selves a Maior.
An. Dom. 1209 The eleventh
William Blound:—
An. Dom. 1210 The twelfth
Stephen le Grasse:—
An. Dom. 1211. The thirteenth
Iohn Garland:—
An. Dom. 1212 The foureteenth
Constantine Iosue:—
This Henry Fitz-Alwin deceased,
and was buried in the Parish Church of
S. Mary Bothaw
, neere to London Stone,
where he dwelt.
An. Dom. 1213. The fifteenth
Peter Bate:—
This yeere the Ditch about London
was begun to bee made, of 204. foote
broad, by the Londoners.
1214 The sixteenth
Hugh Basing:—
Maior, Serle, Mercer.
1215 The seventeenth
Andrew Newland:—
King Henry the third began his
reigne the 19. of October,
1216 The first
William Bluntivers:—

Temporall Government.

Maior, Iames Alderman for part,
and Salomon Basing for part.
1217 The second
Ralph Holyland:—
Maior, Serle, Mercer,
1218 The third
Iohn Wayle, or Veil,—
Iohn le Spicer:—
The Forest of Middlesex, and the
Warren of Stanes, were this yeere dis
1219 The fourth
Iohn Wayle, or Veil:—
1220 The fifth
Iohn Veil:—
1221 The sixth
Thomas Lambart:—
1222 The seventh
Thomas Lambart:—
Constantine Fitz-Arnulph raysed great
troubles in this Citie, and was hanged
with his Nephew and other.
1223 The eighth
Andrew Bokerel:—
1224 The ninth
Andrew Bokerel:—
The King granted to the Comminal
tie of London, to have a common Scale.
1225 The tenth
Martin Fitz-William:—
1226 The eleventh
Martin Fitz William:—
This yeere the King confirmed to the
Citizens of London free Warren, or li
bertie to hunt a certaine circuite about
the Citie, in the Warren of Stanes, &c.
And also, that the Citizens of London
should passe tol-free throughout all En
and that the Keddles, or Weres
in the River of Thames, and Midway,
should be plucked up and destroyed for
ever, &c. Patent 11. Henry 3.
1227 The twelfth
Henry Cecham:—

Temporall Government.
Maior, Roger Duke.
The liberties and Franchises of Lon

were ratified, and the King granted,
that either Sheriffe should have two
Clerkes, and two Serjeants: also, that
the Citizens should have a common
1228 The thirteenth
Henry Cocham:—
Maior, Roger Duke.
1229 The foureteenth
Maior, Roger Duke.
1230 The fifteenth
Iohn de VVoborne:—
Maior, Roger Duke.
1231 The sixteenth

Maior, Andrew Bokerel, Pepperer.
1232 The seventeenth
Gerard Bat:—
Maior, Andrew Bokerel, Pepperer.
1233 The eighteenth
Roger Blunt:—
Maior, Andrew Bokerel, Pepperer.
1234 The nineteenth
Iohn Norman:—
Maior, Andrew Bokerel, Pepperer.
1235 The twentith
Richard or Robert Hardle:
Maior, Andrew Bokerel, Pepperer.
1236 The one and twentith
Iordan of Coventry:—
Maior, Andrew Bokerel, Pepperer.
1237 The two and twentith
Maior, Andrew Bokerel, Pepperer.
1238 The three and twentith
Iohn VVilhall:—
1239 The foure and twentith
Ralph Ashwy:—

Temporall Government.
This VVilliam Ioyner, builded the
Quire of the Gray Friers Church in Lon
and became a Lay brother of that
1240 The five and twentieth
Iohn Gisors,—
Michael Tony:—
Maior, Gerard Bat.
This yeere Aldermen of London were
chosen, and changed yeerely, but that
order lasted not long. Gerard Bat was a
gaine elected Maior for that yeere to
come, but the King would not admit
him, being charged with taking mo
ney of the Victuallers in the precedent
1241 The six and twentieth
Thomas Duresme,—
Iohn Voyle:—
Maior, Reymond Bongey.
1242 The seven and twentieth
Iohn Fitz-Iohn,—
Ralph Ashwy:—
Maior, Reymond Bongey.
1243 The eight and twentieth
Hugh Blunt,—
Adam Basing:—
Maior, Ralph Ashwy.
1244 The nine and twentieth
Ralph Foster,—
Nicholas Bat:—
Maior, Michael Tony.
1245 The thirtieth
Robert of Cornehil,—
Adam of Bewley:—

Maior, Iohn Gisors Pepperer.

Temporall Government.
1246 The one and thirtieth
Simon Fitz-Mary,—
Lawrence Frowicke:—
Maior, Iohn Gisors.
Simon Fitz-Mary, founded the Hos
pitall of Mary, called Bethelem without
Bishopsgate. Queene Hith was now let to
farme to the Citizens of London.
1247 The two and thirtieth
Iohn Voyle,—
Nicholas Bat:—
Maior, Peter Fitz-Alwin.
1248 The three and thirtieth
Nicholas Fitz Iosue,—
Geffrey VVinchester:—
Maior, Michael Tony.
1249 The foure and thirtie
Richard Hardell,—
Iohn Tolason:—
Maior, Roger Fitz-Roger.
1250 The five and thirtieth
Humfrey Bat,—
VVilliam Fitz-Richard:—

Maior, Iohn Gisors, Pepperer.
The King now granted, that the
Maior should be presented to the Ba
rons of the Exchequer, and they should
admit him.
1251 The six and thirtieth
Lawrence Frowicke,—
Nicholas Bat:—
Maior, Adam Basing.
1252 The seven and thirtieth
VVilliam Durham,—
Thomas VVimborne:—
Maior, Iohn Tolason, Draper.
The Liberties of this City were sei
zed, and the Maior charged, that he
looked not to the Assise of bread.
1253 The eighth and thirtieth
Iohn Northampton,—
Richard Picard:—

Temporall Government.

Maior, Richard Hardell, Draper.
1254 The nine and thirtieth
Ralph Ashwy,—
Robert of Limon:—
Maior, Richard Hardell, Draper.
1255 The fortieth
Stephen Doe,—
Henry Walmond:—
Maior, Richard Hardell, Draper.
The Maior, divers Aldermen, and
the Sheriffes of London were deprived,
and other placed in their roomes.
1256 The one and fortieth
Michael Bockerell,—
Iohn the Minor:—
Maior, Richard Hardell, Draper.
1257 The two and fortieth
Richard Otwel,—
William Ashwy:—
Maior, Richard Hardell; Draper.
The King caused the walles of this
Citie to bee repaired, and made with
1258 The three and fortieth
Robert Cornhill,—
Iohn Adrian:—
Maior, Richard Hardell, Draper.
1259 The foure and fortieth
Iohn Adrian,—
Robert Cornhill:—
Maior, Iohn Gisors, Pepperer.
1260 The five and fortieth
Adam Browning,—
Henry Coventrie:—
Maior, William Fitz-Richard.
1261 The six and fortieth
Iohn Northhampton,—
Richard Picard:—
Maior, William Fitz-Richard.
1262 The seven and fortieth
Iohn Tailor—
Richard Walbrooke:
Maior, Thomas Fitz-Richard.
1263 The eight and fortieth
Robert de Mountpiter,—
Osbert de Suffolke:—
Maior, Thomas Fitz-Richard.
The Citizens of London fortified the
Citie with iron Chaines, drawn rhwart
over their streets.
1264 The nine and fortieth
Gregory Rockesley,—
Thomas de Detford:—
Maior, Thomas Fitz-Thomas Fitz-Ri

Temporall Government.
1265 The fiftieth
Edward Blund,—
Peter Anger:—
Maior, Thomas Fitz-Thomas Fitz-Richard.
The Chaines and Posts in London
were plucked up, the Maior and prin
cipall Citizens committed to Ward,
and Otho Constable of the Tower, was
made Custos of the Citie, &c.
1266 The one and fiftieth
Iohn Hind,—
Iohn Walraven:—
Maior, William Richards.
The Earle of Gloucester entred the
Citie with an Army, and therein buil
ded Bulwarkes, cast Trenches, &c.
1267 The two and fiftieth
Iohn Adrian,—
Lucas de Batencourt:—
Custos, Alen de la Souch.
This Alen de la Souch, being a Baron
of this Realme, and also chiefe Iustice,
was in the yeere 1270. slaine in West

Hall, by Iohn warren Earle of
Thomas Fitz-Theobald, and Agnes his
wife, this yeere founded the Hospitall
of Saint Thomas of Acon in Westcheape.
1268 The three and fiftieth▪
Walter Harvy,—
William Duresme:—

T. Wimborn; Custos, Sir Stephen Ed
A variance fell in London betweene
the Goldsmiths and the Taylors, wher
through many men were slaine.
1269 The foure and fiftieth
Thomas Basing,—
Robert Cornehill:—
Hugh Fitz-Ottonis, Custos of London,
and Constable of the Tower.
1270 The five and fiftieth
Walter Potter,—
Philip Tailor:—

Maior, Iohn Adrian Vintner.
1271 The six and fiftieth
Gregory Rokesly,—
Henry Walleys:—
Maior, Iohn Adrian Vintner.
The steeple of Bow Church in Cheape
fell downe, and slew many people.
1272 The

Temporall Government.
1272 The seven and fiftieth
Richard Paris,—
Iohn de Wodeley:—

Maior, Sir Walter Harvy, Custos, H.
, Pepperer, for part that yeere.
King Edward the first beganne his
reigne the sixteenth of No
vember, 1272.
1273 The first
Iohn Horne,—
Walter Potter:—
Maior, Sir Walter Harvy, Knight.
1274 The second
Nicholas Winchester,—
Henry Coventry:—
Maior, Henry Walleis.
1275 The third
Lucas Batencourte,—
Henry Frowicke:—

Maior, Gregory Rokesley; chiefe Say
master of all the Kings Mints through
out all England, and keeper of the Kings
Exchange at London.
1276 The fourth
Iohn Horne,—
Ralph Blunt:—
Maior, Gregory Rokesley.
1277 The fifth
Robert de Arar,—
Ralph L. Fewre:—
Maior, Gregory Rokesley.
1278 The sixth
Iohn Adrian,—
Walter Langley:—
Maior, Gregory Rokesley.
1279 The seventh
Robert Basing,—
William le Meyre:—
Maior, Gregory Rokesley.
1280 The eighth
Thomas Fox, or Box,—
Ralph Delamere, or Moore:
Maior, Gregory Rokesley.
1281 The ninth
William Farendon,—
Nicholas Winchester:—
Maior, Gregory Rakesley.
This William Farendon, Goldsmith,
one of the Sheriffes was Father to Ni
cholas Farendon
: Of these two Faringden
Ward tooke that name.
1282 The tenth
W. le Meyre,—
Richard Chigwel:—
Maior, Henry Walleis.
This Henry Walleis builded the Tun
upon Cornehill, to bee a Prison, and the
Stockes to be a Market-house.
1283 The eleventh
Ralph Blunt,—
Ankerin de Betavil, or Haw
kin Betuell:—

Temporall Government.
Maior, Henry Walleis.
1284. The twelfth
Iordan Goodcheape,—
Martin Box:—
Maior, Henry Walleis.
Lawrence Ducket, Goldsmith, mur
dered in Bow-Church, and the murthe
rers hanged.
1285 The thirteenth
Stephen Cornehill,—
Roberts Rokesley:—
Maior, Gregory Rokesley;
Custos, Ralph Sandwitch, and
Iohn Briton.
It was ordained, that Millers should
have but one halfe-penny for a quarter
of Wheat grinding: and the great water
Conduit in Cheape was now begun to be
1286 The foureteenth
Walter Blunt,—
Iohn Wade:—
Custos, Ralph Sandwitch.
Wheate was now sold at London for
sixteene pence, and for twelve pence
the quarter.
1287 The fifteenth
Thomas Crosse,—
Walter Hawteyne:—
Custos, Ralph Sandwitch.
1288 The sixteenth
W. Hereford,—
Thomas Stanes:—
Custos, Ralph Sandwitch.
1289 The seventeenth
W. Betaine,—
Iohn of Canturbury:—
Custos, Ralph Sandwitch, Ralph Barna
vars, and Sir Iohn Briton.
This yeere a Subsidie was granted,
for the reparations of London-bridge.
1290 The eighteenth
Fulke of S. Edmond,—
Salomon Langford, or Le Se
Custos, Sir Iohn Briton, Knight.
1291 The nineteenth
Thomas Romain,—
W. de Leyre:—
Custos, Sir Iohn Briton, Knight,
Ralph Sandwitch.
1292 The twentieth
Ralph blunt,—
Hamond Box:—
Custos, Ralph Sandwitch.
1293 The one and twentieth
Henry Bell, or Bole,—
Elias Russell:—
Custos, Ralph Sandwitch.
Three men had their right hands cut
off at the Standard in Cheape, for rescu
ing of a prisoner, arrested by a Sergeant
of London.
1294 The two and twentieth
Robert Rokesley the yonger,
Martin Aubery, or Amers
Custos, Ralph Sandwitch.
1295 The three and twentieth
Henry Box,—
Richard Gloucester:—
Custos, Sir Ralph Sandwitch.

Temporall Government.
1296 The foure and twentieth
Iohn Dunstable,—
Adam de Halingbery:—
Custos, Sir Iohn Briton.
This yeere all the Liberties of the Ci
ty were restored, the Mairalty excepted.
1297 The five and twentieth
Thomas of Suffolke,—
Adam of Fulham:—
Custos, Sir Iohn Briton.
1298 The six and twentith
Richard Refham,—
Thomas Sely:—
Maior, Henry Walleis.
Certaine Citizens of London brake up
the Tunne upon Cornehill, and tooke out
prisoners, for the which they were grie
vously punished.
1299 The seven and twentieth
Iohn Armenter,—
Henry Fingene, or Fingrith:
Maior, Elias Russell.
1300 The eighth and twentieth
Lucas de Havering,—
Richard Champnes:—
Maior, Elias Russell.
1301 The nine and twentieth
Robert Callor, or Callet,—
Peter de Besenho:—

Custos, Sir Iohn Blunt, Knight.
1302 The thirtieth
Hugh Pourte,—
Simon Paris:—
Custos, Sir Iohn Blunt.
1303 The one and thirtieth
W. Combmartin,—
Iohn de Burford:—
Custos, Sir Iohn Blunt.
1304 The two and thirtieth
Roger Paris,—
Iohn de Lincolne:—
Custos, Sir Iohn Blunt.
Geffrey Hertelepole, Alderman, was
elected to bee Recorder of London, and
tooke his oath, and was appointed to
weare his apparell as an Alderman.
1305 The three and thirtieth
William Cawson,—
Reginald Thunderley:—
Custos, Sir Iohn Blunt.
1306 The foure and thirtieth
Geffrey at the Conduit,—
Simon Billet:—
Custos, Sir Iohn Blunt.
Seacoale was forbidden to bee bur
ned in London, Southwarke, &c.
Edward the second began his reigne the
seventh of Iuly, the yeere of Christ,
Anno, 1307.
1307 The first
Nicholas Pigot,—
Nigellus Drury:—
Custos, Sir Iohn Blunt.
1308 The second▪
W. Basing,—
Iames Butteler:—

Maior, Nicholas Faringdon, Goldsmith.

Temporall Government.
1309 The third
Roger le Palmer,—
Iames of S. Edmond:—
Maior, Thomas Romaine.
1310 The fourth
Simon Cooper,—
Peter Blackney:—

Maior, Richard Reffam, Mercer.
The King commanded the Maior and
communaltie to make the Wall of Lon
from Ludgate to Fleetbridge, and
from thence to the Thames.
1311 The fifth
Simon Metwod,—
Richard Wilford:—
Maior, Sir Iohn Gisors, Pepperer.
Order was taken that Merchant-strangers
should sell their wares within
forty dayes after their arrivall, or else
the same to be forfeited.
1312 The sixth
Iohn Lambin,—
Adam Lutkin:—
Maior, Sir Iohn Gisors, Pepperer.
1313 The seventh
Robert Gurden, or Burdeint,
Hugh Garton:—
Maior, Nicholas Faringdon, Goldsmith.
Prices set on victuals: a fat stalled
Oxe, 24. shillings, a fat Mutton, 20.
pence, a fat Goose, two pence halfe pen
ny, a fat Capon, two pence; a fat Hen,
one penny; two Chickens, one penny;
three Pigeons, one penny; 24. egges
one penny, &c.
1314 The eighth
Stephen Abingdon,—
Hamond Chickwell, or Chig
Maior, Sir Iohn Gisors, Pepperer.
Famine and mortality of people, so
that the quicke might unneath bury the
dead, horse flesh, and dogs flesh was
good meate.
1315 The ninth
Hamond Goodchape,—
William Bodeleigh:—
Maior, Stephen de Abingdon.
1316 The tenth
William Caston,—
Ralph Balancer:—
Maior, Iohn Wingrave.
An earely Harvest: a Bushell of
Wheate that had beene sold for tenne
shillings, was now sold for tenne pence,
1317 The eleventh
Iohn Prior,—
W. Furneux, or Furneis:—
Maior, Iohn Wingrave.

Temporall Government.
Such a murren of Kine, that Dogs
and Ravens that sed on them were poi
1318 The twelfth
Iohn Pointell,—
Iohn Dalling:—
Maior, Iohn Wingrave.
1319 The thirteenth
Simon de Abingdon,—
I. Preston:—

Maior, Hamond Chickwell, Pepperer.
Iohn Gisors, late Maior of London, and
many other Citizens fled the City, for
things layd to their charge.
1320 The foureteenth
Renauld at the Conduit,—
W. Prodham, or Produn:—
Maior, Nicholas Farengdon, Goldsmith.
1321 The fifteenth
Richard Constantine,—
Richard de Hackney:—
Maior, Hamond Chickwell, Pepperer.
1222 The sixteenth
Iohn Grantham,—
Richard de Ely:—
Maior, Hamond Chickwell, Pepperer.
Fish and Flesh market established at
the Stockes, in the midst of the Citie.
1323 The seventeenth
Adam of Salisbury,—
Iohn of Oxford:—
Maior, Nicholas Farengdon, Goldsmith.
Of this Nicholas Farengdon, and of
William Farengdon his father, read more
in Farengdon Ward.
1324 The eighteenth
Benet of Fulham,—
Iohn Cawson:—
Maior, Hamond Chickwell, Pepperer.
1325 The nineteenth
Gilbert Mordon,—
Iohn Causton, or Cotton:—
Maior, Hamond Chickwell, Pepperer.
The Citizens of London tooke the
Bishop of Excester, and cut off his head
at the Standard in Cheape.
1326 The twentieth
Richard Rothing,—
Roger Chaunteclere:—

Maior, Richard Britaine, Goldsmith.
This Richard Rothing is said to new
build the Parish Church of S. Iames at
Edward the third began his reigne the
25. of Ianuary, the yeere of Christ,
Anno, 1326.
This King Edward granted, that the
Maior should be Iustice for the Gaole
delivery at Newgate, that the Citizens
of London should not be constrained to
go out of the City of London to any
Warre. More hee granted, that the Li
berties & Franchises of the City should
not, after this time (for any cause) bee
taken into the Kings hands, &c. More
he granted by his Letters Patents, dated
the sixth of March, that no Escheter
should bee in the Citie, but the Maior
for his time only.
1327 The first
Henry Darcy,—
Iohn Hawton, or Haughton:
Maior, Hamond Chickwell, Pepperer.

Temporall Government.
This yeere the Walls of London were repayred.
1328 The second
Simon Frances,—
Henry Combmartin:—
Maior, Iohn Grantham, Grocer.
1329 The third
Richard Lazar,
William Gisors:
Maior, Richard Swandland.
This yeere the King kept a great Iou
sting in Cheape, betwixt Sopars-lane and
the great Crosse.
1330 The fourth
Robert of Elie,—
Thomas Whorwode:
Maior, Sir Iohn Pountney, or
Pultney, Draper.
1331 The fifth
Iohn Mocking,—
Andrew Aubery:—
Maior, Iohn Pultney, Draper.
1332 The sixth
Nicholas Pike,—
Iohn Husband:—
Iohn Preston, Draper,
This yeere was founded Elsing Spittle,
by W. Elsing, Mercer, that became first
Prior of that Hospitall.
1333 The seventh
Iohn Hamond,—
William Hansard:—
Maior, Sir Iohn Puleney, Drapes.
1334 The eighth
Iohn Kingstone, or Kington,
Walter Turke:—
Maior, Reginald at the Conduit,
1335 The ninth
Walter Mordon,—
Richard Vpton:—
Maior, Nicholas Wotton, Reignold at the
Conduit, saith Grafton.

Temporall Government.
1336 The tenth
Iohn Clarke,—
W. Curtes:
Maior, Sir Iohn Pultney, Draper.
This Sir Iohn Pultney founded a Col
ledge in the Parish Church of S. Law
rence Pountney
, by Candlewicke streete.
1337 The eleventh
Walter Neale,—
Nicholas Crane:—
Maior, Henry Darcy.
Walter Neale, Bladesmith, gave lands
to the repairing of the high-wayes a
bout London.
1338 The twelfth
William de Pomfret,—
Hugh Marbeler, or Marbe
Maior, Henry Darcy.
The King granted, that the Sergeants
of the Maior and Sheriffes of London,
should beare Maces of Silver and gilt,
with the Kings Armes engraven on
1339 The thirteenth
William Thorney,—
Roger Frosham:—
Andrew Aubery, Grocer,
1340 The foureteenth
Adam Lucas,—
Bartlemew Moris:—
Maior, Andrew Aubery, Grocer.
1341 The fifteenth
Richard de Barking,—
Iohn de Rokesley:—
Maior, Iohn of Oxenford, Vintner.
1342 The sixteenth
Iohn Loufkin,—
Richard Killingbery:—
Maior, Simon Francis, Mercer.
The price of Gascoyn Wines at Lon
fourepence, and Renish Wine six
pence the Galon.
1343 The seventeenth
Iohn Steward,—
Iohn Aylesham:—
Maior, Iohn Hamond.
1344 The eighteenth
Geffrey Witchingham,—
Thomas Leg:—
Maior, Iohn Hamond.

Temporall Government.
1345 The ninteenth
Edmund Hemenhall,—
Iohn of Gloucester:
Maior, Richard Leget, Richard Lazar
faith Grofton.
1346 The twentieth
Iohn Croyden,—
William Clopton:
Maior, Geffrey Witchingham.
1347 The one and twentieth
Adam Brapson,—
Richard Fas, or Bas:—
Maior, Thomas Leggy, Skinner.
King Edward now won Callis from
the French.
1348 The two and twentieth
Henry Picard,—
Simon Dolseby:—
Maior, Iohn Loufkin Fishmonger.
A great Pest. Sir Walter Manny,
knight, now founded the Charter-house
by Smithfield, to bee a buriall for the
1349 The three and twentieth
Adam of Bury,—
Ralph of Lynne:—
Maior, Walter Turke, Fishmonger.
1350 The foure and twentieth
Iohn Notte,—
William of Worcester:—
Maior, Richard Killingbury.
1351 The five and twentieth
Iohn Wroth,—
Gilbert of Stenineshorp:—
Maior, Andrew Aubery.
1352 The six and twentieth
Iohn Peache,—
Iohn Stotley:—

Temporall Government.
Maior, Adam Francis, Mercer.
This Maior procured an Act of Par
liament, that no knowne whore should
weare any hood, or attire on her head,
except reyed, or striped cloth of divers
colours, &c.
1353 The seven and twentieth
William Wolde, or Wilde,—
Iohn Little:—
Maior, Adam Francis, Mercer.
This Adam Francis was one of the
Founders of the Colledge in Guild-Hal
Chappell, &c. H. Prowicke was the o
1354 The eight and twentieth
William Notingham,—
Richard Smelt:—
Maior, Thomas Leggy, or Legget Skin
Aldermen of London were used to be
changed yeerely, but now it was ordai
ned, that they should not be removed,
without some speciall cause.
1355 The nine and twentieth
Walter, or Thomas Forster,
Thomas Brandon:—
Maior, Simon Francis, Mercer.
1356 The thirtieth
Richard Notingham,—
Thomas Dolssel:—
Maior, Henry Picard, Vintner.
This Henry Picard feasted the Kings
of England, of France, Cypres, and Scots,
with other great Estates, all in one
1357 The one and thirtieth
Stephen Candish,—
Bartholmew Prostling:—
Maior, Sir Iohn Stody, Vintner.
This Iohn Stody gave tenements to
the Vintners in London, for reliefe of the
poore of that Company.
1358 The two and thirtieth
Iohn Barnes,—
Iohn Buris:—
Maior, Iohn Loufkin, Stockfishmon
1359 The three and thirtieth
Simon of Benington,—
Iohn of Chichester:—
Maior, Simou Dolseby, Grocer.

Temporall Government.
1360 The foure and thirtieth
Iohn Dennis,—
Walter Berny:—
Maior, Iohn Wroth, Fishmonger.
1361 The five and thirtieth
William Holbech,—
Iames Tame:
Maior, Iohn Peche, Fishmonger.
1362 The six and thirtieth
Iohn of S. Albones,—
Iames Andrew:—
Maior, Stephen Candish, Draper.
1363 The seven and thirtieth
Richard of Croyen,—
Iohn Hiltoft:—
Maior, Iohn Not, Grocer.
1364 The three and fortieth
Iohn de Metford,—
Simon de Mordon:—
Maior, Adam of Bury, Skinner.
1365 The nine and thirtieth
Iohn Bukylsworth,—
Iohn or Thomas Ireland:—
Maior, Iohn Loufkin, Fishmonger, and
Adam of Bury, Skinner.
1366 The fortieth
Iohn Ward,—
Thomas of Lee, or at the
Maior, Iohn Loufkin, Fishmonger.
This Iohn Loufkin builded the Parish
Church of S. Michael in Crooked-lane.
1367 The one and fortieth
Iohn Turngold, or Torgold,—
William Dickeman:—
Maior, Iames Andrew, Draper.
1368 The two and fortieth
Robert Girdeler,—
Adam Wimondham:—

Temporall Government.
Maior Simon Mordon, Stockfish
This yeere Wheat was sold for two
shillings six pence the bushell.
1369 The three and fortieth
Iohn Piel,—
Hugh Holdich:—
Maior, Iohn Chichester, Goldsmith.
1370 The foure and fortieth
William Walworth,—
Robert Gayton:—
Maior, Iohn Barnes, Mercer.
1371 The five and fortieth
Adam Staple,—
Robert Hatfield:—
Maior, Iohn Barnes, Mercer.
This Iohn Barnes gave a chest with
three locks, and one thousand Markes,
to be lent to poore men.
1372 The six and fortieth
Iohn Philpot,—
Nicholas Brembar:—
Maior, Iohn Piel, Mercer.
1373 The seven and fortieth
Iohn Aubery,—
Iohn Fished:
Maior, Adam of Bury, Skinner.
1374 The eight and fortieth
Richard Lions,—
William Woodhouse:—
Maior, William Walworth, Fish
1375 The nine and fortieth
Iohn Hadley,—
William Newport:
Maior, Iohn Ward, Grocer.
1376 The fiftieth
Iohn Northampton,—
Robert Laund:—

Temporall Government.
Maior, Adam Staple, Mercer.
The Londoners meant to have slaine
Iohn, Duke of Lancaster: Adam Staple,
Maior, put downe, and Nicholas Brem

elected. Also the Aldermen were
deposed and other set in their places.
Richard the second began his reigne the
one and twentieth of Iune, in
the yeere 1377.
1377 The first
Nicholas Twiford,—
Andrew Pikeman:—
Maior, Sir Nicholas Brembar, Gro
Iohn Philpot, a Citizen of London,
sent Ships to the Sea and scoured it of
Pirats, taking many of them prisoners.
1378 The second
Iohn Boseham,—
Thomas Cornwalis:—
Maior, Iohn Philpot, Grocer.
This Iohn Philpot gave to the City
lands, for the finding of thirteen poore
people for ever.
1379 The third
Iohn Helisdon,—
William Barrat:—
Maior, Iohn Hadley, Grocer.
1380 The fourth
Walter Doget, or Docket,—
William Knighthode:—
Maior, William Walworth, Fishmon
This William walworth arrested Wat
, the Rebell, and this yeere was
Knighted. Hee increased the Parish
Church of Saint Michael in Crooked-lane,
and founded there a Colledge. O
ther Aldermen were also then Knigh
ted with him, for their service in the
1381 The fifth
Iohn Rota,—
Iohn Hynde:—
Maior, Iohn Northampton, Draper.
1382 The sixth
Adam Bamme,—
Iohn Sely:—
Maior, Iohn Northampton, Draper, or
rather Skinner, as I find in some Record.
1383 The seventh
Simon Winchcombe,—
Iohn More:—

Temporall Government.
Maior, Sir Nicholas Brembar, Grocer.
Iohn Northampton, late Maior of Lon
was committed to perpetuall pri
son and his goods confiscated.
1384 The eighth
Nicholas Exton,—
Iohn French:—
Maior, Sir Nicholas Brembar, Grocer,
Knighted with William Walworth.
1385 The ninth
Iohn Organ,—
Iohn Churchman:—
Maior, Sir Nicholas Brembar, Grocer.
The foresaid Iohn Churchman now
builded the Custome-house, neere to
the Tower of London, and did many o
ther workes for the commodity of this
1386 The tenth
W. Stondon,—
W. More:—
Maior, Nicholas Exton, Fishmonger.
This yeere the Citizens of London,
fearing the French, pulled downe hou
ses neere about their Citie, repaired
their Wals, and cleansed their dit
ches, &c.
1387 The eleventh
William Venor, or Vinor,—
Hugh Falstalfe:—
Maior, Nicholas Exton, Fishmonger.
Sir Nicholas Brembar, late Maior of
London was this yeere beheaded.
1388 The twelfth
Thomas Austen,—
Adam Carlehul:—
Maior, Nicholas Twiford, Goldsmith,
Knighted with William Walworth.
1389 The thirteenth
Iohn Walcot,—
Iohn Love:—
Maior, Sir William Vinor, or Venour,
1390 The fourteenth
Iohn Francis,—
Thomas Vivent:—
Maior, Adam Bamme, Goldsmith.
This Adam Bamme provided from
beyond the Seas, Corne in great abun
dance, so that the City was well able to
serve the Countrey.
1391 The fifteenth
Iohn Shadworth, or Chad
worth, —
Henry Vamere:—

Temporall Government.
Maior, Iohn Hind, Draper.
This Maior was, for displeasure ta
ken, sent to Windsor Castle, and the
King made a Custos or Warden of the
1392 The sixteenth
Gilbert Mafield,—
Thomas Newington:—
Maior, William Stondon, Grocer.
1393 The seventeenth
Drew Barentin,—
Richard Whitington:—
Maior, Sir Iohn Hardley, Grocer.
Faringdon Ward was now by Parlia
ment appointed to bee divided into
two Wards, to wit, infra, & extra.
1394 The eighteenth
William Bramston,—
Thomas Knoles:—
Maior, Sir Iohn Froyshe, Mercer.
1395 The nineteenth
Roger Ellis,—
William Sevenoke:—
Maior, Sir William More, Vintner.
1396 The twentieth
Thomas Wilford,—
William Parker:—
Maior, Adam Browne, Goldsmith.
1397 The one and twentieth
Iohn Woodcocke,—
William Ascham:—
Maior, Sir Richard Whitington, Mer
1398 The two and twentieth

Temporall Government.
Iohn Wade,—
Iohn Warnar:—
Maior, Sir Drew Barentin, Goldsmith.
King Henry the fourth began his
reigne the twentie ninth of
September, in the
yeere, 1399.
1399 The first
William Waldern,—
William Hende or Hide:—
Maior, Sir Thomas Knoles, Grocer.
1400 The second
Iohn Wakel,—
William Ebot:—
Maior, Sir Iohn Francis, Goldsmith.
1401 The third
William Venor,—
Iohn Fremingham:—
Maior, Sir Iohn Shadworth, or Chad
worth, Mercer.
The Conduit upon Cornehill was this
yeere made, being before an old prison
house, called the Tunne.
1403 The fourth
Richard Marlow,—
Robert Chicheley:—
Maior, Iohn Walcote, Draper.
1403 The fifth
Thomas Falconer,—
Thomas Poole:—
Maior, Sir William Ascham, Fish-monger,
1404 The sixth
William Louth,—
Stephen Spilman:—
Maior, Iohn Hind, Draper.
This Iohn Hynd was a new builder of
the Parish of Saint Swithen, by Lon

Temporall Government.
1405 The seventh
Henry Barton,—
William Cromer:—

Maior, Sir Iohn Woodcocke, Mercer.
This Maior caused all the Weres in
the River of Thames, from Stanes to
the River of Medwey, to bee destroyed,
and the Trinkes to be burned, &c.
1406 The eighth
Nicholas Wotton,—
Geffrey Brooke:—
Maior, Sir Richard Whitington, Mer
This yeere a great Pestilence in Lon

tooke away more than 30000.
1407 The ninth
Henry Pontfract,—
Henry Halton:—
Maior, Sir William Stondon, Grocer.
1408 The tenth
Thomas Ducke,—
William Norton:—
Maior, Sir Drew Barentine, Gold
This Drew Barentine builded a part
of Goldsmiths Hall, and gave them
1409 The eleveth
Iohn Law,—
William Chichley:—

Maior, Richard Marlow, Ironmon
A great play at Skinners well, which
lasted eight dayes, and was of mat
ter from the creation of the World:
the most part of all the great Estates of
England were there to behold it.
1410 The twelfth
Iohn Penne,—
Thomas Pike:—
Maior, Sir Thomas Knowles, Gro
This Thomas Knowles began a new
to build the Guild-Hall in London, &c.
1411 The thirteeth
Iohn Rainwell,—
William Cotton:—
Maior, Sir Robert Chichley, Grocer.
1412 The foureteenth
Ralph Lovenham,—
William Sevenoke:—

Maior, William Waldren, Mercer.

Temporall Government.
Henry the fifth beganne his reigne the
twentieth of March, the
yeere 1412.
1413 The first
Iohn Sutton,—
Iohn Michaell:—

Maior, Sir William Cromar, Draper.
Sir Iohn Oldcastle assembled a great
power in Fickets field in London, which
power was overcome and taken by the
King and his power.
1414 The second
Iohn Michaell,—
Thomas Alen:—

Maior, Sir Thomas Falconer, Mercer.
This Maior caused the Posterne cal
led Moregate to be builded, and he lent
to the King 10000. markes upon Iew
els, &c.
1415 The third
William Cambridge,—
Allen Everard,—

Maior, Sir Nicholas Wotton, Dra
1416 The fourth
Robert Whitigton, or Wi
Iohn Coventrie:—

Maior, Sir Henry Barton, Skinner.
This Henry Barton ordained Lan
thornes with Lights, to bee hanged
out on the Winter evenings, betwixt
Hallontide and Candlemasse.
1417 The fifth
Henry Read,—
Iohn Gedney:—
Maior, Sir Richard Marlow, Iron
1418 The sixth
Iohn Brian,—
Ralph Barton,—
Iohn Paruesse:
Maior, VVilliam Sevenoke.

Temporall Government.
This Willam Sevenoke, sonne to Wil
liam Rumsched
of Sevenoke in Kent, was
by his Father bound an apprentice with
Hugh de Bois a Citizen and Ferrer of
London, for a tearme of yeares, which
being expired in the yeere 1394. the
eighteenth of Richard the second, Iohn
being Maior of London, and Ste
phen Spilman
, Chamberlaine of the
Guild-Hall: hee alledged, that his ma
ster had used the trade or mystery of a
Grocer, and not of a Ferrer, and there
fore required to bee made free of the
Grocers Company, which was granted.
This William Sevenoke, founded in the
towne of Sevenoke in Kent, a free.
Schoole, and Almes-houses for the
1419 The seventh
Robert Whitington,—
Iohn Butler:—
Maior, Sir Richard Whitington, Mer
This Maior founded Whitington Col
1420 The eighth
Iohn Butler,—
Iohn Welles:—

Maior, William Cambridge, Grocer.
1421 The ninth
Richard Gosseline,—
William Weston:—

Maior, Sir Robert Chichley, Grocer.
This Maior gave one plot of ground
thereunto, to build the Parish
Church of Saint Stephen upon Wal
Henry the sixth began his reigne the one
and thirtieth day of August, in
the yeere, 1422.
1422 The first
William Eastfield,
Newgate this yeere builded by the Execu
tours of Richard Whitington.
Robert Tatarsal:—
Maior, Sir William Walderne, Mercer,
sonne of Geffrey Walderne, of the Pa
rish of Walderne in Sussex.
1423 The second
Nicholas Iames,—
Thomas Watford, or Wind-ford:—
Maior, William Cromar, Draper,
sonne of
Iohn Cromar of Aldernham in
1424 The third
Simon Seman,—
Iohn Bywater:—

Maior, Iohn Michell, Stockfishmon
ger, sonne of Iohn Michell of Ekeling

in Suffolke.

Temporall Government.
1425 The fourth
William Milred, or Milreth,
Iohn Brokle:—

Maior, Iohn Coventrie, Mercer;
sonne of William Coventrie, of the City
of Coventrie in Warwick-shire.
1426 The fifth
Iohn Arnold,—
Iohn Higham:—

Three Wards in London discharged from Fif
teenes by this Maior.
Sir Iohn Rainewell, Fishmon
ger, sonne of Robert Rainewell, Citizen,
and Haberdasher of London.
1427 The sixth
Henry Frowick,—
Robert Otely.—

Maior, Sir Iohn Gedney, Draper,
sonne of William Gedney, of Saint Edes,
in Cambridge-shire.
1428 The seventh
Thomas Duffhouse, or Defe-house,—
Iohn Abbot:—
Maior, Sir Henry Barton, Skinner,
sonne of Henry Barton, of Myldenhall in
1429 The eighth
William Russe,—
Ralph Holland:—

Maior, Sir William East-field, Mer
cer, sonne of William East field, of Tickel
in Yorkeshire. Ralph Holland the She
riffe gave to impotent poor on hun
dred and twenty pounds, to prisoners
fourescore pounds, to hospitals fortie
pounds, &c.
1430 The ninth
Walter Chertsey,
A Charita
ble She
Robert Large:—
Maior, Nicholas Wotton, Draper, sonne
of Thomas Wotton of London, Gentle
man. Walter Chertsey, Draper, gave to
the poore, one hundred pounds, beside
twentie pounds, to the Hospitals, &c.
1431 The tenth
Iohn Aderley,—
Stephen Browne:—

He builded the Stan
dard in Cheape
Sir Iohn de Welles, Grocer,
sonne of Iohn de Welles, of the City of
Norwich. This Iohn de Welles was a great
benefactor towards the new building of
the Chappell by the Guild-hall: besides
he builded the South Ile of the Quire

Temporall Government.

at Saint Antlins Church, as by his pi
cture, (strangely there found) his Motto
and Armes doth yet plainely appeare.
1432 The eleventh
Iohn Olney,—
Iohn Paddesley:—

Maior, Sir Iohn Parveis, Fishmon
ger, sonne to Iohn Parveis of Ersgeston
in Barkeshire.
1433 The twelfth
Thomas Chalton,—
Iohn King:—
Maior, Sir Iohn Brokle, Draper.
sonne to
William Brokle, of Newport Pan
nel in Buckinghamshire.
1434 The thirteenth
Thomas Barnewell,—
Simon Eyre:—

A great Frost of 14. weekes long.
Sir Roger Oteley, Grocer,
sonne to VVilliam Oteley of Vfford in
1435 The fourteenth
Thomas Catworth,—
Robert Clopton:—
Maior, Sir Henry Frowicke, Mercer,
sonne to Henry Frowicke of Middlesex.
1436 The fifteenth
Thomas Morsted,—
William Gregorie:—
Maior againe, Sir Iohn Michell, Stock
1437 The sixteenth
William Hales,—
William Chapman:—
Maior againe,
This Maior a great benefactor to the water Conduits.
Sir William Easfield,
and then made a Knight of the Bath.
1438 The seventeenth
Hugh Dyker,—
Nicholas Yowe:—

A great dearth Bread made of Fitches, Pease, Beanes, & Fearne rootes.
Sir Stephen Brown, Grocer, son
to Iohn Browne of Newcastle upon Time.
Wheat was then sold for three shillings
the Bushell; but this Maior sent into
Prusia, and caused to bee brought from
thence, certaine Ships laden with Rie,
which caused great reliefe in so ex
treame a necessity.
1439 The eighteenth
Philip Malpas,—
Robert Marshall:—

Temporall Government.

Maior, Robert Large, Mercer, sonne
of Thomas Large, Borne in London. Phi
lip Malpas
, at his decease, gave one hun
dred and twentie pounds to poore Pri
soners: and every yeere, for five yeere,
foure hundred and three shirts and
Bountifull Charity.
fortie paire of sheets, and
one hundred and fiftie gownes of good
frize, to poore people. To poore maids
marriages, one hundred markes. To re
pairing high wayes, one hundred
markes: And to five hundred poore
people in London, every one six shillings
eight pence, &c.
1440 The nineteenth
Iohn Sutton,—
William Welinhale:—

Hee was master of the money in the Tower of London.
Sir Iohn Paddesley, Goldsmith,
sonne to Simon Paddesley, of Bury Saint
Edmond in Suffolke.
1441 The twentieth
William Combis, or Combes,
Richard Rich:—
Maior, Robert Clopton, Draper, sonne
Thomas Clopton, of Clopton in Cam
bridge shire.
1442 The one and twentieth
Thomas Beaumont,—
Richard Nordon:—

Maior, Iohn Alderley, Ironmonger,
sonne of Iohn Aderley or Hatherley, of
the City of Bristoll.
1443 The two and twentieth
Nicholas Wyfold,—
Iohn Norman:—

Maior, Thomas Catworth, Grocer,
sonne of Iohn Catworth of Rushton in
1444 The three and twentieth
Stephen Foster,—
Hugh Witch:—
Pauls Stee
ple was fi
red with lightening and hardly quenched.
againe Sir Henry Frowicke, son
to Henry Frowicke of Totenham in Mid
dlesex Gounty
1445 The foure and twentieth
Iohn Darby,—
Godfrey Fielding:—

Temporall Government.

Maior, Sir Simon Eyre, Draper, sonne
to Iohn Eyre, of Brandon in Suffolke.
This Simon Eyre builded Leaden Hall
in London, to be a Common Carner for
the Citie.
1446 The five and twentieth
Robert Horne,—
Godfrey Bullen:—

Maior, Iohn Olney, Mercer, sonne of
of Iohn Olney of the City of Coven
1447 The six and twentieth
William Abraham,—
Thomas Scot:—
Maior againe, Sir Iohn Gedney, Dra
1448 The seven and twentieth
William Cotlow, or Catlow,—
William Marrow:—
Maior againe, Sir Stephen Browne,
1449 The eight and twentieth
William Hulin,—
Thomas Canning:—

This yeere was the re
bellion of Iack Cade of Kent, & his entring into this Citie.
Sir Thomas Chalton
sonne to Thomas Chalton of Dunstable in Bedfordshire.
1450 The nine and twentieth.
Iohn Middleton—
William Deare:—

Maior, Nicholas Wilford, but more
truely Wyfold, Grocer, sonne to Thomas
of Hertley in Barkeshire.
1451 The thirtieth
Mathew Philip,—
Christopher Wharton:—

Maior, Sir William Gregory, Skinner,
sonne of Roger Gregory of Milden-hall
in Suffolke.
1452 The one and thirtieth
Richard Zee,—
Richard Alley:—

Temporall Government.

A great Fray was this yeere at the westling.
Sir Geffrey Fielding, Mercer,
sonne to William Fielding of Litterworth
in Leicestershire. This Lord Maior was
made of the Councell to King Henry
the sixth and King Edward the fourth.
1453 The two and thirtieth
Iohn Walden, or Waldron,—
Thomas Cooke:—
The Alder
men (be
fore) rode by land on hourseback to West
minster early.
Sir Iohn Norman, Draper, son
to Io. Norman of Banbury in Oxfordshire.
This I. Norman was the first Maior that
was rowed by water to Westminster, to
take his Oath: he caused a Barge to be
made at his owne charge, and every
Company had severall Barges, well
decked & trimmed, to passe along with
him. For joy whereof, the Water
men made a Song in his prayse begin
Row thy Boate, Norman, &c.
1454 The three and thirtieth
Iohn Field,—
William Taylor:—

Maior, Sir Stephen Foster, Fishmon
ger, sonne of Robert Foster of London,
Stock-fishmonger. This man enlar
ged Ludgate, for ease of the prisoners
1455 The foure and thirtieth
Iohn Yong,—
Thomas Oldgrave:—
Maior, Sir William Marrow, Mercer,
sonne to
Stephen Marrow, of Stebun
heath, in Middlesex.
1456 The five and thirtieth
Iohn Styward.—
Ralph Verney:—

Maior, Sir Thomas Canning, Gro
cer, sonne to Iohn Canning, of the Ci
ty of Bristoll.
1457 The six and thirtieth
William Edwards,—
Thomas Reyner:—
This Maior gave 1000 li. to poore houshol
ders in London.
Sir, Godfrey Bullen, sonne to
Geffrey Bullen of Salle in Norfolke.
1458 The seven and thirtieth
Ralph Ioceline,—
Richard Medham:—

Temporall Government.

Maior, Sir Thomas Scot, Draper,
sonne to Robert Scot of Dorney in Buc
1459 The eight and thirtieth
Iohn Plummer,—
Iohn Stocker:—

Now were the wofull battailes of Blore
beath, Northhamp
ton, Wake
field, Saint Albanes, & Mortiners Crosse each ofter other.
Sir William Hulin, Fishmon
ger, sonne to Nicholas Hulin of Fulham
in Middlesex.
1460 The nine and thirtieth
Richard Fleming,—
Iohn Lambert:—

Maior, Sir Richard Leo, Grocer,
sonne to Simon Lee, of the Citie of Wor
King Edward the fourth began his reigne
the fourth of March, in the yeere
1460. after the account
of the Church of
1461 The first
George Ireland,—
Iohn Locke:—

Maior, Sir Hugh Witch, Mercer, son
of Richard Witch, of Wice Malbano in
1462 The second
William Hampton,—
Bartholomew Iames:—

Maior, Sir Thomas Cooke, Draper,
son of Robert Cooke of Lavenham in Suf
This Maior was made Knight
of the Bath,
This Maior was knight of the Bath and after Knighted in the field by the King.
and had great troubles
1463 The third
Robert Basset,—
Thomas Muschamp:—

Maior, Sir Mathew Philip, Gold
smith, sonne to Arnold Philip of the Ci
tie of Norwich.
1464 The fourth
Iohn Tate,—
Iohn Stone:—

Temporall Government.

Sir Ralph Ioceline, Knight of the Bath in the field.
Sir Ralph Ioceline, Draper,
sonne to Geffrey Ioceline, of Sabridge

in Hertfordshire.
1465 The fifth
Henry Weaver,
Henry Wea
, knight of the Bath being Sheriffe, Surmisted
ly charged with Trea
William Constantine:—

Maior, Sir Ralph Varney, Mercer, son
to Ralph Varney, borne in the Citie of
1466 The sixth
Iohn Browne,—
Henry Brice,—
Iohn Darby:—

Maior, Sir Iohn Yong, Grocer, sonne
of Thomas Young of the City of Bri
This Maior was made Knight in
the field: and this yeere began the trou
bles of Sir Thomas Cooke, and of other
Aldermen, as you may
large in my Summarie.
1467 The seventh
Thomas Stalbrooke,—
Humfrey Hoyford:—

Maior, Sir Thomas Oldgrave, Skin
ner; sonne of William Oldgrave, of
Knottysford in Cheshire.
1468 The eighth
Simon Smith,—
William Harriot:—

Maior, Sir William Taylor, Grocer,
sonne to Iohn Taylor of Ecclestone in
1469 The nint
Richard Gardner,—
Robert Drope:—

King Hen
the sixt delivered out of the Tower.
Sir Richard a Lee, sonne to
Iohn a Lee, of the City of Worcester. This
yeere, the Tower of London being deli
vered the Lord Maior, and his brethren
the Aldermen, they deliverd, King Hen

the sixt, who was kept there Priso
1470 The tenth
Iohn Crosby,—
Iohn Ward:—

Temporall Government.

Maior, Sir Iohn Stockton, Mercer,
sonne to Richard Stockton, of Bratoft in
Lincolneshire. Thomas Nevil, the Ba
stard Falconbridge, with a riotous com
The insur
rection of the Bastard Faulcon
and his com
did this yeere set upon this Citie,
at Aldgate, Bishops-gate, the Bridge, &c.
And twelve Aldermen, with the Recor
der were Knighted in the field, by Edw.
the fourth, to wit, Iohn Stockton, Maior;
Ralph Veruey, late Maior; Iohn Yong, late
Maior; William Taylor, late Maior; Ri
chard a Lee
, late Maior; Mathew Phi
The most of these Knights were after
ward made Maiors.
late Maior, George Ireland; William
Stocker; William Hampton; Thomas Stal
brooke; Iohn Crosby; Bartholomew Iames
and Thomas Vrswike, Recorder.
1471 The eleventh
Iohn Alen,—
Iohn Shelley:—

Maior, Sir William Edwards, Grocer,
sonne to William Edwards of the Parish
of Hoton in Essex. The water-Con
duit in Aldermanbury, and the Stan
dard in Fleetstreete were this yeere fini
1472 The twelfth
Iohn Browne,—
Thomas Bledlow:—

Sir William Hampton, Fish
monger, sonne to Iohn Hampton of Min

in Glocestershire.
Punishmēt inflicted on strum
pets and Vaga
Maior punished Strumpets, and caused
stockes to be set up in every Ward, to
punish Vagabonds.
1473 The thirteenth
Sir William Stocker,—
Robert Belisdon:—

Maior, Sir Iohn Tate, Mercer, sonne
of Iohn Tate,
Serjeants and their yeomen appointed to the Sheriffes.
borne in the Citie of Lon
This yeere the Sheriffes of Lon

were appointed (each of them) to
have sixteene Serjeants, & every Serje
ant to have his Yeoman. Also six
Clerkes, a Secondary, a Clerke of the
Papers, and foure other Clerkes, besides
the Vndersheriffes Clerkes.
1474 The fourteenth
Edmond Shaa, or Shawe,—
Thomas Hill:—

Maior, Sir Robert Drope, Draper,

Temporall Government.

sonne to Iohn Drope of Saint Edes in
This Maior increased the Water-Conduit in Corne-hill.
1475 The fifteenth
Hugh Brice,—
Robert Colwich:—

Maior, Sir Robert Basset, Salter, son
to Robert Basset of Billerykey in Essex.
1476 The sixteenth
Richard Rawson,—
William Horne:—
Maior againe,
He corre
cted the Bakers & Victualers of this Ci
Sir Ralph Ioceline,
Draper, Knight of the Bath, by whose
diligence the wals of the Citie were re
1477 The seventeenth
Henry Collet,—
Iohn Stocker:—

Maior, Sir Humfrey Heyford, Gold
smith, sonne to Roger Heyford of Strat
ford Bowe
neere London.
1478 The eighteenth
Robert Harding,
Robert Bi
gave 50. li. to
wards the water Cō
Robert Bifield:—

Maior, Richard Gardener, Mercer,
sonne of Iohn Gardener of Exning in
1479 The nineteenth
Thomas Ilam,
Tomas Il
newely builded the great Conduit in Cheape side.
Iohn Ward:—

Maior, Sir Bartholomew Iames, Dra
per, sonne to Edward Iames of London,
1480 The twentieth
Thomas, or William Daniel,
William Bacon:—

Maior, Sir Iohn Browne, otherwise
called Iohn de Werks, Mercer, sonne of
Iohn Browne of Okeham in Rutland-shire.
1481 The one and twentieth
Robert Tate,—
Richard Chawrey,—
William Wiking:—

Temporall Government.

New buil
ding of Creplegate.
Sir William Heriot, or Har
Draper, sonne to Iohn Heriot late of
Segrave in the County of Leicester.
1482 The two and twentieth
William White,—
Iohn Mathew:—

Maior, Sir Edmond Shaa, or Shaw,
Goldsmith, sonne to Iohn Shaa, late of
Donkenfield, in the County of Chester.
This Sir Edmond Shaa, caused the Po
sterne called Creplegate to bee newly
King Edward the fift began his reigne
the ninth of April, in the
yeere 1483.
Richard the third began his reigne the
two and twentieth of Iune in
the yeere 1483.
1483 The first
Thomas Newland,—
William Martia:—

Maior, Sir Robert Billesdon, Haber
dasher, sonne to Alexander Billesdon, of
Queeningborough in the County of Lei
1484 The second
Richard Chester,—
Thomas Britaine,—
Ralph Astrie:—

3 Lord Maiors, & three She
riffes in one yeere, by reason of a swea
ting sicke
Sir Thomas Hill, Grocer: Sir
William Stocker, Draper, and Iohn Ward,
Grocer. Thomas Hill was sonne to Wil
liam Hill
of Hilston in the County of
Kent. William Stoker was sonne to Tho
mas Stocker
of Eaton in the County of
Bedford: and Iohn Ward was sonne to
Richard Ward of Howdon in the Coun
tie of Yorke. Thomas Hill appointed by
his Testament, the water Conduit in
Grasse-street to be builded this yeere.
Henry the seventh began his reigne the
two and twentieth of August in
the yeere 1485.
1485 The first
Iohn Tate,—
Iohn Swan, or Swans:—

Temporall Government.

Maior, Sir Hugh Brice, Goldsmith,
sonne to Richard Brice of Dublin in Ire
This Hugh Brice was keeper of
the Kings Mints at London.
1486 The second
Iohn Percivol,—
Hugh Clopton:—

This was father to him that builded Pauls Schoole.
Sir Henry Collet, Mercer, son
to Robert Collet of Wendover in the
County of Buckingham. This yeere the
Crosse in West Cheape was new buil
ded in beautifull manner.
1487 The third
Iohn Fenkel,—
William Remington:—

Maior, Sir William Florne, Saiter,
sonne to Thomas Horne of Snaysewell in
the County of Cambridge. This William
was made Knight, in the field, by King
Henry the seventh, and gave to the re
pairing of high wayes betwixt London
and Cambridge, five hundred Markes,
and bountifully to the Preachers at
Pauls Crosse.
1488 The fourth
William Isaac,—
Ralph Tinley or Tilney:—

Maior, Sir Robert Tate, Mercer, sonne
to Thomas Tate of the Citie of Coven
1489 The fifth
William Capell,—
Iohn Brooke:—

Maior, Sir William White, Draper,
sonne to Williamwhite of Tickhill in the
County of Yorke.
1490 The sixth
Henry Cote, or Coote,—
Robert Revell,—
Hugh Pemberton:—

This man lived and dyed a Batchelor and never was Bat
chelour Maior be
Iohn Mathew, Mercer, being
first a Linnen Draper, and translated to
the Mercers. He was sonne to Thomas
of Sherington in the County of
1491 The

Temporall Government.
1491 The seventh
Thomas Wood,—
VVilliam Browne:—

Maior, Sir Hugh Clopton, Mercer,
sonne to Iohn Clopton of Stratford upon
Avon in the County of Warwicke, where
the said Hugh builded the goodly stone
1492 The eighth
William Purchase,—
William Welbeck:—

Maior, Sir William Martin, Skinner,
sonne to Walter Martin of the County
of Hertford. This yeere there was a
ryot made upon the Easterlings, by the
Mercers servants and others. d others.
1493 The ninth
Robert Fabian,—
Iohn Winger:—

This Maior was made Knight by King Hen
the se
Sir Ralph Ostrich, or Astrie,
Fishmonger, sonne to Geffrey Ostrich,
or Astrie, of Hitchin in the County of
Hertford. Robert Fabian, Alderman,
made Fabians Chronicle, a very paine
full labour, to the great honour of the
City, and the whole Realme.
1494 The tenth
Nicholas Alwin,—
Iohn Warner:—

Maior, Sir Richard Chawrie, Salter,
sonne to William Chawrie, of Westram in
1495 The eleventh
Thomas Kneesworth,—
Henry Sommer:—
Maior againe,
One man twice Lord Maior.
Sir Henry Collet Mer
cer. This yeere was much trouble, a
bout the entercourse betweene England
and Flanders.
1496 The twelfth
Iohn Shaa,—
Richard Haddon:—

Maior, Iohn Tate the yonger, sonne
to Thomas Tate of Coventrie, and bro
ther to Robert Tate, Maior before na
med. The King made this Maior, Ro
bert Shifield
, Recorder, and both the
Sheriffes Knights, for their service a
gainst the Rebels at Blacke-Heath
1497 The

Temporall Government.
1497 The thirteenth
Barthelomew Rede,—
Thomas Windew or Windout:

The level
ling of More-fields.
William Purchase, Mercer, son
to Iohn Purchase of Gamelinghey in the
County of Cambridge. This yeere all
the Gardens in More-fields were de
stroyed, and made plaine ground.
1498 The fourteenth
Thomas Bradbury,—
Stephen Iennings;—

Made Knight in the field by the King.
Sir Iohn Percivall, Merchant-Taylor,
sonne to Roger Percivall of Lon
1499 The fifteenth
Iames Wilford,—
Thomas, or Richard Brond:—

A good Maior for the poore.
Sir Nicholas Aldwine, Mercer,
sonne to Richard Aldwine of Spalding in
Lincolneshire. Hee gave twelve pence
a peece to three thousand poore people
in London, and the like to as many more
in and about Spalding.
1500 The sixteenth
Iohn Hawes,—
William Steed:—

Maior, William Rennington, Fish
monger, sonne to Robert Rennington of
Bostone in Lincolneshire.
1501 The seventeenth
Lawrence Aylmer,—
Henry Hede:—

The Lord Maiors first riding from the Guild hell to take Barge for Westminster.
Sir Iohn Shaa, Goldsmith, son
to I. Shaa of Rochford in Essex. This Maior
was made Knight in the field by the
King, and he caused his Brethren the
Aldermen to ride from the Guild-hall
to the waters side, when he tooke Barge
to Westminster, where he was sworne by
the Kings Councell. Hee first kept
Court in his owne house, and called
and redressed all matters comming be
fore him.
1502 The eighteenth
Henry Kebble,—
Nicholas Nives:—

Temporall Government.
Maior, Sir Bartholomew Rede, Gold
smith, sonne to
Robert Rede of Crowmer
in Norfolke. Thomas Granger.
1503 The nineteenth
Christopher Hawes,—
Robert Wats:—

Maior, Sir William Capell, Draper,
sonne of Iohn Capell of Stoke-Neyland,
Hee was Knighted by Henry the se

in the County of Suffolke. This Maior
first caused Cages to be set up in every
Ward, for the punishment of Rogues
and Vagabonds.
1504 The twentieth
Roger Acheley,—
William Browne:—

Maior, Sir Iohn Winger, Grocer, sonne
to William Winger of Leicester.
1505 The one and twentieth
Richard Shoare,—
Roger Grove:—

Maior, Sir Thomas Kneisworth, Fish
monger, sonne to Iohn Kneisworth, of
Kneisworth in Cambridgeshire. This Tho
mas Kneisworth
appointed the water-Conduit
at Bishops-gate to be builded.
1506 The two and twentieth
William Copinger,
This Fitz-William, Merchant-Taylor, was after of councel to King Henry the eighth, He buil
ded also the grea
ter part of the Parish Church of Saint An
drew Vn
In London.
Thomas Iohnson,—
William Fitz-Williams:—

Maior, Sir Richard Haddon, Mercer,
sonne of William Haddon, Citizen and
Mercer of London.
1507 The three and twentieth
William Butler,—
Iohn Kerkby:—

Maior, VVilliam Browne, Mercer, son
of Iohn Browne, Citizen and Mercer of
London, for part of the yeere; and Law
rence Aylmer
, Draper sonne of Thomas

Temporall Government.
Aylmer, of Ellesnam in Essex for the o
ther part.
1508 The foure and twentieth
Thomas Exmewe,—
Richard Smith:—

Maior, Sir Stephen Iennings, Mer
chant-Taylor, sonne to William Iennings
of Woolnerhampton, in Staffordshire,
where he builded a Free-School, which
is still worthily maintained by the
Company of Merchant-Taylors of
King Henry the eighth began his reigne
the two and twentieth of April,
in the yeere 1509.
1509 The first
George Monox,—
Iohn Doget:—

Maior, Thomas Bradbury, Mercer,
sonne to William Bradbury of Branghin
in Hertfordshire, for part of the yeere,
and Sir William Capell for the rest.
1510 The second
Iohn Milborne,—
Iohn Rest:—

He gave also 1000. li. to finish up his Pa
rish church of Alder
, with a steeple, not yet performed▪
Sir Henry Kebble, Grocer,
sonne to George Kebble, Citizen and
Grocer of London. He new builded
the Parish Church of Aldermary by
1511 The third
Nicholas Shelton,—
Thomas Mirsine:—

Maior, Sir Roger Acheley, Draper, son
to Thomas Acheley, of Stanwardine in
A carefull Magistrate for Corne.
This Roger Acheley provi
ded Corne for service of this Citie in
great plenty, and caused the same to be
stowed up in Leaden Hall, being called
the Common Garner.
1512 The fourth
Robert Holdernes, or Alder
Robert Fenrother:—

This Copin
gave halfe of his goods to his wife and the o
ther half to the poore that had most need
Sir William Copinger, Fish
monger, sonne to Walter Copinger, of
Buckfeill in Suffolke for part of the

Temporall Government.

yeere, and Sir Richard Haddon for the
1513 The fifth
Iohn Dawes,—
Iohn Bruges,—
Roger Basford:—

Maior, Sir William Browne, Mercer,
sonne to Iohn Browne, Citizen and Mer
cer of London. Iohn Tate Mercer, this
yeere builded the Church of Saint An

Hospitall in London.
1514 The sixth
Iames Yarford,—
Iohn Mundy:—

Maior, Sir George Monox, Draper,
borne in London, but his fathers name
not remembred.
1515 The seventh
Henry Warley,—
Richard Grey,—
William Baily:—

Maior, Sir William Butler, Grocer,
sonne to Richard Butler, of Bindenham in
1516 The eighth
Thomas Seymer,—
Iohn, or Richard Thurstone:

Maior, Sir Iohn Rest, Grocer, sonne
to William Rest of Peterborough in North
1517 The ninth
Thomas Baldrie,—
Ralph, or Richard Simons:—

He made the water Conduit at London wall by Moregate.
Sir Thomas Exmewe, Gold
smith, sonne to Richard Exmewe, of Ru

in Flintshire.
1518 The tenth
Iohn Allen,—
Iames Spencer:—

Maior, Sir Thomas Mirfine, Skinner,
sonne to George Mirfine of Ely in Cam
1519 The

Temporall Government.
1519 The eleventh
Iohn Wilkinson,—
Nicholas Partrich:—

Maiors Knighted by courte
fie of the Kings.
Sir Iames Yardford, Mercer,
sonne to William Yardford of Kidwelley in
Wales. From this time onward, the
Maiors of London (for the most part)
were Knighted by courtesie of the
Kings, and not otherwise.
1520 The twelfth
Iohn Skevington,—
Iohn Kyme, alias Keble:—

Maior, Sir Iohn Brug, or Bruges, Dra
per, sonne to Thomas Brug, or Bruges,
of Dymmocke in Glocestershire.
1521 The thirteenth
Iohn Breton, or Britaine,—
Thomas Pargitor:—

He buil
ded the Almeshou
ses by To
wer hill
Sir Iohn Milborne, Draper,
sonne to Iohn Milborne of Long Melford
in Suffolke.
1522 The fourteenth
Iohn Rudstone,—
Iohn Champneis:—

Not thir
teen thou
sand Pa
rishes in England. then ap
Sir Iohn Mundy, Goldsmith,
sonne to William Mundy of Wycombe in
1523 The fifteenth
Michaell English,—
Nicholas Iennings:—

Maior, Sir Thomas Baldrie, Mercer, sonne to Richard Baldrie of Stow

in Suffolke.
1524 The sixteenth
Ralph Dodmere,—
William Roche:—

Maior, Sir William Baily, Draper,
sonne to Iohn Baily of Thacksted in
1525 The seventeenth
Iohn Caunton, or Calton,—
Christopher Askew:—

Temporall Government.

Maior, Sir Iohn Allen, Mercer, sonne
to Richard Allen of Thacksted in Essex.
1526 The eighteenth
Stephen Peacocke,—
Nicholas Lambert:—

Maior, Sir Thomas Seymer, Mercer,
sonne to Iohn Seymer of London, Fish
monger, who was sonne to Robert Sey

of Walden in Essex.
1527 The nineteenth
Iohn Hardy,—
William Holleis:—

This yeere was the great swea
ting sicke
Sir Iames Spencer, Vintner,
sonne to Robert Spencer of Congleton in
1528 The twentieth
Ralph Warren,—
Iohn Long:—

Testament in English translated by William Tindall.
Sir Iohn Rudstone, Draper,
sonne to Robert Rudstone of Hatton in Yorkeshire.
1529 The one and twentieth
Michaell Dermer—
Walter Champion:—

This Maior was tran
slated frō the Brew
ers to the Mercers.
Sir Ralph Dodmer, Mercer,
sonne to Henry Dodmer, of Pickering-Leigh
in Yorkeshire. This yeere it was
decreed that no man should be Maior
of London more than one yeere.
1530 The two and twentieth
William Dauntesey, or Dan
Richard Champion:

The King first called Supreame head.
Sir Thomas Pargitor, Salter,
sonne to Iohn Pargitor, of Chippingnorton
in Oxfordshire.
1531 The three and twentieth
Richard Gresham,—
Edward Altham:—

Temporall Government.

Maior, Sir Nicholas Lambert, Gro
cer, sonne to Edward Lambert of Wilton
in Wiltshire.
1532 The foure and twentieth
Richard Reynolds,—
Iohn Martin,—
Nicholas Pinchon,—
Iohn Priest:—

This yeere was queen Elizabet’s borne at Greenwich.
Sir Stephen Peacock, Haber
dasher, sonne to Stephen Peacock of the
City of Dublin in Ireland.
1533 The five and twentieth
William Forman,—
Thomas Kitson:—

Oath ta
ken to the succession.
Sir Christopher Askew, Dra
per, sonne to Iohn Askew of Edmonton in
1534 The six and twentieth
Nicholas Leveson,—
William Denham:—

The Popes power ex
pelled out of England.
Sir Iohn Champneis, Skinner,
sonne to Robert Champneis, of Chew in
1535 The seven and twentieth
Humfrey Monmouth,—
Iohn Cotes:—
Serieants and their Yeomen put away by the Sheriffes.
Sir Iohn Allen, Mercer, and
made a Privie Counsellor to the King,
for his great wisedome. The forenamed
Sheriffes, Monmouth and Cotes, did put
away twelve Sergeants & twelve Yeo
men; but by a Court of Cōmon Coun
cell, they were enforced to take them
1536 The eight and twentieth
Robert, or Richard Paget,—
William Bowyer:—

The River of Thames over-fro
Sir Ralph Warren, Mercer,
sonne to Thomas Warren Fuller, who was
sonne to William Warren, of Fering in
1537 The nine and twentieth
Iohn Gresham,—
Thomas Lewin:

Temporall Government.

The great Bible prin
ted in En
glish prin
Sir Richard Gresham, Mercer,
sonne to Iohn Gresham of Holt, in Nor
1538 The thirtieth
William Wilkinson,—
Nicholas Gibson:—

on of Ab
bies and religious houses.
Sir William Forman, Haber
dasher, son to William Forman, of Gains

in Lincolneshire.
1539 The one and thirtieth
Thomas Ferrer,—
Thomas Huntlow:—

Maior, Sir William Holleis, sonne to
William Holleis, Citizen and Baker of
1540 The two and thirtieth
William Laxstone,—
Martin Bowes:—

The Eng
lish Bible in every Parish Church.
Sir William Roche, Draper,
sonne to Iohn Roche of Wixley in Yorke
1541 The three and thirtieth
Rowland Hill,—
Henry Suckley:—

Maior, Sir Michael Dormer, Mercer,
sonne to Geffrey Dormer of Tame in Ox
1542 The foure and thirtieth
Henry Hobberthorne,—
Henry Amcoates:—

The great Plague at London.
Iohn Cotes, Salter, sonne to
Thomas Cotes of Bearton in Buckingham
1543 The five and thirtieth
Iohn Tholouse,—
Richard Dobbes:—

Temporall Government.

Bulten be
sieged and yeelded.
Sir William Bowyer, sonne to
William Bowyer of Harston in Cambridge

for one part, and Sir Ralph Warren
Mercer, for the rest.
1544 The six and thirtieth
Iohn Wilford,—
Andrew Iud:—

Maior, Sir William Laxton, Grocer,
sonne to Iohn Laxton of Yongdell in
1545 The seven and thirtieth
George Barne,—
Ralph Allen, or Alley:—

Maior, Sir Martin Bowes, Goldsmith,
sonne to Thomas Bowes, an Inhabitant
of the Citie of Yorke for many yeeres.
1546 The eight and thirtieth
Richard Iarveis,—
Thomas Curteis:—

The death of King Henry the Eight.
Sir Henry Hobberthorne, Mer
chant-Taylor, sonne to Christopher
of Waddingworth in Lin
King EDVVARD the sixth began his
reigne the eight and twentieth
day of Ianuary, in the
yeere, 1546.
1547 The first
Thomas White,—
Robert Chertsey:—

2 Sonnes of one man Mai
ors of Lon
each after o
Sir Iohn Gresham, Mercer,
sonne to Iohn Gresham of Holt in Nor
and Brother to Sir Richard Gre
formerly Lord Maior.
1548 The second
William Lock,—
Sir Iohn Ayleph:—

A great death in London.
Henry Amcoates, Fishmon

Temporall Government.

sonne to William Amcoats, of Astrap
in Lincolnshire.
1549 The third
Iohn Yorke,—
Richard Turke:—

Booke of Common Prayer in English.
Sir Rowland Hill, Mercer,
sonne to Thomas Hill of Hodnet in Shrop
1550 The fourth
Augustine Hind,—
Iohn Lion:—

The se
cond great Sweating Sicknesse.
Sir andrew Iud, Skinner,
sonne to Iohn Iud of Tonebridge in
1551 The fifth
Iohn Lambert,—
Iohn Cowper:—

Maior, Sir Richard Dobbes, Skinner,
sonne to Robert Dobbes of Baitby in
1552 The sixth
William Garret, or Gerrard,
Iohn Mainard:—

The death of King Edward the sixth.
Sir George Barne, Haberda
sher, sonne to George Barne, Citizen
and Haberdasher of London.
Queene Marie began her reigne the
sixth day of Iuly in the
yeere 1553.
1553 The first
Thomas Offley,—
William Hewet:—

The boun
ty of Sir Thomas White.
Sir Thomas White, Merchant-Taylor,
sonne to Thomas White of Rick

in Hertfordshire.
Wiat, his rising and suppres
This Sir
Thomas White founded Saint Iohn Bap

Colledge in Oxford, and gave two
thousand pound to the Citie of Bristol
to purchase one hundred and twentie
pound land yeerely.
1554 The second
David Woodroffe,—
William Chester:—

Temporall Government.

Lady Iane beheaded▪
Sir Iohn Lyon, Grocer, sonne
to Thomas Lyon of Peryfare in Middle
1555 The third
Thomas Lee, or Leigh,—
Iohn Machel:—

Seven Al
dermen in London dyed in lesse than 10 Months▪
Sir William Garret or Garrard,
Haberdasher, sonne to Iohn Garret, Ci
tizen and Grocer of London, who was
sonne to William Garret of Seddingbourne
in Kent.
1556 The fourth
William Harper,—
Iohn White:—

First ordai
ning of the night Bel
Sir Thomas Offley, Merchant-Taylor,
sonne to William Offley of the
City of Chester.
1557 The fifth
Richard Mallory,—
Iames Altham:—

Callis lost to the French.
Sir Thomas Curteis, Fishmon
ger, sonne to Iohn Curteis of Enfield in
Middlesex. Hee was free of the Pew
terers, and translated to the Fishmon
1558 The sixth
Iohn Halsey,—
Richard Champion:—

Death of Queene Mary.
Sir Thomas Lee, or Leigh, Mer
cer, sonne to Roger Lee of Willington in
Queene ELIZABETH began her
reigne, the seventeenth of No
vember, in the
yeere, 1558.
1559 The first
Thomas Lodge,—
Roger Martin:

Common Prayer in English, & Images pulled downe.
Sir William Hewet, Cloth

Temporall Government.

worker, sonne to Edmund Hewet of Wales
in Yorkeshire.
1560 The second
Christopher Draper,—
Thomas Rowe:—

Maior, Sir William Chester, Draper,
sonne to John Chester, Citizen and Dra
per of London. This yeere the Mer
chant-Taylors founded their notable
Free-Schoole for poore mens chil
dren, &c.
1561 The third
Alexander Avenon,—
Humfrey Baskervile:—

Pauls stee
ple burned Iune 4. 1561.
Sir William Harper, Merchant-Taylor,
sonne to William Harper of the
Towne of Bedford.
1562 The fourth
William Allen,—
Richard Chamberlaine,—

ven yeel
ded to the French.
Sir Thomas Lodge, Grocer,
sonne to William Lodge of Cresset in
1563 The fifth
Edward Bankes,—
Rowland Heyward:—

The great Plague: No Maiors Feast by reason of the Plague The great frost and Thames o
Sir Iohn White, Grocer, sonne
to Robert White of Farneham in Surrey.
1564 The sixth
Edward Iackman,—
Lionel Ducket:—

The Bursse builded by Sir Thomas Gresham.
Sir Richard Mallory, Mercer,
sonne to Anthony Mallory of Papwortha

in Cambridgeshire.
1565 The seventh
Iohn Rivers,—
Iames Hawes:—
The birth of our Royal So
veraigne King Iames Iune 9. 1566.
Sir Richard Champion, Dra
per, sonne to Richard Champion of Godil

in Surrey.
1566 The

Temporall Government.
1566 The eighth
Richard Lambert,—
Ambrose Nicholas,—
Iohn Langley:—
Maior, Sir Christopher Draper, Iron
monger, sonne to Iohn Draper of Melton
in Leicestershire.
1567 The ninth
Thomas Ramsey,—
Iohn Bond:—
Downegate Conduit builded.
Sir Roger Martin, Mercer, son
to Lawrence Martin of Melford in Suf
1568 The tenth
Iohn Oleph,—
Robert Harding,—
Iames Bacon:—
The great Lottery at Pauls and the New Church-yard buil
ded neere Bethlehem.
Sir Thomas Rowe, Merchant-Taylor,
sonne to Robert Rowe Citizen
and Merchant-Taylor of London, who
was sonne to Reynald Rowe of Lee in
This yeere Sir Thomas Row enclosed
a piece of ground by Moore-fields, with
a Bricke wall, to be a place for buriall of
the dead, to such Parishes in London as
wanted Churchyards.
1569 The eleventh
Henry Beecher,—
William Dane:—
Rebellion of the Earles in the North.
Sir Alexander Avenon, Iron
monger, sonne to Robert Avenon, or
Avenand of Kings-Norton in Worcester
1570 The twelfth
Francis Barneham,—
William Boxe:—
Queene Elizabeth her com
ming to the Royall Exchange.
Sir Rowland Heyward Cloth
worker, son to George Heyward of Bridge
in Shropshire.
1571 The thirteenth
Henry Milles,—
Iohn Branche:—
Maior, Sir William Allen, Mercer,

Temporall Government.

sonne to William Allen, Citizen and Pa
steller of London, who was sonne to Ri
chard Allen
of Stondon in Hertfordshire.
1572 The fourteenth
Richard Pipe,—
Nicholas Woodroffe:—
Duke of Norfolke beheaded, Iune 2. 1572.
Sir Lionell Ducket, Mercer.
1573 The fifteenth
Iames Harvey,—
Tho. Pulloccell or Pullison:—
M. Saunders murdered: his wife, Browne, Mistris Drewry, & trusty Ro
Sir Iohn Rivers, Grocer, sonne
to Richard Rivers of pensehurst in Kent.
1574 The sixteenth
Thomas Blancke,—
Anthony Gamage:—
Maior, Sir Iames Hawes, Clothwor
ker, sonne to Thomas Hawes, Citizen
and Merchant of London, who was son
to Iohn Hawes of Stoke-Newington in
1575 The seventeenth
Edward Osborne,—
Wolstane Dixie:—
Maior, Sir Ambrose Nicholas, Salter,
sonne to Iohn Nicholas of Nedingworth
in Huntingdonshire.
1576 The eighteenth
William Kempton,—
George Barne:—
Oldbourne. Conduit builded by by Master Lambe.
Sir Iohn Langley, Goldsmith,
sonne to Robert Langley of Althrope in
1577 The nineteenth
Nicholas Backhouse,—
Francis Bowyer:—
Strange sicknesse at Oxenford death of the Iud
Sir Thomas Ramsey, Grocer,
sonne to Iohn Ramsey of Flenbridge in
1578 The

Temporall Government.
1578 The fourteenth
George Bond,—
Thomas Starkie:—
The bla
zing Star. The great deepe Snow.
Sir Richard Pipe, Draper, son
to Richard Pipe of Woolverhampton, in
He was free of the Leathersellers,
and from them translated to the Dra
1579 The one and twentieth
Martin Calthrope,—
Iohn Hart:—
The great and gene
rall Earth
quake, on Wednsday in Easter weeke the fixt of A
, 1580.
Sir Nicholas Woodroffe, Ha
berdasher, sonne to David Woodroffe,
Citizen and Haberdasher of London,
who was sonne to Iohn Woodroffe, or
Woodrove, of the Parish of Vscombe, in
1580 The two twentieth
Ralph Woodcocke,—
John Allot:—
The bla
zing starre seene a
bove two moneths nightly.
Sir Iohn Branche, Draper,
sonne to Iohn Branche, Citizen and Dra
per of London, who was sonne to Iohn
of Laynham in Suffolke.
1581 The three and twentieth
Richard Martin,—
William Webbe:—
Mouesiers comming into Eng
, and his return.
Sir Iames Harvey, Irohmon
ger, sonne to William Harvey, of Cotwal

in Staffordshire.
1582 The foure and twentieth
William Rowe,—
Iohn Haydon, deceased,—
Cuthbert Buckle succeeded:—
Standard at Leaden-Hall for Thames-water.
Sir Thomas Blanke, Haberda
sher, sonne to Thomas Blanke, Citizen
and Haberdasher of London, who was
sonne to Thomas Blanke of Gilford in
1583 The five and twentieth
William Masham,—
Desmonds head set on London-bridge.
Iohn Spencer:—
Arden and Somerviles Treason.
Maior, Sir Edward Osborne, Cloth

Temporall Government.
worker, son to Richard Osborne, of Ash

in Kent.
1584 The six and twentieth
Stephen Slany,—
Henry Billingsley:—
W. Parries treason. E. of Nor
. murdered himselfe in the Tower.
Sir Thomas Pulloccill, or Pully
Draper, sonne to William Pulloccill,
of Footescray in Kent.
1585 The seven and twentieth
Anthony Ratcliffe,—
Henry Pranell:—
Maior, Sir Wolstane Dixie, Skinner,
sonne to Thomas Dixie, of Catworth in
1586 The eight and twentieth
Robert House,
Sir Philip Sidney his honoura
ble Fune
rall, Febr. 16. 1586.
William Elkin:
Ludgate new buil
ded by the Cities charge.
Maior, Sir George Barne, Haberda
sher, sonne to Sir George Barne, Knight,
Citizen, Haberdasher, and Lord Maior
of London; who was son also to George
, Citizen and Haberdasher of
1587 The nine and twentieth
Thomas Skinner,—
Iohn Catcher:—
Maior, Sir George Bond, Haberda
sher, sonne to Robert Bond, of Trull in
1588 The thirtieth
Hugh Offley,
The Camp at Tilbery.
Richard Saltonstall:—
Queene Elizabeth her com
ming to Pauls Ser
Sir Martin Calthrop, Draper,
sonne to Martin Calthrop, Citizen and
Draper of London: He served one part
of the yeere, and Sir Richard Martin,
Goldsmith, the other.
1589 The one and thirtieth
Richard Gurney,—
Stephen Some:—
Death of Sir Francis Walsingham
Sir Iohn Hart, Grocer, sonne

Temporall Government.

to Ralph Hart, of Sproston-Court in York
1590 The two and thirtieth
Nicholas Mosley,—
Robert Brooke:—

Maior, Sir Iohn Allot, Fishmonger,
sonne to Richard Allot of Limbergh in
Lincolnshire: He served one part of the
yeere, and Sir Rowland Heyward the o
1591 The three and thirtieth
William Rider,—
Benet, or Benedict Barnham—
The Thomas al
most emp
ty of water for two daies space.
Sir William Webbe, Salter,
sonne to Iohn Webbe, of Reading in Bark
1592 The foure and thirtieth—
Robert Taylor:—
No Bar
tholomew Fayre at London.
Sir William Rowe, Ironmon
ger, sonne to Thomas Rowe of Penschurst
in Kent.
1593 The five and thirtieth
Paul Banning,—
Peter Haughton:—

Doctor Lopez exe
cuted at Teyborne.
Sir Cuthbert Buckle, Vintner,
sonne to Christopher Buckle, of Bourgh,
in Westmerland: Hee served one part of
the yeere, and Sir Richard Martin,
Goldsmith, the other; which Sir Ri
chard Martin
was sonne to Thomas Mar
of Saffron Walden in Essex.
1594 The six and thirtieth
Robert Lee,—
Thomas Bennet:—
Vnrely youth ex
ecuted on Tower-hill.
Sir Iohn Spencer, Clothwor
ker, sonne to Richard Spencer of Walding

in Suffolke.
1595 The seven and thirtieth
Thomas Lowe,
A Provost Marshall for London.
Leonard Hallyday:—
Maior, Sir Stephen Slany, Skinner,
sonne to Iohn Slany, of Mitton, in Staf
1596 The

Temporall Government.
1596 The eight and thirtieth
Iohn Wats,—
Richard Godard:—

Maior, Sir, Thomas Skinner, Cloth
worker, sonne to Iohn Skinner, of Wal

in Essex. Hee served the one part
of the yeere, and Sir Henry Billingsley,
Haberdasher the other.
This Sir Henry Billingsley was sonne
to Roger Billingsley, of the City of Can
in Kent.
1597 The nine and thirtieth
Henry Row,—
Iohn More:—
Lectures reading in Greshams College.
Sir Richard Saltonstall, Skin
ner, sonne to Gilbert Saltonstall, of Hal

in Yorkshire.
1598 The fortieth
Edward Holmedon,—
Robert Hampson:—
Earle of Essex his going to
wards Ire
Sir Stephen Some, Grocer,
sonne to Thomas Some, of Bradley in
Hee was free of the Girdlers, and
from them translated to the Grocers.
1599 The one and fortieth
Humphrey Welde,—
Roger Clerke:—
Earle of Essex re
turned, & L. Mount
ioy sent in
to Ireland.
Sir Nicholas Mosley,
Earle of Essex his ri
sing, trou
bles, and death.
worker, sonne to Edward Mosley, of
Hough in Lancashire.
1600 The two and fortieth
Thomas Smith,—
Thomas Cambell,—
William Craven:—
Maior, Sir William Rider, Haberda
sher, sonne to Thomas Rider of Muckle

in Staffordshire.
1601 The three and fortieth
Henry Anderson,—
William Glover:—

Temporall Government.
Spaniards and Irish overcome in Ireland.
Sir Iohn Garret, or Garrard,
Haberdasher, son to Sir, William Garret,
or Garrard, Knight, Lord Maior and Ha
berdasher of London, son to Iohn Garret
or Garrard, Citizen and Grocer of Lon
who was sonne to William Garret, or
Garrard, of Seddingborne, in Kent.
1602 The foure and fortieth
Iames Pemberton,—
Iohn Swinnerton:—
Maior, Sir Robert Lee, Merchant-Tai
ler, sonne to Humphrey Lee of Bridge-North
in Shropshire.
King IAMES began his reigne the
foure and twentieth of March
in the yeere, 1602.
1603 The first
Sir William Rumney,—
Sir Thomas Middleton:—
This yeere died good Queene Elizabeth.
Sir Thomas Bennet, Mercer,
sonne to Thomas Bennet, of Willingford
in Barkeshire.
1604 The second
Sir Thomas Hayes, Knight,
Sir Roger Iones Knight:—
Tearme at Winchester, and great plague at London.
Sir Thomas Low, Haberda
sher, sonne to Simon Low, Citizen and
Merchant-Tayler of London, who was
sonne to Ralph Low, of London.
1605 The third
Clement Scudamor, Knight,
Sir Iohn Folles, Knight:—
The most happy dis
covery and pre
vention of the Gun
powder Treasons.
Sir Leonard Hollyday, Mar
chant-Tayler, sonne to William Holly

of Redborough in Glocestershire.
1606 The fourth
William Walthall,—
Iohn Lemon:—
Maior, Sir Iohn Wats, Clothworker,
sonne to Thomas Wats of Buntingford in
1607 The

Temporall Government.
1607 The fifth
Geffrey Elwes,—
Nicholas Style:—
Maior, Sir Henry Rowe, Mercer, sonne
to Sir Thomas Rowe, Knight, Lord
Maior, Citizen and Merchant-Tayler
of London.
1608 The sixth
George Bolles,—
Richard Farrington:—
This yeere Aldgate was fully finished.
Sir Humfrey Weld, Grocer,
sonne to Iohn Weld of Eaton in Cheshire.
1609 The seventh
Sebastian Harvey,—
William Cockaine:—
The Lord Maiors shews long left off, were now revived a
gaine by order from the King.
Sir Thomas Cambell, Jronmon
ger, sonne to Robert Cambell, of Fulsam
in Norfolke.
1610 The eighth
Richard Pyat,—
Francis Iones:—
Maior, Sir William Cravon, Mer
chant-Tayler, sonne to William Craven
of Appletreewick in Yorkeshire.
1611 The ninth
Edward Barkham,—
George Smithes:—
This yeere died the Royall Prince Henry.
Sir Iames Pemberton, Gold
smith, sonne to Iames Premberton, of Ec

in Lancashire.
1612 The tenth
Edward Rotherham,—
Alexander Prescot:—
Marriage of the Pals
grave to the Lady Eli
Sir Iohn Swinnerton, Mer
chant-Tayler, sonne to Thomas Swin
Citizen and Merchant-Tayler
of London, who was sonne to Richard
, of Oswestrey in Shropshire.
1613 The

Temporall Government.
1613 The eleventh
Thomas Bennet,—
Henry Iaye:—
The new River brought to London frō Amwell.
Sir Thomas Middleton, Gro
cer, sonne to Richard Middleton, of
Denbigh, in the County of Denbigh.
1614 The twelfth
Peter Proby,—
Martin Lumley:—
Maior, Sir Thomas Hayes, Draper,
sonne to Thomas Hayes of the City of
1615 The thirteenth
William Goare,—
Iohn Goare:—
This yeere two bre
then She
riffes and the youn
ger first chosen.
Sir Iohn Iolles Draper, sonne
to Thomas Ielles of Stratford-Bow in
The Kings great iour
ney to Scotland, and happy returne.
1616 The fourteenth
Allen Cotten,—
Cuthbert Hacket:—
This Maior was the se
cond Bat
Sir Iohn Leman, Fishmonger,
sonne to Iohn Leman of Gillingham in
1617 The fifteenth
William Hollyday,—
Robert Iohnson:—
Maior, the right Honorable, George
, Grocer, sonne of Thomas Bolles,
of Newbold in the County of Leicester.
1618 The sixteenth
Richard Hearne,—
Hugh Hamersley:—
Maior, Sir Sebastian Harvey, Iron
monger, he was sonne to Sir Iames Har
Knight, Lord Maior of London, which was sonne to William Harvey, of Cotwal

in Staffordshire.
Sir Walter Raleigh be
headed in the Parlia
ment yard at Westminster.
1619 The

Temporall Government.
1619 The seventeenth
Richard Deane,—
Iames Cambell:—
Doctor Abbot Lord Bi
shop of London, translated and enstal
led Arch
bishop of Canterbury Aprill 9.
Sir William Cockaine, Skinner,
he was sonne to William Cockaine, sonne
of Roger Cockaine of Baddesley in War
1620 The eighteenth
Edward Allen,—
Robert Ducie:—
The new River brought from Am
, was finished the twen
tininth of September.
Sir Francis Iones, Haberda
sher, he was the sonne of Iohn Iones of
Claverley in the County of Saloppe.
1621 The ninteenth
George Whitmore,—
Nicholas Rainton:—
Sir Edward Barkham, Draper,
he was the sonne of Edward Barkham,
of Southacre in the County of Norfolke
A new Church built in the Dukes-place cal
led Saint Iames, read more in the Ward.
1622 The twentieth
Iohn Hodges,—
Humfrey Hanford Knight:—
Prince Charles ha
ving been in Spaine arrived in England the sixt of October.
Sir Peter Proby, Grocer, com
monly in the Countrey called Peter ap-Robin,
his fathers name is not recorded,
but is sayd to be borne neere Whitchurch
in Shropshire.
1623 The one and twentieth
Ralph Freeman,—
Thomas Moulson:—
Our graci
ous queen Mary lan
ded at Do
the 12. of Iune.
Sir Martin Lumley, Draper,
he was the sonne of Iames Lumley, of
1624 The two and twentieth
Rowland Heilin,—
Robert Parkhurst:—
King Iames died at Theobalds the 27. day of March.
Sir Iohn Goare, Merchant-Taylor,
hee was the sonne of Gerrard
, who was the sonne of Iohn Goare
of London.
1625 The

Temporall Government.
King Charles began his reigne the seven
and twentieth of March, in the
yeere, 1625.
1625 The first
Thomas Westwray,—
Ellis Crispe,—
Iohn Poole,—
Christopher Cletherowe:—
Maior, Sir Allen Cotton, Draper,
hee was sonne to Ralph Cotton, of Whit

in the County of Salop.
1626 The second
Edward Bromfield,—
Richard Fenne:—
The Duke of Bucking
made his voyage to the Isle of Ree neer Rochell.
Sir Cuthbert Aket, alias Hac
Draper, hee was sonne of Thomas
, or Hacket, who was the sonne of
Thomas Aket, or Hacket, of Dertford in
1627 The third
Maurice Abbot,—
Henry Garway:—
The death of Lambe called by divers Do
ctor Lambe.
Sir Hugh Hammersley, Haber
The draw
bridge also newly re
he was the sonne of Hugh Ham
, who was the sonne of Richard
, of the Towne and County
of Stafford.
1628 The fourth
Rowland Backhouse,—
William Acton, Knight and
Iohn Felton for killing the Duke of Bucking
, exe
cuted and hanged in chaines.
Sir Richard Deane, Skinner,
he was sonne of George Deane, of Much

in Essex.
1629 The fifth
Humfrey Smith,—
Edmund Wright:—
The birth of Royall Prince Charles, May the 29 at S. Iames’s neere Char
ing Crosse
Sir Iames Cambell, Ironmon
ger, hee was the sonne of Thomas Cam
who was sonne of Robert Cambel, of
Fulsam in the County of Norfolke.
1630 The

Temporall Government.
1630 The sixth
Arthur Abdy,—
Robert Cambell:—
Mervin Lord Aud
, and Earle of Castlehaven beheaded on Tower
hill, May 14.
Sir Robert Ducy, Merchant-Taylor,
he was the sonne of Henry Ducy
of London.
1631 The seventh
Samuel Cranmer,—
Henry Prat:—
The hou
ses joining to the Ca
thedrall Church of St. Paul began to be pulled downe.
Sir George Whitmore, Haber
dasher, hee was the sonne of William
, who was son to Richard Whit
of the Parish of Charely in the
County of Salop.
1632 The eighth
Hugh Perry,—
Henry Andrewes:—
The third part of London-Bridge bur
Sir Nicholas Raynton, Haber
dasher, he was the son of Robert Rayn

of Highinton in the County of Lin
1633 The ninth
Gilbert Harrison,—
Richard Gurney:—
Maior, the right Honourable, Ralph
, Clothworker, sonne of William
of the Towne and County of
Thus much for the chiefe and principall Governours of this famous City; of
whose publike Government, with the assistance of other inferiour Officers,
their charges for preserving the Peace, service of the Prince, and Honour
of this City, much might have beene said, and shall be hereafter discoursed
more at large, when I have more spacious ground to walke in, and other
helpes (thereto belonging) can more conveniently be had.

Temporall Government.
Famous Citie; out of which the Lord
Maior is to be chosen yeerely, because
those of inferiour rancke, are not
capable of such dignitie.

THe Mercers were enabled to be a Company, and to purchase
Lands, to the value of twenty pounds by the yeere, the
seventeenth yeare of King Richard the second, Anno Dom. 1393.

Temporall Government.
The Company of Grocers, in elder times called Pepperers: were
first incorporated by the name of Grocers, in the twentieth yeere
of King Edward the third, Anno Dom. 1345. The Armes antient,
and supporters granted by Thomas Benote, Clarencieux, in the time
of King Henry the eight, Helme and Crest, by William Harvey, Cla
rencieux, Anno Dom
. 1562.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of Drapers were incorporated in the seven
teenth yeere of King Henry the sixt, Anno Dom. 1430. The
Armes first granted by Garter King of Armes: Crest and Suppor
ters by William Harvy, Clarencieux, Anno Dom. 1561.

Temporall Government.
THe Fishmongers were (at the first) two Companies, namely,
Stockfishmongers, and Saltfishmongers; which Saltfishmongers, in
the beginning of the Reigne of King Henry the eighth, Anno Dom.
. did beare their Armes as here is set downe. But lastly, in
the 28. yeere of the same King, Anno Dom. 1536. the said Compa
nies were vnited in one, and then their Armes more fully granted.

Temporall Government.
THe Goldsmiths, were incorporated and confirmed in the six
teenth yeere of King Richard the second, the Crest and Sup
porters were granted by Robert Cooke, Clarencieux, Anno Dom.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of Skinners were incorporated in the first yeere
of King Edward the third, Anno Dom. 1327. And made a Bro
therhood in the eighteenth yeere of King Richard the second. The
Crest and Supporters were granted by William Haruy, who was
free of the same Company, Anno Dom. 1561.

Temporall Government.
THe first Patent of these Armes, were granted by Sir Thomas
Knight, Clarencieux, King of Armes to the Company of
Tailors and Linnen Armourers, in the one and twentieth yeere of King
Edward the fourth, Anno Dom. 1480. And since then incorporated
by King Henry the seventh, by the name of Merchant-Tailors, in
the seventeenth yeere of his reigne, Anno Dom. 1501. The Crest
and Supporters being granted by Robert Cooke, Clarencieux, Anno
. 1585.

Temporall Government.
The Haberdashers, or Hurrers, (of old time so called) were in
corporated a Brotherhood of Saint Katharine, in the six and twen
tieth yeere of King Henry the sixth Anno Dom▪ 1447. And they
were confirmed in the seventeenth yeere of King Henry the seventh,
and named Merchant-Haberdashers. The Crest and Supportters
were granted by Robert Cooke, Clarencioux, King of Armes. Anno
. 1571.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Salters had their Armes first granted to
them in the two and twentieth yeare of King Henry the eight,
Anno Dom. 1530. by Thomas Benolt, Clarencieux. The Crest and
Supporters by Robert Cooke, Clarencieux In the nine and twenti
eth yeere of Queene Elizabeth, Anno Dom. 1587.

Temporall Government.
THe Ironmongers were incorporated, in the third yeere of King
Edward the fourth, Anno Dom. 1462. And their Armes first
granted by Lancaster, King of Armes, Marshall to Clarencieux, King
of Armes, Anno Dom. 1455. And the foure and thirtieth yeere of
the reigne of King Henry the sixth.

Temporall Government.
THe Vintonners were incorporated in the Reigne of King Ed
the third, by the name of Wine-Tonners, and confirmed
in the fifteenth yeere of King Henry the sixt, Anno Dom. 1436.
The Armes first granted by Clarencieux, in the sixth yeere of King
Henry the sixt, Anno Dom. 1427.

Temporall Government.
THe Clothworkers had their Armes first granted by Thomas Be
nolt, Clarencieux
, in the two and twentieth yeere of King Henry
the eighth, Anno Dom. 1530. The Crest and Supporters granted
by Robert Cooke, Clarencieux, King of Armes, Anno Dom. 1587.

Temporall Government.
Merchants, and their seuerall Armes, so
many as I could attaine vnto.
Of the Staple.
THe Company of Merchants, called of the Staple, incorpora
ted by King Edward the third: in whose time they had their
Staple of Wools at Callis.

Temporall Government.
Merchants Adventures.
THe Company of Merchants, called Merchants Adventures,
were incorporated by King Edward the fourth: And had
their Priviledges confirmed and enlarged by Queene Elizabeth.

Temporall Government.
Merchants of Russia.
THe Company of Merchants of Russia, who were incorpo
rated by King Edward the sixth: and againe confirmed and
augmented by Queene Elizabeth.

Temporall Government.
Merchants of Elbing.
THe Company of Merchants of Elbing, they became incor
porated by Queene Elizabeth.

Temporall Government.
Merchants of Levant, or
Turkie Merchants.
THe Company of Merchants of Levant, or (more com
monly) termed Turkie Merchants, being first incorporated by
Queene Elizabeth, were afterward confirmed and enlarged by our
Soveraigne Lord King Iames.

Temporall Government.
Merchants of Spaine.
THe Company of Merchants of Spaine, or more usually cal
led Spanish Merchants, were incorporated by Queene Eli

Temporall Government.
Merchants of East-India.
THe Company of Merchants, called Merchants of East-India,
were incorporated by Queene Elizabeth, Anno Dom. 1600.

Temporall Government.
New French
Merchants Adventurers.
A New Company of Merchant Adventures, but of their in
corporating I am able to say nothing: but the Coat and Crest
of their Armes were given and granted by Sir William Seger, Garter,
and Master William Camden, Clarencieux, Kings of Armes, the thir
teenth day of November, in the 14. yeere of King Iames, 1616.

Temporall Government.
The Company of
French Merchants.
THe Company now called of French Merchants: of their cre
ating, incorporating, and Patents granting, no intelligence
hath beene given me, and therefore I am the lesse able to speake of
them: onely I heare them to be a Company of worthy Gentle
men; and let that honest title at this time suffice them.

Temporall Government.
Merchants of Virginia.
THe Company of Merchants, called Merchants of Virginia,
, or Summer-Ilands, for (as I heare) all these additi
ons are given them. I know not the time of their incorporating,
neither by whom their Armes, Supporters, and Crest were gran
ted, and therefore am compelled to leaue them abruptly.

Temporall Government.
following the Twelve.
KIng Henry the sixt, late King of England, of famous memo
ry, by his Highnesse Letters-Patents, or Charter of Incor
poration, bearing date the sixteenth day of February, in the
nine and fortieth yeere from the beginning of his Reigne; and in
the first yeere of the redemption of his Royall power, did incor
porate the Company of the Dyers in London, and so they have ever
since continued.

Temporall Government.
THe Charter of the Brewers was granted by King Henry the
sixth, and his Letters-Patents dated at Windsor, the two and
twentieth of February, in the sixth yeere of his Reigne. Moreover,
it was reconfirmed at Greenewich, Iuly the 13. and second yeere of
Queene Elizabeth of blessed memory.
THe Lethersellers being formerly a Society, or Brotherhood of
long time, became incorporated in the sixth yeere of King
Richard the second, and when Whittington was Lord Maior of

Temporall Government.
THe Pewterers were a Company, or Meeting of friendly and
neighbourly men, in the time of King Edward the fourth; and
in the thirteenth yeere of this King became incorporated, Ianu
ary the 20. And from this King they have beene still confirmed by
all Princes since: lastly, by King Iames.
THe Barbers-Chirurgions, being a Company of no meane credit
and estate, became a Brotherhood and Fellowship, incorpo
rated by the Charter of King Edward the fourth; afterward by the
Henries, the seventh and eighth, Philip and Mary, and Queene Eliza
: last of all they were againe confirmed by King Iames, with
other additions also: and all those former Charters have bin recon
firmed (with larger additions) by our most gracious King Charles.

Temporall Government.
THe Society or Company of the Armourers, have beene a Bro
therhood of ancient continuance, and became incorporated
in the beginning of the reigne of King Henry the sixth: the
King being pleased to stile himselfe a Brother of their Society.
THe Company of White-Bakers are of great Antiquity, as ap
peareth by their Records, and divers other things of Anti
quity, extant in their common Hall. They were a Compa
ny of this City in the first yeere of Edward the second, and had a new
Charter granted unto them in the first yeere of Henry the seventh;
the which Charter was confirmed unto them by Henry the eighth,
Edward the sixth, Queene Mary, Queene Elizabeth, and King Iames.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of Wax-Chandlers, having beene a Brother
hood of very ancient standing, and much used in the times
of superstition, became yet to be incorporated in Anno, 1484.
it being the second yeere of King Richard the third.
THe company of the Tallow-Chandlers, were a Society of great
antiquity, living in good formality among men, and loving
agreement with themselves: they became to be incorpora
ted in the second yeere of King Edward the fourth, and from him
successively to King Iames.

Temporall Government.
COncerning this Company of Cutlers, I finde them to be of great
antiquity, and that they were incorporated in the beginning
of the Reigne of King Henry the fifth, and afterward confirmed
by King Henry the sixth, King Henry the eighth, King Philip and
Queene Mary, famous Queene Elizabeth; and King Iames in his
fifth yeere, the eighth day of February, fully confirmed all.
I Finde the Company of the Girdlers not to be much behind-hand
(with others) for eminency and antiquity, because they have
held good correspondency with the world and with themselves:
they became to bee incorporated the sixth day of August, in the
seven and twentieth yeere of the Reigne of King Henry the sixth.

Temporall Government.
THe Butchers were incorporated by King Iames, under his
Letters-Patents, bearing date the sixteenth day of Septem
ber, in the third yeere of his Reigne of England, and of Scot
the nine and twentieth: they were incorporated by the name
of Master, Wardens, and Comminalty of the Art or mystery of
Butchers of the City of London, the Fraternity being very ancient.
THe Company of Sadlers questionlesse declare themselves to
be of great antiquity, as shewing their beginning in the times
of these Kings following: Edward the first, Rich. the second,
Henry the fourth, Edw. the second, Edw. the third, Henry the fifth,
Henry the sixth, Edw. the fourth, rich. the third, Henry the seventh,
Henry the eighth, Edw. the sixth, and since the first King above na
med, the Craft of the Sadlers hath given Livery, and so have conti
nued in their Livery by the space of 300 yeeres and more. What all
the precedent Princes gave and granted, King Iames confirmed.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Carpenters, being a Society of ancient
standing, were incorporated by Letters-Patents, bearing date
the seventh day of Iuly, in the seventeenth yeere of the Reigne of
King Edward the fourth; by the name of Master, Wardens, and
Comminalty of the mystery of Freemen of the Carpentry of the
City of London.
THe Company of Shoomakers or Cordwainers, as they stile
themselves, have beene of long continuance, and were first
incorporated in the seventeenth yeere of King Henry the sixth; be
ing afterward confirmed by Philip and Queene Mary, in the fourth
and fifth yeeres of their Reigne: then againe re-confirmed by
Queene Elizabeth, in the fourth yeere of her Reigne: and lastly,
by King Iames.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Painters, having the addition of Painters-Stainers,
for their skill and cunning in divers mysterious
workes, have beene a Society of great antiquity from time to time,
and were incorporated in Anno Dom. 1580. it being the three and
twentieth yeere of Queene Elizabeth, &c.
THe Company of Curryers, a Company of long continuance,
and of good community amongst themselves, became incor
porated in the third yeere of King Iames, the twelfth day of Iune.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of Masons, being otherwise termed Free-Ma
, of ancient standing and good reckoning, by meanes of af
fable and kinde meetings divers times, and as a loving Brotherhood
should use to doe, did frequent this mutuall assembly in the time
of King Henry the fourth, in the twelfth yeere of his most gracious
THe Company of Plumbers, of large and very memorable
antiquity, remaining a Fellowship or Brotherhood by the
name of Plumbers. At length they attained to be incorporated by
Letters-Patents, the eleventh or twelfth day of Aprill, in the ninth
yeere of King IAMES of England, and of Scotland the foure and
fortieth, &c.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Inholders, having beene a Community or
Society of honest friendly men, by their often meeting and
conversing together, as in those dayes it was a matter much obser
ved: became to be incorporated in the sixth yeere of King Henry
the eighth, and so renued from time to time.
THe Company of Founders, no doubt of antiquity and long
continuance in Brotherhood and Fellowship together, were
incorporated the eighteenth day of September, in the
twelfth yeere of the Reigne of King IAMES.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Embroiderers can make appeare by their
worthy and famous pieces of Art, that they have beene of
ancient use and eminence, as is to be seene in divers places at this
day: but for the matter of their incorporating, it hath relation to
the fourth yeere of Queene Elizabeth, &c.
THe Company of the Poulters were incorporated in the nine
teenth yeere of King Henry the seventh, the three and twen
tieth day of Ianuary, and renued againe in the thirtieth yeere of
the Reigne of Queene Elizabeth, February the two and twentieth.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Cookes, having beene a Fellowship or
Brotherhood of antiquity, became to be incorporated in the
twelfth yeere of the Reigne of King Edward the fourth, the ele
venth day of Iuly: re-confirmed againe by Queene Elizabeth: and
afterward by King Iames, in the thirteenth yeere of his Reigne,
May the nineteenth day.
THe Company of the Coopers, became to bee incorporated in
the sixteenth yeere of the Reigne of King Henry the seventh,
by the name of Master, Wardens, or Keepers of the Commi
nalty of the Freemen of the mystery of Coopers in London, and the
Suburbes of the same City.

Temporall Government.
Brick-layers and Tylers.
THe Company of Tylers and Brick-layers, or Brick-layers and
Tylers, notwithstanding their antiquity, were first incorpo
rated in the tenth yeere of the Reigne of Queene Elizabeth,
and confirmed againe in the second yeere of the Reigne of King
THe Company of Bowyers, in regard that the use of the long
Bow hath added no meane honour to this Realme of
England, making it famous in farre remote nations: they may
well stand on a great priviledge of antiquity, yet their incorpora
ting speakes but of the one and twentieth yeere of the Reigne of
King Iames.

Temporall Government.
ALthough there is small reason of sundering Bowes from Ar
rowes, or Arrowes from Bowes, yet because they have divi
ded themselves into two severall Companies, let the fault be on
their owne heads: for as I finde them, so I leave them.
THe Company of Smithes, or Black-Smithes, by which title you
please to tearme them, being a very ancient Brotherhood or
Fraternity of the City of London, were first incorporated by Queene
Elizabeth, in the twentieth yeere of her Reigne, their Charter
bearing date the fifteenth of Aprill, &c. Afterward it was re
confirmed by King Iames, in the second yeere of his Reigne, the
one and twentieth day of March.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Ioyners, called also Ioyners and Seelers,
of ancient standing, and reputed to be a loving Society, were
incorporated by Queene Elizabeth, in the thirteenth yeere of
her Reigne.
THe Company of the Plaisterers, of larger antiquity then lea
sure will admit to be delivered, of good and mutuall agree
ment among themselves, like affable and loving Brethren,
were incorporated in the time of King Henry the sevent, &c.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of Weavers (not meaning them which are now
called Silke-Weavers) were of very ancient note indeed; as ha
ving three severall Societies of themselves, the Woollen-Cloth-Wea
, the Arras-Weavers, and the Linnen-Weavers: all which I re
ferre to a further relation.
THe Company of the Fruiterers, being a very ancient Brother
hood, and of long continuance, became to be first incorporated
in the third yeere of the Reigne of King Iames, &c.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Scriveners, an ancient and long conti
nued Society, were incorporated the eight and twentieth
day of Ianuary, in the fourteenth yeere of the Reigne of our
Soveraigne Lord, King Iames.
Bottle-makers and Horners.
AS for Bottle-makers and Horne-makers, the precedent times
have remembred them to be of Antiquity, and two distinct
Companies combined in one: But I finde no Record that
they were at any time incorporated.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Stationers, of great antiquity, before the
famous Art of Printing was invented or brought hither, as
(for the most part) their then dwelling in Pater-noster Row, and
the adjoyning parts can testifie. Their Charter of incorporation
was granted the fourth day of May, in the third and fourth yeeres
of King Philip and Queene Mary.
THe Company called by the name of Marblers, for their excel
lent knowledge and skill in the Art of Insulpting personages
for Tombes, Grave-stones, and Monuments in Churches, and else
where in Religious places: their antiquity and what respect they
have carried, is unknowne to me; nor can I finde them to bee in
corporated, but hold some friendship with the Masons, and are
thought to be esteemed among them in Fellowship.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of Wooll-packers I know not what to say of
them, because it seemes that there were such men in the
Haunse dayes, when the Wooll-Staple flourished, and that
our Wooll-Merchants had their eminency. Further, I cannot
speake of them, but leave them and their Armes to your consi
THe Company of the Farriers. My relation concerning them,
must needs be answerable to their owne allegation. Henry de
, or Ferrers, a Norman borne, came over with Willi
the Conquerour, who gave vnto the said Henry de Ferraris (as
being his Farrier, or Master of his horse) the Honor of Tutbury,
in the County of Stafford, which was the first Honor given to the
Ferrars in England.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Paviours, no doubt have beene a Com
pany of antiquity, and maintained a Community or Brother
hood among themselves; but for incorporation, no Record doth
testifie it to me, and therefore I have the lesse to say of them.
THe Company of the Lorinors, or Lorimers, which they please
to accept, I have received a note from themselves, that the se
cond day of October, and fourth yeere of King Henry the se
venth, the Wardens of the Art of Lorimers came into the Court of
our Lord the King, in the Chamber of Guild-hall, in the City of
London, before Sir William Horne Knight, then Lord Maior, and
Aldermen of the said City, preferring then and there a Bill or Sup
plication to the Maior and Aldermen. And this is all that I can
finde remembred of them.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Brown-Bakers, a Society of long stand
ing and continuance, prevailed to have their incorporating
granted the ninth day of Iune, in the nineteenth yeere of the
Reigne of our Soveraigne Lord King Iames.
THe Company of the Wood-mongers, being a very ancient Fel
lowship, and of good and amiable agreement together for
long time, became to be incorporated the nine and twentieth
day of August, in the third yeere of the Reigne of our Soveraigne
Lord King Iames.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Vpholsters, or Vpholders, were in elder
times of good reckoning and esteeme, and had a Brother
hood or Fellowship among themselves, but concerning
their incorporating I finde it not recorded.
THe Company of the Turners had long continued a loving
Fellowship or Brotherhood among themselves, to the good
president and example of others: they became incorporated
in the second yeere of King Iames.

Temporall Government.
THe Company called of the Glasiers, have beene a Society of
ancient memory, and maintained a league of Brotherly affe
ction together; but because I am able to say nothing of their in
corporating, I am the more willing to passe them over.
THe Company of the Clearkes, commonly tearmed Parish-Clearkes,
I finde to bee very ancient in continuance, and stand
registred in the Bookes of Guild-hall; they became first to bee in
corporated in the seventeenth yeere of King Henry the third, and
followed on still in all the Princes Reignes, to the ninth yeere of
our Soveraigne Lord King Iames.

Temporall Government.
THe Company of the Watermen, that have their maintenance by rowing
in Boats on the River of Thames, being a Brotherhood under the power
and command of the Lord Maior of London, I leave them for this time.
THe Company of the Apothecaries, that have divided themselves from
the Ancient Society of Grocers, grew so highly favoured by our Sove
raigne Lord, King Iames, that (as I have heard) he called them his Com
pany; and granted them order for incorporation the sixth day of December, in
the fifteenth yeere of his Highnesse Reigne.
THis Company of Silke-throwers, having gained their Trade of Silke-throwing
from the Strangers, since Anno quinto of Queene Elizabeth, and
being for the most part Free men of this City, were made a Fellowship
of this City 4. die Iunii, Anno 19. of King Iames, Sir Francis Iones, Knight, be
ing then Lord Maior. And 23. die Aprilis Anne quinte Caroli Regis, they were in
corporated by the name of the Master, Wardens, Assistants and Commonalty
of the Trade, Art, or Mystery of Silke-throwers of the City of London.

Temporall Government.
THus our most Noble, Ancient, and famous Mother,
LONDON, (the Queene or Empresse of all Cities in this
West part of the World) having, like an Amazonian Virago,
led forth her warlike City-Sonnes into their Fields of Honour,
without her Walls, to take an ample view of her Armes, Furni
ture, and other warlike Embellishments, such as beseemed their
worth, and her dignity; like a valiant Captaine, that takes it
to be his honour, of abiding last in the field, and marshalling them
home before her into her walled City, followes after them her
selfe, in her owne Armes and brave Accoutrements.

Temporall Government.
The names of the Wards, and
their Aldermen, as they now are.
THere are in this City (according to the number
of the Wards) six and twenty Aldermen: wher
of, yeerely on the Feast of Saint Michael the Arch-angell,
one of those Aldermen is elected to bee Maior
for the yeere following: He is to begin and take place on
the eight and twentieth day of October then next fol
lowing. The other Aldermen his Brethren are to him
Assistants in Councels and Courts, &c.
As the Wards are formerly set downe, according to the order of their
beginning Eastward: so I thought it fet to set downe those Aldermens names
that have the instant government and direction of them: wherein let no ex
ception be taken, although Aldermen (not knighted) are named as their
Wards successively follow, because this observation is done but onely for or
ders sake.
Wards on the East side of VValbrooke.
1 Portsoken. Alderman Parkhurst.
2 Aldgate. Alderman Rainton.
3 Tower-streete. Sir Hugh Hammersley.
4 Limestreet. Sir Iames Cambell.
5 Bishopsgate. Alderman Bacchus.
6 Broadstreet. Alderman Moulson.
7 Cornehill. Alderman Freeman.
8 Langborne. Sir George Whitmore.
9 Billingsgate. Alderman Cletherow.
10 Bridge within. Alderman Poole.
11 Candlewickstreet. Sir Richard Deane.
12 Walbrooke. Sir Iohn Goare.
13 Downegate. Alderman Bromfield.

Temporall Government.

14 Vintry.
Alderman Garaway.
15 Cordwainerstreet. Alderman Wright.
16 Cheape. Sir Edward Barkham.
17 Colemanstreet. Sir Maurice Abbot.
18 Basing-Hall. Sir Robert Ducie.
19 Creplegate. Alderman Cranmer.
20 Aldersgate. Sir William Acton.
21 Faringdon within. Alderman Smith.
22 Breadstreet. Sir Martin Lumley.
23 Queene Hithe. Alderman Perry.
24 Castle Baynard. Alderman Venne,
25 Faringdon without. Alderman Cambell.
26 Bridge without. Alderman Abdy.
Thus these Wards have (from time to time) held, and still doe
their severall Aldermen, till either death, or occasion of remove,
do make an alteration of them in their Aldermen. As for an ex
ample, since the last Impression of this Booke, which is with
in the compasse of fifteene yeeres, of all the Aldermen that
then were living, there remaine no more then three at this
MOre, there is a Recorder of London, a grave and learned
Lawyer, skilfull in the Customes of this City, also assistant
to the Lord Maior: hee taketh place in Councels and in Courts
before any man that hath not beene Maior, and learnedly delive
reth the Sentence of the whole Court.
THe Sheriffes of London (of old time) chosen out of the Com
minalty, Commoners, and oftentimes never came to bee
Aldermen; as many Aldermen were never Sheriffes, and yet
advanced to be Maiors. But of later time, (by occasion) the She
riffes have beene made Aldermen, before, or presently after their
Nicholas Faringdon was never Sheriffe, yet foure times Maior of
this City, and so of other; which reprooveth a by-word, Such a one
will be Maior, before he be Sheriffe, &c

Temporall Government.
These Gentlemen beare
Offices of especiall respect
in the City.
MAster Chamberlain of London,
Master Common Sergeant.
Master Town-Clarke, or Com
mon Clarke.
The Coroner of London.
Officers belonging to the
Lord Maiors house, according
as they were first published by
Master STOWE.
Common Hunt.
Common Crier.
Esquires 4.
Coroner of London.
Sergeant Carvers. 3.
Sergeants of the Chamber. 3.
Sergeant of the Chanell.
Yeoman of the Chanell.
Yeomen of the water side. 4.
Yeomen of the Chamber. 2.
Meale-weighers. 3.
Yeomen of the Wood-wharfes. 2.
The Sword-bearers man.
Common Hunts men. 2.
Common Criers man.
Water-Bayliffes men. 2.
The Carvers man.
Whereof nine of these have Live
ries of the L. Maior, viz. The Sword-bearer
and his man, the three Carvers,
and the foure Yeomen of the Water-side.
All the rest have their Liveries
from the Chamber of London.
Thus farre after my notes delivered
by an Officer of the Lord Maiors house,
but unperfect: for I remember a Crow
ner, an Vnder-Chamberlaine, and foure
Clarkes of the Maiors Court, and
According to a TABLE
hanging in the ancient Councell
Chamber, and their dayes
of waiting.
MAster Sword-bearer, to waite
Master Common Hunt, to
wait Mundaies, Wednesdays, Fry
dayes and Saturdayes.
Master Common Crier, to wait
Tuesdayes, Thursdayes, Frydayes, and
Master Water-Bayliffe, to wait Mun
dayes, Tuesdayes, Wednesdayes and
The three Sergeant Carvers, to wait
weekly, all excuses set apart.
The three Sergeants of the Cham
ber likewise, to wait weekely, without
any excuse.
The Sergeant of the Chanell, to wait
The two Yeomen of the Chamber,
one of them to wait dayly at dinner, to
Vsher the Hall.
The foure Yeomen of the Waters
side, two of them to wait weekely, and
not to be absent.
The Yeomen of the Chanell, to wait
The Vnder-Water-Bayliffe, to wait
on Holydayes and Court dayes, if hee
goe not up the River.
The six young men, to wait dayly.
The three Meale-Weighers, to wait
on Holydayes, and Court dayes.
The two Yeomen of the Wood-Wharfe,
to wait on generall dayes.
The Forraigne-Taker, to wait like
wise on generall dayes.
The Sheriffes of London,
their Officers.
THe Sheriffes of London, in the
yeere 1471. were appointed each
of them to have sixteene Ser

Temporall Government.

every Sergeant to have his Yeo
man. And six Clarkes, to wit, a Se
condary, a Clarke of the Papers, and
foure other Clarkes, besides the Vnder-Sheriffes
Clarkes, their Stewards, But
lers, Porters, and other in houshold
Of the Maiors and She
riffes Liveries somewhat.
TO follow president of former
time, the Clarks of Companies
were to enquire for them of
their Companies, that would have the
Maiors Livery, their money (as a be
nevolence given) which must be twen
ty shillings at the least put in a purse,
with their names that gave it, and the
Wardens to deliver it to the Maior by
the first of December. For the which,
every man had then sent him foure
yards of broad Cloth, rowed or stri
ped thwart with a different colour, to
make him a Gowne, and these were
called Rey Gownes, which was then
the Livery of the Maior, and also of the
Sheriffes; but each differing from others
in the colours.
Of older times I read, that the Offi
cers of this City ware Gownes of party
colours, as the right side of one colour,
and the left side of another: as for ex
ample; I reade in Bookes of accounts in
the Guild-Hall, that in the nineteenth
yeere of Henry the sixth, there was
bought for an Officers Gown two yards
of Cloth, coloured Mustard-villars (a
colour now out of use) and two yards
of Cloth coloured blue, price two shil
lings the yard, in all eight shillings.
More, payed to Iohn Pope, Draper, for
two Gowne clothes, eight yards of two
colours eux ambo deux de Rouge (or red)
Medley Brune and Porre (or Purple) co
lour, price, the yard two shillings.
These Gownes were for Piers Rider, and
Iohn Buckles, Clarkes of the Chamber.
More, I reade, that in the yeere 1516.
in the 7. of Henry the 8. it was agreed
by a Common Councell in the Guild-Hall,
that the Sheriffes of London should
(as they had beene accustomed) give
yeerely Reyed Gownes to the Recor
der, Chamberlaine, Common Serge
ant, and Common Clarke, the Sword-bearer,
Common Hunt, Water-Bayly,
Common Cryer, like as to their owne
Officers, &c.
1525. More, in the sixteenth of Hen
the eighth, Sir William Bayly then
being Maior, made a request, for that
clothes of Ray (as hee alleaged) were
evill wrought, his Officers might bee
permitted (contrary to custome) for
that yeere to weare Gownes of one co
lour, to the which (in a common Coun
cell) one answered and said, Yea, it
might be permitted: and no man said
nay, and so it passed. Thus much for
party-coloured, and Ray Gownes have
I read. But for benevolence to the
Maior, I finde that of later time, each
man giving forty shillings towards his
charges, received foure yards of broad
Cloth to make him a Gowne: for Sir
Thomas White performed it in the first
yeere of Queene Mary, but Sir Tho
mas Lodge
gave (in stead of foure yards
of broad Cloth) three yards of Satten
to make them Dubblets, and since that,
the three yards of Satten is now tur
ned into a silver Spoone, and so it hath
The order observed by the
Lord Maior, the Aldermen, and
Sheriffes for their meetings, and
wearing of their Apparell through
out the whole yeere.
Vpon Midsummer day, for
the election of the Sheriffes
of LONDON, &c.
THe Lord Maior and the Alder
men (with the Sheriffes) meet
at the Guild-Hall,
Their morning meeting at the Guild-Hall.
at eight of
the clocke in the morning, apparelled
in their violet coloured Gownes lined,
and their Cloakes of Scarlet lined, but
without their horses.

Temporall Government.

And when they have beene together
in the Councell Chamber a certaine
time, concerning the nomination of
certaine persons to bee elected: the
Lord Maior and the Aldermen come
forth, and put on their Cloakes in the
Orphanes Court, and then goe downe
in order to the Hustings Court,
What is done in the Hust
Court after the Speech of Master Re
being set, Master Recorder ariseth, and
standing forth before the Bench and
Companies, for the same cause there
assembled; having done his obeisance
first to the Court, and then to them all:
he declareth unto them, the reason why
they are thus there assembled together:
Shewing unto them, that it is for the e
lection of one of the Sheriffs of London,
and the Sheriffe of Middlesex for the
yeere next ensuing: As also the confir
mation of the other Sheriffe, nomina
ted by the Lord Maior according to his
prerogative. Then afterward, is the
choice and election of Master Cham
berlaine of London, and of other Offi
But first, the Lord Maior and Alder
men go up into the Lord Maiors Court,
The na
ming and chusing of the She
riffe by voyce and hands.
and there remaine, untill the Sheriffe
be named and chosen, the doore being
fast shut to them all the while.
Then the Sheriffes, Master Cham
berlaine, Master Common Sergeant,
Master Towne-Clarke, and the Coun
cellors of the City, and other Officers,
continue still in the Hustings Court, to
take and receive the name of him, that
shall seeme (by their judgements) free
ly, and without consent to be nomina
ted and elected, and justly tryed out,
not only by voyce, but also by hands, to
be Sheriffe for the yeere following.
Then the Commons goe to the ele
ction of Master Chamberlaine;
The electi
on of Ma
ster Cham
berlaine. and other Officers.
two Bridge-Masters; the Auditors of
the City and Bridge-house accounts;
and the Surveyors for Beere and Ale,
according to the accustomed manner.
That done, the Sheriffes, Master
Chamberlaine, Master Common Ser
geant, Master Towne-Clarke, the
Councellors of the City,
The certi
fying of the She
riffes choice.
the two Se
condaries of the Compters, and the
Wardens of the head or chiefe Com
panies (Master Common Cryer going
before them, bearing his Mace) thus
they carry up the report to the Lord
Maior and Aldermen, concerning what
they have done in their election.
Which report being received, the
Lord Maior and Aldermen came down
againe to the Hustings Court.
Their comming downe a
gaine to confirme the Electi
there being in order set and placed,
Master Recorder standeth up againe, as
he did before, and maketh rehearsall of
the names of those persons, whom they
have nominated and chosen. Then hee
demandeth of them, whether it bee
their free election, yea or no? Which
they confirming to be their free choice,
Master Recorder giueth them thankes:
And so they arise, and all depart thence
for the Fayre in Smithfield.
THE Aldermen meete the Lord
Maior and the Sheriffes at the
Guild-hall Chappell,
Meeting at the Guild-Hall Chap
at two
of the clocke after dinner, having on
their violet Gownes lined, and their
horses, but without their cloakes, and
there they heare Evening Prayer.
Which being done, they mount on
their horses, and riding to Newgate,
passe forth of the Gate.
A Procla
mation in the Cloth-Fayre.
Then entring
into the Cloth-Fayre, there they make
a Proclamation, which Proclamation
being ended, they ride thorow the
Cloth-Fayre, and so returne backe a
gaine thorow the Church-yard of great
Saint Bartholomewes to Aldersgate: And
then ride home againe to the Lord Ma
iors House.
for the Wrastling.
SO many Aldermen as doe dine
with the Lord Maior,
The mee
ting at the Lord Ma
iors house on Bartho
and the
Sheriffes, are apparelled in their
Scarlet Gownes lined; and after din
ner, their horses are brought to them
where they dined. And those Alder
men which dine with the Sheriffes, ride
with them to the Lord Maiors house
for accompanying him to the Wrast
ling. When as the Wrastling is

Temporall Government.

done, they mount their horses, and ride
backe againe thorow the Fayre, and so
in at Aldersgate, and then home againe
to the Lord Maiors house.
The next day (if it be not Sunday) is
appointed for the Shooting,
The Shoo
ting day.
and the
service performed as upon Bartholomew
day: but if it bee Sunday, the Sabbath
day, it is referred to the Munday then
For the day of our LADY
Fayre in Southwarke.
THE Lord Maior and the She
riffes ride to S. Magnus Church
in their Scarlet Gownes lined,
The Lord Maior weareth his Collar of Esses, without Hood, and the Sword beater weareth the em
broiderd Cap, and carryeth the Pearle Sword.

without their cloaks, after dinner at two
of the clocke; and there the Aldermen
meet the L. Maior: when evening Pray
er is ended, they ride thorow the Faire,
till they come unto St. Grorges Church,
and then ride further to Newington
Bridge, or to St. Thomas of Waterings
to the Stones that point out the Liber
ties of the City (if it bee so their plea
sures) and they then returne backe a
gaine unto the Bridge-house, where
they refresh themselves with a Ban
quet. Then returning over the Bridge,
the Aldermen take their leave of the
Lord Maior, and depart the next way
every one unto his own house. After all
this is done, & the Lord Maior brought
home: his Officers have a supper pro
vided for them by the Bridge-Masters.
For swearing the Sheriffes
upon Michaelmas Eve.
WHat day soever it falleth
Their me
ting at the Sheriffes houses.
so many of the Alder
men as are bidden to din
ner at either of the Sheriffes houses,
come thither first to breakefast, or else
to drinke, at eight of the clocke in the
morning, in their violet coloured
Gownes furred, and their violet cloaks,
which are brought with them, without
their horses. But if the Sheriffe bee an
Alderman; then they must put on their
Cloakes, and the Sheriffe likewise his
If the She
riffe be an Alderman, or not.
and so hee goes on to the
Guild-Hall, betweene two Aldermen
wearing their gray Cloakes. But if the
Sheriffe be no Alderman: then hee is
to come thither betweene two of the
Aldermen without Cloakes, and the
Sheriffe wearing his Livery Gowne
and Hood. After he is sworne, then he
is to put on his violet Gown and Cloak
and his Chaine thereon. All which be
ing done, the Aldermen are to bring
him home to his dwelling place to din
ner, wearing their cloakes: and after
dinner, they may take their plea
Vpon Michaelmas day,
for the election of the
Lord Maior.
ALL the Aldermen meet the
Lord Maior and the Sheriffes,
Their meeting at Guild-Hall in the morning by eight of the clocke.
eight of the clocke in the mor
ning at the Guild-Hall, wearing their
Scarlet Gownes and Cloakes furred, ri
ding on their horses. And after they
have beene a certaine time together in
the Councell Chamber; they come
forth into the Orphans Court, where
putting on their Cloakes, they goe in
order to the Chappell, there to heare
Service and a Sermon: where also the
Lord Maior (with certaine Aldermen)
receive the Communion.
After that the Communion is ended,
and they have delivered their Offrings,
The man
ner of pro
ceeding to the electi
on of the L. Maior.

they returne backe into the Councell
Chamber, and pausing there a while,
they come to the place where the court
of Hustings is kept. Being there set in
Master Recorder ariseth up, and
making his obeisance first to the Lord
Maior, and after to the Commons, he
declareth unto them, that the manner
of this ancient custome is well knowne
unto them, as also the reason of their
assembly: and thus meeting together of
the severall Companies in London,
which is, for the election of the Lord
Maior for the yeere ensuing:
From the time of King Ri
the first, to this instant yeere.
unto them divers grants from the Kings
Progenitors, for this their election from
time to time. That done, the Lord
Maior and the Aldermen goe up again

Temporall Government.

into the Lord Maiors Court: and there
remain (the doors fast shut unto them)
untill the election shall be brought un
to them.
Then standeth up Master Common
Sergeant, having the Sheriffes standing
on either side of him; and by the She
riffes, Master Chamberlaine, Master
Towne-Clarke, the two Secondaries of
the Compters, and the Councellors of
the Citty, in the said Hustings Court
before the Commons. At that time,
the said Common Sergeant maketh a
briefe rehearsall of those former presi
dents which Master Recorder had be
fore delivered to them, saying; There
remained no more now for him to say,
but onely to put them in remembrance
in what order and sort they should car
ry themselves in their election.
Advice gi
ven them what they are to doe in their e
namely, how they are to nominate and
chuse two: of the which two, the Lord
Maior and the Aldermen must confirm
one. Those two being nominated, e
lected and chosen; Master Common
Sergeant, the Sheriffes (with the rest
before-named) and certain of the prime
Wardens of the chiefe Companies, go
up to the Lord Maior and Aldermen,
and there present the names of those
two men, which the Commons have
nominated in their election.
Then the Lord Maior and the Al
dermen proceed by Scrutiny,
One of the two nomi
nated per
sons is e
lected by Scrutiny.
to elect
one of those two persons, which the
said Commons had before nominated.
Then commeth downe the Lord Maior
againe to the Hustings Court, and hee
(whom they have chosen) goeth on his
left hand; and so the Lord Maior and
Aldermen sit downe againe in order.
But hee who is chosen, sitteth next unto
the Lord Maior on his left hand. Then
standeth up Master Recorder, and rea
deth unto them the names of such per
sons whom they have nominated and
chosen. Of which, the Lord Maior and
the Aldermen have admitted one,
whose name is N. demanding of them,
whether it be their free election,
The free
dome of the par
ties electi
or no.
Then the Commons affirming it to bee
their free choice: the Sword-bearer
steppeth to him, and taketh off his Tip
pet, which he hath for his labour, and
putteth on his Chaine. And the Mai
or so lately elected, standing upon the
Hustings Court,
The brea
king up of the Court.
given them thankes,
&c. which being done, the old Maior
doth likewise give them thankes, &c.
Then they arise up, putting off their
cloakes, and the Lord Maior hath the
Lord Elect riding with him, to the el
dest Sheriffes to dinner.
For presenting the Lord
Maior Elect to the Lord Chan
cellor, or Keeper.
THen after dinner,
How the Lord E
lect goeth attended to his pre
the Lord E
lect goeth to the Lord Chancel
lor, if he be at home at his place
or neere unto it, attended with five or
sixe of the Aldermen, and Master Re
corder also with him, they wearing
their violet Gownes, passing either by
land or by water, according as fitteth
with conueniencie of the Lord Chan
cellors dwelling place. The Common
Hunt, with the extraordinary Officers,
and those that be at liberty, doe also at
tend on him.
The morrow after Micha
elmas day, for the new Sheriffes
going to Westminster to bee
sworne there.
ALL the Aldermen are to meet
at the two new Sheriffes houses
in the morning at eight of the
Meeting at the two new She
riffes hou
ses in the morning.
wearing their violet Gownes
furred, without their cloakes, yet ha
ving their horses there ready. But the
Lord Maior, Master Recorder, and the
two Sheriffes, must weare their Scarlet
Gownes furred, and their cloakes carri
ed with them to Westminster. First, they
ride to them Guild-Hall, and from thence
to the Vinetree, and there taking Barge,
land at Westminster-Bridge, and in the
Hall they put on their cloakes;
The swea
ring of the new She
riffes, and the old ones deli
vering their ac
goe they up into the Exchequer, where
the two new Sheriffs be presented, and
the old sworne to their account.
Then they put off their cloakes, and
take Barge, landing againe at the Vine
, where they mount their horses.
And the Lord Maior rideth to the eldest

Temporall Government.

Sheriffes to dinner; Master Recorder
& the Sheriffes riding next to the Lord
Maior. The two Sheriffes carrying two
white rods in their hands, and their
Hench-men going after them.
The ancient Order for the
day of Simon and Iude.
THe old Lord Maior is to have so
many of the Aldermen,
The fet
ching of the old Lord Mai
or from his owne house.
as are
appointed to dine with him
that day, come to his house by eight of
the clock in the morning, wearing their
violet Gownes furred, with their violet
cloakes furred, and their horses atten
ding. Then the Sheriffes come to fetch
him and them to the Guild-Hall, and
there abide in the Councell Chamber,
untill the comming of the new Lord
Maior, and the rest of the Aldermen,
with the Companies of either the
Lords old and new going before them.
After they haue continued in the
Councell Chamber a certaine space of
time, they come forth into the Or
phanes Court, where they put on their
furred cloakes, and then goe downe to
the Hustings Court, where being set in
order, the common Cryer maketh Pro
clamation, commanding every man to
keep silence.
Then Master Towne-Clarke giveth
the new elected Lord his Oath,
The new Lord Mai
or taketh his Oath in the Hu
stings Court, and the ceremo
nies there done.
when he hath taken, the old Lord Mai
or ariseth, and giveth the new Lord his
place, the old Lord sitting downe where
the new Lord was placed. Then Ma
ster Chamberlaine first delivereth to
him the Scepter, next the Keyes of the
common Seale; and lastly, the Seale of
the office of the Maioralty. Afterward,
Master Sword-bearer giveth him the
Sword. And then they arise, put off
their Cloakes, and the old Lord rideth
home with the new Lord to his place,
and there leaveth him, and so many of
the Aldermen as dine with him. The
old Lord (with the rest of the Alder
men) ride home to his house, the Sword
being carried before him. And so after
dinner, the Aldermen depart home at
their pleasure.
On the morrow after the
day of Simon and Iude, for the new
Lord Maior his going to take his
Oath at Westminster.
ALL the Aldermen and the She
riffes meet at the new Lords
Meeting at the new Lord Mai
ors house.
by eight a clocke in the
The new Lord wea
reth a vel
vet Hood and the rich Col
ler: the Sword bearer the Cap of Mainte
wearing their Scarlet Gowns
furred, and their Cloakes, and their
Horses there attending on them; from
thence they ride to the Guild-Hall, with
the Batchelers and Livery, as also the
Gentlemen Vshers of the new Lords
Company, going in decent order be
fore him.
But before this,
The old Lord ri
deth alone to the Guild-Hall, but wea
reth his velvet Hood.
the old Lord rideth
alone from his owne place to the Guild-Hall,
having no Officers to wait upon
him, except the Common Hunt, as a
Gentleman Vsher going before him,
and those Officers that are at liberty,
as also the Common Hunts man (with
his owne men following him) and so
he tarrieth at the Hall.
And after they be all come together,
they mount on their horses, riding on
to the Vine-tree, where they take Barge
to Westminster Bridge, where when they
are landed,
The or
ders and ceremo
nies per
formed at West
the Lord Maior and Al
dermen put on their Cloakes within
the Palace, and then goe round about
the Hall, where they performe many
courtefies, going vp afterward into the
the Exchequer Chamber to be sworne.
When the Oath is taken in the Exche
quer, they returne downe againe, and
goe first to the Kings Bench, then to
the Common-Pleas, and so putting off
their Cloakes, walke about the Kings
Tombes in Westminster Abbey, and then
returne to take Barge againe.
Being landed at London,
The ser
vice done to him at London, af
ter his lan
all the seve
rall Companies of the City, who had
honoured him in their Barges to West
and backe againe, doe likewise
performe their attending service, as he
(with the Aldermen) ride on to the
Guild-Hall to dinner. Full well may
this be called a Feast, and ranked next
in Honour to Saint Georges Feast: For
the Honourable Lords of his Highnesse
Privie Councell, other Lords, Barons,

Temporall Government.

Iudges, Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gen
tlewomen, with forraigne Ambassadors
and Strangers, dine there as invited
Guests. And therefore it is desertfully
The Lord Maiors Feast.
The Lord Maiors Feast.
At their comming into the Hall, the
new Lord Maior, with two of the anci
entest Aldermen,
What or
der is ob
served at the Guild-Hall in welcom
ming the Guests.
Master Recorder, and
the Sheriffes, goe vp to the Lords Ta
ble to bid them welcome, as they doe
the like to all the other guests, Lords,
Ladies, and other. From thence they
goe to the Lady Maioresse her Table,
the Gentlewomens, and the Iudges;
and then the said new Lord Maior (and
they with him) goe into the Chamber
laines Office, where he dineth. Con
cerning the old Lord Maior, so soone
as they come into the Hall, hee goeth
vp to the high Table in the Hustings,
and there keepeth the State for that
Feast. When the Hall is served with
the seconds, then the new Lord Maior
goeth with Master Recorder, and those
Aldermen that dined with him, to bid
the old Lord, and all the Companies
or Guests in the Hall welcome.
Then after dinner he rideth with the
Aldermen to Pauls,
Order ob
served af
ter din
ner, and for going to Pauls.
the Companies
waiting, and standing in their due pla
ces for his comming.
For going to PAVLS on
All-Saints day, Christmas day,
Twelfe day, and Candlemas day.
ALL the Aldermen and the She
riffes come to the Lord Maiors
The new and old Lords weare both of them their blacke vel
vet Hoods, and the Sword
bearer the Hat of Mainte
in their Scarlet Gownes
furred, and their Cloakes, as also their
Horses brought thither with them.
From thence they ride to the Guild-Hall,
the Company belonging to the
Lord Maior, and the band of Batche
lers, with their Gentlemen Vshers wal
king orderly before him; and there
they heare Evening Prayer. When
Prayer is ended, then they ride thence
to Pauls Church, where both the new
Lord Maior and the old put on their
An anci
ent cu
stome ob
served in Pauls Church.
and goe vp into the Quire,
where they sit to heare the Sermon.
Which being done, they walke about
the Church, and put off their Cloakes
where they did put them on. Then
they mount on their Horses againe, and
the Aldermen, with the Companies
and Batchelours bring the Lord Maior
home to his house: where they have
Spice-bread and Hypocrasse, and so
take leave of the Lord Maior. Here is
further to be vnderstood, that All-Saints
day is the last day of the old Lords ri
ding with the new in this manner.
On Saint Thomas day.
THe Lord Maior,
If it bee not Sun
and every Al
derman likewise, is to sit in the
Ward belonging to him, about
such businesse as is then necessarily re
quired to be done. Each of them is to
weare his Violet Gowne and Cloake
FOr the Christmas holydayes,
No Cloak to bee worne with their Scarlet.
Twelfe day, if the Lord Maior and
Aldermen go abroad to any pub
like meeting, they are to weare Scar
let. But on the working dayes, with
in compasse of the Twelve dayes, if the
Lord Maior goe to the Guild-Hall, Mar
kets, or Streets, then he and they weare
VPon Innocents day,
No State is obser
the Alder
men dine at the Lord Maiors
and the Sheriffes, wearing
Scarlet: but the Ladies weare blacke.
For Munday after
Twelfe day.
THe Lord Maior and the Alder
men meet at the Guild-Hall by
eight of the clocke in the mor
tures of the Ward
mote En
wearing their furred Scarlet
Gownes, and their furred Cloakes,

Temporall Government.

but using no Horses. Then and there
they receive of their severall Wards,
their sealed Indentures of the Ward
mote Enquests: And take the Oathes
of the Constables and Scavengers.
THe Lord Maior and the Alder
men meet at Pauls Crosse at
one of the clocke in the after
Pauls-Crosse Sermon on Good-Fryday: The Black Sword.
to heare the Sermon for that
day appointed: they then wearing their
Pewke Gownes, and without their
Chaines and Tippets.
For Munday and Tues
day in Easter weeke.
ALL the Aldermen and Sheriffs
come unto the Lord Maiors
dwelling house,
A Hood for the L. Maior.
before eight of
the clock in the morning, to breakfast,
wearing their Scarlet Gownes furred,
and their cloakes, as also their horses
attending. When breakefast is en
The Cap or Hat of Mainte
they mount on their horses, and
ride to the Spittle, the Sword and
Mace borne before the Lord Maior. Be
ing come thither, there they put on
their Cloakes, and then sit downe in or
der to heare the Sermon. Which be
ing done, they ride thence homeward in
due order, till they come to the Pumpe
within Bishopsgate; and there, so ma
ny of the Aldermen as doe dine with
the Sheriffes, take their leave of the
Lord Maior, and the rest go home with
For Wednesday in Ea
ster weeke.
LIke as before on the other two
The last Sermon at the Spittle▪
onely reserved, that the
Lord Maior and the Aldermen
must then weare their violet Gownes,
and sutable Cloakes: But the Ladies
(on the two former daies) wearing
their Scarlet, on this day are attired in
For Lowe Sunday.
ALL the Aldermen meete the
Lord Maior and the Sheriffes at
Pauls Schoole,
The Re
hearsall Sermon.
wearing their
Scarlet Gownes furred (yet without
their Cloakes or horses) and there stay
to heare the Sermon.
For Whitsunday.
VPon Whitsunday,
Sermon at the New Church-yard.
all the Al
dermen use to meet the Lord
Maior and the Sheriffes at the
new Church-yard by Moore-fields:
wearing their Scarlet Gownes lined,
without Cloakes, to heare the Sermon
there appointed for that day, which be
ing ended, they depart thence againe.
For Munday and Tuesday
in Whitsun weeke.
ALL the Aldermen are to meete
the Lord Maior and the Sheriffs
at Pauls;
If his plea
sure be to goe.
wearing their Scarlet
Gownes, without Cloakes, to heare the
Sermon at the Crosse.
For the day of the Lord
Maiors Knighthood.
ALL the Aldermen doe meet the
Lord Maior,
on for ei
ther place of the Kings then being.
either at the three
Cranes (if the King then bee at
Westminster) or at Saint Mary Hill (if
the King be then at Greenewitch) by se
ven of the clocke in the morning; wea
ring their Scarlet Gownes; and their
Cloakes carryed with them. After
morning Prayer is ended, they take
Barge to the King his place, and there
they give attendance, untill that the
Ceremony bee finished: and then re
turne home with the Lord Maior to

Temporall Government.
For going to Pauls the first
Sunday of every Terme.
ALL the Aldermen doe meet the
Lord Maior and the Sheriffes
at Pauls,
The Mai
or and Sheriffes only ride.
wearing their Scarlet
Gownes, either furred or lined, accor
ding as the time of the yeere requireth:
but without Cloakes or Horses, when
the Terme beginneth.
For Election of Knights
and Burgesses of the
ALL the Aldermen doe meet the
Lord Maior and the Sheriffes at
Knights and Bur
gesses for sitting in Parlia
by nine of the clocke
in the morning, wearing their Violet
Gownes and their Cloakes, either fur
red or lined, according as the time of
the yeere requireth when they are to be
chosen, and they sit in the Hustings
Court, vntill the Commons doe make
choice of them. The order hath beene
observed, that they chuse Master Re
corder for one of their Knights, and one
Gray Cloake for the other, and two
Commoners for the Burgesses: which
being done, they depart thence.
For the LORDS of the
Councell, when they come
about the Subsidies.
WHen the Lords and Com
missioners come downe
for assesment of the Sub
sioners for assessing the Subsi
the Lord Maior and the Alder
men doe weare their blacke Gownes, as
they use at other times. And the Com
missioners are to be warned by the Of
ficers, which doe belong to both the
For Election of Master
Chamberlaine, and the Bridge-Masters,
if any of them depart
within the yeere.
THe Lord Maior and the Alder
Vpon death, or removing.
wearing their violet Gowns
without their Cloakes, being
seated in the Hustings Court, doe there
continue their sitting, and not remove
thence, untill such time as the Election
bee made.
At such time as a King is
to bee Crowned.
ALL the Aldermen doe meet the
Lord Maior and the Sheriffes at
the three Cranes in the Vinetree,
How the L. Maior and Al
dermen are appa
relled for such a so

according to the houre of their sum
mons appointed. The Lord Maior (for
that time of service & attendance) wea
reth a Crimosin Velvet Gowne, a Col
ler of Esses and Scepter, but no Cloake.
The Aldermen weare their Scarlet
Gownes, and their Cloaks carried with
them, either furred or lined, according
as the season of the yeere requireth.
There taking Barge, they land at West
, and there they give attendance
in the Exchequer Chamber (being ser
ved with Cakes and Wine) vntill they
be called by the Heraulds: and then
they put on their Cloakes.
At what times the Lord
Maior weareth his Cloake.
FRom Michaelmas to Whitson
ning up
on Micha
elmas E
Violet furred: and from
Whitsontide to Michaelmas,
Scarlet lined.
The Lord Maior, and those Knights
that have borne the office of the Maio

Temporall Government.

ought to have their Cloakes fur
red with Gray Amis. And those Al
dermen that have not beene Maiors,
are to have their Cloakes furred with
And likewise,
A very necessary observa
such as have been Mai
ors, are to have their Cloaks lined with
changeable Taffata: and the rest are to
have their Cloakes lined with greene
For the first day of every
Quarter Sessions.
THe first day of every Quarter
Sessions (in the forenoone only)
the Lord Maior and the She
riffes weare their violet Gownes and
Cloakes furred. But at Midsummer
Quarter Sessions, the first day, they
weare Violet Gownes and Scarlet
Cloakes: and on the other dayes Black.
For the buriall of
THe Aldermen are to weare their
Violet Gownes,
The last love, duty, and cere
mony one to ano
except such as
have (of their friends allowance)
blacke Gownes, or mourning. When
an Alderman dieth, Master Sword
bearer is to have a blacke Gowne, or
three and thirty shillings and foure
pence in money. And if the Alder
man deceased doe give the Lord Mai
or mourning, then Master Sword-bea
rer is to have mourning also, or forty
shillings in money, as the value there
of, and so to carry the Sword in blacke
before the Lord Maior.
Master Chamberlaine is not to weare
his Tipper, but when the Lord Maior
or Aldermen doe weare their Scarlet
or Violet.
At the Nomination of
an Alderman.
FOr the Nomination of an Alder
ting an Alderman▪
the Lord Maior weareth his
black Gowne, and violet Cloake,
and both the Sheriffes their blacke
For the Orphanes Court.
THe Lord Maior and the Alder
men doe meet at the Guild-Hall,
On the day, and at the houre ap

wearing their Violet Gownes
without Cloakes: but the Lord Maior
ought to weare his Cloake. The Com
mon Cryer is the Warner of this Court.
Orders taken and enacted
for Orphans and their Porti
ons. Anno 1580.
AD Commune Concilium, ten
tum in Guildhaldia Civitatis
Londini, xiij. die Octob. Anno
Regni Edvardi sexti, Dei gratia An
gliae, Franciae, & Hiberniae Regis, fidei
defensoris, & in terra Ecclesiae An
glicanae, & Hibernicae supremi capitis,
quinto: coram Andrea Iudde Mi
lite, tunc Maiore, & Aldermannis
Civitatis illius, ordinata sunt inter
alia, inactitata, concessa & stabilita,
omnia & singula subsequentia.
FOr as much as the City of London
is of late yeeres sore decayed, and
dayly is like to decay more and
more: A great cause and occasion wher
of, among other, hath beene, for that
freemens children (Orphans of the said
City) sometimes in the lives of their
Parents, and sometimes after their de
ceases, being left wealthy and rich, doe
bestow themselves in ungodly Marria
ges, for the most part in their young
age, at their owne wills and pleasures,
without the consent, and against the
mindes of their friends, saying and af
firming, that the Law and Custome of
the said City giveth unto them their
portions, whether they marry by the
assent of their friends or not, and so doe
dayly cast away and undoe themselves,
in trust to have their said Portions,

Temporall Government.

whether their parents or friends will or
will not.
And thereby doe they bestow them
selves upon simple and light persons,
having neither cunning, knowledge,
substance, nor good or honest conditi
ons. By reason whereof, such Orphans,
inordinately, and insolently, doe spend
and consume their patrimony and por
tions in short time, not onely to the un
doing of themselves, and to the great
ignomy and shame of their friends, but
also to the great slander of the Lord
Maior and Aldermen of this City (who
been reputed and taken as Fathers and
Protectors of the same Orphanes) and
to the great losse and hindrance of the
said City.
And for as much as the said Lord
Maior and Citizens, have by their
lawes, and customes, power and autho
rity to make lawes and ordinances, by
their Common Councel, for redresse of
the same:
It is therefore now (to the intent to
reduce the same to a more godly, more
profitable and decent order and confor
mity) by the said Lord Maior, & Com
minalty, and Citizens, in this present
Common Councell assembled, and by
authority of the said Common Coun
cell, enacted, ordained, authorized, and
established for a law perpetually to bee
observed and kept within the said Ci
ty: That if any Orphane, or child of any
free man or free woman of the said Ci
ty, doe offend in any the things hereaf
ter expressed, and bee thereof lawfully
convicted, afore the Lord Maior and
the Aldermen or else where, that then
they and every of them, shall to all en
tents, purposes, constructions and mea
nings, be unabled and barred to demand
and claime their portion or portions,
and also shall lose and forgoe and bee
barred for euer, of all and every his, her
or their part or parts, and portions to
him or them belonging, by and after
the death of his or their said father or
mother, of the goods and cattals, of e
very such father and mother, by reason
of any law, custome, ordinance, usage,
franches, priviledge, act of Common
Councell, or other thing, heretofore had
or used, within the said City: The same
Law, Custome, Ordinance, or other
thing whatsoe’re, heretofore had, made,
ordained, allowed, and put in ure, to
the contrary in any wise notwithstan
ding. That is to wit: First, if any man
child, or woman-child, shall maliciously
goe about or attempt to doe, or cause
to be done, any bodily harme, death, or
destruction to his or their Father or
Mother: Or if any man-child doe here
after marry or contract marriage in the
life of his father or mother (by whom
he will claime any portion) under the
age of one and twenty yeeres, without
the consent of his said Father, or Mo
ther, by whom he will claime any por
tion: Or if any woman-child doe here
after marry or contract marriage, in the
life of her father, or other parent, by
whom she shall claime any portion, be
fore the age of eighteene yeeres, with
out the consent of her father, or such o
ther parent by whom shee shall or may
claime any portion: Or if any man-child
be a Theefe, or a Fellon, or a com
mon whore-hanter; a common Diser, or
a common player at unlawfull games
notoriously known: Or if any woman
child shal hereafter commit any whore
dome, or bee a common Picker, that
then every of the persons so offending,
shall be barred and excluded to have, or
demand any portion.
Provided alwaies, that it shall bee
lawfull for the father, or mother of any
such child, or children, to give and be
queath in Legacy, to such child or chil
dren, as much as the portion of such
childe so offending shall amount unto,
by the custome of the said City, & then
such child therby to be enabled to have
and demand the same, as portion, this
Act notwithstanding, so that the same
Legacy bee contained in his or their re
stament in writing, and not otherwise.
And that then, and from thenceforth
his said child or children, to be admit
ted and restored to claime such legacy,
or legacies, in such sort, manner and
forme, as if there had beene never any
such offence done, or committed by any
such childe.
Item, it is further ordained, enacted,
authorized and established, by the au
thority aforesaid, that if any woman
child, being an Orphane, and under the
age of one and twenty yeeres, at any

Temporall Government.

time hereafter, after the death of her
Father, doe ensure or contract her selfe
in marriage, or else according to the Ec
clesiasticall lawes of this Realme, doe
perfitly solemnize or consummate Mar
riage, with any free man of this City,
the consent and agreement of the Lord
Maior and Aldermen of this said City
of London for the time being, not obtai
ned and had, that then for every such
default and offence committed or done
by any Orphane, or Orphanes, of the
said City, the same being confessed, or
sufficiently proved by two witnesses;
or otherwise before the said Lord Maior
and Aldermen of this said City of Lon
, for the time being, at and in a
Court of Aldermen, she or they that so
happen to behave her or themselves, as
is aforesaid, shall forfeit, forgoe and
lose two pence of and for every pound,
so due or to bee due unto her, or them,
by reason of any such Orphanage, the
summe of twelve pence of every pound,
to goe, or to be to the use of the Cham
ber of the said City, according to the
ancient custome before this time, in such
case used.
And if the said contract or marriage
of the said Orphane or Orphanes, bee
made with any forreine, not being free
of this City, at the time of any such
contract or marriage made, that then
the said Orphan or Orphans, and every
of them shall forfeit and lose three shil
lings of every pound, or to be due unto
her or them, by vertue of any Orpha
nage or custome had and used within
the said City.
The one shilling of the said three
shillings of every pound, to goe, or to
be, to the use of the Chamber of the
said City, in such manner and forme as
is aforesaid.
And the other two shillings so for
feited of every pound, to goe to the use
of such other Orphane, or Orphanes, as
then shall remaine unmarried. Or else
for default of such Orphans, or Orphan,
to remaine to the next of the kindred of
the Orphane so offending.
Also, be it further ordained, enacted,
and established by authority aforesaid,
for, & in eschewing of divers variances,
contentions, and suits, that daily here
tofore have, and hereafter may ensue:
that if any free mans child, man or wo
man fortune to bee married hereafter,
in the life time of his, or their father,
by his consent, and not fully advanced
of, and to his, or her full part, or porti
on of his or her said Fathers goods, as
he shall be worth at the time of his de
cease, according to the ancient lawes
and customes of this said City: that
then every such free mans child, so be
ing married in the life time of his, or
her Father, shall bee to all intents and
purposes, disabled to demand any fur
ther part or portion of his or her fathers
goods, after the decease of his, or her
father, but shall be adjudged, reputed,
and taken to be fully advanced, accor
ding as the law and custome of this Ci
ty hath beene long time out of minde,
except his or her said father doe men
tion certainely in his last Will or Testa
ment, or by other writing signed with
his owne proper name, or marke the
certainety of the summe or summes of
money, goods and cattels, and the va
lue of them that the Father gave, pay
ed or departed withall, or otherwise as
sured, or hereafter shall give, pay, depart
withall, or otherwise make assurance of
unto him, or her, before, at or after the
marriage of him or her, or otherwise in
his life time, for and towards their ad
vancements, in the name of his, or her
part, or portion.
And then every such Orphane, or
child, which after the decease of his or
her said father, can bring forth the said
Testament, or other writing signed or
marked with the fathers hand or mark,
wherein the certainety of such money,
goods, or cattels, as they have or shall
have received of their said Father, or by
the same Father, assured by especialty,
or otherwise, shall have asmuch of the
ready money, goods, cattels, and debts
of the said Father, as (with that which
he or they shall have received towards
their advancements, in the life of their
said Father) shall make up a full childs
part, of his goods and cattels, as he shall
bee worth at the time of his decease.
The same to be demanded, asked, and
claimed, or sued for against the execu
tor, or executors, administrator, or ad
ministrators, of the goods, and cattels
of the said Father, by bill Originall, to

Temporall Government.

be commenced to our Soveraigne Lord
the Kings Court, holden in the vtter
Chamber of the Guild-Hall of the said
City, before the said L. Maior and Al
dermen of the same City for the time
being, any Law or Custome heretofore
made or used to the contrary notwith
standing. In which action, no wager of
Law, or Essoine, shall bee admitted or
Provided alway, and it is further en
acted, that if any freee mans sonne, be
ing of full age (which shall hereafter
be married with the consent of his Fa
ther, or any other person, being of full
age, which shall hereafter marry any
free mans daughter) doe at the time of
the Espousals, or any time after, con
fesse themselves by writing fully satis
fied, of his or their portion, or doe
otherwise acquit and discharge the Fa
ther of such free mans sonnes or daugh
ters, of all their part and portion due,
or to be due, by the Law and Custome
of the City; that then every such per
son, so confessing, acquitting, or other
wise discharging, shall be reputed and
taken as fully advanced of his or their
whole part or portion, and shall not be
enabled to demand any further or grea
ter part of the substance, goods, and
cattels of his or her Father: this Law,
or any other Law or Custome hereto
fore had, made, or used to the contrary
And further, for as much as it is
thought very prejudiciall and hurtfull
to the fatherlesse children & Orphans,
when the mother, or mother in Law,
being Executrix of the last Will and
Testament of her late husband, by
whom, and after whose death, the Or
phanes are intituled to an Orphanage,
(according to the said laudable Cu
stomes of this City) doe divers times
marry, or contract Matrimony, some
with Forriners, and persons unknowne,
and some with Free men, or ever a just
Inventory of the Goods, Cattels, Plate,
Iewels, ready Money of the Testators,
be by them brought in: By reason wher
of, many times they (either for feare or
affection of their husbands, or for some
other sinister cause) doe bring in very
suspicious Inventories, omitting there
in either ready Money, Plate, Iewels,
or Debts, or some other thing or things,
whereby some benefit should redound
to the fatherlesse children, to the great
losse and hinderance of the Orphanes,
and sometimes slander to the Lord
Maior and Aldermen of the City, not
withstanding their great care and tra
vaile that they take for the good orde
ring, and true answering of the said
It is therefore, by like authority, or
dained, established, and enacted, that
if after the first day of November next
ensuing, any Widow, which is, or shall
be made Executrix of the Testament &
last Will of her late Husband (being a
free man) or shall take upon her the ad
ministration of the Goods and Cattels
of her late Husband (being a free man)
doe not upon her Oath bring in and
exhibit, or cause to be brought in and
exhibited before the Lord Maior and
Aldermen of this said City for the time
being, at and in a Court of Aldermen,
a just and perfect Inventory (to their
knowledge) of all the Goods, Cattels,
Plate, and Jewels, ready Money, and
Debts, as were her said Husbands at
the time of his death, appraysed accor
ding to the Law of the said City, be
fore she do ensure her selfe in marriage,
or contract marriage, or else according
to the Lawes of the Realme, doe per
fectly solemnize or consummate marri
age with any person before such time
as aforesaid, that then every person so
offending, shall forfait and lose eight
shillings of every pound, of her Por
tion, of the goods of her late Husband,
due to her by the laudable Custome of
the said City, the same to goe to the
use of such Orphane, or Orphanes, as
then shall bee intituled to have or de
mand any Orphanage or Portion, after
the death of his or her late Father▪ the
same to be demanded, asked, claimed,
or sued for, against such Executrix, or
Administratrix, by Bill originall of
debt, to bee commenced in our Sove
raigne Lord the Kings Court, holden
in the vtter Chamber of the Guild-Hall
of the said City, before the Lord
Maior and Aldermen of the same Ci
ty for the time being, any Law, &c. In
which action no wager, &c.

Temporall Government.
For the election of Gover
nours at Christs Hospitall, &c.
FOr the election of Governours
belonging to the severall Hospi
At time and place appoin
the Lord Maior and the Al
dermen do weare their blacke Gownes.
A Note of Observation.
THe foure Pleaders,
Festivall times and generall dayes.
the Cham
berlaine, Towne-Clarke, Com
mon Sergeant, two Judges of
the Sheriffes Court, the Secondaries,
the Vnder-Chamberlaine, and Bridge
masters, are to attend the Lord Maior
at his house, before his going abroad on
all Festivall times, and generall dayes.
Courts of Aldermen.
COurts of Aldermen in ordinary,
Court dayes, and of excep

are kept at the Guild-Hall, every
Tuesday and Thursday thorow
the whole yeere; except Holydayes,
the moneth of August, untill Bartho
lomew day bee past, the weeke before
Christmas, Shrove-Tuesday, and the
weeke before Easter.
The Lavves of the Market.
FIrst, in all the Markets of this
City, no Victuall shall bee sold,
but by the price set by the Maior
of this City.
2 No man shall forestall any Victuall
comming to the Market, as for to buy
in any Inne or other privy place, or yet
comming to the Market, whether it be
found in the hands of the buyer or of
the seller, under paine of forfeiture of
the same: and no Inne-holder shall
suffer nothing to bee sold in his house,
vpon paine of forfeiture of forty shil
3 No man shall regrate any Victu
all which is in the Market, or buy any
Victuall to ingrate in the Market, so
that the Commons can or may have
any part of such Victuall, as in especi
all, such as be knowne for Hucksters, or
other people, occupying their living by
such Victuall as they would so ingrosse,
under paine of forfeiture of such Victu
all so regrated: Provided alwayes, that
any Steward for any noble Feast, may
buy or ingrate such Victuall as is con
venient for the same Feast.
4 No Butter shall be sold, but accor
ding to the waight, for the time of the
yeere allowed.
5 No Poulters shall deceiveably
occupy the Market, to sell any stale Vi
ctuall, or such as bee Poulters of this
City, for to stand in strange cloathing
so to doe, under paine of forty shil
lings, and the forfeiture of such Victu
all, forty shillings.
6 No Hucksters shall stand or sit in
the Market, but in the lower place, and
the ends of the Market, to the intent
they may be perfectly knowne, and the
Stranger-market-people have the pree
minence of the Market, under paine of
three shillings foure pence, if the Huck
sters disobey the same.
7 No unwholsome or stale Victuall
shall be sold under paine of xi. s. and
forfeiture of the same Victuall.

Temporall Government.
against Annoiances.
FIrst, no man shall sweepe the filth
of the Street into the Chancell of
the City, in the time of any raine,
or at any other time, under paine of six
shillings eight pence.
2 No man shall cast, or lay in the
Streets, Dogs, Cats, or other Carren,
or any noysome thing contagious of
Aire. Nor no Inholder shall lay out
dung out of his house, but if the Cart
bee ready to carry the same away in
continently, under paine of forty shil
3 No Brewer shall cast wilfully
dregs or drosse of Ale or Beere into the
Chanell, under paine of two shillings.
4 No man shall encumber the streets
with Timber, Stones, Carts, or such
like, under paine of forfeiture of the
same thing that so encumbreth the
streets, which is twenty shillings fine,
if hee remove it not at the warning of
the Sergeant of the Market.
5 Euery builder of houses ought
to come to the Maior, Aldermen, and
Chamberlaine, for a speciall licence
for hourd of, by him to bee made
in the high Street, and no builder to
encumber the Streets with any manner
of thing, taking downe for the prepa
ring of his new building, under paine
of forty shillings, except hee make a
hourd of forty shillings.
6 No man shall set any Carts in the
Streets by night time, under the paine
of twelve pence, and recompence to
such persons as shall bee hurt thereby,
if any such be, twelve pence.
7 No Budge-man shall leade but
two horses, and hee shall not let them
goe vnled, under paine of two shil
8 No man shall ride, or drive his
Car or Cart atrot in the Street, but
patiently, under paine of two shil
9 No man shall gallop his horse in
the Street, under paine of two shil
10 No man shall shoot in the Street,
for Wager or otherwise, under like
paine of two shillings.
11 No man shall bowle, or cash any
stone in the Street, for wager, or gaine,
or such like, under paine of two shil
12 No man shall dig any hole in the

Temporall Government.

Street for any matter, except hee stop
it up againe, under paine of two shil
lings, and recompence to any person
hurt thereby, two shillings.
13 No man shall bury any dung, or
goung, within the Liberties of this Ci
ty, under paine of forty shillings.
14 No Goungfermour shall carry
any Ordure till after nine of the Clocke
in the night, under paine of thirteene
shillings foure pence.
15 No Goungfermour shall spill
any Ordure in the Street, under paine
of thirteene shillings foure pence.
16 No man shall bait Bull, Beare,
or Horse in the open street, under paine
of twenty shillings.
17 No man shall have any Kine,
Goats, Hogs, Pigs, Hens, Cocks, Ca
pons, or Ducks in the open Street, un
der paine of forfeiture of the same.
18 No man shall maintaine any bi
ting Curs, or mad Dogs, in the streets,
under paine of two shillings, and re
compence unto every party hurt there
with, two shillings.
19 No Carts that shall be shod with
Spig-naile, that shall come upon the
streets of this City, under paine of three
shillings foure pence.
20 No Carts using daily carriage
within this City, nor Car shall have
Wheeles shod with any Iron, but bare,
under paine of six shillings.
21 No man shall burne any Straw,
Rushes, or other thing, Linnen or Wol
len in the streets, by night or by day, un
der paine of three shillings foure pence.
22 No man shall blow any Horne in
the night within this City, or Whistle
after the houre of nine of the clocke in
the night, under pain of imprisonment.
23 No man shall use to goe with Vi
zards, or disguised by night, under like
paine of imprisonment.
24 That Night-walkers, and Eves
droppers endure like punishment.
25 No Hammer-man, as a Smith, a
Pewterer, a Founder, and all Artificers,
making great sound, shall not worke af
ter the houre of nine in the night, nor
afore the houre of foure in the morning,
under paine of three shil. foure pence.
26 No man shall cast into the Dit
ches of this City, or the Sewers of this
City, without the walls, or into the
walls, Grates, or Gullets of this City,
any manner of Carren, stinking Flesh,
rotten Fish, or any Rubbish, Dung,
Sand, Gravell, Weeds, Stones, or any
other thing to stop the course of the
same, under paine of cleansing them
at his own cost and charge, under paine
of imprisonment.
27 No man shall make any Wi
drawtes in any of the Towne-Ditches,
or the Towne-Gullets, under paine of
twenty shillings.
28 No man shall build nigh the
Walls of this City, without licence of
the Lord Maior, Aldermen, & Cham
berlaine, under paine of throwing down
the same, and no licence may be gran
ted, except that the Chamberlain free
ly at all times have convenient and
needfull ingresse, and entry, going out,
and cleare recourse.
29 No man shall goe in the streets
by night or by day with Bow bent, or
Arrowes under his Girdle, nor with
Sword unscabberd, under paine of im
prisonment; or with Hand-Gun, ha
ving therewith Powder and Match, ex
cept it bee in an usuall May-game or
30 No man shall after the houre of
nine at the Night, keep any rule where
by any such sudden out-cry be made in
the still of the night, as making any
Affray, or beating his Wife, or Ser
vant, or Singing, or Revelling in his
house, to the disturbance of his neigh
bors, under paine of 3. shil. 4. pence.
31 No man shall make any Affray,

Temporall Government.

upon any Officer, which with good de
meanour doth his message by comman
dement of my Lord Maior, or any Al
derman, or M. Sheriffes, or M. Cham
berlaine, or misbehave himselfe in any
rayling upon any Judge of this City, or
their Officers, which by commande
ment are sent to bring any breaker of
this Law and Custome to Ward, or to
distresse, or such like, upon paine of Im
prisonment of forty dayes, and forfei
ture of the double penalty: for the of
fences asseasing, railing upon any Al
derman, or Maior in his office, is judge
ment of the Pillory: railing upon Ma
ster Chamberlaine in his office, forty
dayes imprisonment: beating, threat
ning, and railing of an Officer, is im
prisonment, after as the trespasse is.
32 Memorandum, That every offence
found in this City, it is accustomed
that the Officer, a Free man, finding
it, which is called primus Inventor, hath
halfe the penalty by the grace of the
33 Also, every Free man may finde
any offence, but hee hath no power to
bring the party before any Judge of
this City without an Officer, except
the party will come to his answer by
free will.
34 No man hath power to Arrest,
Attach, or make distresse of any goods
forfeitable, or offences, except the Con
stable or Sergeant of the Mace.
35 No Butcher, or his servant shall
not use to drive any Oxe or Oxen, a
trot in the streets, but peaceably: and
ifan Oxe happen to be let goe when he
is prepared to slaughter, the Butcher
shall forfeit two shil. besides recom
pence, if any person be hurt thereby.
36 No Butcher shall scald Hogs, but
in the common scalding house, upon
paine of six shillings eight pence.
37 No Butcher shall sell any Mea
sell Hog, or unwholsome flesh, under
paine of ten pounds.
38 No Butcher shall sell any old
stale Victuall: that is to say, above the
slaughter of three dayes in the Winter,
and two in the Summer, under paine of
ten pounds.
39 None unreasonable Victuall for
all manner of Victuals.
40 No Victualer of this City shall
give any rude or unsetting language, or
make any clamour upon any man or
woman in the open Market, for cheap
ning of Victuall, under paine of three
shillings foure pence.
41 No Butcher shall cast the in
wards of Beasts into the streets, cleaves
of Beasts feet, Bones, Hornes of Sheepe,
or other such like, under paine of two
42 The Pudding-cart of the Sham
bles shall not go afore the houre of nine
in the night, or after the houre of five
in the morning, under paine of six shil
lings eight pence.
43 No man shall cast any Vrine
boles, or Ordure-boles into the streets
by day or night, afore the houre of nine
in the night: And also hee shall not
cast it out, but bring it downe, and lay
it in the Chanell, under the paine of
three shillings foure pence. And if he
doe cast it upon any persons head, the
party to have a lawfull recompence, if
he have hurt thereby.
44 No man shall hurt, cut, or de
stroy any Pipes, Sesperals, or Wind
vents pertaining to the Conduit, un
der paine of imprisonment, and making
satisfaction, though hee doth it out of
the City, if hee may bee taken within
the City.
45 No man within this City may
make any Quill, and breake any Pipe
of the Conduit, comming thorow his
house, or nigh his ground, under paine
of the Pillory, or take any water pri
vily unto his house.
46 Casting any corrupt thing, ap
poysoning the water, is Lourgulary
and Felony.
47 Who

Temporall Government.

47 Whosoever destroy or perish
any Cocks of the Conduit, must have
imprisonment, and make satisfaction.
Old Lawes and Customes
of this City.
48 NO man shall set up shop, or
occupy as a Free-man, afore
he be sworne in the Cham
ber of London, and admitted by the
Chamberlaine, under paine of▪
49 No man shall set over his Ap
prentice to any other person, but by li
cense of Master Chamberlaine, and
there to be set over, under paine of▪
50 No man which is a Forraine,
shall not buy nor sell within the liber
ties of this City with another Forraine,
under paine of forfeiture of the goods
so forraine bought and sold.
51 No Free-man shall be disobedi
ent for to come at Master Chamber
laines commandement, to any sum
mons to him given by any officer of
the Chamber, under paine of impri
52 Master Chamberlaine hath po
wer to send a free man to Ward, so that
he incontinently after send to the Lord
Maior, the cause why that he is puni
shed, so that the Lord Maior release
him not, but by the Chamberlaines
assent: and if he be a great Commoner,
and disobeying to the Chamberlaine,
Master Chamberlaine may referre it to
a Court of Aldermen.
Master Chamberlaine hath autho
rity for to send or command any Apo
prentice to the Counter for their of
fences: and if their offences bee great,
as in defiling their Masters houses by
vicious living, or offending his Master
by theft, or disslander, or such like, then
to command him to Newgate.
Apprentice Enrolled, his Master
payeth two shillings six pence.
Apprentice set over, hee that recei
veth, two shillings.
Apprentice made Free, hee payeth
foure shillings.
Apprentice never Enrolled, and
made free, his Master payeth thirteene
shillings two pence.
A man made Free by his Fathers
Copy, payeth eighteene pence.
A Proclamation made in the time of
the Maioralty of Sir Michael Dormer,
An Act of Common Councell,
made in the Even of Saint Michael,
Anno Regis Henrici Octavi xxxj
. That
no person should lay any Wares in the
Street, or beyond the edge of their
Stall, upon paine of forfeiture the first
time six shillings eight pence: the se
cond time thirteene shillings foure
pence: and the third time, the Ware so

Temporall Government.
the Wardmote Inquest:
Together with the Articles of the charge
of the said Inquest.
By the Maior.
To the Alderman of the Ward.
Wardmote Inquest for a yeere.
WEE charge and com
mand you, that upon
Saint Thomas day the
Apostle next com
ming, you doe hold
your Wardmote, and
that you have afore us at our generall
Court of Aldermen to be holden in the
Guild-Hall, the Munday next after the
Feast of the Epiphany next comming,
all the defaults that shall bee presented
afore you by Inquest in the said Ward
mote, and the said Inquest shall have
full power and authority by one whole
yeere, to enquire and present all such de
faults as shall be found within your said
Ward, as oftentimes as shal be thought
to you expedient and needfull, which
we will, shall bee once every moneth at
the least.
Inquest dying.
AND if it happen any of your
said Inquest to dye, or depart
out of your said Ward within
the said yeere, that then in place of him
or them so dying, or departing out of
your said Ward, you cause to be chosen
one able person to inquire and present
with the other in manner and forme a
Non appearance.
AND that at the said generall
Court, you give afore us the
names and sur-names of al them
of your said Ward, that come not to
your said Wardmote, if they be duely
warned, so that due redresse and punish
ment of them may bee had, as the case
shall require, according to the Law.
Watch, Light, Vizard.
AND that ye doe provide, that
at all times convenient, covena
ble Watch bee kept: and that
Lanthornes with light by Nightertaile
in old manner accustomed, be hanged
forth, and that no man goe by nighter

Temporall Government.

without light, nor with Vizard, on
the perill that belongeth thereto.
Common Councell.
AND also that you doe cause to
be chosen men of the most
sufficient, honest, and discreet
men of your said Ward, to be for your
said Ward of the Common Councell
of this City for the yeere ensuing, ac
cording to the custome in that behalfe
yeerely used. And also that you doe
cause the said men so to be chosen to be
of the Common Councell, to be sworn
before you and in your presence, accor
ding to the oath for them used, and of
old time accustomed, the Tenor of
which oath hereafter ensueth.
The Oath.
YE shall sweare, that ye shal
bee true to our Sove
raigne Lord the King
that now is, and to his
heires and successors Kings of Eng
land, and readily yee shall come when
ye be summonned to the Common Coun
cell of this City, but if yee be reasona
bly excused, and good and true coun
sell ye shall give in all things, touch
ing the Common-wealth of this City,
after your wit and cunning: and that
for favour of any person ye shall main
taine no singular profit against the
common profit of this City, and after
that you be come to the Common Coun
cell, you shall not from thence depart,
untill the Common Councell be ended,
without reasonable cause, or else by
the Lord Maiors License. And also
any secret things that be spoken on said
in the Common Councell, which ought
to be kept secret, in no wise you shall
disclose, as God you helpe.
Constables, Scavengers,
Beadle, Raker.
AND that also in the said Ward
mote you cause to be chosen cer
taine other honest persons to bee
Constables, and Scavengers, and a
common Beadle, and a Raker to make
cleane the streets and lanes of all your
said Ward, according to the custome
yeerly used in that behalfe, which Con
stables have, and shall have full power
and authority to distraine for the sallary
and quarterage of the said Beadle
and Raker, as oftentimes as it shall bee
behinde unpaid.
Roll of names.
ALso, that you keepe a Roll of the
names, sur-names, dwelling pla
ces, professions and trades of all
persons dwelling within your Ward
and within what Constables precinct
they dwell, wherein the place is to bee
specially noted by the street, lane, alley,
or signe.
Constable. Roll.
ALso that you cause every Con
stable from time to time, to cer
tifie unto you, the name, sur
name, dwelling place, profession, and
trade of every person, who shall newly
come to dwell within his Precinct,
whereby you may make and keepe your
Roll perfect: and that you cause every
Constable for his Precinct to that pur
pose to make and keepe a perfect Roll
in like manner.
Inholder, Lodger, Sojourner.
ALso that you give speciall charge
that every Inholder, and other
person within your Ward, who
shall receive any person to lodge or so
journe in his house above two dayes,
shall before the third day after his com

Temporall Government.

thither, give knowledge to the
Constable of the Precinct where hee
shall be so received, of the name, sur
name, dwelling place, profession, and
trade of life, or place of service of such
person, and for what cause hee shall
come to reside there: and that the said
Constable give present notice thereof
to you: and that the said Inholder lodge
no suspected person, or men or women
of evill name.
Search. New commers.
ALso that you cause every Con
stable within his Precinct, once
every moneth at the farthest,
and oftner, if need require, to make di
ligent search and inquiry, what persons
bee newly come into his Precinct to
dwell, sojourne, or lodge: and that you
give speciall charge, that no Inholder or
other person shall resist or deny any
Constable, in making such search or in
quiry, but shall doe his best endeavour
to aide and assist him therein.
Franke pledge.
ANd for that of late there is more
resort to the City of persons e
vill affected in Religion, and o
therwise than in former times have bin:
You shall diligently inquire if any man
bee received to dwell or abide within
your Ward, that is not put under frank
pledge, as he ought to be by the custome
of the City, and whether any person
hath continued in the said Ward by the
space of one yeere, being above the age
of twelve yeeres, and not sworne to bee
faithfull and loyall to the Kings Maje
sty, in such sort as by the Law and cu
stome of the City he ought to be.
TO all these purposes the Bea
dle of every Ward shall em
ploy his diligence, and give his
best furtherance.
ALso that you have speciall re
gard that from time to time,
there be convenient provisiō for
Hooks, Ladders, and Buckets, in meet
places within the severall Parishes of
your Ward, for avoiding the perill of
ALso that the Streets and lanes of
this City, be from time to time
kept clean before every Church,
house, shop, ware-house, doore, dead
wall, and in all other common passages
and streets of the said Ward.
Hucksters of Ale and Beere.
AND where by divers acts of
Common Councell, afore time
made and established for the
Common-weale of this City, amongst
other things it is ordained and enacted,
as hereafter ensueth:
Also it is ordained and enacted, That
from henceforth no Huckster of Ale or
Beere, be within any Ward of the Ci
ty of London, but honest persons, and of
good name and fame, and so taken and
admitted by the Alderman of the
Ward for the time being, and that the
same Hucksters doe find sufficient sure
ty afore the Maior and Aldermen for
the time being, to bee of good guiding
and rule: and that the same Hucksters
shall keepe no bawdry, nor suffer no
letchery, dice-playing, carding, or any
other unlawfull games, to be done, ex
ercised, or used within their houses:
and to shut in their doores at nine of the
clocke in the night from Michaelmas to
Easter, and from Easter to Michaelmas, at
tenne of the clocke in the night, and af
ter that houre sell none Ale or Beere.
And if any Huckster of Beere or Ale,
after this act published and proclaim
ed, sell any Ale or Beere within any
Ward of the City of London, and bee
not admitted by the Alderman of the